i. y, b. a -,,, Inside This Issue: ub:ication rove Enterpr Second CIa Brussels Calling: A Visit To The BRT Ham Bands: What To Hear, Where To Tune - PDF Free Download (2023)


1 September 1989 Poo/tie 8 Second CIa :,._. i l.,^,!".7`i1-i.! h.! T (71!--!!-.1 : ******** -ïll161 WbtiïH 0L "f Q I fl t! a ` N U N Q O O 3Hd a_ I9 T a ******.w,! 111 ub:ication rove Enterpr Çq + i. y, ' b. a -,,, f ' Inside This Issue: Don Moore In Peru: A Special DX Report Maritime Station WJG Memphis Make Your Scanner Your Copilot Brussels Calling: A Visit To The BRT Ham Bands: What To Hear, Where To Tune

2 3.1N OPTOELECTRONICS...r... CDUNIrR/f.OMTrR 4b0. IOC onori rcrwaswca MON I a, C- _. 2yoa00...,. arc You Have Counted on Us for 15 Years You have counted on OPTOELECTRONICS Hand Held Frequency Counters to be the best quality, to be affordable and reliable. We have been there for you with Frequency Counters that are compact and ultra sensitive. And more and more of you are counting on us, technicians, engineers, law enforcement officers, private investigators, two -way radio operators, scanner hobbyists, and amateur radio operators, just to name a few. Hand Held Series Frequency Counters and Instruments MODEL H /A 2400H CCA CCB RANGE: FROM 10 Hz 1 MHz 10 MHz 10 MHz 10 MHz TO 2.2 GHz 1.3 GHz 2.4 GHz 550 MHz 1.8 GHz APPLICATIONS General Purpose RF Microwave Security Security Audio -Microwave PRICE $219 $169 $189 $299 $99 SENSITIVITY 1 KHz < 5 mv NA NA NA NA 100 MHz < 3 mv < 1 mv < 3 mv <.5 mv < 5 mv 450 MHz < 3 mv < 5 mv < 3 mv < 1 mv < 5 mv 850 MHz < 3 mv < 20 mv < 5 mv NA < 5 mv 1.3 GHz < 7 mv < 100 mv < 7 mv NA < 10 mv 2.2 GHz < 30 mv NA < 30 mv NA < 30 mv ACCURACY ALL HAVE +/- 1 PPM TCXO TIME BASE. All counters have 8 digit red.28" LED displays. Aluminum cabinet is 3.9" H x 3.5" x 1". Internal Ni -Cad batteries provide 2-5 hour portable operation with continuous operation from AC line charger /power supply supplied. Model CCB uses a 9 volt alkaline battery. One year parts and labor guarantee. A full line of probes, antennas, and accessories is available. Orders to U.S. and Canada add 5% to total ($2 min, $10 max). Florida residents, add 6% sales tax. COD fee $3. Foreign orders add 15 %. MasterCard and VISA accepted. Orders to U.S. and Canada add 5% to total ($2 min, $10 max). Florida residents, add 6% sales tax. COD fee $3. Foreign orders add 15 %. MasterCard and VISA accepted. OPTOELECTRONICS INC N.E. 14th Avenue Fort Lauderdale, Florida FL (305) FAX (305)

3 September 1989 NITORING TIMES- WJG Memphis Calling by J. T. Pogue 6 Evolving from a small shack on a barge tied to the dock in Memphis to the best -known radio operation on the lower Misissippi, WJG meets the needs of the folks on the river. Functioning as a telephone system for the inland waterway, WJG has provided a vital -- sometimes the only -- link between water traffic and the shoreline. DXing Peru by Don Moore 10 It's September and as the static begins to give way to the cleaner more tantalizing signals of fall and winter, Monitoring Times officially kicks off the DX season with a visit to Peru. For surprise and mystery, nothing compares to shortwave radio in the land of the Incas. In the past decade alone, more than 100 new shortwave stations have started broadcasting from Peru. Many don't last very long, but there's been a never -ending parade of new ones to take their place. Nobody, not even the government, knows how many there are. Sidebar on Celendin 13 Located in the front room of Gregorio Sanchez Aruajo's home in Celendin is his small electrical repair shop. And over in the corner is a small wooden box with three knobs sticking out of it. This is Radio Frecuencia 7. Meet Senior Sanchez Aruajo as senior DXer Don Moore travels to this tiny station in search of Peru's smallest radio station. Glenn Hauser on SW Broadcasting 24 Radio Frecuencia 7 is not alone. Stations just like it come from all four corners of the world. Their signals refuse to recognize borders, entering the thatched huts of small villages on Africa's Chubango River as easily as they do a brownstone in Philadelphia's Society Hill. In this world, stations change dial position in an amazingly graceful but totally unchoreographed ballet of stations and nations. This is the world of shortwave broadcasting. It takes extraordinary skill -- and dedication -- to keep on top of it all. But for the last several decades, one man has done just that: Glenn Hauser. This month, we introduce Glenn's expanded shortwave broadcasting report. ON THE COVER: Mark Swarbrick is ready to DX!

4 Ham Bands Intro by Bob Grove 20 The Ham Bands are a place that more and more people are choosing to be. But even if you're not interested in the give -andtake of two -way communications, it can still be an exciting place to monitor. MT publisher Bob Grove, who holds ham license WA4PYQ, offers an introduction to the ham bands with band -by -band commentary. It's the perfect guide to some exciting listening. Urban Survival Tool by Mark Weigand 16 Nowadays, your scanner is more than entertainment. It can also be counted among the weapons in your urban survival arsenal. We're not talking "end of the world" stuff here. A scannner -- if mounted in your car or van -- can help you in more practical ways, like getting you to work faster. Mark Weigand reports on mobile scanner applications in his first Monitoring Times report, "Make Your Scanner Your Copilot." Warning: in some jurisdictions, having a scanner in your vehicle can be illegal. BRT Visit 22 When one shortwave listening MT reader found himself in Belgium, it was only natural for him to want to visit his favorite station, the BRT. Initially unsure if he'd even be allowed into the station, he was surprised to find a very warm reception. To his surprise, he even got on the air! Others have told stories about being treated like plague - infected rats when they visit a shortwave station. But Philadelphia's Andy Ross tells a very different story, the story of his visit to Belgische Radio en Televisie. And More... Leonard Kahn outlines some of his inventions and innovations which could help revive the public's interest in AM broadcast stations -- if given the right to compete fairly -- in the "American Bandscan" column. It's amazing how many defunct pirate stations have been showing up lately, one way or another -- You'll find those in "Outer Limits." And low frequencies have their mysteries, too. Joe Woodlock recalls his own experience following the tangled history of Swan Island -- or is that Islas del Cisne? -- in "Below 500 khz." DEPARTMENTS Letters 3 Outer Limits 52 Communications 4 Below 500 khz 54 Shortwave Broadcasting 24 Program Guide 56 Utility World 28 Frequency Section 65 The Scanning Report 32 Magne Tests What's New? 36 Scanner Equipment 88 Uncle Skip's Corner 38 Consumer Electronics 90 The Federal File 40 DeMaw's Workbench 92 High Seas 42 Experimenter's Workshop 94 On the Ham Bands 44 Antenna Topics 96 The QSL Report 46 Ask Bob 98 Reading RTTY 47 Convention Calendar 101 Satellite TV 48 Stock Exchange 102 American Bandscan 50 Closing Comments 104!1 M. 0 NITORING TIMES (ISSN: ) is published monthly by Grove Enterprises, Inc., Brasstown, NC, USA. Address: P.O. Box 98, 140 Dog Branch Road, Brasstown, NC Telephone: (704) FAX: (704) (24 hrs) STAFF Publisher Bob Grove, WA4PYQ Managing Editor Larry Miller Associate Editor Rachel Baughn Subscriber Services Beverly Berrong Advertising Beth Leinbach Dealerships Judy Grove Frequency Manager Frequency Monitors Program Manager Program Monitors Reading RTTY Uncle Skip's Comer Editorial Staff Experimenter's Workshop Plane Talk DeMaw's Workbench SW Broadcasting High Seas Federal File Scanning Report On the Ham Bands Propagation Report Magne Tests... Satellite TV Outer Limits Antenna Topics SW Broadcast Logs QSL Comer Utility World Below 500 khz American Bandscan Greg Jordan Joe Hanlon Richard Keen Kannon Shanmugam Jim Frimmel Dale Vanderpoel Jack Albert T.J. Arey, WB2GHA Rich Arland, K7YHA Jean Baker Doug DeMaw Glenn Hauser James R. Hay Dave Jones Bob Kay Ike Kerschner, N3IK Lawrence Magne Ken Reitz, KC4GQA John Santosuosso Clem Small, KR6A Gayle Van Horn Larry Van Horn Joe Woodlock Karl Zuk Subscription Rates: $18 in U.S. and $26 elsewhere Second class postage paid at Brasstown, NC, and additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Monitoring Times, PO Box 98, Brasstown, NC

5 LETTERS Boom! Nuclear weapons weren't the only thing exploding at the end of Wayne Mischler's fictional piece, "The Last Radio Signal on Earth!" (July, 1989, Monitoring Times). Some of our readers did, too. Some letters detonated in our mailbox. Some of the fallout is below. R. Steck of Illinois said that "The last thing I want to see in Monitoring Times is fiction." Guy Knight, also of Illinois, agreed, adding that "If I want to read that sort of thing I'll buy a paperback." G.S. Richardson of Richmond, Virginia called the use of fiction in the magazine "A poorly planned and executed departure from what is otherwise a fine and useful publication." "You have always been so clearly ahead of your competition. Why would you want to go and shoot yourself in the foot?" asked Ron Atkins of Long Beach, California. R.D. Ekstedt of Evanston, Illinois, said the the cover made the magazine look like a "damned kids comic book" adding that "I have been embarassed to leave it lying around for fear my friends may think I have gone over the edge" and David G. MacDonald of Chicago Heights, Illinois, took his protest one step further: "Please remove my name from your mailing list." Lou Burkhardt made a simple plea, "Please, no fiction" and then added a stinger saying that he "liked Monitoring Times better when it was mimeographed." But perhaps the strongest comment was by Richard Chabot of Organ, New Mexico. "I don't know what brought on the `comic book' cover and the related story but whatever it was I' hope that it is over. Did you lose a bet? Lose your mind? Or just regress to the third grade? Please. No more of this trash." Longtime Monitoring Times readers know that the magazine grew because it had the courage to experiment. In fact, it is this very willingness to experiment that has made us the uncontested leader in radio- related publications. From the slickest to the sleaziest, they've all borrowed in one way or another from MT. Still, the question of fiction is open to debate. After all, ham radio has its long -running and goodselling series of ham fiction books. Why not shortwave and scanning? Comments? Let's hear from some readers that enjoyed "The Last Radio Signal on Earth." We did. We wouldn't have run it had we thought for a moment that you would not. David Huston of Gaylord, Michigan, writes to say that "I have lost touch with an old friend and fellow broadcaster, Jeff White. Any idea of his present address?" White, who was host of the popular Radio Earth show earlier this decade, is now a roving reporter. Try writing to him care of the Dolphin Beach Resort Hotel, 4900 Gulf Blvd., St. Petersburg Beach, Florida Ask them if they will forward your letter. Back in the July issue we said that we hadn't seen a copy of the A *C*E bulletin since they suspended publication some time ago. A *C*E specialized in providing news about pirate and clandestine activity. Now Kirk Baxter, President of that club, writes with good news: "A*C *E is still very much in existence, publishing a bulletin monthly since 1982." Apparently, reports of the club's demise are greatly exaggerated. As is often the case with all- volunteer organizations like A *C*E, there have been a few rough spots. But, says Baxter, "There have only been a few cases where the bulletin has been combined into an expanded edition to cover two or more months during times when one of our publishers experienced problems." Some confusion may have also arisen out of the fact that the club has changed addresses. "Over the past three years," Kirk continues, "we have had mail handled from offices in Wilmington, Delware, and Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Both these centers are now closed." Clubs: Monitoring Times has been a long -time club supporter. But you must keep us informed when changes occur. Further, it's good financial sense to put MT on your bulletin and P.R. mailing list. Even if you get only one plug a year, when compared to the price of advertising space in this magazine or any other, you still come out 'way on top. So let us know what's happening with your club. Write to Monitoring Times editor Larry Miller (P.O. Box 98, Brasstown, NC 28902). Again, make sure MT is on your mailing list. We can't publicize you if you don't let us know what's going on. As for A *C *E, although we still haven't seen a copy of the bulletin, we are aware of Kirk Baxter's reputation and on that alone we can recommend that you investigate a subscription to this club. Samples are $1.50. A one year subscription is $ The current address: P.O. Box 11201, Shawnee Mission, Kansas Thanks also to George Zeller for his comments. "The Christian Thought Police have struck again," says David R. Husted of Minneapolis, Minnesota. [Continued on page 100/ September

6 COMMUNICATIONS Say it isn't so! Experts now warn that electromagnetic fields from common electrical power systems may pose a health hazard. They conclude that electromagnetic fields interact with the membranes that envelope every living cell. Analysts at the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment now believe that even weak electric any magnetic fields -- created whenever electricity flows -- may effect human. health. Says study author Dr. Granger Morgan of Carnegie -Mellon University, "...if I were a pregnant woman, I'd stop sleeping under an electric blanket." The FCC Hammers Jade The hammer of FCC enforcement came down on Jade electronics in Trevose, Pennsylvania. Confiscated were over $30,000 worth of illegal CB transceivers and linear amplifiers manufactured in the Far East and Too much of a good thing?! imported into the United States. The operators of Jade Electronics face a $200,000 fine and one year in prison. FCC Hammers Pirate Two Massapequa, New York, ham radio operators have been ordered to pay a $750 fine for operating a pirate radio station. FCC engineers monitored WNPR playing popular music on 7415 khz. Herbert Meyers, K2LPK, and Neal Newman, KA2CAF, were both charged although Meyers, reached by telephone, denied any wrongdoing. "I wasn't even home," said the 60 year old Meyers. "I've never paid a fine. I'll never pay a fine." Meyers claims that Newman entered his house without permission. Newman could not be reached for comment. KENWOOD New Radio Bulletin Board Kenwood Communications has announced that their firm is now accessible via computer. The Ken - wood BBS is now operating on a trial basis between 5:00 pm and 8:00 am (Pacific Time) Monday through Friday and 24 hours a day on Saturdays, Sundays and holidays. System parameters are (up to) 2400 baud, 8 bits, 1 stop bit, no parity. The number is Long Distance Reception Local papers were abuzz with the news that Washington DC radio station WRC -AM got a reception report from Finland. One article began, "Anyone who has ever had trouble tuning in a local radio station will get a kick out of this. WRC -AM (980) recently received a letter from a man in Finland who was able to receive the station for about seven minutes..." Finn Hannu Tikkanen, who lives in Helsinki, told the station that he heard them during a "listening trip" to Lapland. The Times article explained it in Mr. Tikkanen's own words: "That's why I go up there every winter. To spend some two weeks in an isolated cottage listening to my [radio] only, during the coldest time of the year in 24 -hour darkness." Makes it sound so attractive, no? Palomar Wins A four -way trademark infringement lawsuit between Palomar Engineers, RF Limited, RF Parts Co., and 4 September 1989

7 COMMUNICATIONS..... I /N.\- Partners in broadcasting -- Ireland and Luxembourg?! Westcorn has been concluded. According to W5YI Report, Palomar Engineers was confirmed as the owner of the Federal Trademark registration for the name Palomar in the radio equipment field. New Longwave Target Radio Tara, the joint station to be launched by Ireland's RTE and Radio Luxembourg, has a new name: Atlantic 252. The new station, to broadcast on 252 khz (longwave), is due to be on the air by the first of this month with a powerful 600 khz transmitter. The British government doesn't like the idea of Atlantic 252 and has protested to the Irish government. They feel that commercial broadcasters in Britain will lose audience and advertising to the new station. Up, Up, and Away Ariane's Wheel of Fortune rocket gives Police in Naples, Italy, have shut down two small private television stations on suspicion they may have been transmitting coded messages to the Mafia. According to viewers, nightly game shows were often interrupted by messages such as "beware of the white shoes" and "the boats have arrived." a new boost to satellite communications ting from a newly discovered peninsula not even attached to the, state, WD8LKI will commence operations on Sept. 9 at 1300 UTC. Suggested frequencies are , , , and MHz. To find the Lost Peninsula, send your QSL and an SASE to Como Wills, Bates Rd, Perrysburg, OH SWL reports will be acknowledged. Arianespace officials now say that MICROSAT's launch is set for November 9, This year will be a banner year with six, perhaps seven, amateur radio satellites lifted into orbit. A Japanese amateur radio satellite, JAS -2, is scheduled for January 23, Found, the Lost Peninsula On Sept 9 and 10, elements of the Oliver Hazard Perry Expeditionary Force will raid Michigan. Transmit- Lt. Amal Cook, FPO Seattle, WA; Patrick Glick Oxon Hill, Maryland; Ed Hesse, North Merrick' NY; Radio Sweden; W5YI September

8 WJG Memphis Calling -- Inside a Pioneer Mississippi River Station by J.T. Pogue From the highway, the only clue the station gives you are the letters "WJG" on a big silver mailbox. But a short drive up a tree -lined lane will lead the curious to a modest white two -story building that is the home of the best known radio operation on the lower Mississippi River. Dwarfed by a canopy of a huge log - periodic antenna, WJG is a vital link between the people on the river and their bosses, families, and others ashore. Over Half A Century Today, WJG regularly completes thousands of ship -to -shore telephone calls; so many in fact, that the station is often taken for granted. But getting the station off the ground back in 1936 took some doing. The idea for WJG, the first radio station on the inland rivers, was the brainchild of one Russell V. Warner. Known by the men on the river as "Skipper," Warner began his career in 1908 as a 15- year -old coal passer. By 1913, he had earned his first river pilot's license. Ten years later he brought the first commercial towboat through the then newly- opened Lakes -to-gulf Waterway into Chicago. Later, he piloted the first diesel towboat, the Mary Elizabeth, on the lower Mississippi River. Prior to 1936, towboats on the inland rivers had no way to communicate with those ashore. If the boats needed provisions or assistance in an emergency, they had no recourse but to keep on steaming until they reached the next town or settlement. Warner realized that installation of radios aboard the towboats and ashore could potentially save money and lives. In a 1977 interview, Warner said, "I remember that the government didn't want to give us a license for two -way radios. They said there was no need for it. But other fellows," he continued, "didn't think so, and so we got Old Man McKellar (Senator Kenneth McKellar, the dean of the U.S. Senate at the time) to pull a few strings and that helped change a few minds. Once we got the go- ahead, radios went like wildfire." Warner continued to run WJG as well as a thriving towboat business until his retirement in the 1960s. The succeeding years have seen a variety of technical changes and improvements as WJG continues to serve the needs of the people on the river. Operating Equipment Originally, WJG was strictly an AM operation on the HF (high frequency or shortwave) bands. The first station was actually located in a small shack on a barge tied off at the Memphis city front. Later, WJG moved to a small antenna -festooned building in a pear orchard on the outskirts of the city. The station now sits in a semi -rural area just south of Memphis. With the demise of AM, new SSB equipment was installed to replace the old gear. A network of VHF -FM marine band sites was begun in the 1960s, and now includes 14 locations. There are plans to expand this to a total of 18 sites in the near future. Coverage of the VHF -FM network alone includes the Mississippi River from roughly 30 miles north of Cairo, Illinois, to 50 miles The unimposing home of WJG, underneath its log periodic antenna. 6 September 1989

9 ' below Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Sites on the Arkansas also cover approximately 180 miles of that river. The SSB station at WJG uses a CAI transceiver running 1,000 watts into a stationary wire log- periodic antenna. The antenna is oriented primarily north and south for optimum coverage of the Mississippi River, but as you'll see when you try to tune it in, WJG is frequently heard well from coast to coast. The VHF -FM stations used by WJG are a combination of General Electric and Motorola transceivers connected to Memphis by leased telephone lines. The transmitters run about 50 -watts each, and the sites use a combination of four -element directional and omni -directional antennas to provide nearly 100 percent coverage of the river. Not just another phone company In the 1950s, before the Coast Guard had their extensive communications system a N Two operators are on duty at WJG during daylight hours to answer calls from America's inland rivers. in place, a call to WJG was often the only way towboaters could call for help. In one incident, two such craft were involved in a collision. Two of the towboats guiding Joseph Chotin's barges exploded, transforming the river into a furnace. Operators at WJG sent fireboats and land -based equipment to the rescue, and as a result, damage was minimal. On another occasion -- Christmas Day, DXers listening to WJG could have heard yet another tense drama unfold. In the Gulf of Mexico a ship was foundering in a gale. When the operator at WJG asked the crew if they could do anything for them, they grimly jested, "You can make these WJG VHF -FM Radio Site Information Public Correspondence Channels Used Location Channel Shore XMT Ship XMT. Hickman, KY Caruthersville, MO Osceola, AR Wilson, AR Memphis, TN Helena, AR Rosedale, MS Watson, AR Greenville, MS Lake Providence, LA Vicksburg, MS Natchez, MS Baton Rouge, LA seas calm down." WJG operator Jerry DeGregory replied, "I can't do that, skipper, but I know someone who can." Back through the wild night came the tired voice, "Okay, Jerry. Speak a word to Him, will you?" Later that night, the skipper of the ship came back on the air to report, "Okay, Jerry, thanks. I'm all right now." Over the years, WJG has been called upon to provide an unusual variety of communications services. In the 1970s, a mining expedition contracted with the station to provide them a means to contact their home office from a remote location in the mountains of Colorado. In the days before satellite communications were common, WJG was the expedition's only link with the outside world for over six months. The mammoth overnight delivery service Federal Express has its global headquarters in Memphis. A unique provision in WJG's license also allows it to communicate with aircraft. Operators are sometimes called by FedEx planes with requests to hook them up for phone calls with the home office. The Heart of the Station Walking into the operator's room at WJG can be a staggering, not to mention deafening, experience. Surrounding the September

10 A technician repairs a VHF -FM module for a remote control site. modest -sized room on the second floor of the station, no less than 16 speakers blast a nonstop cacophony of sounds from up and down the river. Two operators sit before a Christmas tree -like control panel of flashing red, yellow, green, and white colored lights. Routinely, they complete over 8,000 ship - to -shore telephone calls a month. During the winter months, this total goes up even higher as mariners rush to get their cargoes and boats out of the upper Mississippi and Illinois rivers before they are frozen in. Next to the console, a special handset for the SSB equipment on the first floor sits next to its SELCAL gear. Most telephone calls are handled on the VHF -FM circuits, while SSB is used primarily for passing telex messages and other information between towboats and their owners. A small PC on wheels just behind the operators keeps track of the locations of towboats, and compiles information on cargoes, barge transfers, etc. This information is then passed on to the towboat and barge owners. Just outside in the next room, an old National Weather Service teletype clicketyclacks with information on river stages and other meteorological information of interest to the rivermen. Into the Future The man who runs operations at WJG is 8 September 1989 station manager Stan Smith. Looking into the future, he recently said, "I believe one day everyone will have their own pocket phone. Although SATCOM (satellite communications) have been tried on the river, they just haven't proved cost effective. "We have an application in with the FCC for a fully automatic system, but it hasn't been approved yet. As long as we can continue to give good manual service with customer satisfaction," he concluded, "we will be satisfied." Hearing WJG At Your Monitoring Post The people at WJG have apparently always realized that DXers were out there. In an article published nearly 35 years ago in the now defunct American magazine, author Don Eddy stated, "Rivermen have no secrets... for there is no privacy on the radiophone; anyone with a shortwave receiver can listen in, and everyone does." For many listeners, the SSB station will be your easiest way to hear WJG. Although authorized to operate on frequencies in the 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, and 16 MHz bands, experience has shown that 4 MHz is the band favored by most customers. Therefore, this is the only HF band that WJG currently operates on. Their one kilowatt signal can be heard on khz upper sideband. All contacts are simplex, meaning that both WJG and the ship are operating on the same frequency. The best time to hear them is from 0830 through 1230 UTC or after when daylight begins to dissipate signals on the lower frequencies. Station Manager Smith keeps a file of letters he receives from DXers. Monitoring posts in California, Virginia, and New Hampshire have checked in, reporting generally good reception of WJG's signal. The station QSLs all correct reports with either an attractive QSL card or a personal letter. If you are fortunate enough to live along the lower Mississippi or Arkansas rivers, you will likely be able to hear WJG on one or more of their VHF -FM sites. The table below lists all site locations along with the public correspondence channels used by that site. All calls on the public correspondence channels are duplex, with WJG operating on one frequency, and the ship operating on another. This way the connection operates like an actual telephone call. The high frequency transmitter used on the 4 MHz band by WJG - Memphis At the conlusion of this article is listed information on other waterways operators in Cincinnati, St. Louis, and Jeffersonville, Indiana. Although countless other smaller operators are on the VHF -FM band, only WJG and the other three listed are on the HF bands. WJG now moves into their second half century, continuing to provide vital services to the men and women of the river. Why not listen for this unique station with a fascinating history? Other Major Radio Operators on Inland Rivers Station and Mailing Address WFN Jeffersonville Radio c/o American Commercial Barge Lines P.O. Box 610 Jeffersonville, IN WGK St. Louis Radio P.O. Box 55, Mitchell Branch Granite City, IL WCM Cincinnati Radio c/o Ohio River Company Walnut St. P.O. Box 1460 Cincinnati, OH HF Freqs khz

11 uniden $12,000,000 Scanner Sale Uniden Corporation of America has purchased the consumer products line of Regency Electronics Inc. for $12,000,000. To celebrate this purchase, we're having our largest scanner sale in history! Use the coupon in this ad for big savings. Hurry...offer ends September 30, * * * MONEY SAVING COUPON** * Get special savings on the scanners listed in this coupon. This coupon must n o C -13 o z o C o z be included with your prepaid order. Credit cards, personal checks and quantity discounts are excluded from this offer. Offer valid only on prepaid orders mailed directly to Communications Electronics Inc., P.O. Box Dept UNI6, Ann Arbor, Michigan USA. Coupon expires September 30, Coupon may not be used in conjunction with any other offer from CEI. Coupon may be photocopied. Add $11.00 for shipping in the continental U.S.A. Regency TS2T $ Regency INF5 -T $79.95 Regency R2060 -T1 $ Regency UC102 -T $ Regency RH606B -T $ Regency RH256B -T $ Bearcat 200XLT -T $ Bearcat 100XLT -T $ Bearcat 800XLT -T $ Uniden HR2510 -T $ Uniden PRO500D -T1 $32.95 ****VALUABLE COUPON * * * * Bearcat/ 760XLT -T List price $499.95/CE price $ /SPECIAL 12 -Band, 100 Channel Crystalises AC /DC Frequency range: 29-54, , , MHz Excludes and MHz. The Bearcat 76OXLT has 100 programmable channels organized as five channel banks for easy use, and 12 bands of coverage including the 800 MHz. band. The Bearcat 76OXLT mounts neatly under the dash and connects directly to fuse block or battery. The unit also has an AC adaptor, flip down stand and telescopic antenna for desk top use. 6-5/16" W x 1 W H x 7%" D. Model BC 59OXLT -T is a similar version without the 800 MHz. band for only $ Order your scanner from CEI today. NEW! Regency Products A o C -a o z o C o z T Regency 200 ch. handheld scanner... $ R4020 -T Regency 100 ch. handheld scanner... $ R4016T Regency 10 channel handheld scanner... $ R1600 -T Regency 100 channel mobile scanner... $ P200 -T Regency 40 channel CB Mobile $38.95 P210 -T Regency 40 channel CB Mobile $56.95 íy220 -T Regency 40 channel CB Mobile $79.95 P300-7 Regency 40 channel SSB CB Mobile $ P400 -T Regency 40 channel SSB CB Base $ PR100 -T Regency visor mount radar detector $54.95 PR1 1 0-T Regency "Passport" size radar detector P R120 -T Regency "micro" size radar detector... $ M P510OX L -T Regency 40 Ch. marine transceiver... $ MP551 OXL- TRegency60 Ch. marine transceiver... $ MP6000XL-T Regency60 Ch. marine transceiver... $ MP2000XL -T Regency handheld marine trans $ Regency RH256B -T List price $799.95/CE price $ /SPECIAL 16 Channel 25 Waft Transceiver Priority The Regency RH256B is a sixteen -channel VHF land mobile transceiver designed to cover any frequency between 150 to 162 MHz. Since this radio is synthesized, no expensive crystals are needed to store up to 16 frequencies without battery backup. All radios come with CTCSS tone and scanning capabilities. A monitor and night/day switch is also standard. This transceiver even has a priority function. The RH256 makes an ideal radio for any police or fire department volunteer because of its low cost and high performance. A 60 Watt VHF MHz. version called the RH606B -T is available for $ A UHF 15 watt, 16 channel version of this radio called the RU1568 -T is also available and covers MHz. but the cost is $ * ** Uniden CB Radios * ** The Uniden line of Citizens Band Radio transceivers is styled to compliment other mobile audio equipment. Uniden CB radios are so reliable that they have a two year limited warranty. From the feature packed PRO 810E to the 310E handheld, there is no better Citizens Band radio on the market today. PRO310E -T Uniden 40 Ch. Portable /Mobile CB... $83.95 PRO33OE -T Uniden 40 Ch. Remote mount CB... $ PRO5000 -T Uniden 40 Channel CB Mobile $38.95 KARATE -T Uniden 40 channel rescue radio $53.95 GRANT -T Uniden 40 channel SSB CB mobile... $ MADISONT Uniden 40 channel SSB CB base... $ PC122 -T Uniden 40 channel SSB CB mobile $ PRO510XL -T Uniden 40 channel CB Mobile $38.95 PRO520XL-T Uniden 40 channel CB Mobile $56.95 PRO53OXL -T Uniden 40 channel CB Mobile $79.95 PRO540E -T Unlden 40 channel CB Mobile $97.95 PRO640ET Uniden 40 channel SSB CB Mobile... $ PRO710E -T Uniden 40 channel CB Base $ PRO810E -T Uniden 40 channel SSB CB Base... $ * * * Uniden Radar Detectors*** Buy the finest Uniden radar detectors from CEI today. TALKER -T Uniden talking radar detector $ RD7 -T Uniden visor mount radar detector $99.95 RD9 -T Uniden "Passport" size radar detector... $ RD9XL -T Uniden "micro" size radar detector $ RD25 -T Uniden visor mount radar detector $54.95 RD500 -T Uniden visor mount radar detector $74.95 Bearcat 200XLT-T List price $509.95/CE price $ /SPECIAL 12 -Band 200 Channel 800 MHz. Handheld Search Limit Hold Priority Lockout Frequency range , , MHz. Excludes and MHz. The Bearcat 200XLT sets a new standard for handheld scanners in performance and dependability. This full featured unit has 200 programmable channels with 10 scanning banks and 12 band coverage. If you want a very similar model without the 800 MHz. band and 100 channels, order the BC 100XLT -T for only $ Includes antenna, carrying case with belt loop, ni -cad battery pack, AC adapter and earphone. Order your scanner now. Bearcat 800XLT -T List price $549.95/CE price $ /SPECIAL 12 -Band, 40 Channel No- crystal scanner Priority control Search/Scan AC /DC Bands: 29-54, , , MHz The Uniden 800XLT receives 40 channels in two banks. Scans 15 channels per second. Size 91/4" x 41/2" x 121/2." If you do not need the 800 MHz. band, a similar model called the BC 21 OXLT -T is available for $ Bearcat 145XL -T List price $189.95/CE price $94.95 /SPECIAL 10 -Band, 16 Channel No- crystal scanner Priority control Weather search AC /DC Bands: 29-54, , MHz The Bearcat 145XL is a 16 channel, programmable scanner covering ten frequency bands. The unit features a built -in delay function that adds a three second delay on all channels to prevent missed transmissions. A mobile version called the BC560XLT -T featuring priority, weather search, channel lockout and more is available for $ CEI's package price includes mobile mounting bracket and mobile power cord. President H R2510 -T List price $499.95/CE price $ /SPECIAL 10 Meter Mobile Transceiver Digital VFO Full Band Coverage All-Mode Operation Backlit liquid crystal display Auto Squelch RIT Preprogrammed 10 KHz. Channels Frequency Coverage: MHz to MHz. The President HR2510 Mobile 10 Meter Transceiver made by Uniden, has everything you need for amateur radio communications. Up to 25 Watt PEP USB /LSB and 25 Watt CW mode. Noise Blanker. PA mode. Digital VFO. Built -in S /RF /MOD /SWR meter. Channel switch on the microphone, and much more! The HR2510 lets you operate AM, FM, USB, LSB or CW. The digitally synthesized frequency control gives you maximum stability and you may choose either pre -programmed 10 KHz. channel steps, or use the built -in VFO for steps down to 100 Hz. There's also RIT (Receiver Incremental Tuning) to give you perfectly tuned signals. With receive scanning, you can scan 50 channels in any one of four band segments to find out where the action is. Order your HR2510 from CEI today. NEW! President HR2600 -T List price $599.95/CE price $ /SPECIAL 10 Meter Mobile Transceiver New Features Delivery for this new product is scheduled for June, The new President HR2600 Mobile 10 Meter Transceiver is similar to the Uniden HR2510 but now has repeater offsets (100 KHz.) and CTCSS encode. BC760XLT 800 MHz. mobile scanner SPECIAL! * * * Facsimile Machines& Phones ** * FAX3300 -T Pactel Fax machine with phone... $1, XE750 -T Uniden Cordless Phone with speaker... $99.95 XE550 -T Uniden Cordless Phone $79.95 XE300 -T Uniden Cordless Phone $69.95 * * * Extended Service Contract * * * If you purchase a scanner, CB, radar detector or cordless phone from any store in the U.S. or Canada within the last 30 days, you can get up to three years of extended service contract from Warrantech. This service extension plan begins after the manufacturer's warranty expires. Warrantech will perform all necessary labor and will not charge for return shipping. Extended service contracts are not refundable and apply only to t he original purchaser. A two year extended contract on a mobile or base scanner is $29.99 and three years is $ For handheld scanners. 2 years is $59.99 and 3 years is $ For radar detectors, two years is $ For CB radios, 2 years is $ For cordless phones, 3 years is $ Order your extended service contract today. OTHER RADIOS AND ACCESSORIES BC55XLT -T Bearcat 10 channel scanner $ BC7OXLT -T Bearcat 20 channel scanner $ BC175XLT -T Bearcat 16 channel scanner $ R2060 -T Regency 60 channel scanner $ TS2 -T Regency 75 channel scanner $ UC102 -T Regency VHF 2 ch. 1 Watt transceiver. $ BPS5 -T Regency 16 amp reg. power supply $ BP205 -T Ni-Cad batt. pack for BC200 /BC10OXLT... $49.95 B8T 1.2 V AA Ni -Cad batteries (set of eight) $17.95 FBE -T Frequency Directory for Eastern U.S.A. $14.95 FBW-T Frequency Directory for Western U.S.A.. $14.95 RFD1 -T Great Lakes Frequency Directory $14.95 RFD2 -T New England Frequency Directory $14.95 RFD3 -T Mid Atlantic Frequency Directory $14.95 RFD4 -T Southeast Frequency Directory $14.95 RFD5 -T N.W 8 Northern Plains Frequency Dir $14.95 ASD-T Airplane Scanner Directory $14.95 SRF -T Survival Radio Frequency Directory $14.95 TSG-T "Top Secret" Registry of U.S. Govt. Freq $14.95 TTC -T Tune in on telephone calls $14.95 CBH -T Big CB Handbool AM /FM /Freeband $14.95 TIC -T Techniques for Intercepting Communications $14.95 RRFT Railroad frequency directory $14.95 EEC -T Embassy 8 Espionage Communications. $14.95 CIE -T Covert Intelligence, Elect. Eavesdropping $14.95 MFF -T Midwest Federal Frequency directory $14.95 A60-T Magnet mount mobile scanner antenna $35.95 A70 -T Base station scanner antenna $35.95 Al 300-T 25 MHz -1.3 GHz Discone antenna $ USAMM -T Mag mount VHF ant. w/ 12' cable $39.95 USAK -T 14" hole mount VHF ant. w/ 17' cable $35.95 Add shipping for all accessories ordered at the same time. Add $11.00 shipping per radio and $4.00 per antenna. BUY WITH CONFIDENCE To get the fastest delivery from CEI of any scanner, send or phone your order directly to our Scanner Distribution Center" Michigan residents please add 4% sales tax or supply your tax I.D. number. Written purchase orders are accepted from approved government agencies and most well rated firms at a 10% surcharge for net 10 billing. All sales are subject to availability, acceptance and verification. All sales on accessories are final. Prices, terms and specifications are subject to change without notice. All prices are in U.S. dollars. Out of stock items will be placed on backorder automatically unless CEI is instructed differently. A $5.00 additional handling fee will be charged for all orders with a merchandise total under $ Shipments are F.O.B. CO warehouse in Ann Arbor, Michigan. No COD's. Most items listed have a manufacturer's warranty. Free copies of warranties on these products are available by writing to CEI. Non- certified checks require bank clearance. Not responsible for typographical errors. Mall orders to: Communications Electronics" Box 1045, Ann Arbor, Michigan U.S.A. Add $11.00 per scanner for U.P.S. ground shipping and handling in the continental U.S.A. For Canada, Puerto Rico, Hawaii, Alaska, or APO /FPO delivery, shipping charges are three times continental U.S. rates. If you have a Discover, Visa, American Express or Master Card, you may call and place acreditcard order. 5% surcharge for billing to American Express. Order toll -free in the U.S. Dial 800 -USA -SCAN. In Canada, dial FAX anytime, dial If you are outside the U.S. or in Michigan dial Order today. Scanner Distribution Center" and CEI logos are trademarks of Communications Electronics Inc. Sale dates 3/8/89-9/30/89 AD x Copyrights) 1989 Communications Electronics Inc. For credit card orders call USA-SCAN MCOMMUNICATIONS ELECTRONICS INC. Consumer Products Division P.O. Box 1045 O Ann Arbor, Michigan U.S.A. For orders call or FAX

12 PERU: DXing the Land of the Incas by Don Moore or surprise and mystery - new stations, frequencies varying across the dial, stations coming and going unpredictably - nothing compares to shortwave radio in Latin America. Yet, in the turbulent Latin American broadcasting scene, never have so many changes happened so often as in Peru in the 1980s. In the past decade, more than 100 new shortwave stations have started broadcasting from Peru. Many don't last very long, but there's been a never -ending parade of new ones to take their place. Unpredictability is just one of many reasons that DXers find Peru, land of the ancient Inca Indians, one of the world's most fascinating DX countries. Land of the Incas: Starting in 2000 B.C., Indian civilization periodically rose and fell in Peru, each building on the knowledge of its predecessors. The greatest of them all, the Inca Indians of southern Peru's Cuzco valley, began their march to civilization with military conquest. By 1450 they controlled western South America, from present day southern Colombia to central Chile. Their empire was linked by a road network better than any in Europe at that time. On terraced Andean mountainsides, they grew potatoes and grains especially suited for the harsh mountain climate. A system of government storehouses kept several years supply of food so that even in the worst of times, no one went hungry. At the height of its glory, the Inca Empire fell in one quick swoop. In 1532 a Spanish adventurer, Francisco Pizarro, and a small band of soldiers landed on the coast. At Cajamarca, the Spanish used treachery to ambush and capture the Inca emperor, Atahualpa. Atahualpa was promised his freedom if his vassals filled a room with gold. They did, but Pizarro broke his end of the deal, murdered the Inca ruler, and marched south to Cuzco to complete the conquest of the now leaderless empire. The Incas never totally accepted their defeat. Remnants of the civilization hung on in the mountains north of Cuzco until Reduced to near slavery, the Incas periodically revolted as late as In 1780, they nearly succeeded in retaking 10 September 1989 their country from the Spanish. However, when independence from Spain was finally obtained in the 1820s, it was the Peruvian - born Spanish elite, not the Indians, who controlled the country. Peru Today: Although smaller than the Inca empire, modern -day Peru is a large nation - over a half million square miles in area. The population is sparse -- twenty million. Around eighty percent are descended from the Incas. Many live much as they did five hundred years ago, except for a few modern conveniences such as battery radios and plastic water jugs. The Inca language, Quechua, is their mother tongue. Nearly two million don't speak Spanish, especially in the central and southern parts of Peru's Andean region. Geographically, Peru is a land of extremes. More than 40 percent of the population live in the "costa," a narrow band of coastal desert, broken by lush irrigated oases. Here are found the major cities, such as Lima, Trujillo, and Chiclayo, and most of the country's paved highways. Dissecting the country, north to south, is the "sierra," the backbone of the Andes Mountains, reaching as much as 24,000 feet in height. Half of Peru's population lives in the mountain valleys and plateaus, and sometimes on the mountains themselves, once the heart of Inca empire. From the smallest villages to the important cities of Cajamarca, Huancayo, Ayacucho, and Cuzco, most of the towns were originally Inca settlements. With the exception of a few railroads in the south, this rugged area is mainly reached by rough dirt roads, frequently little more than paths. East of the Andes is the "selva," the Amazon jungle. Although it covers almost two thirds of the country's area, only five percent of the population lives there. The only city here is Iquitos, Peru's "Atlantic port." The city lies two thousand miles from the Atlantic Ocean, but the Amazon is deep enough that ocean -goinng vessels can dock in Iquitos. The Peruvian government believes the country's future lies in exploiting the natural resources of the selva. Development has already begun, with the discovery of oil fields ranging from the Ecuadorian border to as far south as Pucallpa. Don Moore Shortwave Radio in Peru: Because of the country's varied geography, shortwave radio has played a major role in the development of communications in Peru. As in most of Latin America, when commercial radio first began in Peru in the 1920s and 1930s, there were just a few stations in main cities, trying to reach a national, or at least regional, audience. They couldn't easily do this on AM, especially with the lower powered AM transmitters of the day, so shortwave was added. As a cheap and cost effective way to broadcast to a large area, shortwave couldn't be beat. Up until the 1950s, most Peruvian shortwave stations were in the larger cities. However, beginning in the 1950s, and continuing into the 1960s, several dozen shortwave stations were founded in the departmental (state) capitals and other principle towns of the Andean highlands. Listeners preferred tuning in these local stations. Because audiences in the far flung areas declined, some big city stations began to shut down their shortwave transmitters, but shortwave radio in Peru was by no means dying. Instead, a new era was about to begin. By the 1970s, stations began to pop up in the smaller towns, especially in northern Peru. Located in remote Andean valleys and the river towns of the Amazon jungle, the new stations have found shortwave to be indispensible. First, stations need shortwave to reach many rural mountain villages and jungle settlements. Secondly, without a telephone system in rural Peru, and extremely slow postal service, shortwave fills the communications gap. Commercial shortwave radio is the principle method of communication between provincial towns of the Andes and Amazon jungle. The government uses it. Businesses use it. Listeners contact distant family members and friends. Paid personal messages, called "comunicados" or "servicios sociales" are broadcast to reach distant areas. It took time to get radio into these remote areas. The northern department (state) of Cajamarca is a good example. Cajamarca was an important region under the Incas, and today is the agricultural breadbasket of northern Peru. Yet, as late as 1978, the only radio stations in the department were in the

13 capital city of Cajamarca, and Jaen, the main town of northern Cajamarca. Other departmental towns were thought to lack a big enough local market to support a radio station. Additionally, with no electrical service, or perhaps only a few hours nightly via a weak municipal generator, there was no available power supply. However, in 1978, a group of Chota's citizens (a provincial, or county, capital north of Cajamarca) realized they could put a station on the air if they bought their own generator. To get a station underway, they hired an experienced engineer, Mauro Vasquez Gonzales, from Trujillo. Mauro set up a diesel generator, transmitter, and antenna on the outskirts of Chota. The downtown studio was powered by car batteries, charged at the generator site. To the surprise of many, the station made money. Radio Chota proved that local radio stations were feasible. Since then, at least fifty different shortwave stations have been on the air at one time or another from Cajamarca department. Unlike Radio Chota, many of these have not been successes, lasting only a few weeks or a few months, before being closed down by economic reality. Still, one or two have made it in each town, and there is always a potential station owner willing to gamble on a new station. With the possible exception of Peru's jungle department of San Martin, probably no other similarly sized area of the world has seen so much shortwave activity in such a short period of time. DYY mg Peru: Nobody, including /\ the Peruvian government, knows how many shortwave stations are on the air in Peru at any time. Around a hundred would be a good guess, however. A few stations remain in coastal cities, especially Lima, but not many. Most older stations remaining on shortwave are in principle towns and departmental capitals of the Andes including stations such as Ondas del Huallaga, Radio Andiana, Radio Huancavelica, and Ondas del Titicaca. Many of these long- established stations broadcast in the 60 meter band, although a few can be found in 90, 49, and even the 31 meter bands. For the most part, they use medium powered transmitters, usually at least five kilowatts. In general, these are the easiest Peruvian stations to hear, although "easy' is relative. They are not as easy to hear as similarly powered stations in Central America, Venezuela, or Colombia. Also, as is frequently the case in Latin America, the stations might go off the air for months or years at a time, before suddenly reappearing. By any standards, these are real DX challenges. New small town broadcasters provide an even greater challenge. Few use more than a kilowatt; many use less than half that. To the DXer's advantage, however, most use frequencies outside the nominal shortwave broadcasting bands, especially in the Don Moore Radio Ancash uses 10 kw on 4990 khz and is well heard in North America khz and khz areas. Because the licensing process takes at least two years in Peru, many stations come on the air first, and then worry about becoming legal. So, they take whichever frequency they feel like, or, more likely, whichever one they happen to have a crystal for. Occasionally, a station even pops up in the 80 or 40 meter ham bands, in which case they're probably using a converted ham transmitter. While some of these out -of -band stations are constantly covered in North America by interference from utility stations, others have clear channels, as long as conditions permit their weakly powered signals to be received. Unfortunately, when licensed, some move to authorized in -band frequencies, where they are usually covered up by more powerful stations from elsewhere in Latin America. Adding to the DX challenge - and fun - is that the broadcasting scene is constantly changing. Competition in these small towns is stiff, and overhead is high. Just buying kerosene for a generator is a major expense. Considering that many small stations don't gross more than ten or twenty dollars a day, it is hard to see how they have money left over for equipment and records. If there is an equipment breakdown, expensive replacement parts must be ordered from Lima. It may take months before the owner saves enough spare cash from his other businesses to fix the transmitter. Despite the successes of a few stations such as Radio Chota, many do fail. Frequently, new stations come on the air, are heard well for a few weeks or months, and then are gone forever. It may seem like new stations come and go on a daily basis, teaching DXers to catch a new station today, because it may be gone tomorrow. D laying "Musical Transmitters ": Because of the difficulties of radio broadcasting in this part of the world, it's not unusual for stations to go off the air for several days, weeks, months, or even years. When an inactive station reappears, it's a good idea to make sure it really is the old station. After all, the owner may have decided to call it quits and sell the transmitter. In rural Peru, you never know for sure just who owns the transmitters, since some change hands frequently. For example, in the early 1980s, Radio Acunta came on the air from Chota with a 100 watt transmitter on 5800 khz. Later, the transmitter was moved to Bambamarca and rented to Radio San Francisco, a new station. However, Radio San Francisco didn't make it and the transmitter was soon back in Chota. By mid -1985, Radio Acunta was having a tough time competing with crosstown rivals Radio Chota and Radio San Juan de Chota, each of which had a one kilowatt transmitter, so manager Victor Hoyos called it quits. The transmitter was sold, and ended up in San Ignacio, by the Ecuadorian border, where for several years it was used by Radio San Miguel Archangel. Radio San Juan de Chota didn't last much longer, and its transmitter was sold to another new Bambamarca station, Radio Onda Popular (which is still on the air). Lately, from the town of Nuevo Cajamarca, near Rioja, Radio Nuevo Cajamarca has been heard on 5800 khz. This is probably the old Radio Acunta transmitter with yet another owner. Another "musical transmitter" got its start in Moyobamba, on the fringe of the Amazon jungle. In 1982, Radio Moyobamba announcer Miguel Quisipotongo Suxe founded his own station, Estacion C, using a 300 watt Framvel transmitter with a crystal for 6364 khz. The Moyobamba area is growing fast, and Miguel made enough money to invest in new equipment. He bought a higher powered transmitter, with a crystal for 6324 khz; he sold the 6364 transmitter to another ex -Radio Moyobamba announcer, Porfirio Centurion. Porfirio called his soon -to -fail station Radio Moderna. A few months later the transmitter ended up in nearby Saposoa, where it was used to broadcast under the name Radio Huallaga. This station, however, hasn't been heard in more than two years, so don't be surprised if you hear someone else from northern Peru on 6364 khz one of these days - there's no telling who owns the transmitter now. Confusing as it may be, there is a silver lining for the DXer. By station counting standards, if a station name change is accompanied by a change in ownership, it can be counted as a new station. Therefore, over several years, it is possible to log the same transmitter on the same frequency three or four times -- and count it as a different station each time! September

14 When to Hear Peruvians: In North America, the morning is the best time for Peruvian reception. Stations begin signing on at 0900 UTC, with most on the air by The stations can be heard until fadeout at sunrise, which in the winter can be as late as 1200 on the east coast. In the summer, the opening can be almost nonexistent. Peruvians can also be heard in the evening, occasionally as early as 2300 in the winter, later in the summer. Usually the best reception is after Most stations sign -off between Unfortunately, many smaller out -ofband stations do not sign on until 1200 or later, so they can only be received in the evening. For the most part, Peruvian stations broadcast in Spanish, and knowledge of Spanish helps in identifying them and picking out program details for reception reports. However, many stations in the central and southern Andean regions also broadcast in Quechua, which can be easily mistaken for Spanish. Although the two languages are phonetically very dissimilar, Quechua has borrowed hundreds of Spanish words. Quechua is not the only Indian language used by Peruvian broadcasters. In the far south, around Lake Titicaca, a few stations broadcast in Aymara, a language widely spoken there and in neighboring Bolivia. Aymara, too, has borrowed numerous words from Spanish. Many Peruvian stations heard on shortwave do not have set formats, like North American AM /FM stations. Instead, they program various types of music throughout the day, depending on the expected audience. The first program of the day is nearly always a wake -up program aimed at the "campesinos," or peasant farmers. Other than a few crazy DXers, who else would listen that early in the morning?! These programs usually have names such as "Amanecer Campesino" (campesino dawn), "Mananitas Campsinas" (campesino morning) or "Buenos Dias..." (Good morning + name of town or province). The announcers are upbeat, give frequent time checks, and sometimes even chastise their listeners with "Levantese! Levantere!" (Get up! Get up!). Since campesinos like folk music, this is the best time of day to hear traditional Peruvian huaynos (pronounced "whinos"). The most popular music of rural Peru, the huayno features a rapidly strummed guitar and high -pitched vocals. It is frequently accompanied by a quena (traditional wood flute), zampona (bamboo panpipes), charango (a small guitar -like instrument), arpa (harp), or guitarra. Many DXers soon develop a liking for these exotic, haunting melodies. A good example of the sound of these instruments, and Andean music in general, is Simon and Garfunkel's song "El Condor Pasa." 12 September 1989 Don Moore Puno's La Voz del Altiplano is sometimes active on 5816 khz. Although many of the instruments are the same, huaynos are different from the Ecuadorian music played on HCJB. Other programs follow throughout the day: romantic music for housewives, pop music for teenagers, radionovelas (soap operas) for everybody. During the evening hours, in fact, just about anything can be heard -- although usually in program blocks. Don't be surprised if an hour of rock music is followed by syrupy romantic music, or fast moving tropical music. Each of these programs has its own name, such as "Discoteca de Hoy," "La Hora de Amor," or "Fiesta Tropical." Getting Started: DXing the Peruvians is challenging; there aren't many DX frontiers as hard to crack as this one. Still, with a serious effort and dedication, it's possible to log 25 or 30 stations in just your first year. The way the stations come and go, many DXers with five or six years experience have logged more than 100. Resources such as Passport to World Band Radio, log columns such as that in Monitoring Times, and an atlas with the departments clearly marked, are indispensible to DXing the Peruvians. However, the most important step in successfully DXing Peru is keeping up on late -breaking DX news, so that when a new station conies on the air, you can try for it before it has a chance to shut down. Tuning in to Glenn Hauser's weekly DX news segments on Radio Canada's SWL Digest is the best way to keep up. When sending reception reports to Peruvian stations, write in Spanish, and include mint stamps for return postage. At the moment, however, Peruvians are not particularly good verifiers. The Peruvian economy is a shambles; inflation in 1988 was around 2000 percent. Under these conditions, most stations don't have the money or staff time for verifying. Many DXers report return rates of only ten or twenty percent on their Peruvian reports. Of course, any reply which is received is that much more treasured because of its rareness. It's unlikely that the economic situation will improve before the 1990 presidential elections. If the economy does improve, maybe DXers will see the return of easier verifications that often included pennants. The following list of stations should get you started on DXing Peru. Some of these are "regulars," while others can only be heard under good conditions. A few are so rare that they are only logged two or three times a year in North America. North American DXers frequently wonder if some of these stations are even on the air. Yet, Latin American DXers report regular reception, so we know they are always possible, given the right conditions. So, turn on the radio and plug in the headphones, it's time to DX the land of the Incas. Buena sintonia! (Good listening!) 3330 Ondas del Huallaga. If you ever hear weak Andean music mixing with CHU, this is probably the one Radio Altura is possibly Peru's only other active 90 MB station. its sometimes heard after 1000 sign -on; less frequently, evenings Radio Moderna Broadcasts from Celendin, in Cajamarca Department from daily. Has been reported a few times around 1030 also. It's usually covered by an RTTY station, but on occasion the Ute has been known to go off the air Also in Celendin, Radio Norandina also is on the air from daily, and also suffers from utility station Interference. It Is heard more often, however, though rarely very well Radio Tarma Is frequently heard after its 1000 sign -on, and sometimes as late as 0500 in the evenings Radio Cooperativa Satipo Is rarely heard, but try for it around 1000 sign -on, or evenings before its 0200 sign -off From the Amazon city of Iquitos, Radio Atlantida has been a regular on 4790 for years. Often heard evenings until past 0500, and also in the morning In the jungle town of Tarapoto, Radio San Martin is frequently heard in the morning after its 1000 sign -on Radio Atahualpa Is often one of the strongest 60 MB stations after it signs on around Plays some of the best folk music in Peru An educational station in Iquitos, La Voz de la Selva is owned by the Catholic church and managed by a Franciscan nun! Often heard in the morning, signing on at either 1000 or Some programs are in Amazon Indian languages. Don't confuse this with the much rarer Radio Sicuani on 4826! 4881 A new station, Radio Nuevo Mundo, is frequently heard between This is a confusing frequency. Radio Tawantinsuyo, Radio Huanta, and Radio Cobriza Dos Mil all operate in this area, and a few years ago Radio Libertad de Trujillo did too. Any Peruvian heard here has to be

15 carefully Identified Ondas del Titicaca Is sometimes heard after 0900 In the mornings with southern Peruvian folk music Radio Tropical is a regular here In evenings and mornings With a ten kilowatt transmitter and a clear channel, Radio Ancash Is one of the easiest Peruvians to hear. It can be heard many evenings and most mornings, usually with folk music A "puro huayno' station In the mountain city of Huancayo, Radio Andina can sometimes be heard in the evenings, but Is best heard In the mornings after Its 0900 sign -on You have to get up early to hear this one! Radio Los Andes signs -on at 0900, but by 1100 it is usually blocked by Radio Impacto In Costa Rica Radio Onda Popular, from Bambamarca, Is a rare evening catch La Voz de Cutervo is another station rarely heard In the evenings Radio America is sometimes heard in the morning before 1000 when the Venezuelan Radio Mil Cuarenta signs -on Lima's Radio Union can sometimes be heard mornings if La Voz del Llano In Colombia is sleeping -In. Radio Union has occasionally stayed on all night Estacion C Is occasionally heard mornings and evenings Once a regular station, Radio Satelite has been less frequently been heard in recent years. Usually only heard In the evening Located In the little village of Pandalle, outside Cutervo, Radio Universo Is a rare catch. To save on kerosene for the generator, the 100 watt Heathkit transmitter is only fired up once a week on Sunday night from 2300 to 0300 UTC Monday, according to station manager Miguel Lozano Tantalean. s Don Moore Unable to compete in the crowded Chota market, Radio San Juan de Chota was only on the air a few months in No one knows why a one kilowatt station In a little town in northern Peru would broadcast on 31 meters, but Radio Norperuana does. It seems to be Irregular, but sometimes puts an unbelievably strong signal Into North America around /9950 A Protestant missionary station, Radio del Pacifico can also sometimes be heard in the mornings around na onda de amoy paz y cultura %geelein1 [-J NHz. ONDA CORT A 41 m.band.lnternac. Celendin: Radio Town of Northern Peru Huancabamba, Mendoza, Rioja, Juanjui, Santa Cruz, Cutervo, Chota, Bambamarca, Huamachuco... the radio towns of northern Peru number three or four dozen. For the most part, these towns are provincial (county) capitals with 5,000 to 15,000 inhabitants. They are commercial centers for the surrounding villages and farms, although a few like Huamachuco depend on mining. There is little unique about any of them. Celendin, a typical northern Peruvian town, lies about a hundred kilometers east of the city of Cajamarca, five hours by dirt road on the local bus. One sixth of the province's Theresa Bries 70,000 inhabitants live here. The Catholic church towers over the central Plaza de Armas. As in many Peruvian towns, gardeners trim the plaza's shrubbery into animals and geometric shapes. Celendin's dirt streets are flanked by one and two story buildings of adobe or cement block, roofed with moss - covered clay tiles. The scattered business district is comprised of several general stores, a few basic and somewhat rundown hotels, the bus company office, and a couple restaurants and bars. At 8,500 feet above sea level, the surrounding Andean valley is one of the AMPLIFILTER TM Improves shortwave reception. Use with any antenna, any receiver. Front panel control of all functions. New! Amplifilter'M gives 20 db preamplifier gain or 20 db attenuation and cuts out overload and crossmodulation from local AM broadcast and TV /FM stations. It has a broadband.1 to 1000 MHz amplifier, an attenuator, a 3 MHz highpass filter, and a 30 MHz lowpass filter. They are individually selectable by front panel switches, one at a time or in any combination. Model PA-360 AmplIfIlterTM $ $4 shipping /handling in U.S. & Canada. For 12v DC. Model PS -90 AC adapter $9.95. California residents add sales tax. Mosfe,CO,tl -1 Send for FREE catalog that shows our corn - plete line of antennas, pre -amplifiers and filters. PALOMAR ENGINEERS Box 455, ESCONDIDO, CA Phone: (619) garden spots of northern Peru. Although some small scale gold, silver, and copper mining is done in the nearby mountains, it is agriculture that keeps Celendin prosperous. The climate is perfect for growing potatoes and barley, and for raising dairy cattle and sheep. Celendin is known throughout the region as the best producer of "manjar blanco," a rich, soft caramel made by slowly boiling milk and sugar. The sweet is spread on bread and used to fill pastries. Manjar blanco and other produce is trucked to the coastal city of Trujillo. Peruvian towns often have a special handicraft, and Celendin is no exception. When a campesina (peasant woman) isn't cooking or cleaning, her hands may be busily weaving a purse, a hat, or a small basket out of thin straw called "paja." The plant is cultivated because the handicrafts bring extra income to the peasant households. Some paja products are sold to stores in Celendin, but most are sold in Cajamarca tourist shops. Celendin is the staging point for journeys from Cajamarca Peru's northern interior. Buses don't make the trip, but for a small fee it's easy to hitch a ride to Chachapoyas on one of the frequent cattle trucks. The two day journey involves extremes of temperature and road conditions: either clouds of dust or rivers of mud, depending on the season. But, if one endures the ride, it's easy to continue on from Chachapoyas to Rioja, Moyobamba, and Tarapoto. September

16 That would be a first for Celendin. It will take time, but we will do it." Gregorio was constantly thinking of the alternative - failure. The year before, a friend of his had operated Radio Nuevo Eden, or "New Eden" (this is what Celendinos like to call their green valley). This Celendin station was reported by DXer Juan Carlos Codina in Lima, but never heard outside Peru. Gregorio said it had operated with only fifteen watts, but couldn't make it financially and finally had to close down. Bicycle-taxis typically used by the Indians of southern Pent Shortwave in Celendin: Since June 1982, when Radio Moderna, 4300 khz came on the air, Celendin has been a DX target. Though the history of radio here has been rocky, Celendin has, in fact, been more active on shortwave than most of the other towns of the region. The town has one of the strongest municipal generators in Cajamarca department. Unlike many other places where the municipal generators can't power radio stations, potential stations in Celendin don't have the added expense of buying their own generator. This has, however, restricted their broadcasting hours. Since the generator is only on from 6 p.m. to midnight ( UTC), all of Celendin's stations follow that limited schedule. Not long after Radio Moderna came on the air, Radio Celendin appeared on 7054 khz. Celendin's third station, Radio Gran Pajaten, got its start in mid on a highly variable frequency of around 4180 khz. Radio Nuevo Eden broadcast briefly on 6815 khz from April to June In January 1985, Radio Frecuencia Siete, 7010 khz, added yet another voice to the town's radio scene. With so many shortwave stations, Celendin was high on my list of places to visit when I traveled to Cajamarca department in mid -March A look at the stations of Celendin would be a look at small town Peruvian radio. Indeed, broadcasting in Celendin has been a microcosm of broadcasting in northern Peru. Radio Frecuencia 7: Radio Frecuencia 7 was the newest kid on the block when I visited Celendin. Striking postal workers in the Plaza de Armas pointed me in the direction of San Martin street. Two blocks away, above the door of a typical one story adobe row house, the words "Frecuencia 7" were painted in very small black stenciled letters. The rooftop antenna was simply a twenty foot wire sloping down from a ten foot pole to the roof. The main business here was not broadcasting, but rather owner Gregorio Sanchez 14 September 1989 Theresa Bries Aruajo's electrical repair shop, located in the front room of his house. Radios, turntables, and tape recorders were scattered about in various stages of disassembly. Old calenders and posters added color to the white adobe walls. The floor was unpainted cement. The radio station occupied a corner in the back of the shop. The entire station was setting on two rough, handmade wooden tables. The fifty watt transmitter, about twice the size of a shoebox, had been made locally by a self -taught electrical engineer. Gregorio hoped he could make it more powerful. Beside the transmitter was a cheap turntable, similar to those found in U.S. discount store toy departments. The station's record library consisted of about 100 forty-fives stacked on a shelf. There were no LPs. A microphone and a "console" rounded out the equipment. The console, a little wooden box with three knobs and a couple of wires coming out of the back, looked just like a homemade antenna tuner. There was not even a cassette deck or cassette recorder in the studio corner, making it the first and only station I've seen without cassette capability. Of course, Gregorio could always borrow one of those in his repair shop. Provided he fixed it first. A quiet man in his late 30s, Gregorio pointed out that the station had begun transmitting on January 20, exactly two months before. He and his teenage son were the sole announcers. So far the station was only making a little money, through the sale of communicados (personal messages) and record dedications. What little commercial advertising there was in Celendin went to the more established stations. But Gregorio still had his hopes for the future. "Yes, we are very small. I started out by working as an announcer at Radio Celendin and later Radio Moderna. I learned how to run a small station, and I feel I know enough about the business to make mine the best in Celendin. I hope to raise power little by little, buy new equipment when we can. Eventually I would like to have 1,500 watts and our own generator so we could transmit all day long. Radio Moderna: On a side street, about seven blocks from the plaza, was a two story white adobe building with a wooden "Radio Moderna" sign over the door. Inside, the dirt- floored room had a table and chair in the center and a steep wooden staircase on one end. This was the station's reception room, where a staff member took down the communicados (personal messages) that listeners paid to have read on the air. Up the staircase, on the second floor, was the station. I had dropped by this station in the morning, before going to Radio Frecuencia 7, but the door was locked and bolted. Since it only broadcasts in the evening. there was no need for anyone to be there. However, when I dropped by after lunch, teenage announcer Pompeyo Silva Pereya and two friends were waiting for me. They had heard from Gregorio that a visiting gringo was interested in seeing their station. Pompeyo explained that the station was owned by Herbert Palaez Chacon, a businessman who lived in Cajamarca but rarely came to Celendin. Senor Palaez also owned an AM -only Radio Moderna in San Marcos, south of Cajamarca. The station manager, a local businessman, was out of town for a few days. Pompeyo didn't know anything about the station's plans or its brief history. His job was to spin discs and make announcements, but he could give a friendly tour. Upstairs, the eight by fifteen foot room had a roughly hewn wooden floor and a little furniture: a table with a manual typewriter and a chair. Posters of Spanish singers adorned the walls. Along the back wall, a window provided a glimpse of the cramped studio. It was as small and stuffed as the other room was empty. A large console, two turntables, and a cassette deck filled a little desk. Records, both LPs and 45s, lined the walls overhead. The DJ barely had enough room to sit down. Through another doorway, the "guides" led me to a third small room, housing the station gem, a 250 watt transmitter. A heavy coaxial cable led the signal under the eaves and to the rooftop dipole. Two beds were the only other furniture in the room. These, Pompeyo explained, were for the announcers. Because the station didn't go off the air until late at night after the power went off, the announcers on duty slept at the station instead of walking home in the pitch black streets. He then smiled and said they were occasionally used for other purposes, too.

17 Radio Celendin: Radio Celendin wasn't as easy to find as the other stations. But finally, with the help of a storekeeper, I located it on Dos de Mayo street, about five blocks from the plaza. There was no sign over the old wooden double doors. The doors were locked throughout the afternoon, and I realized I would have to drop by in the evening when the station was on the air. When my wife and I arrived about 7:30 p.m., the double doors were propped open. A bench and posters making a half- hearted attempt to cover bare studs furnished the entryway. Over the inner door leading to the studio was a beautiful painted wooden sign proclaiming the station to be "a wave of love, peace, and culture." Owner Jose Camacho Villar was spinning discs. The studio was a very cramped little room, about six by eight feet. Inside, two tables arranged in an "L" were topped with two turntables, cassette player, console, and tabletop transmitter. There was just enough room to squeeze by the table and into the room. Not long after our arrival, an announcer came and took over, freeing Senor Camacho to talk to us, and to sign and stamp the prepared QSLs I had brought along with several reports. He thanked us for our compliments on his beautiful station sign, and pointed out that the station had another motto on its official rubber seal, "transmitting from blue skies of Eden." Influenced by that slogan, one of his announcers started the illfated Radio Nuevo Eden. A friendly, easy -going man in his late forties, Senor Camacho noted that his station was actually the oldest in Celendin. He had been broadcasting on and off for more than twenty-five years, whenever he had working equipment and the time. In 1982, after Radio Moderna came on the air, he bought a homemade Peruvian two- hundred watt tabletop transmitter. Before that, he used very low powered equipment, and had never been heard (or heard of) outside Celendin. With other more profitable business interests, he still plans to put much effort into the station. Radio Gran Pajaten: For the first year and a half of this station's existence, it was only heard irregularly by a few South American DXers. Then, in December 1984, it changed its frequency to 4485 and apparently added a newer, more powerful transmitter. Suddenly it was well-heard in North America. Three months later, it disappeared just as quickly. The DX world learned why when a DXer received a verification letter mentioning that some parts in the transmitter had burned out on February fifth. In the beginning of March, it was heard again, but weakly. When I arrived in Celendin in mid- March, Radio Gran Pajaten was no longer on the air. Walking around town, I discovered the station just around the corner from Radio Moderna Your radio has cost you a bundle. Now spend 25 cents more... US Gov't Radio Frequencies for hearing FBI, CIA, Army, NASA, more. $ UPS. Shortwave Listening with Experte 500+ pages. Getting started, antennas, more UPS. Easy -Up Ant Hear more stations! Easy, low -cost antennas to build. $ UPS. WORD RADIO TV Mink World Radio 'TV Handbook Station skeds, frequencies, addresses, more. $ UPS....And Get Our Catalogue!' P.O. Box 360, Wagontown, PA DX Radio Supply We're books. Only books. And we do it best. Don Moore Announcer Pompeyo Silva Pereya shows off Radio Modema's 250 watt transmitter. in another two story white adobe building. A wooden station sign hung over the locked door. From a neighbor, I learned that owner Milciades Echeverria Puitiza had gone to Lima for replacement transmitter parts. Epilogue: Since that visit, radio in Celendin has continued to develop and change. Gregorio Sanchez's Radio Frecuencia 7 was occasionally heard by DXers throughout 1985, and verified several reception reports. It was last heard in March, In early 1988 a DXer received a verification letter from Radio Moderna, signed by announcer Gregorio Sanchez. Apparently Gregorio's dream of making Radio Frecuencia 7 the best station in Celendin didn't succeed. At Radio Celendin, Senor Camacho apparently decided that his other businesses needed more of his energies. His station hasn't been reported since December 1985, when it changed frequency to In June 1985, a new station, Radio Norandina, signed on higher powered transmitter on 4460 khz. Though not common, Radio Norandina is M Street Radio Directory of AM & FM radio. Perfect for traveler or DXer. $ UPS. Catalogue Coin ony. PA res. add 6% tax. Sales Mal. Prices subject to change. logged regularly in North America. This new competition probably helped do in Radio Frecuencia 7 and Radio Celendin. Radio Moderna is till there, however, and continues to broadcast on 4300 khz, where it is usually covered by a radioteletype station in North America. As for Radio Gran Pajaten, nothing has been heard from it since that weak broadcast in early March Apparently replacement parts were more expensive than the owner imagined. Since the fall of 1988, a new station named La Voz de Celendin has been logged on Radio Gran Pajaten's old frequency of Although well -heard by DXers in South America, it has only been weakly heard in North America. In all probability this is Radio Gran Pajaten's old transmitter. Possibly, the owner finally had it fixed, and put the station on the air under the new name. But name changes at Latin American stations are rare, and my bet is that, in need of cash, he sold the useless transmitter at a bargain price to someone else who had the money to fix it. The real answer won't be known until someone at the station takes the time to answer a DX report, and explains the station history. So, of seven shortwave stations in Celendin, only three are still around today. Radio Moderna and Radio Norandina are probably around to stay, but La Voz de Celendin is so new that I wouldn't place any bets on its survival. Celendin's stations are not easy to hear. But, if Latin American conditions seem to be good, and it's between , try for the active ones on 4300, 4460, and 4485 khz. Besides that, there are still Radio Celendin's 200 watt transmitter and Radio Frecuencia 7's 50 watt transmitters unaccounted for. They could pop up on the air anytime. Celendinos like to start radio stations. -- Don Moore September

18 Make a Scanner Your Copilot by Mark Weigand Probing your environment as you drive Many people I meet are fatalistic about events such as auto accidents, severe weather, natural or man -made disasters, and other risks of everyday life. It seems the less they know, the happier they are. Scanner users, on the other hand, seem to fall into exactly the opposite category of folks. Not only do they want to know what is happening right now, they want the behind - the- scenes story rather than the watered -down version that often ends up being reported on the news. As every experienced traveler knows, that modern euphemism called a "freeway" can suddenly slow to a crawl. Not fun if you have a deadline to meet, a meeting to attend or a family waiting. How often have you heard traffic and weather reports on local radio stations only after being caught in a storm or finding that your usual route has become a parking lot? But accurate traffic reports are only one reason to "go mobile" with your scanner. If you live or work near an agency that responds to emergencies, or uncomfortably close to an industry that routinely uses or ships hazardous materials (for example), you have two more reasons to scan the airwaves. If there are regular seasons of severe weather in your area, a scanner can help keep you informed about weather -related emergencies better than your local disc jockey. Whether your interest involves railroads or airshows, or you want to keep tabs on crime in your area, you are in good scanning company. Finally, if you live within 40 miles of an airport, coastline, or military installation, you're in for some first -rate scanning! In all of these examples, your need to make informed decisions about health, safety, and convenience can be assisted by using a scanner in your vehicle. What's more, mobile scanning can be very entertaining as well as useful. The usual solitary, uneventful drive becomes - with a scanner - an informative and often exciting experience. Your vehicle becomes an all- weather monitoring station for a vast array of conununications including police, fire, aircraft, government, amateur, marine, military, news media, mobile telephones, sporting events, weather broadcasts, emergencies of all kinds, even satellites! Installing Mobile Scanners For comparison, a mobile scanner is more difficult to install than a radar detector but much easier to install than an auto stereo system. There are only two cables to connect - the power cable and the antenna cable. Most scanners come with a power cable, which is connected to a positive 12 volt source (such as the fuse box) and to any convenient body ground (usually the nearest grounded metal bolt or screw). Connect the antenna cable to the back of the unit and all wiring is complete! Most of your time and effort will probably be spent in finding a convenient location in your vehicle where you can mount the radio in a safe, secure, and hopefully, inconspicuous place. Common locations include under the dash, in the dash or console, or in the glovebox, depending on the size and accessibility of the radio. Generic radio installation kits are available from many auto parts stores and from Radio Shack. Radio "slide -in, slide -out" mounting brackets are available so that a radio can be removed and reinstalled in one or more vehicles, or placed in the trunk while you are away from the vehicle. Mounting a handheld unit can be as simple as using some hook -and-loop material in a convenient location on the dash or vehicle door. Power can be provided with a cigarette lighter adapter /plug if needed for extended use, but an external antenna will still be needed. Mounting your scanner in a locking glove box gives added security as well as conserving space. On some vehicles, radio interference can be caused by the engine or electrical accessories. Most interference can be identified as a consistent popping sound (ignition noise) or as a whining sound (alternator 16 September 1989

19 noise), both of which vary with the speed of the vehicle's engine. Noise filters which reduce or eliminate interference are available from many retail electronics stores. Most newer vehicles will not need noise -reducing filters. If reaching the scanner's on -off switch is difficult, you can easily mount a toggle switch in line with the power cable in a more convenient location. A lighted power switch adds a nice touch and helps you remember when the scanner is switched on. When mounting a scanner inside an auto- Table 1 National VHF /UHF Frequencies for Monitoring Army search and rescue Army aircraft Red Cross aircraft emergency government air to air search /rescue /government aircraft helicopters medical helicopters search and rescue air to air military towers San Francisco /Chicago/Denver center aero Air Force MARS Army MARS national ham emergency Civil Air Patrol net Air National Guard military aircraft Strategic Air Command Strategic Alr Command mobile phones tire mutual aid fire mutual aid fire mutual aid fire intersystem state police search and rescue police intersystem police emergency maritime emergency /Coast Guard hour weather broadcast Secret Service FBI ham bulletins Federal Emergency Management Agency military aircraft federal disaster net federal prisons National Guard military aero distress' Coast Guard air federal government police Information medical helicopters paramedics medical helicopters mobile glovebox, the back of the glovebox can be removed to allow for space and wiring. A remote lighted toggle switch can be located on the dash or center console for switching the scanner on and off easily. The glovebox light assists with nighttime scanning, and a locking glovebox increases security. An external speaker in the dash, door, or elsewhere can be connected to the scanner's external speaker jack for better listening. Mobile Scanner Antennas Many companies manufacture antennas for mobile use. Be sure to buy one that covers the band(s) in which you are most interested. You will also need to decide on the type of antenna mounting method. For temporary use or for switching between vehicles, a magnetic mount antenna works well. These tend to work best when mounted in the center of the vehicle's roof. Specialized mounts are available for top, side, bumper, fender, or gutter mounting. Or, you can easily build your own using commonly available hardware. For example, although standard Citizen's Band antennas will not work adequately with scanners, their mounting brackets and hardware (other than the loading coil) can be easily adapted for scanner use. A basic scanner antenna can be mounted on one side of an automobile roof using an inexpensive CB "gutter mount" antenna. Similarly, a "lip mount" can be used for locating the antenna on an automobile trunk without drilling any holes. Both the mount and whip are held in place by set screws. When using CB antennas, the loading coil should be removed and the whip cut to 18 inches. The antenna cable will usually need two spade lugs at the antenna end and a Motorola plug at the radio end. The whip can often be taken off without removing the entire antenna mount. In general, the ideal one -quarter wavelength antenna for a given frequency of interest can be calculated using the formula: Length (in inches) = 2808 /frequency (in MHz). Since the length of antenna cable required will be very short, RG -58U, RGO8X, or RG -59U coaxial cable can be used. If you make your own antenna, chances are you will need to purchase and install the correct connectors at each end of the cable. Most scanners require a Motorola type connector. This is the same connector used by standard auto radios. Just be sure that the center conductor goes to the metal whip of your antenna and its braided copper shield is grounded to the car body at the antenna mounting location. Some scanners will operate effectively using a standard vehicle antenna. If you try this option (perhaps to draw less attention to your vehicle), adjust the antenna to about 18 inches in length for better reception. What kind of antenna mount to use? You have several options, but the best one depends on your requirements. September

20 Adapters are available which allow you to use your standard vehicle antenna for both your vehicle's own radio and your scanner. This effectively gives you a dual -purpose "disguise" antenna and should improve your scanner reception at the same time. Improving Reception Some special reception considerations apply when a scanner is mounted in a vehicle. First, make sure that any radio interference is not being caused by your own vehicle. Such interference will cause your scanner to "lock on" and stop scanning until the interference ends. Deactivating the radio's scan -delay feature on interference -prone channels can help prevent lock -ons to noisy channels. Use your unit's squelch control and channel lockout feature to help control noisy reception. Some squelch controls seem to be sensitive to the temperature inside a vehicle and may need to be readjusted periodically while driving. Some scanners have limited audio output and a small speaker which is difficult to hear while driving. Adding an external speaker or using an auto radio speaker can help. If all else fails, set the scanner to manual and listen to one favorite channel at a time. What's There to Hear? In most urban areas the airwaves are crowded and you may hear harmonics as well as interference from other vehicles, power lines, industrial equipment, etc. Just remember, it's all part of the urban jungle you are probing for information. You'll hear it all: business, industry, government, legal and sometimes illegal communications, lusty phone calls, mechanical problems that airline passengers never hear about, traffic and medical helicopters, military bases, trains, airshows, the National Weather Service, hospitals, and much more! In some ways, scanner monitoring is like taking the pulse of your city. During an emergency, it can be a lifesaver. For example, during several years in Denver, Colorado, I have monitored communications regarding a railyard chemical spill, numerous severe storms, a munitions truck rollover accident, air search and rescue operations, high speed chases in progress, airshows, training exercises at military bases and defense plants, and an airline crash site. Having advance information about such situations is always desirable. It can prevent you from unwittingly driving into a dangerous situation and impeding the work of emergency personnel. It can also provide time enough to warn a spouse or friends. On the lighter side, mobile scanner monitoring can be quite entertaining as you hear what happens "behind the scenes" in your community. You can also learn the buzzwords and terminology used by media communicators, hams, pilots, law enforcement and medical professionals. There have even been cases where alert scanner users have notified authorities of crimes in progress. Aside from the fact that a scanner is a commuter's delight, what else can you do with a mobile scanner? Another use can include checking the range of your cordless telephone. Or, with the addition of an FM handheld unit, one -way communications can be established between a person on foot and your vehicle, or between two vehicles. On driving vacations, scanning can become a family affair. Unfamiliar cities can be scanned using the "search" feature of most programmable radios. Frequency lists for most cities are available from radio electronics stores. Table 1 lists some of the most active scanner frequencies nationwide. As with other types of nonbroadcast communications monitoring, Section 605 of the Federal Communications Act of 1934 applies. Basically, it states that you cannot discuss the details of what you hear or use any information for personal /financial gain. In the case of monitoring the 800 MHz cellular telephone band, the recent and controversial Electronic Communications Privacy Act also applies. In a few states the use of scanners in vehicles is prohibited. Check with your local radio electronics shop for details. Be prepared for fast breaking events by having frequency lists set aside for various types of emergencies and for seasonal occurrences such as severe storms in your area. Statewide and commonly shared intersystem police and fire frequencies are especially useful. Have a list of relevant frequencies for newsworthy events such as VIP visits, military training exercises, aircraft search and rescue, etc. Pay attention to advance announcements of special events in your local media. A multi -band, multi -channel scanner can put you in contact with the world outside your vehicle on an unprecedented scale. You will be warned, informed, and entertained during otherwise "unproductive" driving time. You will know more about your community and your environment. You may hear tomorrow's headlines as they occur. So, even if you are up to your hubcaps in traffic delays, your scanner will still be operating at the speed of light. Good luck and good scanning! Mark Weigand has been a subscriber since radio monitor since 1977 and an MT Is September 1989

21 NEIN from GRE America, Inc. For those of you who are still in a futile search for 800 Mhz coverage on your hand held scanning radio, GRE America, Inc. has a product for you. Introducing the newly developed Super Converter TM 11 which has all of the features that you have come to enjoy in our Super Converter TM 8001 ( Mhz coverage, etc.), and more. The Super Converter TM II has a convenient switch which allows for an instant return to normal scanning frequencies without disconnecting the unit. It is also equipped with BNC connectors for easy adaptability to your handheld scanner. For more information, or a dealer near you (new dealers are welcome), please contact GRE America, Inc. at the address below. GR... GRE America, Inc. GRE America, Inc. 425 Harbor Blvd. "I think your magazine is the best that I have ever read. As my main interest is Utility Listening (I write the utility column for the Irish Transmitter Society "s magazine) I find the information in the utility section is excellent... In fact I like every aspect of your magazine." William Kiely, Co Cork, Ireland Belmont, California Telephone (415) Outside CA: (800) Telex: GRE BLMT Fax (415) MAX -SCAN Professional Mobile Antenna (high - band /UHF /800 MHz) made by MAXRAD, a professional communi- cations antenna company - as reviewed in July MT 3/4" hole mount $37.50 ($49.95 list) Rubber -base magnet mount $49.50 ($69.95 list) State BNC or Motorola plug. Add $3.50 postage and handling. Send check or M.O. to: Northern Door 18' Communications P.O. Box 44, Sister Bay, WI New from AOR 2000 Channels 5MHz to 1500MHz Covers 5MHz to 1500MHz in AM /FM/Wide FM modes. Continuous coverage Channel Memory 1984 Scan Frequencies & 16 Search Groups. AR2515 T.'.,I (Expres.,3hiEp.'. u:ta<<. $695. Scan/Search Speeds up to 36 channels z r per second. Built in RS 232 computer interface. 25 Day Satisfaction Guarantee. Full Refund if not Satisfied Size - 31/2"H x 5'/"W x 7'7e "D. Wt.. 2 lb. 10 oz Supplied with AC & DC power cords Telescopic antenna. _ COMMUNICATIONS E. 106th St. Indpls., IN Toll Free Visa and MasterCaz d (COD sloth''iy hiyhet In Indiana Collect FAX (317) ARE YOU ACTIVE IN PACKET, FAST OR SLOW -SCAN TV, FACSIMILE, OSCAR, RTTY, EME, LASERS OR COMPUTERS? IF YOU ARE, THEN YOU NEED: THE SPEC -COM JOURNALTM PUBLISHED BIMONTHLY, 6TIMES PER YEAR by WBOOCD SERVING "SPECIALIZED COMMUNICATIONS"AM- ATEURS SINCE 1967! SAMPLE COPIES $3.50 PPD. SPECIAL "TRIAL "SUBSCRIPTION (% YEAR) $10.00 PPD. FULL YEAR USA $20.00, CANADA /MEXICO $25.00, FOREIGN SURFACE $30.00 YEAR. COMPUT ER AND VIDEOTAPE CATALOG AVAILABLE (SASE). SEND ORDERS TO: THE SPEC -COM JOURNAL"' P.O. BOX H 6110 LOWDEN, IOWA [gil 5% ADDED Monitoring Times welcomes your considered comments, questions and opinions on the world of radio. Address them to "Letters," PO Box 98, Brasstown, NC

22 Get Acquainted with the Ham Bands by Bob Grove WA4PYQ Many newcomers to ham radio -- to radio in general -- have little understanding of the characteristics of different frequency ranges. Many initiates are puzzled as to what to expect when they tune up on various bands. This month MT takes a look at the HF (high frequency -- "shortwave ") spectrum with an eye on expectations for each amateur band. As a general rule, Morse code and radioteletype can be used anywhere in the band but, by agreement, will be found at the lower end of each frequency range. Voice, on the other hand, will always occupy the upper portion of each band. 160 METERS Just above the medium wave broadcast band is the "top band ": MHz. A favored habitat of "old timers" working "skeds" (scheduled contacts), daytime range is generally restricted to a few hundred miles, opening up to a thousand or more miles at night. Under certain conditions, especially during winter nights, global coverage is possible, normally in CW (continuous wave -- Morse code) mode. Voice communications are usually in LSB (lower sideband), with AM (amplitude modulation) frequently heard among the stalwart pioneers. 80 METERS The range MHz is very popular for regional nets (networks), with the upper portion of the band (75 meters) used for LSB. Distances are several times greater than on 160 meters, with winter nights prevailing. 40 METERS MHz is shared with international broadcasters, clearly apparent at night when long distance opens up for hams and broadcasters alike. Unfortunately for the low- powered hams, the broadcast powerhouses win! While winter evenings -- especially early morning hours -- are especially kind to 40 meters, even daytime contacts of 1000 miles or more are routine. Occasional AM voice communications may be heard, but the majority will be LSB. workhorse of amateur radio. Here will be found worldwide communications and wide area nets featuring just about every specialty interest. During hurricanes and earthquakes, transcontinental and intercontinental relief and morale messages will be heard continuously. Although propagation (radio wave paths) will change throughout the day and night, "skip" (signal reflections) off the ionosphere (electrically- charged upper atmosphere) permit global communications even beyond daylight hours, with favored time being twilight and least favored late at night. The 20 meter band is populated by tongues of many nations, with all voice transmissions in USB. This is "Kilowatt Alley," home of the powerhouse hams using enormous beam antennas for that competitive edge in worldwide DX (distance) contests. 17 METERS During 1989, the MHz band became available to US amateurs. Several other countries had 17 meter privileges many months earlier, but it took a while for military users to gradually abandon the range to the hams. Not as densely populated as 20 meters, worldwide coverage is possible during daylight hours with low power and simple antennas. USB is the voice mode. Cary NC ARC/Photo by H.Baughn As a general rule, Morse code and radio - teletype can be used anywhere in the band but, by agreement, will be found at the lower end of each frequency range. Voice, on the other hand, will always occupy the upper portion of each band. During Field Day, you will hear all bands, all modes, including packet transmissions. 20 September METERS Added fairly recently to the amateur allocations, MHz is useful day and night. CW and RTTY are the exclusive modes, providing reliable communications over thousands of miles. 20 METERS The MHz band is the 15 METERS Largely dependent upon sunspot activity for its effectiveness, the MHz portion of the spectrum shares the long distance capabilities of 20 meters and the low -power effectiveness of 10 meters. The 15 meter band is less dependable than 20 meters on a continuing basis, being affected by sunspot activity and most useful

23 Never before has so much listening been available to SWLs and hams. during the spring and fall. It generally offers some periods of activity -- sometimes superb activity -- during the daytime 12 months of the year. 15 meter voice communications all utilize USB. 12 METERS Another recently -added swatch of spectrum, MHz is still sparsely used. Even more sporadic than the lower frequencies, long distance communications depend on sunspots to affect the ionosphere, supporting skip at these frequencies. Voice communications are USB. 12 meters is predominantly a daytime band. 10 METERS Many hams claim as their favorite band. There is something venerable about it. Transmitter power seems to be of no consequence in worldwide coverage. There is a camaraderie shared by operators here, possibly because of the precarious nature of the band's dependence upon solar activity. The recent addition of Novice class voice privileges in the MHz portion has provided new life to the band. While most voice communications are Photo courtesy Ike Kerschner KD3JP sorts out a pile -up during a DXpedition. USB, converted CB radios are heard on AM (remember, the citizens band is just 1 MHz lower). FM (frequency modulation) is a favored mode above 29 MHz, with repeaters heard above 29.4 MHz. With high gain antennas small and easy to build, and low power the rule rather than the exception, 10 meters is a fun band, populated by relaxed hams. On -air members of the Ten -Ten Club keep the band in the popular eye. Jonathan Demaree, WB9OTX "Kilowatt Alley" is the home of the powerhouse hams using enormous beam antennas for that competitive edge in worldwide DX contests. So there you have it, a thumbnail sketch of the amateur HF spectrum. When signals are strong on any of these bands, adjacent broadcast band activity will be heard. Conversely, if there is strong signal activity from distant broadcasters in the HF spectrum, the closest ham bands will also be active, generally to the same areas of the globe. With the dependence of the shortwave spectrum on sunspot activity, the present record -setting peak in sunspots assures unprecedented utilization of the upper high frequency range. Modern high- sensitivity receivers make reception even better than in the past. Never before has so much listening been offered to SWLs and hams. Go for it! rm September

24 Brussels Calling by Andy Ross During the summer of 1985, my wife and I set out to explore the country of Belgium. I expected to see the great tourist sites like the Grand Place and Mannekin Pis in Brussels, but was really more interested in some of Belgium's finer offerings. Among these are the world's greatest variety of beer styles which include beers made with the addition of cherries (kriek) and some strong monastic ales made by Trappist monks. I was also hoping to get an inside look at the BRT (Belgian Radio and Television), which is the voice of the Flemish community in Belgium. I had been a regular listener of the BRT for a short time before deciding on our trip to Belgium. During that time I became a member of the BRT listeners' club and began to get a good perspective on the happenings in Belgium through the BRT's regular program to North America, "Brussels Calling." On arriving in Brussels, we knew that we were in for a terrific week. The Grand Place was packed with tourists making their way to the many cafes, museums, and shops that are located in this central square. Only a couple of blocks away we discovered the "restaurant street" that presents an endless assortment of some very fine eating establishments. Besides all of the usual tourist attractions, we were really in luck since the BRT's annual Open Door Day was scheduled to take place during our stay in Brussels. After a short stop at the Tourist Information Office, we were confident that we were on the right bus to take us to the BRT center. Finally we arrived at the BRT and were immediately impressed with the design of this large facility. Inside, the excitement of Open Door Day was just beginning. There were plenty of refreshments including soda and beer (remember, this is a country where you can get a beer at McDonalds), and plenty of BRT listeners. Although there were many fellow listeners present, most seemed to be Belgians interested in the Dutch language broadcasts. Within a few minutes, we were not alone. At our table we were joined by none other then Colin Clapson and Liz Sanderson, two of the hosts of "Brussels Calling." Since they host a program that is broadcast to North America, they were very glad to meet with a couple of listeners from the United States. Can you imagine my excitement, spending an afternoon with two of my favorite shortwave radio personalities talking about everything from who makes the best kriek to who has the best soccer team?! Then the formal program began in Dutch, and Colin suggested that we move on to a more exciting activity, a tour of the station. As we made our way to the "Brussels Calling" studio, we were joined by a group of German "DXers" who were also fans of the BRT's English language service. We took a short look at the production area, met some of the technical crew and then were off to the studio. This was not going to be just a "tour." Colin had decided to actually do a "Brussels Calling" broadcast for us. In addition, as a special feature for his Mailbag program, he decided that it would be fun to interview us on the air. All of a sudden my fun at the BRT was turned into nervousness. Thinking about the power of radio and the idea that my voice would be heard around the world, my mind was going blank. In the meantime, one of the German "DXers" was on the air and doing an excellent job. He was doing so well that it was difficult for Colin to silence him. Finally my turn came. What did I say? It's hard to remember exactly, but something about how I was having a wonderful time in Belgium and how I was hoping that Anderlecht would beat Ghent in that evening's soccer match. After all of the excitement, it felt good to spend a relaxing evening in our room at Hotel LaLegende. What better way to relax than by scanning the airwaves. Although I had only brought a medium wave receiver with me on this vacation, it was interesting to hear many of the same programs that I normally listen to on shortwave being broadcast on medium wave to Europe. I must have been listening to the news from Radio Tirana, because before long my eyelids were getting heavy. Not much later though, I was awakened by my wife who was apparently doing some serious bandscanning. This was amazing because at home she is the type who would rather listen to local talk radio rather than hear the latest from Radio Australia or Deutsche Welle. I couldn't imagine what rare DX catch she could have found. So I slipped on a pair of headphones and heard Colin Clapson's voice announce, 'Today we have a special edition of P.O. Box 26...and here's a listener from Philadelphia..." Today I'm still a regular listener of the BRT, and am anxiously awaiting the results of their latest listeners' contest. The grand prize, a round trip for two to Brussels. m The author, center, and two technicians from BRT in Brussels. If you have a story of how radio has played a part In your life or the life of your community, send It to Monitoring Times. If accepted for publication, we'll send you $ M stones should be true, real life events. Manuscripts should be approximately 1,000 words and must Include at least one clear photograph. 22 September 1989

25 EEB EEB THE NATION'S #1 SWL SUPPLIER ORDERS khz to 2000 MHz CRT MultiFunction Display Spectrum Slope ± 100 khz 1000 Memories-10 Banks of 100 ICOM R9000 THE ULTIMATE RECEIVER 4 Antenna Inputs Watch ICOM Ads for Detailed Specifications Suggested List $5495 Call for Quote PANASONIC RFB 65 -SSB $ Top of the Line Portable Now with CW /SSB MHz 36 Memories Keyboard Entry RFB40 $ RFB20 $ RFB10 $89.95 SANGEAN ATS -808 SONY ICF SW20 GRUNDIG 500 PLL-All Band LW- MW -SW -FM 45 Memory Keyboard Entry Compact Size FM Stereo with Headset Introductory Priced $ ICOM R71A -This Is our best seller. ICOM R71A has all the features one expects in a world class receiver. All mode AM, SSB, CW, RTTY, FM (OPT). Complete coverage. 1 to 30 MHz. 3 Filter positions, direct keyboard entry. 32 memory channels, PLL tuning In 10 Hz steps for exact frequency. Many ICOM options plus EEB high performance package. (CALL) ICR71A $ $12 UPS JRCNRD A high -class, general coverage receiver with expandability looking to the future. The NRD525 will change your shack into a new universe! 0.09 MHz to 34 MHz. Pass band shift. 200 memories. Direct keyboard entry. AM, FM, CW, SSB, RTTY, SSB. Notch filter. V /UHF converter option. Filter options. NRD525 $ $12 UPS GRUNDIG The Satellit 650 International is the ultimate in German crafted portable radios. Excellent audio. 510 khz to MHz. 24 hour clock/calendar. 3 Bandwidths. 60 Memories. AM, FM, SSB, CW. Keyboard Entry. PLL Control. Nicad Battery Option. New Low Price $ $12 UPS The Satellit 400, with its rounded corners and smooth lines is the obvious "style leader" in personal portables, covers all shortwave bands plus MW and FM. 24 Memories. Keyboard Entry. New Low Price $ SONY -THE ONE AND ONLY ICF2010 is the market leader of portables, our best selling portable. Full coverage. 15 to 30 MHz, FM MHz, Air Band MHz. AM, FM, CW, SSB. Sync Detection. 32 Memories. Keyboard Entry. Many Features. ICF2010 $ $6 UPS D MHz FM Keyboard entry. 16 Memories. Multi -mode AM, CW, SSB, FM, Scan. 12/24 Hour clock. D2999 $ $6 UPS MAGNAVOX D2935. Rated best value in a portable (IBS). Covers all SW Bands MHz, 9 Memories. AM, FM, CW, SSB. Keyboard Entry. $ Compact AM -FM 7 SW Bands Shirt Pocket Size (Replaces 1LF4920) Price $ $5 UPS KENWOOD The KENWOOD R5000 is the new high performance receiver from the leader in communications technology. 150 khz to 30 MHz. 100 memories. Keyboard entry. AM, FM, USB /LSB, CW, FSK. VHF Opt VC20. $ $10 UPS The KENWOOD R khz to 30 MHz. 10 memories. AM, FM, SSB, CW. VHF MHz opt VC10. R2000 $ $10 UPS SANGEAN ATS803A. So much HITECH in one package, a super value. Covers all SW Bands. Tunes MHz + FM Memories Auto Scan. Keyboard Entry. Stereo w /Headset or Line output. AC Adapter included. ATS803A $ $4 UPS Synchro Detection All Band All Mode Superb Audio Keyboard Entry Introductory Priced $ $5 UPS SG789. Slightly larger than SONY ICF 4920 same coverage plus stereo w /headset. SG789 $ $4 UPS MS101. All new mini set similar to Panasonic RFB10. 9 Band, AM, FM, 7SW, stereo w /headset MS101 $ $4 UPS MS103. Same as MS101, 9 SW Bands. MS103 $ $4 UPS ICF2010 ICFSWI S. The newest in miniaturization only 23/4 " x 43/4 ". Tests show it as best of sub -compact case, active antenna, world AC Power Pack, Phone, SWL Book, Travel with the "SYSTEM " orjust the Radio, Complete coverage to 30 MHz FM Keyboard Entry. LCD Readout /Clock. ICFSWIS$ $4 UPS ANTENNAS DATONG AD370 HF MHz outdoor active, rated #1 by IBS. AD370 $ $4 UPS SONY AN1. HF.1-30 MHz outdoor active. Our N1 seller for 3 years. AN1 $ $6 UPS EAVESDROPPER. Outdoor passive trapped dipole. 9 SW Bands. 43 ft. long. 100 ft. lead. Everything you need. Best Seller SWL $ $4 UPS ALPHA DELTA SLOPER DXSWL $ $5 UPS lt 1989 Catalog. Get All The Details. 36 Pages. Sent 1st Class. FREE in USA. Canada $1.00. All Others $3.00. R7000 -There is nothing to compare with the R700 under $12,000. This is the most sophisticated V /UHF receiver ever offered to the public. No wonder it's our best selling V /UHF receiver. All mode AM, SSB, CW, FM W, FM N -25 to 2000 MHz (20 khz to 2 GHz w /NOVEX FC7100), direct keyboard entry. 99 memory channels, many ICOM options plus EEB options and high performance package deal. (CALL) ICR $12 UPS YAESU FRG8800 offers func tionality and operating convenience for the serious shortwave listener. 150 khz to MHz. Direct keyboard entry. Dual Clocks/Timers. Wide /Narrow Filter. 12 Memories. AM, SSB, CW, FM. VHF MHz option $ FRG8800 $ $10 UPS FRG9800 VHF /UHF General Coverage Receiver MHz. 100 Memories FRG9600 $ $6 UPS CLOSE-OUT JIL SX 400 Close Out Save $ MHz ( MHz w /opt. call) Digital key- board - Readout memory scan 13.8 VDC. Much More Call. SX400 List $695 while they last $399+ $6 UPS ICF2003 delivers most performance of all portables in the mid -size class MHz. AW, CW, SSB MHz FM. 10 Memories. Keyboard Entry. Paperback book size. Optional AC Adapter. ICF2003 $ $4 UPS PRO 80 looks like a scanner Covers MHz MHz with supplied converter Multi - Mode AM -FM -CW-SSB 10 Memories 4AA Power Opt Nicad EAC Adapter. PROM $4 UPS NOVEX NEW PRODUCTS CRIS6000. Computer Radio lnterf ace System. fheultimate HITECH computer (IBM PC) system for con trol, logging, scanning, spectrum analysis. Using most current radios. Free CRIS Newsletter (CALL). CRIS R7000 $ $8 UPS RACKMOUNT. Noves RM Series Rackmount hardware for most popular radios ICOM, KENWOOD, YAESU receivers and transceivers. Prices from $79.95 ' $5 UPS ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT BANK NEW RETAIL LOCATION EEB 137 CHURCH ST. N.W. VIENNA, VA ORDERS: LOCAL TECH: FAX: PRICES SUBJECT TO CHANGE PRICES DO NOT INCLUDE FREIGHT SORRY, NO CODs RETURNS SUBJECT TO 15% RESTOCK FEE

26 Shortwave Broadcasting Glenn Hauser Box MT Enid, OK An important anniversary might have passed unnoticed if William O. Dickerman in Williamsport, Pennsylvania, had not spotted a story in the August 28, 1939, issue of Time. Until then, U.S. shortwave stations had experimental licenses, and call signs in the amateur style but with an "X" in them. With new calls in the same style as domestic broadcast stations, the shortwavers were at last "commercial" and able to sell time - though potential advertisers were not exactly breaking their doors down. In Pittsburgh, for example, the shortwave counterpart of KDKA started in 1921 as 8XK, then 8XS, and later W8XK. Among its services were programs to the Far North in English, French, Icelandic, Danish and Eskimo. Now the FCC had renamed it WPIT. In Cincinnati, W8XAL became WLWO; in Schnectady, W2XAD and W2XAF turned into WGEA and WGEO; in San Francisco, W6XBE metamorphosed into KGEI; Philadelphia's W3XAU was renamed WCAI; and in New York, W3XL and W3XAL were reborn as WNBI and WRCA. But the first phase of U.S. commercial shortwave broadcasting was not to last long. With the outbreak of World War II, the Voice of America was established, and took over most of these transmitters. They kept their call signs, however, into the early 1960s, and some stations still existing can trace their lineage back to 1939 and beyond. WLWO became VOA in Bethany, Ohio; KGEI resumed private, if not commercial, operation as a religious station. And, as Dickerman points out, another station not mentioned in the article is a major presence today. WYFR started as W1XAL in Scituate, Massachusetts, then became WRUL, WNYW, relayed the VOA during the Cuban missile crisis, and moved to Florida in Now to the shortwave news of today, presented for your convenience and future reference in alphabetical order. BOLIVIA Everyone hearing the new station on 4600 khz apparently accepted the original ID given by its discoverer as Radio Perla del Agro, but Gabriel Ivan Barrera in Argentina later revised this to La Perla del Acre. (It's on that river bordering the Brazilian state of the same name.) And he has another discovery: on khz, Radio Horizonte, in La Paz, heard for an hour after opening at 0958 UTC. Of course, that frequency used to be occupied by Radio Progreso in the same city. (RCI SWL Digest) BOTSWANA Filling the vacuum left by Africa Number One's evaporation from 4830, Radio Botswana moved in here, parallel to 3356, noted at , says Roland Schulze in West Germany. (SWLD) CANADA Contrary to previous plans, RCI's first frequency on the 13 MHz band was 13650, used in various European languages from 1800 to 2130, including English weekdays at This avoided Baghdad on and 13680, but clashed with a Spanish spy - numbers station on at RCI's relays of Beijing (0400 UTC on 11840) provoked hot debate in parliament and in the press. Foreign Minister Joe Clark decided to continue them in view of the benefit RCI gets in relays via China, and in the hope that this would deter China from starting to jam Canada's quickly- introduced Chinese broadcasts via Japan. Meanwhile, RCI's own future is very much in doubt. Massive budget cuts in October at CBC have provoked proposals that RCI be terminated, or at least separated from the CBC. Now, more than ever, RCI needs listeners' letters of support: Box 6000, Montreal, Quebec, H3C 3A8. CANARY ISLANDS We haven't seen it with our own eyes, but Mick Ogrizek reports that Spanish National Radio's latest schedule again specifies Tenerife as the transmitter site at , this time on khz, per Radio Australia's Japanese DX program. CAPE VERDE Radio RSA, South Africa, would like to be one of the first customers for the new private shortwave relay facility being built here. This would greatly improve its signal into North America and Europe. Radio RSA has also been trying to establish a Middle East relay. (World of Radio) COLOMBIA The 5068 station reported in July and August MT, La Voz de las Canas, now seems to be a pirate, not connected with the mediumwave station on 1500 in Cali; also calls itself "La Reina del Caribe" and timechecks are UTC minus 4, so apparently not even in Colombia - perhaps Venezuela or Florida. (Henrik Klemetz, Sweden; S. Gomez, Catalunya; Dario Monferini, Italy and other Play -DXers) La Voz de los Fundadores, Manizales, on khz at 1013 UTC, says W.J. Parks, and at , sloppy operation finally IDing at 0400; third harmonic of 1570, says Terry Krueger. (DX South Florida via Radio Nuevo Mundo) Cadena Misionaria Bethesda in Bogota plans to go on 6045 if Radio Melodia will sell the transmitter. (Finn Krone, AWR via WDXC Contact) The Grupo Radial Colombiano network has been sold to another evangelical outfit (via Henrik Klemetz, The Radio News) Caracol has an external service at 0540 of Colombian news for Colombians abroad, heard on 4755, 4845, 4945, 5075, 5955, 6075, (Daniel Camporini, Radio Enlace) COSTA RICA Radio for Peace International is fund -raising to purchase a 40 kilowatt transmitter, which could be on the air by early next year. A new three month membership drive offers the following premiums: for $18, the RFPI newsletter; for $28, that plus a color photo book of Costa Rican parks or a T -shirt with new native design (specify S/M /L); for $40, all three. U.S. address is Box 10869, Eugene, OR Meanwhile, RFPI does surprisingly well with much lower power in many parts of the world, at least for those willing to use an external antenna. The August schedule was revised to: weekdays in Spanish on 7375, 25945; the rest in English: on the same; on 25945, 21565; on 21565, 13660; weekends on 25945, Sometimes one transmitter is down and or 7375 might be used at additional times to those scheduled above. The RFPI mailbag, best source of information about the station, was retimed to: Tuesday 2300, UTC Wednesday 0330, Saturday 2000, following three airings of our "World of Radio," also scheduled Monday 1700, Friday 2000, UTC Saturday 0030, Sunday DENMARK/NORWAY Though Norway cleared time, the second halves of hours, for Denmark relays, this now seems unlikely to start before 1990, says a Norwegian radio spokesperson at the European DX Council meeting (Sweden Calling DXers) DJIBOUTI Radio France Internationale plans to add a relay here for a special African service of four to six hours per day in French, Arabic, English, Portuguese; unknown when. (Radio- Enlace) ECUADOR HCJB plans to expand from 15 languages now to 60 by Its transmitter- building facility at Crown International, Elkhart, Indiana, is completing another 100 kilowatt unit, and plans to produce more 100s and 500s for HCJB as well as TWR, FEBC and ELWA. HCJB has a commitment to avoid editorializing and not to broadcast negative news about Ecuador. The Ecuadorian government requires all its international diplomats to listen to HCJB. (Jim Allen, HCJB on Radio Australia Communicator) 24 September 1989

27 PAN AMERICAN BROADCASTING EQUATORIAL Torre Avenue Suite 320 Cupertino. California GUINEA The American- brokered religious broadcasting from here has been expanded. In addition to Radio Africa on 7189, Radio East Africa operates Saturdays , Sundays on (Pan American Broadcasting) Really or ? FALKLAND ISLANDS FIBS operates at and local time; at other times, BFBS London is aired, on 3958 khz. Local time is UTC -3 Oct to April, UTC -5 April to Oct. (Daniel Camporini, Argentina, who calls it Malvinas, Play -DX) GABON On a visit to the station, Alfonso Montealegre and Jaime Baguena learned that Radio Moscow is studying the possibility of relays via Africa Number One, if a satellite link can be set up. (Radio-Enlace) This should allow them to cut down from the 20 frequencies they say are needed to cover America, it's so large. Poor Radio Moscow is far behind other major stations, lacking a worldwide network of relay bases. The Cape Verde site has also made clear Moscow would be welcome. GREENLAND Publicity in the local press that 800 unanswered reception reports had piled up on the desk of Henrik Jorgensen of Kalaallit Nunaata Radioa, caused some embarrassment and then the hiring of extra staff to catch up with QSLing. Before then, only those phoning the station and describing their letters, could hope for a reply. However, the only shortwave frequency, 3999, is not effectively serving its intended audience of fishermen, and is to be closed down at year's end. (NASWA) HAWAII WWVH has resumed a propagation report after a long hiatus, hourly at :45 minutes past on 2.5, 5, 10, and 15 MHz, the same as on WWV at :18. INDIA All India Radio has been discussing possible relay agreements with Yugoslavia and Vietnam. And previously, with Cuba, Ghana, Malaysia, South Korea, France. But talks had to be scrapped as the Indian government refuses to allow foreign broadcasts to be aired from transmitters in India. The Indian government has sabotaged every bid by AIR to arrange for relay facilities overseas. (Manosij Guha, India, DX Spread) With the possibility Insat 1 -B will fail before Insat 1 -D is in orbit, AIR is putting its domestic shortwave feeder net on standby. (Guha, Media Network) The 10- kilowatt transmitter at Leh, Jammu and Kashmir has been installed. Due to lack of clear channels, there is an increasing trend to accommodate two AIR transmitters distant from each other on the same frequency. Thus, 4760 and 6085 allocated both for Leh and Port Blair, Andaman Islands, for test purposes only was unworkable due to Afghanistan and China. (Guha, DX Spread) INDONESIA RRI Regional I, Surakarta says two of its shortwave frequencies are at one site in the city, the other some distance away. In Surakarta are 4900 with 500 watts at , , and 2400 with one kilowatt at , , At Cawas, Klaten, 30 km southwest is the 10- kilowatt unit on 4932 at , along with the 50- kilowatt mediumwave on 972. (Ed Kusalik, Coaldale, Alberta) INTERNATIONAL VACUUM C -SPAN, the satellite TV network covering Congress, planned to debut a two- channel audio service September 5 -- perfect quality reception of "shortwave" stations available to cable systems and TVRO owners. One channel carries BBC World Service nonstop; the other offers six hours each evening from Netherlands, Switzerland, Canada, and perhaps Japan, China, West Germany, Austria. This has already been testing for several months. (via Malcolm Kaufman, MA) Though music will be most improved, this will only be incidental as C -SPAN is dedicated to talk. (Beth Glatt, C -SPAN manager of the audio service, at ANARCON) INTERNATIONAL WATERS Voice of Peace, off Israel, was heard at 0130 on khz, the ninth harmonic of 1539 khz (announced as 1540). (Pintu Dhawan, Ludhiana, India, DX Post) IRELAND Radio Dublin came back on shortwave, despite anti -pirate legislation, heard on at , with 40 watts, pop music and live program. (Dario Monferini, Italy, Play -DX) ITALY World News and Informa- World News and tion Radio began a trial run this summer Information Radio through the Italian Public Radio for the World Radio Relay Service, Sundays at 0900 UTC on 9860 khz. Due to the expense, and its feasibility having been proved, this broadcast may have been suspended for the time being. National Public Radio has been uncooperative as a program supplier, so some of the material broadcast came from Pacifica. W.N.I.R. invites people to join its public broadcasting movement that will affect the world. A one -year membership is $35, to Box 7565, Gaithersburg, MD Italy's vague shortwave laws lead to another unusual outlet: Radio Ashran, in Torino, playing Hindi music, and IDs in English and French, said to be ten watts on khz, operating Sundays at and UTC, heard by M. Romero in Cumina, 14 km away. (Play-DX) KOREA, NORTH The third harmonic of 4780 has been heard on khz at (Ed LaCrosse, CA, SWL Digest) KOREA, SOUTH Topics for the Friday show, "Listener's Forum" on Radio Korea: Sept. 1 and 8, traditional holiday foods of different cultures (tied in with Chusok, Full Moon Day, Sept. 14); Sept. 15, 22 and 29, your reminiscences of the Seoul Olympics a year ago. Your comments by letter or cassette tape should go to: Listener's Forum, English Service, Radio Korea, KBS, Seoul, Korea. Or FAX (via Han Hee Joo, ANARCON) Best reception is probably at on MALAYSIA What seems to be the second harmonic of 7295 has been heard from 1540 until closing at 1600 on (Ed LaCrosse, CA, SWL Digest) MOZAMBIQUE Radio Maputo sent a schedule in English, valid March 1989 until further notice: on or and 9525; on 9620, 4855, 3265; both also on 1079 khz and MHz. Weekdays, news, then "Outlook Africa," and in the evening, music. Saturday, news, "Outlook Africa" week in Mozambique, and at 1830 "Just Jazz." Sunday, news, "Sunday Special" on an issue of interest in southern Africa; and at 1830 the best of Mozambican pop music. (via Ed Kusalik, ALta.) Frequencies vary. NEW ZEALAND Daylight- shifting time has been expanded by five weeks: from the second Sunday in October to the third Sunday in March. The September schedule for Radio New Zealand: , and on 15150, 17705; UTC on 9805, (Arthur T. Cushen, MBE, Media Network) Presumably also Saturday and Sunday filling the gap at MUF Map MUF Plot Gray Lins Greet Circle Pretbc. Zone. Oblast WWV Alert CW Dritl $39 p '$1 AntennasWest BotaXe M,PagÚf81606 (801) See band openings on the mar, before they happen! September

28 Shortwave Broadcasting PANAMA There's been no shortwave broadcasting from here for 20 years, since the military has vetoed it. Now the Cuban government is making a grant to get two Czech transmitters, one of 100 kilowatts, the other 50, and multi -directional, multi -frequency antennas. Panama still has rights to some tropical shortwave frequencies, and Noriega's illegitimate government plans to activate two of them. It has been, however, hard to find a suitable shortwave transmitter site for Radio Nacional, so it may be some time before Noriega can propagate his position to the world - if still in power. So reports a Panamanian engineer at ANARCON. (World of Radio) PARAGUAY Emisoras Paraguay has been reactivated on , good on lower sideband at (Julian Anderson, Argentina, Onda Corta) PERU What's the station heard weakly on at ? (Chuck Bolland, FL, SWL Digest) It's Radio Grau, Huancabamba, on 5277 replacing 4005, heard at Also, La Voz de Cutervo on 5661 opened earlier at 1030 instead of (Geoff Cosier, Radio Australia Communicator) A new station is Emisora Cosmos, Lircay on 4870, heard at 1130 and 2245, scheduled (Rafael Rojas, Peru, Play -DX and Radio -Enlace) SAIPAN If you haven't heard KYOI lately, it closed down in July, until late October. (Mrs. Leslie Edwards, PA) No doubt to facilitate installation of a second transmitter and additional antennas to serve Australia. SEYCHELLES FEBA expected to have its third 100-kilowatt transmitter in regular service this month. It has been testing for a couple of months, replacing an old 25 kw, such as in English on Saturdays, paralleling 9590 to and (Alok Das Gupta, India, Radio Australia Japanese DX Time) SIERRA LEONE Emmanuel Ehirim, Project Engineer at the Sierra Leone Broadcasting Service in Freetown, is more receptive to friendly, rather than formal reception reports. He studied both in Hungary and the USA, and would welcome a challenging and rewarding job in the States. A verification letter says SLBS has upgraded shortwave with two new 10 kw Continental transmitters, using a log periodic covering 2 to 25 MHz, on 3316 mornings and late evenings, 5980 daytime and early evening. (Richard A. D'Angelo, PA) SLBS, 3316, testing between 2145 and 0215 with Afro music, transcriptions from BBC, VOA, Deutsche Welle, noted by many DXers at the DX camp of the Danish SW Club Int'l. (Play-DX) SRI LANKA Trans World Radio shortwave broadcasts via SLBC have been suspended pending new negotiations; plans to install its own 100 kw at Puttalam, the present 400 kw mediumwave site, with curtain antenna. (Victor Goonetillede, Sri Lanka, Sweden Calling DXers) Meanwhile, SLBC has increased usage of former TWR facilities for its own broadcasts to India, commercial service in Tamil on 882 at ; also 10 kw on 6050 at , 35 kw on at , switching to at (Goonetilleke, Media Network) UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UAE Radio Dubai appeared on khz, formerly used by clandestine Iran's Flag of Freedom Radio, from 0226 in Arabic, 0330 in English, parallel and (Ernie Behr, Kenora, Ont., RCI SWL Digest) UKOGBAN/ Live broadcasts of classical music are a rarity on shortwave, but BBC still does it with Promenade Concerts several days per week at 1830 UTC; delayed portions are heard better in North America, Sun 1515 and Tues 2315, through mid- September. A cast packed with American stars of today portrays film stars of the 40s and 50s, on Play of the Week, August 27 at 0030, 1130, and 1830, "Are You Now or Have You Ever Been...?" by Eric Bentley, a documentary drama based on Senator McCarthy's hearings investigating communism in Hollywood. Spike Milligan of the Goon Show talks about himself, and his anarchic work, illustrated with clips, on "Funny That Way," August 30 at 1530, 31 at 0030, 1030 GMT. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Our "World of Radio" is now scheduled on WRNO, New Orleans: UTC Thursday 0030 on 7355; Thursday 1430 on 11965; Thursday 2300 on 13720; UTC Saturday 0300 on 6185; Saturday 2330 on 13720; Sunday 2030 on Sometimes the first two are repeats of the previous week; and times vary - stay tuned if you don't hear W.O.R. promptly at the scheduled times. WWCR, Nashville, is applying for a new South American antenna. (George McClintock, WWCR, RCI SWL Digest) Mother Angelica and her Eternal Word Television Network have been going on satellite and cable for eight years. Now they're expanding to FM, and shortwave, to reach Europe, the Americas, and much of Africa, says the Birmingham News and Post -Herald, but no hint of what shortwave sites may be involved. (via Mike Cooper, World of Radio) First AFRTS eliminated shortwave broadcasts via VOA: now even the satellite feed is being scrambled after AFRTS urged indi- viduals to spend $6000 on satellite reception systems. Fortunately, the lower sideband feeders, presumably out of England, have continued. More reliable than the frequencies given last month is , heard at many hours of the day and night in North America. (via Jim Wishner, Steven R. Lare, Chuck Bolland, and gh) WTVN, Columbus, OH, has been making it to Europe on khz, for example, on a Sunday at with a remote from a shopping center on "News Radio 6-10 WTVN," say Mark Hattam, England, and Sergio Nuzzi, Italy. (Play-DX) No -data letter from Gary Hartman, CE for US$1 says the transmitter is used to supply an interrupted feedback signal, the station's program interrupted by studio operator to remote locations. (Andree Bollin, Germany, DSWCI SW News) The "low band" of to is available to broadcast licensees as auxiliary frequencies. WTVN has received reports from Hawaii, England, Holland, and Greenland, plus many from the West Coast. Address is 42 East Gay Street, Columbus, OH (Mark Hattam, WDXC Contact) VATICAN Vatican Radio was heard at 1515 past 1545 to Africa on new khz, interfering with BBC -Seychelles on (Richard E. Wood, Hawaii, Sweden Calling DXers) They must have been trying to split the difference between interference on and 21665, like HCJB once did on VENEZUELA An undated but presumably current schedule for the seldom -reported external service of Radio Nacional de Venezuela was dis- tributed at ANARCON. It shows one hour Spanish broadcasts at 1100, 1400, 1800, 2100, 2400 and 0300 UTC on 9540; also perhaps 11695, 11850, However a weekly review in English is the second item on Saturdays, after the news. Among the six to nine features in Spanish on different days: Sunday: "Folklore, Club de la Amistad." Monday: "Venezolanos para el Mundo - biografias, Petroleo: Protagonista de Este Siglo." Tuesday: "Onda Latina, Conociendo a Venezuela." Wednesday: "Resena Historica, Noticiario Cultural, Divulgacion Cientifica, Petroleo: Protagonista." Thursday: "Musica Folklorica Latino- americana, Venezuela y su Geografia." Friday: "Cielo y Canto, Petroleo: Protagonista." Saturday: "Nuestro Insolito Universo, Conociendo a Venezuela, Hecho y Personajes." Radio Capital, 4850 and La Voz de Carabobo, 4780 have dropped shortwave. Radio Elorza has been assigned 4900, but not yet purchased shortwave equipment. (Jairo Salazar, Radio News) For more news read DX Listening Digest and /or Review of International Broadcasting. Samples $2 each in North America, 7 IRCs or US$3 each overseas airmail, US funds on a US bank; 10 -Issue subs in NA US$21 or both for US$40, from Glenn Hauser, Box MT, Enid, OK Also monitor World of Radio each week on RFPI and WRNO; see Costa Rica, USA above. A separate DX news report concludes each SWL Digest on RCI. 26 September 1989

29 Broadcast Loggings Let other readers know what you're enjoying. Send your loggings to Gayle Van Born, P.O. Box 1088, Gretna, LA English broadcast unless otherwise noted UTC on 9835 Hungary: Radio Budapest. National news, discussion of dam systems on the Danube River. Parallel frequencies audible were and 9520 khz. (Bob Doyle, Shelton, CT) (Leonard Price, Annandale, VA) Welcome to MT!- ed UTC on 7345 Czechoslovakia: Radio Prague. News, pop music, and philately program. Excellent signal. (Robert Landau, Secaucus, NJ) Parallel frequencies monitored were and 9625 khz. (Leonard Price, Annandale, VA) 0100 UTC on 6020 Netherlands: Radio Netherlands. " Rembrandt Express' Interview with Jerry and Dody Cowan who hosted "His and Hers' until Good signal strength and quality. Better than parallel freqs 6165 and khz. (Leonard Price, Annandale, VA) 0200 UTC on 6010 South Africa: Radio RSA News and weekly show "Footprints In South Africa," followed by "DX Corner." Parallel frequencies audible on 9615 and 9580 khz. (Bob Doyle, Shelton, CT) Monitored at 1400 UTC on khz. (Gunter Wurr, Philadelphia, PA) 0330 UTC on 7135 France: Radio France Intl. 'Cinema Magazine" show to 0340 UTC. Commentary on poster expo on the theme of human rights. (Bob Hurley, Baltimore, MD) (John Carson, Norman, OK) 0359 UTC on Saudi Arabia: Broadcasting Service of the Kingdom. (BSKSA) Turkish. Oriental lute Interval signal, followed by national anthem at 0400 UTC. Sign -on and Holy Koran recitations until 0412 UTC. (Jerry Witham, Keaau, HI) 0359 UTC on 4820 Botswana: Radio Botswana. Setswana /English. Clear Interval signal under La Voz Evangelica (which signed off at 0400 UTC). Poor signal quality with strong interference. (Robert Landau, Secaucus, NJ) 0422 UTC on 4965 Namibia: Radio Southwest Africa. German. American gospel music and native African tunes. ID at 0430 UTC. (Guy Atkins, Issaquah, WA) (Bob Hurley, Baltimore, MD) 0445 UTC on 5015 Clandestine: Radio Truth. Regional African news from male /female announcer duo. Station ID and sign -off at 0502 UTC, with bird -call Interval signal. (Jerry Witham, Keaau, HI) 0450 UTC on 6135 Society Islands: RFD-Tahiti. French /Tahitian. Polynesian music and lively telephone conversations with local listeners. Co- channel interference. (Jerry Witham, Keaau, HI) 0452 UTC on 7255 Nigeria: Voice of Nigeria. Interval signal of native drums and upcoming program schedule. African Music' program followed by national news. (John Carson, Norman, OK) (Leonard Price, Annandale, VA) 0533 UTC on 4815 Burkina Faso. RN Burkina. Native vernaculars /French. African music and news at the hour. Four -minute break at 0542 UTC. Poor signal with strong static. (Robert Landau, Secaucus, NJ) Monitored also from sign -off with ID and anthem. (Bob Doyle, Shelton, CT) 0603 UTC on USB Kiribati: Radio Kiribati. News relay from Radio Australia rather than usual BBC. Very weak signal. (Guy Atkins, Issaquah, WA) 0725 UTC on 5020 Solomon Islands: Solomon Islands Broadcasting Corp. (SIBC). Weather and tide Information. ID break, commercials. National sports to rapid fade -out. (Rod Pearson, St. Augustine, FL) (Jerry Witham, Keaau, HI) 0732 UTC on 6185 Mexico: Radio Educacion. Spanish. Station ID at tune -in, followed by classical piano music program. Weak signal and moderate interference. (Robert Landau, Baltimore, MD) 0745 UTC on 3945 Vanuatu: Radio Vanuatu. Bislama. Interview with heavy interference. Station ID and news at 0800 UTC. (Jerry Witham, Keaau, HI) 0826 UTC on 6006 Costa Rica: Radio Reloj. Spanish. ID as "Radio Reloj, numero uno Costa Rica." Fair reception. (Jack Moore, Clementon, NJ) 0850 UTC on 4890 Papua New Guinea: Papua Territory, NBC. Pidgin. Time -tips with drum and conch shell signal at 0900 UTC. National and regional news. Poor to fair signal. (Guy Atkins, Issaquah, WA) 0920 UTC on Cook Islands: Radio Cook Islands. Maori. (tentative) Pacific Island music with presumed news bits. Fair signal. (Guy Atkins, Issaquah, WA) 1053 UTC on Singapore: BBC relay. Two radio dramas. International news In -depth with editorials. Fairly strong signal. (Donald Myra, Brooklyn, NY) 1107 UTC on Finland: Radio Finland. Occasional co- channel interference from BBC Ascension Islands. (Donald Myra, Brooklyn, NY) Audible at 0130 UTC on khz. (Leonard Price, Annandale, VA) 1112 UTC on Malaysia: Voice of Malaysia. Chinese. Popular American southern tunes. News coverage with fair signal to 1115 UTC. (Donald Myra, Brooklyn, NY) (Nick Terrence, Huntington, NY) 1150 UTC on 3315 Papua New Guinea: Admiralty Islands, Radio Manus. Pidgin. "Rock N' Roll" program. Time check for "5 till 9 O'clock' and quick ID with city location. Local news and pop music tunes. (Guy Atkins, Issaquah, WA) 1230 UTC on Madagascar: Radio Netherlands. Indonesian. Classical and operatic music program. Passport schedule reports language as Chinese, however, station schedule reports as Indonesian. (Bob Fraser, Cohasset, MA) 1300 UTC on 3985 Indonesia: Irian Jaya, Radio Republik Indonesia- Manokwari. Indonesian. Jakarta news relay at tune -in, followed by ID. Fair signal with fading. (Rod Pearson, St. Augustine, FL) 1300 UTC on 9625 Canada: CBC Northern Quebec Service. News of Quebec and "Morningside" program. Also monitored on parallel khz. (Bob Hurley, Baltimore, MD) 1340 UTC on 6325 Clandestine: Voice of the Khmer. Unknown. (tentative). Easy -listening pop style music. Announcements at 1355 UTC with mentions of Kampuchea. Sign -off at 1400 UTC with an unidentified anthem. Fair signal quality. (Guy Atkins, Issaquah, WA) 1419 UTC on Norway: Radio Norway Intl. Church service, station ID at 1428 UTC, followed by march music to sign -off at (John Carson, Norman, OK) 1421 UTC on South Korea: Radio Korea. Korean religious holidays, Korean language lessons and discussion about Korean youth problems. (John Carson, Norman, OK) 1540 UTC on Sweden: Radio Sweden. Heard also on parallel frequency khz. (Bob Hurley, Baltimore, MD) Monitored on khz at 1402 UTC. (John Carson, Norman, OK) 1545 UTC on USA: WYFR. "Christian Home" program with discussion on native tribes In Brazil. Also monitored on 14255/14300 and khz. (Bob Hurley, Baltimore, MD) 1611 UTC on Philippines: Radio Veritas. Urdu. Nice sub -continent music, beamed to southeast Asia. Station ID at 1614 UTC. Unidentified language at 1615 UTC. Good signal. (Guy Atkins, Issaquah, WA) 1710 UTC on Switzerland: Red Cross Broadcasting Service. French /English. News of the ICRC activities until 1715 UTC, repeated in English until sign -off. Strong signal with minimal Interference. (Robert Landau, Secaucus, NJ) Audible on khz at 0220 UTC. (Bob Hurley, Baltimore, MD) 1915 UTC on Israel: Kol Israel. "Calling All Listeners" show which Included a comment that old letters and reception reports are put through a paper recycler! (Bob Fraser, Cohasset, MA) 1935 UTC on USB Iceland: Iceland State Broadcasting Service. Icelandic. Station sign -on with announcer chat. ID repeated as "Utvarp Reykjavik" for sign -off at 2010 UTC. Frequency varied from USB. (Stephen Price, Conemaugh, PA) 2052 UTC on Oman: Radio Oman. Arabic. (tentative) News at the hour, followed by dramatic readings. Excellent signal strength; anthem at 2130 UTC. (Robert Landau, Baltimore, MD) 2235 UTC on 7205 Cyprus: Cyprus Broadcasting Corp. Greek. Folk songs and music until ID and sign -off at 2244 UTC. Strong and clear. (Robert Landau, Baltimore, MD) 2235 UTC on 4835 Mali: RTV Malienne. French. Lively DJ presents a mix of U.S. and French soul /rhythm and blues. (Bob Doyle, Shelton, CT) 2345 UTC on 9925 Belgium: BRT. North -South program with commentary on Chinese residents In Belgium. (Bob Fraser, Cohasset, MA) September

30 Utility World Larry Van Horn P.O. Box 1088 Gretna, LA Verifying the Utilities Most dyed -in- the -wool shortwave broadcast and ute QSLers know about the joys and frustrations of QSLing (or verifying) a station. Therefore, I am going to address this discussion to the newcomers in our ranks. You old timers stick around though, there might be a tip or two for you. Okay, first, just what is a QSL? Well, that's the easy part. Once you hear a station, you record some basic information about the communication. You then put that information into letter form and mail it to the station in question. If the QSL gods are looking on you favorably that month and the mail service and the ute station will it, you could be blessed with a return card or letter from the station confirming your reception. Utility stations play the QSL game by a different set of rules than broadcast stations. In fact, if you apply what you learned about QSLING shortwave broadcast stations to utility QSLING, your results will be disappointing. The big difference between shortwave broadcast and utility stations is that all utility station transmissions are considered private communications. FCC and ITU regulations expressly forbid any divulgence of specific details relating to these communications. That means you cannot repeat any part of the communication exchange you monitored -- even to the station that was one of the involved parties. If you violate these regulations by sending detailed reports to the stations of conversations you have monitored, the feds won't knock your door down. You just won't receive a QSL in the mail. "If I can't write down any details of the communication I monitored, how can I prove that I heard the station?" The way you get around this dilemma is to talk about the nature of the communications instead of the details. Let me explain how this is done by giving you a hypothetical example. Station ABC calls up station XYZ for a communications check. They exchange 5 by 5 reports ( "loud and clear "). Station ABC then has XYZ run a phone patch for Larry to his wife Gayle in New Orleans. They both discuss their plans once he gets off the cruise. After some romantic chitchat, the phone patch is terminated. After that, Larry then calls his parents to confirm their visit following the cruise. More chit -chat is exchanged, then that phone patch is terminated. The operator at ABC then shoots the breeze with the operator of XYZ, then signs off the air. Now if you wanted to get a QSL from station ABC, your report should be written using a time line approach : Station ABC established communications with Station XYZ : Station ABC ran phone patch via Station XYZ : Station ABC ran phone patch via Station XYZ : Station ABC working Station XYZ 0400: Station ABC signed off. etc), language, gender, information on your radio equipment, etc. In essence, using time lines, you have now provided the station with reference information they can use to verify your reception report against their logbooks to confirm the intercept. The report did not, however, violate the privacy or confidentiality of the transmissions. If you use this approach in your reception reports, your chances of getting a QSL from the station are vastly improved. But there's bad news, too. Even if you follow these guidelines, there's no guarantee you'll score. Keep in mind is that these stations usually have a limited staff and budget. One way to improve your chance of receiving a verification is to include what ute listeners call a PFC (prepared form card) with your reception report. Remember, utility stations are under no obligation to verify any report. Also, the station might not have letterhead or printed QSL cards. The PFC will make it easier for the station to reply. PFCs are normally prepared by the DXer. You can roll your own or have them done at a print shop. The design is strictly up to you but the PFC will be your QSL sent by that station so it should contain the same information that you would want to see on a QSL from the station. A good treatment on the subject of utility QSLs and PFCs can be found in the following publications: Shortwave Radio Listening with the Experts by Gerry Dexter, and Utility QSL Address Guide, Volume 1 and 2 by Daryll Symington and John Henault. The latter two volume set is an absolute must for the Utility QSLer. In addition to a detailed treatment on utility QSLING, the Utility QSL Address Guide has the most comprehensive address list of utility stations that I know of. You can get both editions from DX Radio Supply for plus 2.50 UPS. Their address is Box 360, Wagontown, PA Some utility stations have printed QSL cards, but enclosing a PFC should improve your chances of a return. AT NM IL. :IT:.D STATES COAS'r vuard RADIO ST. LOUIS, '.D. THIS WILL CONFIRM YOUR RECEPTION OF RADIO STATION ML ON -2182,.ca KCS. S...4i1 27 JLC ANTENNA: LOCATION: - R E'vtARKS:.4oncI:g :req i?. zlicunary,. In addition to the above information, you should also provide in your report some basic data essential to any good reception report. This would include: date, time (express in UTC standards), frequency (as accurately as you can get it, if approximate, state so), transmission mode (upper sideband, 28 September 1989

31 Another book that lists utility station QSL addresses is the Klingenfuss Guide to Utility Stations discussed in last month's column. One final reference for current QSL information is MT's own QSL Report column by Gayle Van Horn. Each month listeners report their QSL catches to Gayle's column. It is a good place to not only report your findings, but also check what other utility listeners are verifying. From the Ute World Mailbag Monitoring Russian ship traffic is one interesting aspect of Utility World listening. Sven Westlund in Sweden passes along the following information on monitoring Russian weather ships located at Ocean Charlie. These weather ships are located at position 52.7 degrees north and 35.5 degrees west. This position was set up by the USSR. The actual ship in charge located at that position uses the call sign C7C. One ship will stay on station Charlie for about five weeks and is then replaced by another ship. The transmission schedule varies from time to time, but Table 1 reflects the schedule that was used from May 5 -June 6, The Georgi Ushakov (ERET) was on station Charlie at the time. Table 1 Station Charlie Transmission Schedule May 5 -June 6, 1988 Time UTC Frequency (khz) , , , Sven says the actual schedule for station Charlie can be obtained by monitoring the NAWIP transmissions transmitted by such stations as NAM in Norfolk, Virginia. One additional note on monitoring Russian ships -- Sven says that the master station in the USSR for traffic to the NISP ships is the coastal station RNO in Moscow. It can be heard on and khz. The corresponding CW /RTTY ship calling frequencies are and khz. Thanks, Sven, for the update. One of our listeners, Dave White, disagrees with Joerg Klingenfuss's analysis that the single letter CW beacons (i.e: U /K, etc.) originate in Russia. Dave says that he has been following the U/K beacons on many frequencies for years, ever since Dave said, "I have heard this before, that they were located in the Soviet Union, but I believe that this is disinformation." He has checked carefully with signals and conditions from that area, and there is no way that they could originate from the USSR according to Mr. White. Dave asks if anyone has heard these series of beacons when they were active with traffic? They were busy up until late When traffic was sent, it was repeated from two to as many as seven times. The following list reflects frequencies that have not been listed in the latest Klingenfuss Guide to Utility Stations, according to Mr. White. 'U' beacon , (under OVG 5), khz 'K' beacon khz A scan of my Ute World database shows the following single letter CW beacon frequencies recently reported by our listeners: 'S' beacon , khz 'K' beacon , , , khz 'U' beacon , , , khz 'D' beacon khz 'P' beacon khz I will agree with Mr. White that these stations create lots of questions and no answers. A mystery for years. If it were legit and above board, we'd know what it was, but...? Thanks for the info, Dave; comment Joerg? Jack Smith in Florida thinks he has solved Bob Grove's mystery log in the May issue of MT. To refresh your memory, Bob heard FOB13 calling A523 and told him to shift to 4929 khz for real world comms on khz. Jack says it is probably an Army Special Forces exercise that Bob heard. FOB means Forward Operational Base and A523 could be Det 523 Special Forces Group. Jack says that he spent some time in Special Forces. Interestingly enough, they used CW and one time pads. They used AN /GRC -109 radios until they got new ones that could transmit both CW and voice. Jack says for practice and administrative control of training off Fort Bragg, NC, they always had a 24 -hour radio watch at Group Headquarters. Thanks, Jack, and I am sure that Bob and our readers appreciate the information. Speaking of Bob, he has come across a couple of interesting intercepts that he would like some help on. The first could be a very interesting U.S. Navy medical net that appears to be up 24 hours during exercises and hostile actions. The net is called three times a day: 0800, 1400, 2000 UTC; and the check -ins use typical Navy alpha -numeric call signs. Bob also monitored on 9292 khz USB around 2155 UTC with what appeared to be a quasi -military operation. The stations were using call signs like Victor -Delta -Delta. He assumes that the stations were in Canada as they were discussing the outcome of a Calgary hockey game. The operator mentioned that they had been on the air for ten hours and wanted to take a break to eat. Thanks, Bob, and I hope some of our readers can help with these logs. Finally, Bobby Krey in Austin, Texas, thinks he might have stumbled on a transmission from one of the Navy's TACAMO command aircraft. These aircraft drop about a mile of wire behind them as they fly a communicate with our submarines. Bobby says that in the midst of what sounded like a musical medley of several different pitches in the region of 27 to 30 khz, he copied the following CW transmission: "Four November Seven Six July Echo Charlie Six Foxtrot Quebec DA AR." While there appeared to be some sort of frequency shift taking place, he was able to copy the transmission while sitting on one frequency. He also monitored an extended CW transmission on 22 khz around 2245 UTC. Navy station NSS -9 was working N3K sending five letter code groups. Bobby says he believes that NSS in Washington, DC, is the only big Navy VLF station still using Morse Code on occasion. Thanks for the report, Bobby, and let's now check in with the rest of this month's contributors to find out what is happening in the Utility World. September

32 think Utility World Utility Loggings Abbreviations used in this column All times UTC, frequencies in kilohertz. All voice transmissions are English unless otherwise noted. AM Amplitude modulation ISB Independent sideband ARQ SITOR LSB Lower sideband CW Morse code RTTY Radioteletype FAX Facsimile UNID Unidentified EEC Forward error correction USB Upper sideband ID Identification NMN 37 -USCG RAdio Ft. Macon, North Carolina, heard at 0100 in USB with a weather broadcast. (Bob Doyle, Shelton, CT) GYA1 -Royal Naval Radio Ondon, England, with a 120/576 FAX signal at European weather map also seen parallel on , , , and (Sundstrom, NJ) GZZ6 -Royal Naval Radio London, England, heard with a 120/576 FAX signal at European weather also seen parallel on , , , and (Sundstrom, NJ) FUF- French Naval Radio Fort de France, Martinique, with a V CW marker at (Leonard Szalony, Fontana, CA) G772 -Royal Naval Radio London, England, at 0315 with a 120/576 FAX signal sending a weather map of Europe. Signal parallel to , , , and (Sundstrom, NJ) AFF2GA (US Air Force MARS station) net control for the weekly region 2 MARS net heard closing the net at 2345 in USB. (Joe Doakes, J Klingenfuss Drive, Mars, PA) Welcome, Joe. -ed TWA flight 894 (PJCK SELCAL) reporting ETA fuel and frequency change to ATC Shanwick aero. (Robert Confino, Douglassville, PA) RAF UKADGE channel "QV" -- Heard 6JL working C2Y at 0108 in USB with authentications. (Doyle, CT) RWM- Standard Time and Frequency Station Moscow, USSR, with CW ID on time pips heard at (Doyle, CT) AXM32- Canberra Meteo, Australia, seen at 1145 sending a 120/576 FAX weather map. Very poor and noted parallel on and (Sundstrom -NJ) DHM 95 -Royal Canadian Air Force Station, Lahr, West Germany, heard at 2318 with weather observations in USB. (Doyle, CT) "LETTERS station "?!?! Male with heavy Spanish accent reciting letters of the international alphabet In groups of five in English; ended with a short sentence in Spanish. (What is this?) (Confino-PA) GYD3 -Royal Naval Radio, London, England, sending a 120/576 European FAX weather map at Signal parallel on several frequencies. (Sundstrom, NJ) WCC- Chatham Radio, Massachusetts, in CW at 1400 with just WCC ID. (Hank Lukas, Plainview, NY) Welcome aboard, Hank. Wierd frequency for this mode on WCC -ed My wierdo of the month log. I just caught the end of an aircraft WORLDWAY working what I was Toronto. After about 10 to 15 seconds pause, a male operator with a heavy accent asks WORLDWAY what his call sign Is. WORLDWAY replies WC643 and asks the station to ID himself. Station says he is TAL (Tango, Alpha, Lima). WORLDWAY asks where he is located. TAL's reply sounds like Somalia. There is a pause at this point and then TAL calls WORLDWAY two more times and gets no reply. In USB at My ideas??? (KR. McKenzie, BC) The Worldways station I believe is in Toronto (LDOC) and the TAL station is probably SAL Island in the Cape Verde Islands. -ed MKL -Pitreavia RAF, England, heard at 2330 in CW with the following message: "VVV DE MKL C2V C2V C2V 3MA 3MA 3MA DE MKL VPGR 23 =" message followed with three letter and figure groups. (Dix, NY) English female 3/2 digit number station heard at (JC -VA) Welcome to the column, JC. -ed English numbers station with female reciting 3/2 groups at 2215 (hetrodyning with tone too). (Confino, PA) WNHK760 -Bell Telephone, Staunton, in USB at 1900 as net control of frequency. Others heard included WNHK761/961/965. (Sundstrom, NJ) UTUN- Soviet cargo ship Akademik Iosif Orbelll with traffic for CLJ Havana Radio at RTTY 170/50. (Ricks, PA) XIS- Israel) container ship Zim California, and 4X1?, Zim Genova, with a position report for UNID coastal station In CW at Was In North Pacific, west of San Francisco. (Ricks, PA) UTAW- Soviet stern trawler factory ship Mikhail Kvashnikov with position and weather for 'Agenda Maritima" station COR Havana, Cuba, in CW at Ship's pendant number Is MB Was approaching Panama Canal from Pacific side. COR Is a meterorlogical station (I think). (Ricks, PA) I think too. -ed Spanish female four -number group number station at ( Confino- PA) GZZ40 -Royal Naval Radio London, England, heard at 0315 sending FAX 120/576 European weather maps. Signal parallel on several frequencies. (Sundstrom, NJ) CLA- Havana Radio informing YHPP Indonesian freighter that all vessels planning to dock In Havana Harbor must present upon arrival: three copies of personal effects declaration, one copy of provision list, five copies of foreign currency declaration, two copies drug and narcotics declaration, and several copies of several other forms. The transmissions of both CLA and YHPP were In English using CW at (Doakes, PA) Unidentified station "1H" calling "S6" In CW at (Dix, NY) UDE- Kholmsk Radio, USSR with a CO CW marker at (Dix, NY) WSC- Tuckerlon Radio, New Jersey, In CW at 1451 with CO CW marker. (Lucas, NY) Rockwell Flight Service working Saudi 003 in USB at Started out on 8822, then switched here, then back to (Larry Riffle, Key West, FL) ATC Salvador Radio working Lufthansa 4321 In USB at Secondary frequency of khz. (McKenzie, BC) ATC Sydney Radio working Quantas 34 with a position report and ETA in USB at Also monitored ATC Auckland at 0632 working United 812. (McKenzie, BC) ATC Mauritius Radio working 2 UNID aircraft at 1508 in USB. ATC Cocos Island Radio heard working Singapore 46 with a position report at (McKenzie, BC) Unidentified station heard in CW calling BFK??? calling "BFK ORU BFK" at (McKenzie, BC) Well, looks by the time of day and the call sign to be a Chinese station to me. -ed ATC Manila Radio, Phillipines, working Singapore 81 at 1413 In USB. (McKenzie, BC) ATC Bangui, Central African Republic working Aeroflot 173 and 435 at 0112 in USB with position reports. (Doyle, CT) ATC Tehran, Iran, called by Speedbird 11, couldn't hear Tehran at 0135 in USB. (Doyle, CT) LDOC Amsterdam Radio, Holland, working KLM 802 at 0126 In USB. KLM flight passed ETA to Amsterdam. (Doyle, CT) ATC Ho- Chi -Minh Radio, Vietnam, working Lufthansa 737 at Also heard Vientianne Radio at 1435 working JAL 727 and Canadian 7. ATC Bangkok Radio was heard at 1556 working N611CL. All stations in USB. (McKenzie, BC) DHN 95 -Royal Canadian Air Force station Lahr, West Germany, with weather observations In USB at (McKenzie, BC) RAF channel "DW" heard weather ops being passed at 0130 in USB by an unknown station. (Doyle, CT) Spanish numbers station with female receiting five -digit groups of numbers at Female, repeating four -digit numbers in Spanish on 9180 (weak modulation) and 6840 (strong modulation); signals were parallel for a few minutes then 6840 stopped. Someone having an audio panel mis- patched problem? (Confino -PA) Looks like It, Robed. I find that having both four and five -digit numbers on the same channel is very interesting. -ed WWVH -Kaui, Hawaii, in AM at 1230 coming in loud and clear, first time heard on this frequency. (Lucas, NY) XZ- Israeli Naval Radio Haifa sending a V CW marker at (McKenzie, BC) Speedking (British Airways London LDOC) working Speedbird 232 in USB at SELCAL used was BOEM. (McKenzie, BC) ATC New York, New York, working Key at 1348 with a phone patch to Key dispatch then changed to (Doyle, CT) 30 September 1989

33 Heard several station of the SEA ICAO HF network including Bali, Perth, Ujang Pandang, Jakarta, and Darwin working various aircraft In USB between UTC. (McKenzie, BC) ATC Dakar, Senegal, working Aeroflot 414 at 2255 in USB. Position report passed by aircraft. (Doyle, CT) PK292 reporting flight Info to ATC Nairobi, Kenya, on this ICAO HF AF3 channel at 0109 In USB. (Dix, NY) AXM34- Canberra Meteo, Australia, heard at 1145 sending a FAX weather map using 120/576. Signal parallel to 5100 and (Sundstrom, NJ) UYDP -Soviet stem trawler Moonzund with traffic for Tallinn via ROT Moscow Naval Radio at RTTY 170/50. (Ricks, PA) EREB -Soviet hydromet weathership Volna with coded weather reports for Vladivostok weather station at Just south of Clipperton Island in North Pacific off Mexico. RTTY 170/50. (Ricks, PA) UYGV -Soviet reefer Shkval with position report for URL Sevastopol Radio at Was off Liberia. RTTY 170/50. (Ricks, PA) UZYY- Soviet spaceflight tracking ship Kosmonaut Viktor Patsayev off Togo with tracking tables of upcoming MIR orbits for UUYG, Morzhovets, apparently docked at Montevideo at RTTY 170/50. (Ricks, PA) UFPS -Soviet fish carrier Pioneer Murmana with traffic for UQA -4 Kiev Radio at Was off Newfoundland. RTTY 170/50. (Ricks, PA) UZDP- Soviet RO /RO container ship Akademik Kuprevich with traffic for UFB Odessa Radio. Was off Gibraltar enroule to Havana. RTTY 170/50. (Ricks, PA) PPJ- Juncao Radio, Brazil, In CW at 0205 with a V marker. (Lucas, NY) FUX- French Naval Radio LePort, Reunion in CW at 0224 with a V marker. (Lucas, NY) CNP- Casablanca Radio, Morocco, sending CO CW marker at (Dix, NY) PKD- Surabaya Radio, Indonesia, heard at 1111 in CW with a CO marker. (Dix, NY) HLJ -Seoul Radio, South Korea with a CO CW marker at (Dix, NY) L2B /C- Buenos Aires Naval Radio heard sending a series of CW navigational warnings at (Dix, NY) HWN- French Naval Radio Paris, France, at 0321 In CW sending a V marker. New freq? (Sundstrom, NJ) Yes, according to my list-ed UGE2- Bellingshausen Soviet Base station in South Shetland Islands calling UMFW at 2356 in CW. Said to QSY to AI 2358 calling CO then changed frequency to (Dix, NY) Super nice catch, Jack, the best of the month. -ed WW -Dakar Radio, Senegal, in CW at 0138 with a CW V marker. (Lucas, NY) X0 -Halfa Radio, Israel, in CW at 0120 with CO CW marker. (Lucas, NY) VAI- Vancouver Coast Guard Radio, British Columbia, in CW at 0511 with a CO marker. (Lucas, NY) KK- Kuwait Radio, Kuwait heard at 1257 sending a CQ CW marker. (Dix, NY) USCG Cutter Eagle working CG COMSTA Miami at 1247 in USB. (Doyle, CT) ATC Gander Radio working American 37 in USB at Aircraft sending a position report. (Doyle, CT) ATC Honolulu Radio working Navy PX704 In USB at (McKenzie, BC) KKN39- Department of State Radio, Warrenton /Remington, Virginia, sending a ORA CW marker at (Doakes, PA) VY41 -Dakar Meteo, Senegal, heard at 0335 In RTTY (425/50/N) sending coded weather. At 0340 started calling CO DE 6VY41/73/79. (Sundstrom, NJ) ZSD- Durban Radio, South Africa, monitored at 1319 in CW with a CO marker. (Dix, NY) You sure this one on this channel and not ? -ed FTN99- French Diplo station Paris, France, using 425/50N RTTY at Station had a good signal with French news. (Sundstrom, NJ) MFA Moscow, USSR, still noted here in the twenty meter ham radio band despite protest. Station heard at 1720 using RTTY 250/100? (Sundstrom, NJ) OVC- Danish Marine station Groennedal, Greenland, heard at 1302 In CW with a V marker. (Sundstrom, NJ) UPUI -Soviet hydromel weathership Professor Vize, with coded weather reports for RNO Artic /Antarctic Meteo station, Moscow, at Just north of Canary Islands in North Atlantic. RTTY 170/50. (Ricks, PA) YIR- Basrah Radio, Iraq, with DE CW marker at (Dix, NY) UKA- Vladivostok Radio, USSR, heard at 0500 with a CW CO marker. (Dix, NY) VA -Dakar Radio, Senegal, with a CW CO marker at (Dix, NY) BM- Mauritius Radio heard at 0148 sending the following CW message: 'VVV CO DE 3BM 3/5/6. THIS IS MAURITIUS RADIO TRANSMITTING WEATHER ON /12.988/ MHZ AND AT 0130/0430/0900/1630 UT AND WITH SUPPLEMENTARY AT 1330 AND 2030 UT DURING CYCLONIC PERIOD PSE STANDBY AS.' Warning of a tropical cyclone follwed. (Dix, NY) UPE- Providenia Bukhta Radio, USSR, heard at 0037 in CW with a CO marker then shifted frequency to (Dix, NY) JJC -Toyko Radio, Japan, sending 120/576 FAX text In Japanese at Hz high. (Sundstrom) Actually, Tom, it looks like they are climbing up now towards their listed frequency. I show them 100 Hz low. -ed UFL- Vladisvostok Radio, USSR, sending CW traffic at (Dix, NY) ZLP- Wairoua Naval Radio, New Zealand, heard at 2012 with a V CW marker. (Dix, NY) PWZ33- Brazilian Naval Radio, Rio de Janeiro, sending navigation warnings via CW then into their V marker at (Sundstrom, NJ) SVT6- Athens Radio, Greece, at 0235 with DE CW marker. (Sundstrom, NJ) PPR -Rio de Janeiro Radio, Brazil, heard at 0239 with CW call sign ID and ARQ Idler. (Sundstrom, NJ) PCH65- Scheveningen Radio, Holland, sending a CW call sign only ID and ARQ Idler. (Sundstrom, NJ) Edmonton Military working 6649 at 2222 in USB. Aircraft flight plan to Hickam AFB, Hawaii, mentioned alternate frequencies 18021, 18012, and (Doyle, CT) Unidentified CW station sending very slow CW at 2335 with repeats of the following: "VE 64 E 4A6 UUN.' Sign -off at (Doyle, CT) Nothing in my database or list, Bob.-ed Space shuttle Discovery heard through Ascension Island station in LSB at Astronauts talking about IMAX camera film shots and chicken egg experiment. (John Kokinda, Marblehead, CA) Welcome to Utility World, John, please report often. -ed ATC Honolulu, Hawaii, working Singapore 02 and United 819 at 2306 In USB. (Doyle, CT) A9M- Hamala Radio, Bahrein, in CW with a "TLX" at (Doyle, CT) elf BRASSTOWN, NORTH CAROLINA Ham QSL cards go into the utility category; though I'm not too sure where this one fits! September

34 The Scanning Report Bob Kay P.O. Box 98 Brasstown, NC Monitoring the media After the bomb had been dropped, the fire started. Fanned by a warm summer breeze, the flames spread rapidly through an entire city block of row homes. On the ground, police and firemen arriving on the scene were greeted by bursts of automatic gunfire. Unable to fight the blaze for fear of being shot, the firemen could only watch as the fire continued to consume the private homes. By nightfall the situation had become an uncontrollable inferno that was being broadcasted "live" across every major television station in Philadelphia. Viewers watched in disbelief as the sounds of crackling flames, emergency vehicle sirens, and screams of terror filled their living rooms. It was May 13, In an attempt to evict several members of a radical group called MOVE, the city had bombed and burned the entire block of Osage Avenue. Within twenty-four hours, the event would receive world -wide attention. Naturally, the scanning action was unbelievable. I had five scanner radios and three tape recorders playing all night. I was also fairly confident that I wasn't missing any of the action. Since the area television stations were broadcasting live from the scene, I pulled a small portable TV set into my den and hastily plugged it in. Suddenly I wasn't so sure I was monitoring "all the action." On the television screen, a news reporter was providing a live report that looked and sounded like it belonged in the war torn region of the Middle East. As his report continued, I could hear various conversations taking place on his hand -held. Sure, I had the media frequencies punched into one of my scanners, but I certainly didn't have his hand -held frequency. Moving closer to the television, Otto Schellin, an engineer on WOXI's "Skylink," provides a "behind the scenes" look into media monitoring. I studied the length of his antenna and took a guess that he was operating somewhere on the VHF high band. In addition to the hand -held, he would pause occasionally, press a finger against his earphone, and then continue reporting on the changing conditions. It was quite evident that information was being fed to him from the main news room. But how? What frequency was being used to transmit those exciting updated reports between the field and the main news bureau? Years later, the answers to those questions were still unsolved. When I started writing for Monitoring Times, it became apparent from your letters that many of you had the same questions. One such letter, which appeared in the June issue. came from Kevin August. Kevin was interested in monitoring the frequencies used by three Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, TV stations: KDKA, WTAE, and WPXI. On reading about Kevin's request in the "Frequency Exchange," Otto L. Schellin, an employee of WPXI TV, not only provided the exact frequencies, but he also included a detailed letter that explained the entire system. Working as an engineer on WPXI's "Skylink," which is a mobile satellite truck, Otto provided a "behind the scenes" look into the uncharted world of news media frequencies. According to Otto, MHz is WPXI's most often used frequency. Its primary purpose is to dispatch reporters, photographers, and engineers to a scene. It is occasionally used for Interruptable Fold Back (IFB), which is the communications piped into the reporter's earpiece. IFB is so named because it can be interrupted by the producer or director located in the main news room. This is how the reporter is given time cues and other vital information during a "live" broadcast. Communications between field units and the engineering staff can be monitored on WPXI often refers to this as the "450" channel or channel 2. Otto also points out that channel 2 is sometimes used for IFB communications but not nearly as often as Channel 1 operates on MHz and is used for private communications between units that are in the field. However, since this frequency is rarely used, don't expect the scanning action to be sizzlin' hot. The "Skylink" is also capable of "Electronic News Gath- ering." More commonly referred to as ENG, the system uses live microwave transmissions in the 2 GHz range. Since ENG microwave signals must be by "line of sight," the range is limited to approximately 20 miles, although ideal conditions can sometimes extend this range to 50 miles or more. When the Skylink is beyond the workable range of land microwave signals, it utilizes a Satellite News Gathering system or "SNG." This type of transmission operates in the Ku -band (14.0 to 14.5 GHz uplink to 12.2 GHz downlink). Station KDKA (channel 2) uses MHz as their main dispatch and communications frequency. The frequency used for IFB communications is MHz. Station WTAE (channel 4) uses as the main dispatch frequency and for IFB communications. Otto points out in his letter that the main dispatch frequencies are interesting to monitor because they provide a wealth of information regarding main news events in the Pittsburgh area. It is also interesting to note that some of the dispatch transmissions may be encrypted. This prevents a competitor 32 September 1989

35 The Satellite News Gathering System (SNG) operates on the Ku band to 14.5 GHz uplink, 11.7 to 12.2 GHz downlink. from monitoring a dispatch frequency and responding with their own team of reporters. Station WPXI uses three Realistic PRO scanners connected to an omni -directional antenna that is mounted on 'Television Hill." In addition to these three scanners, Otto indicated that scanner radios are used in nearly all of WPXI's trucks. At the end of his letter, Otto provided a 42 -page list of Pittsburgh area frequencies. Here is a small sampling from that list: / / / / /.60/ / /.85/ / /.69/.765 / / / / / /.50/.9625 / Military Tower Military Flight Service Military Approach Life Flight AT &T Carnegie "U" security Century III Mall security Wireless Microphone -0.5 watts 11 Pittsburgh Public Schools Pittsburgh Steelers Purolator Armored Trucks 11 Three Rivers Stadium Ops U.S. Marshal U.S. Postal Service 11 If you are interested in the complete listing, send an SASE to me in care of Monitoring Times. Allow a few weeks for delivery. MT Treasure Hunt Hurry, folks! This month marks your last chance to win a wide -band, stainless steel discone antenna. The "Supercone DC- 1515" is a professional grade antenna consisting of 16 elements. All the elements are threaded and the antenna can be easily assembled in less than twenty minutes. The Supercone was originally manufactured as an all -band receiving antenna for the Ham market. A helically wound whip is also provided for transmitting on ten meters. With the whip installed, the Supercone easily monitored frequencies in the VHF low band between 30 and 54 MHz. When connected to low loss RG -6 coax, I successfully monitored frequencies between 25 and 1000 MHz. To win this outstanding performer for your roof top, simply find all the clues and send them to Treasure Hunt, P.O. Box 98, Brasstown, NC WA4PYQ is the amateur call sign for whom? 2. Count the letters in the individual's name found in clue #1. 3. Using the number discovered in clue #2, turn to that particular page in the May issue of MT. 4. Name the two objects that are photographed on that page. 5. List the emergency frequency for the objects found in clue #4. Be sure to get your answers in the mail before September 30. Letters and /or cards that are post marked after the deadline will not be accepted. The Supercone Antenna retails for about $100.00, and it is one of the best buys on the market. To order your very own wide -band discone, simply write to Procomm /Digitrex, 1948 Coventry Court, Thousand Oaks, California 91362, or phone Frequency Exchange In the cool evenings of September, Tom Stovall prefers to monitor the sports frequencies. From his home in Birmingham, Alabama, Tom provides the following list: BIRMINGHAM CITY PARK AND RECREATION BOARD State Fair , Wireless SX Car Phone General Use , Referees SX , (Note that these varied in use and not permanent) BIRMINGHAM GOLF COURSE Unknown Use (not verified) BIRMINGHAM INTERNATIONAL SPEEDWAY (AUTO) Administration , , Race Cars , BIRMINGHAM JEFFERSON COUNTY CIVIC CENTER Maintenance Security BIRMINGHAM RACE COURSE (HORSE TRACK) Fl Racing commission /judges F2 Racing commission/ security/med , F3 Track management /barns , F4 Parking, admission, housekeeping /maintenance F5 Concessions Additional freqs used , , International Sound Corp (video cameras) SHOAL CREEK COUNTRY CLUB (GOLF) Security (not verified) UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA BIRMINGHAM (UAB) Police Ch Police Ch Paging Arena Staff September

36 (Not monitored: , , , , , , ) Tom is also interested in contacting other scanner buffs located in Alabama. If you would like to swap frequencies with Tom, write to the Frequency Exchange, P.O. Box 98, Brasstown, NC Mark Loether is another scanning buff who is interested in swapping frequencies with other hobbyists. Mark lives in Tomah, Wisconsin, and here is his list: , State Patrol Dist. #5 State Patrol (statewide) State Patrol (mobile repeaters) Tomah VA Medical Center Ft. McCoy (security) Ft. McCoy (fire) Ft. McCoy Airfield Ft. McCoy Airfield Air Force (MARS) From deep within Ocala National Forest, Russell Caldwell reports that the U.S. Forest Service can be heard on , , and MHz. Located in Florida, the Ocala National Forest is also home to the Pinecastle Naval Bombing and Electronic Warfare range. Russell indicates that he monitors the range on the following: , , , , When Russell gets tired of listening to the bombing runs, he relaxes by monitoring the Florida Freshwater Fish Commission on the repeater frequency of In trade for the frequencies provided, Russell needs your help. Does anyone have the "RECON" frequency used by sheriffs deputies in rural Florida? Russell indicates that local business establishments can contact the sheriff through a VHF radio. Comments, anyone? Since this column started off with a bombing, we may as well continue... If you are visiting Nekoosa, Wisconsin, Joseph Sepulvado wants to share the frequencies used at the U.S. Air Force Bombing Range located at Hardwood: In return for his generous offering, Joseph desires the military frequencies for Fort McCoy and Volk Field. In the Tar Heel State, Lloyd R. Davenport has been monitoring the following frequencies from his home in Aberdeen, North Carolina: 42.52, State Police LOU CAMPAG:JA U.S. Forest Service Moore County Regional Hospital Pinehurst Police Aberdeen Police Southern Pines Police From my 'Top Secret" letter file a person named "John" sent in as a confirmed frequency for the Secret Service. John lives in Shawnee Mission, Kansas, and monitored this well -known Presidential frequency during the last election. If the President comes to your town, be sure to monitor the following: , , , , , , , , , , The Kansas Turnpike Authority phone patch frequency is Robert Barber of Olathe, Kansas, found that little gem during one of his scanning sessions and he would also like to share the following: , Turnpike Maintenance , , State Patrol Robert also discovered that the army reserve helicopters at Gardner, Kansas, use In trade, Robert would like to have the repeater input frequencies for the Kansas State Patrol. If you got 'em, why not share them with thousands of other MT subscribers. To see your favorite frequencies in print, send them to the Frequency Exchange, P.O. Box 98, Brasstown, NC Mysterious Garage Doors According to the San Francisco Chronicle, the United States Navy is transmitting a strong radio signal that is jamming the frequency used by some brands of electric garage door openers. Since garage door openers are low on the list of FCC priorities, there hasn't been an all out effort to uncover the source of the jamming signal. The phenomenon has been reported in Concord, Clayton, Orinda, Walnut Creek, Lafayette, Morago, Danville, San Ramon, and Livermore. Anyone care to look into this further? Hey, don't laugh. It could get interesting if not down right intriguing. So go ahead, give it a shot and let me know what you find. (News clipping submitted by Mike Ryan, California). Expensive Weather Reporting The Massachusetts Aeronautics Commission recently paid $25,000 for a weather broadcast system on Mount Wachusett. At 2,006 feet, the Automated Weather Observing System (AWOS) continuously broadcasts the weather information 24 hours a day on According to the commission, the cost was justified because pilots need timely and accurate weather reports. I wonder if anyone on the commission has ever heard of the NOAA weather channel? TUNE INTO THE (JEWS LY MEDIA DURING FRHE BROADCASTSPN oors YOU'LL BE ABLE To LISTEN To THE LIVE REMOTES, VIEWS AS it //mars! NORTHEAST SCANNING NEWS: SC/04i1- Next month... Don't miss the October issue of MT. It begins our last Treasure Hunt and the prizes include two frequency counters from Opto Electronics. Keep on Scanning! Bob Kay's Jim book, the Citizen's Guide to Scanning, will be published this fall by DX Radio Supply. Look for it at your fah'ohite book or radio store. 34 September 1989

37 EEB GP rtundig SATELLITE 25th ANNIVERSARY EEB and GRUNDIG Present This Fabulous Sale to Celebrate the 25th Anniversary of the World Famous Satellite Shortwave Receiver. Fora Quarter- Century, GRUNDIG World Band Receivers Have Been the Chosen Companions of Yachtspersons, Explorers, Shortwave Enthusiasts and World Travelers. Discover for Yourself GRUNDIG's Outstanding Level of Technology, Sound Quality, User -Friendliness and Reliability. :NEE ; SATELLIT 650: Regarded by Critics World -Wide as One of the Finest World Band Receivers Ever Produced. AM /FM /SW MHz with a Host of Useful Features Like 60 Memory Stations. Direct Keypad Tuning and LCD Display with Programmable Clock. Of Course, the 650 Offers Unsurpassed Sound and Reception Quality. Call! ' ` i 44LH1iJ t \SATELLIT* SATELLIT 400: A High Performance Compact World Band Receiver. LCD Display, 24 Station Memory, Direct Keypad Tuning and Bass /Treble Controls are Some of It's Major Features. AM/FM/ SW with Excellent Sound Quality and High Sensitivity. Call for sale price! GRUNDIG, SATELLIT. For 25 Years We Have Been Making the World's Finest World -Band Radios. Every Product We Make Reflects Our Pride and Dedication to Quality. Rely on GRUNDIG to Help You Stay in Touch with World Events, the "Old Country" and the Truth. GRUNDIG! "Your Earto the World ". T, O Q I J MOM Ifl 0:111.)r.e. SRT,ELU' ',na YACHT BOY 230: The Newest Member of GRUN- DIG's Pocket -Size Series. 13 S/W Bands, AM and FM. FM is Stereo With Headphones. The Unique LCD Display Will Instantly Give You the Local Time Anywhere in the World! Alarm and Sleep Timer Make the "230" atraveler's "Must- Have "! Call! SATELLIT 500: Already a Classic! Advanced Features Such as: Direct Keypad Tuning, Alphanumeric Station ID, Synchronous Phase Detector, Built -in Nicad Charger, 42 Station Presets and Two Scanning Modes. Sound Quality, Sensitivity and Construction are to Exacting West German Standards for Excellence. Call for sale price! MI ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT BANK 516A MILL STREET NE VIENNA, VA ORDERS: LOCAL TECH: FAX: PRICES SUBJECT TO CHANGE PRICES DO NOT INCLUDE FREIGHT SORRY. NO CODs RETURNS SUBJECT TO 15,0 RESTOCK FEE

38 what's w? Underground Frequency Guide For east coast scanner enthusiasts, this collection is an eye opener and, since most federal and military listings are nationwide, the list provides excellent insight into government communications users across the country. The computer printouts cost $15 to $75 depending upon service. Contact John Wilson, 6413 Bull Hill Rd., Prince George, VA 23875; call for ordering information. Underground Frequency Guide Strange things are heard on shortwave. Mechanical, prerecorded voices of women reading strings of numbers in Spanish, German, English and Russian. Drug smugglers. Latin American guerilla forces. Mysterious 'beeps` and pulses. What are these stations? And what are they used for? And when can they be heard? Conventional shortwave frequency guides are generally of little help in unraveling such puzzles. The Underground Frequency Guide is one of the most comprehensive frequency directories ever compiled. Over 400 currently active frequencies are given in this 47 page booklet along with transmission times, modes, languages, and a brief description of what can be heard on each frequency. Also included is an introduction to underground and covert radio. Underground Frequency Guide is available from DX Radio Supply, P.O. Box 360, Wagontown, PA 19376, for $6.95 plus $1.00 LISPS shipping. UTC Conversion Chart L et's face it. Trying to instantly convert UTC into local time (and vice - versa!) can be a pain. That's why DX Radio Supply has come up with a handy, wallet -sized UTC -local time (and reverse) conversion chart. Encased in plastic, it's quite handy for at- a- glance use. The DX Radio Supply UTC conversion chart is available for $2.00 cash from P.O. Box 360, Wagontown, PA New Part 97 Rules The new Part 97 Rule Book for amateur radio service is available from W5YI. The booklets contain not only the entire text of the new rules but the entire Report & Order detailing amateur comments on the rules revisions and the FCC consideration given to them. To order, send $2.00 to P.O. Box , Dallas, Texas, Virginia Frequencies Probably few serious HF /UHF monitors in the world have the detailed computer base that John Wilson has for his listening area. Covering all of Virginia and some geographical spillover into Maryland, John's database occupies 6 megabytes of memory on his computer. John is now making this highly accurate information available to other scanner enthusiasts; his lists are not culled and include some of the most sensitive frequencies in the nation. At present, John's directories are entitled Aviation, Business, Federal, Marine, Military, Public Service, Radio /TV /Press, Railroad and Miscellaneous. For $175 John can send a master database printout of all nine services. The frequency range covered by the directories is 25 MHz through 10 GHZ, although the vast majority of listings are below 1000 MHz. Even a brief glance through the list of agencies covered in these directories reveals the scope of its breadth -- FM, HUD, CIA, VOA, space, police, FCC, Marshals, ATF, WHOA, Treasury -- on and on for almost 100 separate services, agencies and bureaus! 1990 Passport News T he new 1990 edition of Passport to World Band Radio is reportedly due to ship to distributors sometime around the 14th of this month. Barring delays, expect the book at your door before the end of September. Trap that Zap! Antenna Supermarket, manufacturer of the highly -rated Eavesdropper dipole and sloper antenna, is now offering Gas Tube Lightning Arrestors. Called Zap Trappers, the units feature a UHF "T' connector (M -358). There are two models of Zap Trappers. Recommended for receivers (and transmitters up to 200 watts PEP) is the LP /T. Its suggested retail price is $ a full $8.00 cheaper than other comparable models. The other, called the HP/T, is good for amplifiers with up to 2,000 watts PEP output and retails for $ Zap Trappers are built of high quality US -made connectors with solid -brass hardware and cast aluminum boxes. For more information on the Zap Trapper, contact Antenna Supermarket, P.O. Box 56,3, Palatine, IL September 1989

39 . Microwave Eavesdropping F or those readers concerned with the pervasiveness of government snooping into private lives, this new book should bolster the paranoia of the most complacent American. Based upon the 1978 testimony of David L. Watters as given before the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence regarding Senate Bill 1566, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1977, Microwave Eavesdropping paints a portrait of citizen vulnerability. Wafters begins by showing a revealing map of the microwave circuits which surround the Pentagon, many of which lead suspiciously to Ft. Meade, Maryland -- home of the National Security Agency (NSA). The book is a compilation of wiretapping history, tutorial lessons in governmnent surveillance and voluminous bibliographies. All very informative. Due to be released shortly, Microwave Eavesdropping will be $15 from Sherwood Communications, P.O. Box 535, Southampton, PA Lapel Speaker for Hand -helds CLH Engineering has announced a small, clip -on lapel speaker for scanner and hand -held transceiver users. Built into a rugged Motorola -type microphone enclosure, the powerful speaker unit measures slightly over two inches square by one inch depth, yet delivers strong audio when the reinforced plug at the end of its professional coil cord is inserted into the standard 1/8" (3.5 mm) jack on a portable scanner or transceiver. Designed to be clipped to a shirt, jacket or uniform lapel by its strong, spring - loaded clip, the lapel speaker concentrates its high -quality sound on the ear of the listener without the need of turning the radio's volume conspicuously loud when worn on the hip. Only $30 plus $3 shipping in the U.S. from CLH Engineering, P.O. Box 5576 To have your new product or book considered for review in Monitoring Times, send it to Editor, 140 Dog Branch Road, Brasstown, NC AFFORDABLE RTTY -CW -FAX From Universal UNIVERSAL M -800,R, DECODER.. 3U UM The Universal M -900 is just right for the listener who wants an easy - to-use, affordable converter to decode all the basic shortwave transmission modes. The M -900 receives Morse code from ships coastal stations and hams. It also decodes regular ( Baudot) RTI'Y still used by many international press agencies, weather stations and aero concerns. Both Sitor modes are also included to monitor maritime, diplo. and Amtor traffic. The M -900 even provides high resolution FAX images (to printer port only), so you can SEE pictures, maps, photos, and marine charts from around the world. A complete system will require your receiver, a monitor, a 12 VDC power supply and cables. A printer is also required for FAX mode only. Please write for full technical details including special system pricing. The M -900 alone is $ Universal Radio 1280 Aida Drive Dept. MT Reynoldsburg, OH a Toll Free: a In Ohio: EKS, Johnson City, TN Amateur Radio Database For decades, the only way hams and SWLs could get information on the nations nearly -half -million hams was either to subscribe to the Amateur Radio Cailbook Magazine or acquire the FCC amateur radio database on microfiche or microfilm. With the evolution of compact disc digital technology, however, more than music can be put on these 4-1/2" aluminum platters! Buckmaster's newly -released CD -ROM contains the particulars on every US ham. Name, address, license class and other details are listed, just as they are filed with the FCC; even clubs, Universal has been serving radio enthusiasts since We carry all major lines of shortwave and amateur equipment. 52 p. SWL Cat. is $1 ppd 48 p. HAM Cat. is $1 ppd military and RACES stations are included. As if this weren't enough, Buckmaster has included over one hundred BASIC computer programs of interest to amateur radio operators and radio hobbyists in general. To access the data on this disc, you will need a CD- ROM player like the Hitachi, Sony or Philips units; an IBM or compatible computer, version 3.1 or later; and 640k resident RAM. The disc uses ISO standard, accessed by Microsoft CD -ROM extensions above version 2.0. Later versions of the CD- ROM are expected to include foreign call signs data, longitude /latitude for 1 million locations, lists of QSL managers, even AM /FM broadcast frequency files. The Hamcall" Database on CD -ROM is $100 postpaid from Buckmaster Publishing, "Whitehall", Route 3 Box 56, Mineral, VA 23117; credit card orders September

40 uncle skip's corner How to Tell Time, and More! T.J. 'Skip' Arey WB2GHA P.O. Box 644 Waterford Works, NJ The modern "Digital" age has brought us both a blessing and a curse. It seems that any home gadget more complicated than a can opener now contains some manner of microprocessor control. Many manufacturers like to add a little pizazz and additional functionality to their devices so they often include a digital clock. These timer circuits can turn on your coffee, turn off your VCR, or turn down your home heating unit. Where we once had the clock on the mantle, we now have clocks in every appliance. All these little LED readouts blinking happily throughout the modern household. Ah... This has something to do with radio, Uncle Skip??? You betcha!!! How many times have you come home from a hard day of working in the salt mines to find all these little digital readouts blinking zeros, eights, or not blinking at all because the local power went out for a few seconds during the day? Whenever the power goes bye -bye, you have to run around and reset all those little clocks to bring your modern world back to an even keel. Now those folks who never played radio tend to just glance at their wristwatch and set all the clocks to that relative time. Radio people tend to do something a bit different. They walk their wristwatch over to their "world band" radio and tune up to khz. Bing... bing... bing... bing! Click... click... click... click... click! "At the tone... twentytwo hours, twentynine minutes Coordinated Universal Time." BEEEEEEEEEEEEEEP!!! With that, the radio freak zeros his wristwatch and then goes about the task of making all those little clocks dance to the same beat. Having direct access to a time signal station such as WWV gives a person a feeling of power and control over this modern world. After all, with a watch set to WWV, you now know what time it REALLY is and the rest of the world had just better listen to you! By tuning in the time signal stations interspersed throughout the radio spectrum, you too, can become a certifiable time lord. You will be able to observe to those around you at the bus stop that the "local" was one minute, thirteen seconds late today. You can smile quietly to yourself as you notice the office clock is three minutes, forty- one seconds fast. You can tell the waitress at your favorite diner to bring you a "real" three minute egg, none of this two minutes, fortyfive second stuff. Or you can use the information provided by time signal stations to further your abilities as a radio monitor. What a perfect lead in to... Uncle Skip's Guide to Time Stations As you might guess, there are more reasons to tune in time signal stations than to drive all your companions crazy with your obsessive self -righteousness. WWV, Fort Collins, Colorado, and its sister station WWVH, Kekaha Kauai, Hawaii, broadcast twenty four hours a day on 2.5, 5, 10, 15, and 20 MHz with continuous time signals from a super accurate atomic clock. This clock establishes its time base from the zero -field atomic resonance of the element cesium. This clock, in fact, is even more accurate than good old mother earth. Periodic fluctuations in the earth's rotation need to be accounted for against the cesium clock. Every few years, the engineers at Fort Collins have to add a "leap second" to compensate for the difference. Of all the QSL cards in my personal collection, the one that draws the most interest from uninitiated observers is my 31 December, :60 UTC "Leap Second" card. Correct UTC (Coordinated Universal Time) is important to the listener who wants to give accurate reception reports. Some folks wire up a stereo cassette recorder so that one channel records the audio of your DX session and the other records the signal of WWV from another receiver. This rig will allow you to make "to the second" observations about what you are hearing. But most people simply use the When conditions are right, both WWVH and WWV can be heard on the same frequency. time signal station to bring the clock at their listening post up to date. Many time signal stations give you just that, time signals and nothing more. WWV and WWVH give the listener a great deal more information particularly useful to furthering one's enjoyment of the radio hobby. For instance... at 8, 9, and 10 minutes after the hours on WWV and at 48, 49, and 50 minutes after the hour on WWVH, maritime storm warning reports are broadcast. Utility DXers can use these broadcasts to forecast increased radio activity as ships and shore stations try to cope with mother nature. These announcements are 45 seconds long and are provided by the National Weather Service. But that's not all. On the eighteenth minute after the hour on WWV and the forty-fifth minute after the hour on WWVH, these stations broadcast Geophysical Alerts. These reports include the solar flux and "A" index for the previous UTC day and the "K" index for Boulder, Colorado, which is updated every three hours. The bulletin will also include the current state of the earth's magnetic field and some predictions about conditions over the next twenty-four hour period. The folks at Fort Collins pack all this information into just forty-five seconds, so it might be wise to have a tape recorder hooked up so you don't have to re- listen an hour later. What's that, Compadre? All of this "A" index "K" index stuff is just gibberish to you? In the words of the immortal bard, "Don't worry, be happy "! Scientists are still arguing over what it all means anyway. Why should things be any different for you? If you ever listen to the ham bands you will discover that every third conversation is an argument over 'The WWV report." (The other two are probably about the "no code" ham license but we won't get into that again.) Hang loose, pal. Hobby radio folks can quickly develop a practical understanding of all this data's meaning. So listen up and you too can start your own personal "A" index chart to guide you through the pathways of propagation. The SOLAR FLUX is expressed as a numerical figure derived essentially from counting the sunspots. A figure of 65 or lower would be typical in years of minimum solar activity. An intermediate figure would range from 100 to 200. High solar numbers tend to mean bad news for shortwave listeners who are tuned 38 September 1989

41 NOW HEAR THIS --_ ~'++.r..,.... ca,. ^ ww....w w Jr. tr Spot lus arartk A,ylta 341.g.edd dtbu.a L möy sp Ik.,dlay& ine.idodthd 14 kat- Ga Qlpsq.l t,cytt! 1pd e901 U.S. Department of Commerce NATIONAL BUREAU OF STANDARDS RADIO STATION WWV FORT COLLINS, 2.5 MHz -40'40'55"N, 105'02'31 "W 5 MHz -40'40'42 "N, 105'02'25"W I0'MHz- 40'40'48 "N, 105'02'25 "W COLORADO IS MHz- 40'40'45"N, 20 MHz -40'40'53 "N, This is to confirm your reception report of WWV "Leap Second" on 10.0 MHz. 2359:6-0 UTC 31._Dec rea.azi.+ Tim. Dar. 105'02'25"W 105'02'29"W FINALLY! High- Powered Sound from your Hand - Held Radio 10 DB of Audio Gain 3.5 inch Oval Speaker Automatic Shut -OFF Internal NiCad Charger External Power 5-15 VDC, ;3,3,,,1,): Model HTS-1 Serial N? Periodically WWV must make corrections to their clock. into the lower HF bands but VHF scanner people might find some interesting DX as the figure creeps above 200 and conditions above 50 MHz tend to be enhanced. That's what's neat about having both a shortwave receiver and a VHF scanner. When conditions are bad for one they are great for the other. The "A" index is usually the most widely discussed figure in the DX community. The "A" index is a 24 hour figure expressing the geomagnetic field of good old mother earth. The scale runs from 0 to 400 +, but rarely sees the high side of 100. Without getting into the subject too deeply, (entire books have been written on propagation), an "A" index of less than ten can be considered pretty much ideal for the SWL. The lower the figure, the less the signal is absorbed by the earth's geomagnetic field. Under these conditions, signals travel farther and better. The "K" index can be thought of as a more up -to-date "A" index. It is updated every three hours. It is also computed with slightly different mathematics that take into account more subtle changes in the earth's field. This figure is useful in making your own prediction of how things are going to stack up over the next twenty-four hours. If the figure is floating around three, things should be pretty good for playing DXer. If the figure starts to creep up to four or five, you might just want to look for band openings with your scanner. These higher figures indicate the beginnings of enhanced VHF activity due to auroral conditions. If you have just been using your scanner for listening to the local constabulary, give WWV a listen and move up to the fun and excitement of VHF DXing. Many other factors figure into propagation monitoring, but for the beginner, charting the indexes provided by WWV and WWVH will give you a good handle on the basics. If you are interested in a more technical explanation of the meaning behind the WWV Geoalert Bulletins, you can write NOAA Space Environment Services Center R43, Boulder, Colorado One of the most unique services provided by WWV and WWVH actually benefits the music world. You see, normally the tone that signals the passing seconds is a 600 Hz tone. However, on the third MONITORING Rric]wo.. ELECTRONICS INC Jet View Circle Tampa, Florida Phone: (813) Telex: (NAVL UR) Fax: (813) minute after each hour, the tone is changed to 440 Hz concert pitch, probably the most accurate source in the world for tuning your guitar or whatever instrument you play. Mighty thoughtful of those folks out in Colorado, huh? Keeping all those banjo players around the world in tune with one another. Now I can just bet that some folks out there are jumping up and down saying "For crying out loud, Uncle Skip, if they broadcast on the same frequencies, how can you tell the difference between WWV and WWVH?" No problem, Bunky! WWV makes its time announcement in a male English voice at 7.5 seconds before the minute. WWVH makes its time announcement in a female English voice at fifteen seconds before the minute. When conditions are right, you can hear both stations simultaneously. If you listen really closely, you might even hear other time signal stations such as LOL, Buenos Aires, Argentina, or even BPM. Xiam, China, underneath the North American signals. The fact is that there are over thirty time signal stations out there in radio land just waiting to be logged. Most send out really nice QSL cards too. What complicates matters is that they mainly tend to occupy the same frequencies as WWV /WWVH so you have to dig them out. However, some show up in other places and make for interesting catches. Try for YVTO, Caracas, Venezuela, on 6100 khz or CHU, Ottawa, Canada, on 7335 khz. For a complete list, take a gander at the World Radio TV Handbook, available from many advertisers here in Monitoring Tintes. Old Uncle Skip's personal favorite remains WWVH. Whenever the bands are open, I love to tune in to that sultry female voice. My mind wanders to images of sandy beaches and muumuu clad island women doing the hula and chanting... "At the tone... Twentyone hours, fortytwo minutes Coordinated Universal Time." I'm an incurable romantic at times! TIMES September

42 federal file Monitoring Military Aircraft Dave Jones 430 Garnor Drive Suffield, OH "Tomcat 03 to Havoc 11, we will be entering the M.O.A. at 1600 Zulu and rendezvousing at 1611 Zulu, estimate refueling time at five minutes." "Cobra 10, you have one coming in at two o'clock, break hard right and engage." The monitoring of military aircraft is an enjoyable pastime for many scanner enthusiasts across the nation. Military aircraft can be monitored over a wide variety of frequency ranges which enable most any programmable scanner as a monitoring instrument for military aircraft. Table 1 lists the common frequency operating ranges for military aircraft and the most common mode of transmission such as AM or Narrow -Band FM (NBFM). When more than one mode is used, a primary and secondary mode is highlighted. The MHz range contains by far the most available military aircraft traffic to monitor; however, it is by no means the only location to monitor them. Starting with the VHF LB frequency range of 30 to 88 MHz, operations from all U.S. military aviation services are found from the reserves and the Air National Guard (ANG) to the full -time armed services. This frequency range is utilized for a variety of functions. A common use of this range is for air -to- ground communications between air -to- ground attack aircraft and ground troops for coordination of activities. Tactical Forward Air Controllers (FAC) also utilize the VHF LB frequencies for spotting activities with the aircraft MHz MHz MHz MHz MHz Table 1 Military Aircraft Frequency Ranges NBFM AM AM primary; NBFM secondary AM primary; WBFM, NBFM, and MUX NBFM primary; AM secondary Air -to -air tactical communications are quite common, especially among the reserve and ANG units. Air -to -air tactical communications are common during war games when aircraft with VHF LB capability switch to the LB channels and discreetly communicate with each other. The "enemy' is on UHF and is unable to monitor the VHF LB communications. Military helicopters can be monitored here with both operational and tactical channels. Operational channels are defined for the purpose of this column to be operations headquarters or air traffic control (ATC). Tactical channels are defined for the purpose of this column as channels which are utilized between aircraft during maneuvers or flight tests. Table 2 Military Aircraft Frequencies Common military towers U.SA.F. MAC CP Ground Control Approach U.SA.F. Aerial Refueling (AR) primary Common tower U.SA.F. AR primary UHF "Guard Channel" (emergency) FAA Flight Service Stations (FSS) FAA Civilian Tower common U.SA.F. AR alternate FAA -FSS ATIS - Automatic Terminal Information Service METRO - U.SA.F. Meteorology U.S.A.F. AR primary U.S.A.F. AR alternate U.SA.F. AR primary U.SA.F. AR primary U.SA.F. AR primary U.SA.F. AR primary U.SA.F. AR primary U.SA.F. SAC primary CP U.SA.F. AR alternate U.S.A.F. AR alternate U.SA.F. AR alternate U.S.A.F. SAC alternate CP U.S.N. Tower common U.SA.F. AR primary U.S.A.F. AR primary U.S.A.F. MAC UHF CP U.S.N. Tower common NORAD U.SA.F. Pilot -to- dispatch U.SA.F. TAC CP The next stop on the dial is the VHF AM aircraft band between 118 and 136 MHz. Military aircraft can be monitored communicating with some towers that are not equipped for UHF communications. Military towers can also be monitored often simulcasted with UHF frequencies. ANG units utilize this range for tactical channels used during training. The U.S.A.F. Military Airlift Command (MAC) command post (CP) may be monitored on MHz and MAC aircraft in transit may be monitored nationwide communicating with various MAC facilities. Table 2 lists common military aircraft frequencies such as the MAC CP frequency. Moving up the dial a few megahertz, the military range of 136 to 144 MHz appears. The eight megahertz portion of the VHF HB spectrum below the two meter amateur frequencies is loaded with military activity, including aircraft operations. The entire range is dedicated virtually to the military with only a very few federal agencies present. I consider this range to be the least monitored for military aircraft activity from letters received and conversations with monitors. This range is a haven for training operations, especially in the vicinity of airbases and test ranges. The primary mode is AM. Table 3 Military Aircraft Call Signs Canforce Cutty Dude Flame Fury Gull Gumby Hunt Hunter Knight Mar McCoy Norse Pacer Peach Pearl Sentry Shamu Tame C-130 (cargo) T-38 (trainer) KC-10 (tanker) F-14 A-7 C-130 B-52 C-141 F-14 F-18 AV-7 F-16 B-1 C-21 F-15 KC-135 E-3 KC-10 C-5 40 September 1989

43 Tactical and operational channels can be monitored with tactical usage being in the majority of monitorable traffic. The U.S.A.F. and U.S.A. are the prime users of this range with respect to military aircraft. The cat's meow of military aircraft frequency ranges is the MHz range which is devoted virtually exclusive to the U.S. military with NASA and the U.S. Coast Guard being the two most notable exceptions. The 175 MHz swath of the RF spectrum between 225 and 400 MHz offers the monitor endless hours of searching and seeking new frequencies. Once the frequencies are found for local operations (either tower or aerial refueling) then additional frequencies may be uncovered from monitoring communications between the aircraft and the tower or ATC. The MHz has been presented in detail in previous Federal File columns and will not be covered in detail in this issue. Refer to the December 1988 issue of Monitoring Times for more information. The last frequency range listed is the MHz federal band. The band is reserved for federal and military operations with very little military aircraft operations. It is listed here for completeness. An excellent source of frequencies for this range, as well as all other ranges, is either the Federal Frequency Directory, (published by Grove Enterprises, but now out of print) or the Government Microfiche File set. (Note: The FFD was essentially a hardcopy printout of the microfiche data for frequencies between 25 and 470 MHz). Military aircraft utilize tactical call signs like Tomcat and Havoc used in the opening example. Monitoring and compiling the calls can be a hobby unto itself, in addition to the other aspects of military aircraft monitoring. Mark Holmes of College Park, Georgia, is a serious call sign intercept enthusiast who supplied the list of call signs that appear in Table 4. He would like to hear from other serious military aircraft monitors to exchange confirmed, intercepted call signs. Mark can be contacted at F Shoreham Court, College Park, GA STRANGE DANGEROUS FORBIDDEN D) Mick Tyner ) L ":7 K ='":71:11:77".' ` ' ":71 PUBLISHED JANUARY 1989, THE SPOOK BOOK DELVES INTO THE WORLD OF FORBIDDEN KNOWLEDGE. NOT A REHASH OF OLD INFORMA- TION, BUT A FRESH LOOK AT "HOW TO ": ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE REARM HAND GRENADES AMATEUR ROCKET WEAPONS JAMMING RADAR TEFLON BULLETS DOZENS OF TOPICS $34.95 ppd. 81/2.x 11, 258 pgs. SEND $3.00 FOR CATALOG (FREE WITH ORDER) DISTRIBUTORS OF: NON -LETHAL WEAPONS HI TECH ELECTRONICS CONTROVERSIAL PUBLICATIONS INTELLIGENCE EQUIP. PLANS INFECTION CONTROL PRODUCTS TOO MUCH TO LIST HERE SEND CHECK OR MONEY ORDER TO ADVANCED ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGIES SUITE 173M, A N. SHARON AMITY RD., CHARLOTTE, NC PH. (704) FAX (704) Air -to-air tactical communications are quite common, especially among the Reserve and National Guard units. Johnny Autery of Dixon Mills, Alabama, caught this Louisiana ANG F -15 intercepting an RF -4 over southwest Alabama (Camden Ridge MOA). Catch it on your scanner! The call signs listed in Table 3 are representative of the hundreds Mark sent to the Federal File. Notice the wide variety of aircraft present in the listing. The calls may not be exclusive; similar calls may be used elsewhere to represent a different type of aircraft or group of aircraft. Some of the calls appear to have a wit about them (like Shamu for the KC -10 tanker) while others appear to be pulled from the blue sky. Comments and suggestions for future Federal File columns are solicited. Let me know what you want to read about in the Federal File and perhaps a column will appear on the subject. Remember to enclose an SASE if you desire a personal response. September

44 high seas Cruise Ships Revisited James R. Hay 141 St. John's Blvd. Pointe Claire, PQ, Canada H9S 4Z2 At the beginning of the year there were several articles printed about monitoring cruise ships and the radio traffic which they generate. Reader William Dickerman suggests khz as a good frequency for monitoring cruise ship traffic, particularly between 2245 and He has also had good luck monitoring cruise ships on the following frequencies: khz khz All of these frequencies are upper side - band. Another suggestion arrived for those with hand -held scanners and who might also be planning to take a cruise. Princess Cruises, on their Island Princess, use and MHz for on -board communications. Using the VHF for communications with line handling crews while docking and undocking is common on larger ships, as well as using these frequencies for other tasks where using an intercom to the bridge can be awkward. Unfortunately, my records do not include these intra -ship communications frequencies. However, look for them in the general area of the marine frequencies, or on the unused portion of duplex channels. If any of you have information regarding frequencies used for on -board communications, please forward them to me so that they can be shared with other readers. With the talk of monitoring the cruise ships, perhaps a listing of the larger cruise ships which can be heard is in order. Most of these ships are in the worldwide or Caribbean cruise business and can provide interesting monitoring. The ships are grouped by the cruise line which owns them and are listed alphabetically. In some cases the call sign is given after the name of the vessel. The column on the right shows the country of registry of each ship. 42 September 1989 Admiral Cruises Azure Seas Emerald Seas Stardancer American Hawaii Cruises Constitution Independence Liberte Astor Cruises Astor Bahamasama Cruise Line Bermuda Star Veracruz Carnival Cruise Line Festivale Carnivale Celebration Holiday Jubilee Mardi Gras Tropicale Chandris fantasy Cruises Romanza Amerikanis Britanis Galileo Victoria Commodore Cruise Line Caribe I Costa Cruises Carla Costa Costa Riviera Danae Enrico Costa Eugenio Costa Daphne Cunard Line Cunard Countess /GUNP Cunard Princess /GUNN Queen Elizabeth 2 /GBTT Sagafjord Vistafjord Dolphin Cruise Line Dolphin IV Epirotiki Lines Atlas Jason Jupiter Oceanos Pegasus World Renaissance Exprinter Cruises Berlin Panama Panama Bahamas USA USA Panama Mauritius Panama Panama Panama Panama Panama Liberia Panama Panama Liberia Panama Panama Panama Panama Panama Panama Italy Italy Italy Italy Italy Italy Gr. Britain Gr. Britain Gr. Britain Bahamas Bahamas Panama Gr. Britain Gr. Britain Gr. Britain Gr. Britain Bahamas Gr. Britain W. Germany Harry Baughn Using VHF for communications with line handling crews while docking is common on larger ships. Hapag Lloyd Europa Holland America Line Nieuw Amsterdam Noordam Rotterdam /PJSU Home Lines Atlantic Homeric K -Lines Hellenic Cruises Constellation Galaxy Orion Norwegian Caribbean Cruise Norway (ex France) Skyward Southward Starward Sunward II Ocean Cruise Lines Ocean Islander Ocean Princess P & O Line Canberra /GBVC Paquet French Cruises Azur Mermoz Pearl Cruises of Scandinavia Pearl of Scandinavia Polish Ocean Lines Stefan Batory Premier Cruise Lines Oceanic Royale W. Germany Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles Panama Panama Gr. Gr. Gr. Britain Britain Britain Lines Norway Norway Norway Norway Norway Panama Panama Gr. Britain Panama Bahamas Bahamas Poland Panama Panama

45 0 MAC TAKES CONTROL OF ICOM Turn those hours of searching for secret frequencies over to the Remote Computer Scanning System'. The RCSS runs on any Macintosh. and offers complete monitoring and automatic logging of all signal activity found by your R71 -A. Scan unlimited banks of frequencies Scan among Duplex fequencies Search multiple frequency ranges Sanable scan delay options Print trequency and activity reports Multi finder compatible Color for Mac II owners 99 Memories per bank Mouse and/or Keyboard entry Monitor fregs by date 8 time Import /Exfport information between Macintosh and built-in database Includes Interface, Software, and Manual only $ Call or write for information. Dealers welcome. SYSTEMS & SOFTWARE 4639 Timber Ridge Drive Dumfries VA (703) FAX (703) vsn R7000 version also available READER FEEDBACK... it's the kind of "interference" MT authors like! Is your signal coming in loud and clear? Princess Cruises (P & O Line) Island Princess /GBBM Gr. Pacific Princess /GBCF Gr. Royal Princess Gr. Sea Princess /GBBA Gr. Sun Princess /GBFT Gr. Regency Cruises Regent Sea Rhapsody Royal Caribbean Cruise Line Nordic Prince Song of America Song of Norway /LNVP Sovereign of the Seas Sun Viking Royal Cruise Line Crown Odyssey Royal Odyssey Golden Odyssey Royal Viking Line Royal Viking Sea Royal Viking Sky Royal Viking Star Salen Lindblad Cruising Funchal Sitmar Cruises Fairsky Sun Line Stella Oceanis Britain Britain Britain Britain Britain Panama Bahamas Norway Norway Norway Liberia Norway Gr. Britain Gr. Britain Gr. Britain Norway Norway Norway Portugal Liberia Gr. Britain GALAXY ELECTRONICS BOX EBER AVE. 200 Channels, 12 band with aircraft & 800 MHz, 10 priority channels. channel lockout, scan delay, automatic search, illuminated LCD display, snap -on battery pack, pro - track tuning, 269 grammable, direct channel access, with AC adapter, leather carry case & earphone. 2 WATT 10 Meter Transceiver, all mode operation backlit multi tunc lion LCD meter. frequency lock auto squelch NB RF gain PA external speaker lack 71/2 Wx9'i.Dx2 3/8H KENWOOD SHORTWAVE RADIO KENWOOD r AKRON. OH FREE CELIAIAR IMODIRCA1IONs FREE WITH BC-2N & Brr7ÔUll RCI 2900 r 2$0000.c' D D D._. fú CI I=1 00 ( 6 di 500KHz R khz- 30mhz,Digita1,100 Memorys $ R khz- 30mhz,Digital.10 Memorys $ SONY khz- 30mhz, mhz $ SONY khz- 30mhz.Scanning. Memorys $ ICOM R -71A 100khz- 30mhz,32 Memorys $ ICOM R mhz,100 Memorys $ ICOM R khz- 2,000mhz.1000 Memorys $ NRD mhz,200 Memorys,Digital $ FRG mhz,Continuous.100 Memorys $ FRG khz- 30mhz, Memorys. Scans $ GRUNDIG mhz,Memorys.Scans $ KENWOOD RZ -1 lmhz- 905mhz.Continuous.100 Memorys$ SANGEAN ATS Memorys,LCD Display,More! $ RZ -1 WIDENING SCANNING RECEIVER BC760XLT 100 channel 12 band base /mobile scanne: with B00 MHZ band Z. Service Scan Weather, Priority, Lockout, Scan delay, Search. Programmable, Track tuning. Direct ch. access 9 TS2 75 channels, 12 bands, lurbo- Scan, bank scan, Accu -Seek, Private Priority, Instant weather, digital display.,29-30, 30-50, 50-54, , , , , , , MHz) REGENCY POLICE /FIRE SCANNERS BEARCAT BC- 200XLT 200ch S BC- 760XLT 100ch.29-54, , , $ BC- 600XLT 100ch, Service Search$ BC- 100XLT 100ch Handheld $ BC- 800XLT 400ch $ BC- 1000XLT Call For Specs and Availability USED BUY 28 PAGE 1989 DETAILED PICTURE CATALOG $1.00 SELL GEAR AIR /POLICE/800 MHz TRADE SAME DAY C.O.D. SHIPPING FREE SHIPPING & INSURANCE!!! Stella Solaris Gr. Britain Swan Hellenic Cruises Orpheus Gr. Britain Venice Simplon- Orient Express Orient Express Bermuda World Explorer Cruises Universe Liberia For those looking for more detailed information on the cruise business, Mr. Dickerman suggests the publication, Official Steamship Guide International, CALL BC- 210XLT 40ch , mhz $ REGENCY TS -2 75ch , $ TS -1 35ch Turbo Scan $ INF -2 50ch.Pre- Programmed For All 50 States $ INF -5 Pre- Programmed.AC Only,Digital $99.00 R ch,29-54, mhz $ whose address is 111 Cherry ST., Suite 205, New Canaan, Connecticut This publication includes maps showing ports of call, an alphabetical list of cruise ships, schedules, and a list of cruise operators. Until next time, good listening, and "keep those cards and letters coming." September

46 on the ham bands Contesting Ike Kerschner, N3IK R.D. 1, Box 1237 Kunkletown, PA Well, here it is September, the end of summer and the beginning of fall -- just the right time to start getting ready for the big ham radio contest season. Contesting is another way to have some fun with your radio. Try it! If you have never operated a contest I urge you to give it a shot. What could happen? Nothing much except that you just might have fun, learn a heck of a lot, become a better operator, meet new friends, and add a few new countries, counties, grid squares, zones or whatever to the worked list. Getting Started Choose a contest that you are interested in. Some of the more popular ones are the CQ DX, ARRL DX, Sweepstakes, 10-10, CQ WPX, ARRL VHF, and of course the summertime favorite, Field Day. These are but a few of the dozens of contests that are held each month. A complete list can be found in any ham radio magazine. Decide as early as possible on which contest you want to operate in. Then write off for forms and rules. Study the rules carefully. Then plan a strategy for winning and go for it. The idea is to immerse yourself in the test and savor every battle you get into. Remember the whole reason for contesting is to compete. Don't worry about the guy with the full gallon (legal limit of power), fancy gadgets and big antennas. They can be beat by a good operator with a very modest station. The other thing you must be aware of is that you are competing only against stations in your own category. For example, if you choose to operate a contest as a single operator station, you will only be competing with other stations in the same class. Planning The next step is to get some kind of forecast for propagation. The charts in this magazine will provide some measure of knowledge as to what to expect from the various bands at a given time. You can get even more up -to -date propagation information, however, by listening to station WWV and using a personal computer to sort it all out. Now we know what time to be active on a particular band. Are you working a phone contest, CW, RTTY? Check out the station gear to be sure everything is in tip top shape. If you are in a CW contest get in a little before - contest practice to be sure the bug, keyer or 44 September 1989 keyboard is working smoothly. Now is also the time to set up your exchange message and review it if you are using a memory keyer. A memory keyer is a nice accessory to have in a CW contest, but it is not necessary to have one in order to produce a winning score. While in the planning stages consider the hours you will be working the contest and consider the other members of your family. Unless the shack is sound proof or removed from the main part of the house, you should consider a good set of head- phones. Get a set that will not tire you after being used for a long period of time. Check the antenna system. If you are using a rotor, be sure it is aligned correctly and functioning well. Check out the trans - match tuning and make a tuning chart for fast tune -up. (A chart will list the correct inductor switch and capacitor positions for each band.) Be sure the ground system is in good shape, securely attached to the ground rod (radials) and the station transceiver (or rig). Record Keeping Every contest demands some kind of log be sent in with the claimed score. It is most important this log be accurate and easy to read. For many years the only way of doing this was with paper and pencil, or by typewriter. Today even the least expensive computers can do this easier and faster; so if you don't own a personal computer you might consider purchase of one. The computer will keep the log, tell you if you worked a particular station (eliminate dupes) and print out a neat clean log and summary at the end of the contest. Many stations still use the manual method of logging and dupe checking and do a fine job of it. So not having a computer should not keep you from entering the contest; but if you get into many tests, you will find a computer worth Is your ham station ready? Are you all set? Then GO for it! Cary, NC, ARC members Field Day 1989 Photo by Harry Baughn its weight in pencils. Comfort The quickest way to a low score is to have a station that is not comfortable to operate. Your mike or key should be in a position that will allow you to use it in a relaxed fashion. The rig and all accessories should be arranged so that they are comfortable to operate over a long period of time. "I know I will get a lot of flack on this one!" I suggest a soft comfortable chair for the operating position. A soft chair will let your body relax between battles and your mind will be more alert. The down side of this, according to some experts, is the fact that a soft chair will put you to sleep in many cases. Consequently they recommend a hard straight back chair. Try them both and decide for yourself. Rest If you are an Ironman (or Ironwoman), your body may be able to do without its fair ration of sleep. However, most of us need some shut -eye every twenty four hours. In the case of a multi- operator station, it is easy to plan individual rest periods. The single operator is going to have a more difficult time of it, though. The best way for the single op to plan his rest period is by using the propagation forecast to determine when the slack periods will occur on the band or bands he is working. For example, on 80 meters the band will be great for DX during the hours of dark, but after sunrise the band dies for long distance. Consider 10 or 15 meters and we have the opposite situation and conditions will be poorer during the hours of darkness. Of course there will be times when we must leave the rig to answer nature's call. All one can do in this instance is to locate the rig near (or in) the bathroom.

47 MIL -SPEC COMMUNICATIONS P.O. Box 461 Wakefield, Rl Call Today (401) Military Surplus & New Communications Gear Covering DC to Daylight at Discount Prices! Summer DX Specials AR Wide Coverage Scanner $679 AR Scanner $455 AR -900 Scanner w /cellular $276 ICOM R-7 la HF Scanning Receiver $850 Collins R390A (Reconditioned/Calibrated) $750* Japan Radio NRD -525 $1,150 Sony ICF $318 Sony ICF $245 Sony Pro -80 $350 RACAL RA (GM)/R-2174 CALL Realistic PRO Scanner $399 3TF7 Ballast Tube - Brand New! $40 Bearcat BC- 200XLT - w /Cellular restoration $275 Cost includes Federal Express Shipping FREE DELIVERY TO YOUR DOOR! WE OFFER REPAIR SERVICE MANUALS BROKERING PROFESSIONAL MONITORING STATION SEND $2.00 FOR CATALOG CREDITED TO PURCHASE Try a subscription to Ham Radio Magazine for one year for lust $ SAVE $3 off the regular Ham Radio subscription rate of $22.95 and $10 oft the newsstand price. Ham Radio gives you more technical articles and the very best technical articles of the Amateur journals. Transmitters, receivers, antennas, as well as state -of -the -art design theory and practical articles. Ham Radio has got it all! In May there's our annual Antenna Issue - chock full of all kinds of antenna design ideas and projects. November brings the Receiver Issue - the very latest in receiver technology for the Radio Amateur. Many consider these two issues alone worth the price of a year's subscription. And there's more! Monthly columns by: Joe Carr. K4IPV on the ins and outs of repairing and troubleshooting your radio: Bill Orr, W6SAI on antennas and antenna technology plus a lot more: noted HFNHF operator and DX'er Joe Reisert, W1JR's world of VHF and UHF technology: and noted government propagation expert Garth Stonehocker, KBRYW on propagation. There's even more - but you'll have to get a subscription to find out what it is. Fill out the coupon today and send it in before you miss another issue! Remember - you not only get Amateur Radio's finest magazine, you also SAVE $3.00 off the regular rate. Special Trial Subscription Save $3.00 off the regular rate of $22.95 /year JUST $19.95 price. US Subscription. only Eure I'll give Ham Radio a try Sign me up for a one year subscription Just for 12 issues. That's a 13 savings on the regular rate of $22.95 Stan my New Subscription Payment Enclosed Charge to MC L l VISA Li L" S a1e- magazine, Dept. MT, GnNnMIM, NH Fuel Fuel in the form of food and drink is required to keep the contest machine in top form throughout the entire period. My personal choice for keeping the inner op happy is to have someone bring me food and drink at regular periods; but some folks like to get up and stretch and make a sandwich every few hours. Others prefer to have a supply of goodies handy in a small fridge or cooler right at the operating position. OK, now go win a contest! Propagation Forecasting Earlier I mentioned forecasting propagation conditions on your home computer. There are several great programs for doing this on the market today. There are at least four available for the IBM PC and clones. The first is a public domain program called "MUF" (propagation forecasting for the amateur). This particular program is available from any of the public domain outlets that you find at every hamfest and cost is usually under two bucks. My own favorite for the IBM is called "BAND AID" and is available from Base (2) Systems, 2534 Nebraska St., Saginaw, MI I like this particular program because it is easy to use and has an extensive data base included with it. Base (2) produces several other propagation programs for the IBM, one program plots a map on the screen and shows in three different colors the bands that are open to various parts of the world at a given time (10, 15, 20 meters only). In addition Base (2) produces a program for both the Apple and Commodore series of computers called "MUF PLOT." Please note: All of the Base (2) programs are considerably more than the two bucks mentioned previously for the public domain program; remember though, they will do a whole lot more for you than the simpler program. Write to Base (2) for latest prices and info. To use any of these programs you need to enter your location (latitude and longitude) into the program at the appropriate place. Then obtain Solar Flux info from either station WWV (at 18 minutes past the hour), W1AW during their regular daily bulletins or from NOAA in Boulder, Colorado. Insert the flux data when requested by the program. Then tell the computer what country you are interested in working. In a few minutes (or seconds depending on machine and program) it will print out in tabular form or graph the MUF (maximum usable frequency), HPF (highest possible frequency), FOT (frequency of optimum transmission) and the LUF (lowest usable frequency). All of the abovementioned programs (except the public domain one) come with complete instructions that will tell you exactly what the program can and can't do. And how to use the information you obtain. In my own case accuracy has been within 98 %. Another factor that must be considered when doing your own predictions is the K index. This index indicates the state of the ionosphere. A low number (under 10) indicates excellent conditions; higher numbers are an indication of disturbed conditions and tells you that a signal may not be audible. If you own a computer, any of these programs can add a new dimension to your hamming /SWLing pleasure. After using a propagation program for a short time you will soon begin to understand the vagarities that affect the radio spectrum. Try one, you'll love it! That's all for now gang, see ya next month Ike, N3IK September

48 the qsl report Gayle Van Horn P.O. Box 1088 Gretna, LA Atlantic Coast NNONCJ, (MARS) USCGC Eagle (sailing barque), khz USB. Full data prepared form card with seal and stamp. Received in 19 days for an English utility report, a souvenir postcard, and a stamped return envelope. Station address: c/o US Coast Guard Academy, New London, CT (Rick Albright, Merced, CA) Cyprus Cyprus Broadcasting Corp., 7205 khz. Full data QSL card of Cyprus culture, and "CyBc" sticker. Verification signer illegible. Received in 23 days for an English reception report. Station address: P.O. Box 4824, Nicosia, Cyprus. (Robert Landau, Secaucus, NJ) Libya SAT, Tripoli Marine Radio, khz CW. Full data prepared form card with call sign stamp. Verification signer, Ali Mohammed. Received in 70 days for an English utility report, a souvenir post card, and one U.S. dollar for postage. (Rick Albright, Merced, CA) Mexico Radio Educacion (XEPPM), 6185 khz. Full data letter and color studio photograph. Verification signer, Ing. Gustavo Carreno Lopez, Subdirector Tecnico. Received in 32 days for a Spanish reception report and two IRCs. Station address: Direction General de Radio Educacion, Angel Urraza 622, Cain Postal 03100, Mexico 12 Districto Federal, Mexico. (Robert Landau, Secaucus, NJ) Micronesia NNONLK, (MARS), Kosrae Island, khz USB. No data prepared form card with address stamp. Received in 40 days for an English utility report, a souvenir postcard, and one U.S. dollar for postage. Station address: Civic Action Team, Lelu, Kosrae, East Caroline Islands, Micronesia (Rick Albrigt, Merced, CA) Pacific Coast 4XII, SS Zim Keelung (Israeli container ship), khz USB. Full data prepared form card with call sign stamp. Verification signer Chami Rahav, Radio Officer. Received in 20 days for an English utility report, a souvenir postcard, and a stamped return envelope. Station address: c/o Zim American- Israeli Shipping Line, 150 Fourth St., San Francisco, CA (Rick Albright, Merced, CA) South Africa ZRQ, South African Naval Radio, 8471 khz CW. Full data multi -colored map -type QSL card. Verification signer, Freeman, Warrant Officer First Class. Received in 470 khz days (!), for an English reception report, a souvenir post card, and two IRCs. Station address: NAVCOMCEN Cape, Private Bag, Simonstown, South Africa. (Rick Albright, Merced, CA) Indonesia Java -Radio Republik- Surabaya, 3975 khz. Full data personal letter. Verification signer, Mr. Budihardjo. Received in 33 days after the third Indonesian reception report and one U.S. dollar. Station address: Departemen Penerangan RI., Stasian RRI Regional 1 Surabaya, Kotak Pos 239, Surabaya, Java, Republic of Indonesia. (Richard Coday, Oildale, CA) NextDa Rece tion Re E orts eul', rk Cin. tiek ok Rainbow Cardst $19.95 $2(95 $2495 Specify Receiver Antenna^ =^ Your 40- Word's - ^` Personal Message "` Commend Attention Send Clear Reports Speed Replies Save Time Box M Provo, UT AntennasWest 46 September 1989 Bob Doyle of Shelton, Connecticut, received this verification in 58 days from the Voice of Vietnam. ER FICAT ION CARD _ - i I.c I..kkn Lesser Sunda Islands -Radio Republik -Mataram, 3223 khz. Full data personal letter. Verification signer, Mr. Soekino. Also received a travel brochure for West Nusa Tenggara and a program schedule. Received in 27 days for an Indonesian reception report and one U.S. dollar. Station address: RRI Stasiun Regional I Mataran, JI. Langko No. 83 Ampenan 83114, Lombok, Nusa Tenggara Barat, Republic of Indonesia. (Richard Coday, Oildale, CA) Monaco Trans World Radio, 7105 khz. Full data globe /station logo card, without verification signer. Received in 17 days for an English reception report. Station address: Boite Postal 349, Monte Carlo 98007, Monaco. (Robert Landau, Secaucus, NJ) Papua New Guinea New Guinea -Radio Morobe, 3220 khz. Full data personal letter. Verification signer, A.R. Nase, Station Manager. Received in 22 days for an English reception report and one U.S. dollar. Station address: P.O. Box 1262, Lae, Papua New Guinea. (Richard Coday, Oildale, CA) Romania Radio Bucharest, khz. Full data Folk Costumes card, without verification signer. Received in 49 days for an English reception report. Station address: Str. Nuferilor 60-62, Bucuresti, Rep. Socialista Romania. (Nick Terrence, Huntington, NY) South Africa Radio Orion, 4810 khz. Partial data color QSL card of the SABC transmitting towers, without verification signer. Separate letter of verification signed by Helena Boshoff in 65 days for an English reception report. Station address: P.O. Box 91312, Auckland Park, 2006 Johannesburg, Rep. of South Africa. (Bob Doyle, Shelton, CT) Radio RSA, 21590/9615 khz. Full data Golden Gate Highland National Park, without verification signer. Program schedule also enclosed. Received in 47 days for an English reception report and two IRCs. Station address: (new address) P.O. Box 91313, Auckland Park, Johannesburg 2006, Rep. of South Africa. (John Carson, Norman, OK) Welcome to the column, John! Thanks also to new contributor Robert Thomas, Bridgeport, CT for the new RSA address. -ed. Sweden Radio Sweden, khz. Full data Sweden Calling I 1 SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM THE VOICE OF VIETNAM 70 - To Bo-6 Doy-G Thank you for your Reception al 241_la -API1 my. on.41z.wif on.._ _..ltfarex- 2.r,.C9P All delafs of your Report of Reception correspond well with our station log, with the compliment of the Director of the Overseas Service of the Voice of Vietnam. Hanoi OVERSEAS SERVICE. VOICI OE VIETNAM 58 Out. Su 51,..r. Hanoi DXers Anniversary Card, without verification signer. Received in 41 days for an English reception report. Station address: S Stockholm, Sweden. (John Carson, Norman, OK) Syrian Arab Republic Radio Damascus, khz. Full data station logo card, and paper Syrian flag pennant, without verification signer. Received in 485 days via registered mail, for an English reception report. Station address: Ommayad Square, Damascus. (Harold Frodge, Midland, MI) (Donald Myra, Brooklyn, NY) United Arab Emirates Voice of the UAE -Abu Dhabi, khz. Partial data QSL folder card. Verification signer, Ahmed A. Shouly, Controller. Received in 18 days for an English reception report. Station address: Ministry of Culture, UAE Radio, P.O. Box 63, Abu Dhabi. (Robert Landau, Secaucus, NJ) (Bob Doyle, Shelton, CT) United States WWV National Bureau of Standards, khz. Full data QSL card, without verification signer. Received in 10 days for an English reception report and a stamped self -addressed envelope. Station address: 2000 East Count Road 58, Fort Collins, CO) (David W. Fields, Louisville, KY) USSR Estonia SSR. Radio Tallin, 5925/7100 khz. Full data card drawn by Sherry Lynn Biedrzychi of Milwaukee, WI, without verification signer. Received in 54/189 days for an English reception report. Station address: Eesti Raadio, Tallinn, Estonian SSR. (Nick Grace, Harvard, MA) (Carl Radtke, Santa Ana, CA) Lithuanian SSR. Radio Vilnius, 7400/7165 khz. Full data QSL folder card with personal letter. Verification signer, Edvinas Butkus, Deputy Chief Editor. Station stickers also enclosed. Received in 99/147 days for an English reception report and one IRC. Station address: Lietuvos Radijas, Konarskio 49, Vilnius, Lithuanian SSR, USSR. (Fraser Bonnett, Kettering, OH) (John Delisle, N. Palm Beach, FL) Vietnam The Voice of Vietnam, khz. Partial data color station logo, without verification signer. Received in 58 days for an English reception report. Station address: 58 Quan Su Street, Hanoi, Socialist Rep. of Vietnam. (Bob Doyle, Shelton, CT) (Robert Landau, Secaucus, NJ)

49 Jack Albert 203 York Place New Lenox, IL Codes and Ciphers reading rtty In the world of espionage, codes and But why are there only five bits shown ciphers are used extensively. Numbers on the M -7000? It uses the start and stop stations are heard just about anywhere on bits but the inventor decided to display only the SW bands. Encrypted RTTY produces the bits that correspond to the data in order random characters on your printer and to simplify the screen. I will talk about the trying to read the mumbo jumbo can inflict lit *di St iik MiYiiiíNiilÌ -liilö SYNC DATABIT mode in a future issue boredom. This can cause anyone to "pull 4Jö eta i6iïöllif'diiïí iiriii- but for now, practice using the ASYNC the switch" and turn on the "one-eyed daoitill di ist lìï iii Eli ïmriìí mode and examine the display. monster" in order to catch the last ten i1ldinilirlmdik di Ea Get a copy of the Amateur Radio Handminutes of Mork and Mindy. But don't book and see if you can decode the zeros fret! There is hope. and ones by looking up the BAUDOT Why don't you try something new like conversion chart in the Digital Commucracking the code? Two months ago I nications section. All of this may sound reported the story about cracking the Even this entry-level computer is complicated, but if you use the data bit British Piccolo system. If you have an capable of busting open the mode and start experimenting, you will get interest in codes and ciphers, you can do mysterious world of encoded the hang of it. The PROS do it and so can something similar. It takes the proper transmissions. you! equipment like a computer or a modem like the M or M allow you to examine any FSK signal that is Does 'Glasnost' Mean In the early eighties, I used a little found on the SW bands. For some people, RTTY in the Clear? computer that was similar to the Timex this mode is a mystery, but don't let it Sinclair. I bought it on sale at Radio intimidate you. By fiddling with the Without the help of the Codebusters, I Shack. It was called the TRS 80 Micro buttons, you can become a 007 in the did some databit analysis myself. The Computer and it was small enough to fit privacy of your own home. Russian RTTY system that I mentioned into a spy's brief case. The computer sold If you own an M -7000, tune in any earlier uses a mode that involves the for $ (the close -out price was $50) normal RTTY signal such as DHJ51 on sending of a constant shift during what I and it was a fast little bugger khz. They normally run 100 baud believe is the standby mode. When they I wrote a simple Basic program that using 425 Hz shift and send an RY test go into traffic, they change the baud rate simulated a databit analyzer (below). My message. Make sure you are copying read- and the data appears to be random. homebred FSK decoder connected to the able text and that the DATA ERROR light I even copied them a few months ago in computer's cassette port and a whole new isn't blinking. (You can also do this on the the lower portion of the 20 meter Ham world was open to me because I was able to Info -tech M ) band on and, just the other day, on examine the serial bits that are sent during Now flip the KEYBOARD ALT/ I also heard Amateurs express an RTTY transmission. The bits were NORM switch to ALT and press the left their discontent over what they thought was displayed as alternating numbers on a TV "A" button. You will see a group of five another Amateur RTTY station that was monitor. zeros and ones. The bits represent the operating in the Advanced voice portion of I learned that some hobbyists, using data that is sent and 01010, are the the band. similar computers, were doing the same codes for "R" and "Y." Here are some loggings that I compiled: thing. They were able to discover TDM When you are not in databit mode, the and other modes which led to the develop- zeros and ones are converted to a character Russian (constant shift) RTTY ment of the Info -tech M and the and displayed on the screen. But isn't it Universal M meaningless if the characters are random , 9.417, 9.783, 9.987, , , Others, according to rumors, are You need to examine each bit. Notice that , , , , , forming a clandestine hobbyists' group the status line shows ASYNC , , , , , called "The Code Busters." (I suppose RTTY is referred to as an asynchronous , , , they wear tee shirts that have random mode because it uses extra bits called start numbers with a red circle and a slash bar.) and stop. They are used to indicate the If you have any information on Russian They are devoted to the unscrambling and start and end of the character. This allows RTTY, drop me a line or send in your decryption of coded signals. the equipment to synchronize to the char- loggings. Using computers and complicated acter and determine when the next one will NNN mathematical formulas, this "watch -dog" be sent. group is currently working on cracking the Russian RTTY system and hopes to complete the project by the end of the year. BASIC Program for the Radio Shack Micro Color Computer Other projects include the Canadian's VLF RTTY and the mysterious MSK ST = : ED = REM set screen limits 1010 With today's sophisticated computer For B = ST to ED: A = Peek (3): Poke, A: Next: Goto 1010 modems, anyone can enter into the world of Note: Because of the way the Tandy Micro Computer handles the screen memory, the espionage and intrigue. The M -7000, for above program may not work on all computers. example, has a "Databit" mode which will September

50 satellite tv - Back to School Whenever a new technology comes upon the horizon, proponents are quick to list among its benefits that of educating the general public. There is no better example of this than that of cable and satellite television. "In the future," sages of an earlier time would predict, "there will be special channels dispensing education. The knowledge - thirsty consumer with a yen for Japanese, for example, would receive expert instruction from a master of the language." The cable converter box or satellite dish would become a cornucopia of learning. We could learn to play the violin or lay brick through the miracle of video instruction. Promises on Hold Satellite delivered education remains a viable proposition particularly for those in areas which are not and will likely never be serviced by cable. However, as one scans the Clarke Belt and views the 158 video channels currently in use, only a dozen or so channels are noted which can be loosely described as educational (See accompanying chart.) Those of us who have seen the collapse of other good ideas: solar power, syn- fuels, CB radio, to name but a few, are not surprised by this industry's inability to deliver the goods. The primary reason for the entire broadcast industry's existence is to make money for its many shareholders. They've achieved this by the warehouseful. Only after the shareholders have supped their fill at the trough is there something left for education. It is dispensed in thimbles. Commercial network execs would, of course, be quick to challenge this analysis. "We only give the public what they want," Chart for Sky Schools Sat Chan G2 2 G2 5 G3 11 W4 W5 T3 24 F3 2 Gi 22 Several Several 48 September 1989 Service UVA Telecourses VTU Telecourses Mind Extension University High School Telecourses Occasional College Telecourses SCOLA Learning Channel Discovery Channel adventures in the clarke belt they bleat. "You want us to replace 'She's the Sheriff' with 'Wall Street Week'? Gimme a break." Exceptions to the Rule Needless to say, the full potential of learning via satellite remains in the future but what there is of it in the present is worth looking into. If there were to be one pot at the end of the Clarke Belt rainbow, it would have to be Westar 4. If your actuator were to permanently freeze while the dish was staring at W4, you could do worse. Here reside the four schedules of the national PBS network. There are more programs on those four channels with more variety for a week's viewing than anyone could watch in a week. From the usual nighttime fare of "Austin City Limits" and "Great Performances" to the politics of "Firing Line" and "America's Defense Monitor," PBS is entertaining. From the daytime viewing of how -to courses on art, woodworking, Spanish, and fitness, to high school courses on civics, history, and math, PBS is teaching. A lot of the programming seen here isn't available on your local PBS outlet. "Higher" Education The satellites at 23,000 miles above the planet give an entirely new meaning to the phrase "higher education." College level courses are to be found as well. The University of Virginia and Virginia Tech both have transponders aboard Galaxy 2. Emphasis here is on third and fourth year as well as post -graduate level courses on science, engineering, mathematics, and architecture. Other college level courses may be occa- sionally found on Westar 5. I've noted sociology courses from Iowa here. Channel 11 of Galaxy 3 is the site for the "Mind Extension University' which is a noncommercial service offering an entire catalog of courses from beginning French to aerodynamics engineering. College credits for these courses are offered through Colorado State University. There is even a toll free number for students to register. One of the more intriguing channels is SCOLA. The Satellite Communications for Learning, based at Creighton University, uses its extensive dish farm to gather news broadcasts via satellite from around the world. These newscasts are Ken Reitz, KC4GQA Route 5, Box 156A Louisa, VA SCOLA billboard shows an extensive dish farm for service of Creighton University uplinked via Telstar 303 Channel 24. taped and rebroadcast on schedule via their service on Telstar 303 channel 24. The programs run without interruption, dubbing or subtitling in their native languages. Aimed at the nation's language, political science, and journalism schools, SCOLA gives students an inside look at politics, journalism, and language in everyday use from every corner of the globe. Occasionally one will see panel programs featuring various professors discussing recently aired newscasts. It's top -notch analysis and a must for the true news hound. You might want to catch it while you can. Trade sources report that SCOLA is considering scrambling its signal. It seems the service operates on the honor system and asks that institutions using the service pay a yearly fee. Incredible as it may seem, some colleges and universities aren't paying. Honor in America has hit a new low. Learning and Discovery Two other satellite channels are worthy of note in the field of home learning. They are the Learning Channel (F3 2) and the Discovery Channel (G1 22). These commercially operated services also enjoy the widest distribution. Seen on many cable systems around the country, they are among the few examples to which a cable operator may point to and shrug off "wasteland" accusations. Look here for reruns of old PBS series and British nature shows. Old documentaries such as CBS' "World At War" are of interest here as well. International Report Jim Newman, a Monitoring Times reader on the island of Grenada, reports on TVRO

51 activities there: "People here get Galaxy 1 at 8 degrees off the horizon quite well and about one half to two thirds of the domestic U.S. satellites...using 16 foot dishes." In addition, he says, PanAmSat has a very strong signal there. It is, however, an expensive proposition as Jim reports the import tax on a TVRO system is 85 percent. Graham Evans, GOHDC of Shropshire County, England, has recently installed a Sky Channel TVRO system at his home. He was kind enough to send a local Satellite Guide which shows the impact of American Cable programming on this new British Ku band DBS service. The Disney Channel, The Discovery Channel, Bravo, and CNN are among the fare beamed to British backyards via Rupert Murdoch's Astra bird. Prices for "nonsteerable" dishes range from 200 pounds to 1000 pounds. Consumers may expect a 100 pound installation fee and decoders are extra. The Sky Channel Direct Broadcast Service has lagged behind predicted sales. The undaunted Murdoch appears prepared to sink as much as 800 million dollars more into the project. While the signals are presently unscrambled, plans call for encryption by later this year. Reports indicate that Sky will give the decoders to subscribers thus neatly sidestepping the public outrage experienced by American dish owners who were forced to purchase 400 dollar descramblers in addition to subscription fees. Transponder Notes C -SAT is a TVRO talk show located at 6.80 MHz audio subcarrier of S3 9. It was founded in early May of this year following the demise of Chuck Dawson's K -SAT. At 7:30 p.m. ET, C -SAT presents a very useful and timely report of current TVRO news. It is really the only place where daily developments in the satellite TV industry can be heard strictly from the noncable perspective. RFD -TV in Trouble Ten months after its inauguration, RFD - TV left the air (S1 23) following reports of financial difficulties. Ten days later, the service resurfaced on W5 17 in a marathon fund -raising mode. Viewers were urged to call a toll -free number to join the RFD -TV "Booster Club." The agriculturally related service has proven how difficult it is for a new full time satellite service to keep up the payments. It's a commentary on our society that 24 hour per day shopping channels not only prosper but appear to reproduce while RFD -TV struggles. Look at what you have missed by not subscribing to U.S. SCANNER NEWS! Product Reviews: Bearcat BC- 600XLT Bearcat BC- 200/205 XLT GRE Super Converter Realistic Pro 2004 Realistic Pro 34 Realistic Discone Antenna Regency 1S -2 Turbo-Scan Frequency Allocations: Allocation Table to 1300 mhz Amateur Radio Service Search Table to 1300 mhz Cellular Phone Channel Plans Articles: Realistic Pro 2004 Racing Frequencies Military Airlift Command Oregon State Police Electronics Communications Privacy Act Forest Fire Communications 800 mhz Trunked Radio System Public Service -1-5 Canada to Mexico Union Pacific Radio Frequencies Restore Cellular Frequencies BC -200 Memory _Loss Fix Realistic PRO 2004 Modifications And many, many more. Subscribe NOW before you miss more. U.S. Scanner News is published by scanner hobbyists for scanner hobbyists. One year U.S. Subscription $15.00, One Year Foreign Subscription $ Washington residents add 7.6% sale tax. Payment must be included with order, or send $1.25 for a sample copy. Bob's Publications P.O. Box 1103 Vancouver, WA More FM Subcarriers A number of FM audio subcarriers are being uplinked on F4-19. The commercial free music formats are riding the video carrier of a set of standard color bars. More on Sunday Nite Satellite Riding a wave of popularity or at least gambling with someone else's money, Sunday Nite Satellite has added a Thursday night version. Found on W5-1, both shows feature TVRO industry news, reports of channel and satellite changes and reviews of products and movies. AFRTS Scrambles Without fanfare AFRTS has scrambled its service on F2-22. Using the unbelievably flimsy excuse that since some of its program content (most notably CNN) is Billboard for Sunday Night Satellite now on Thursdays as well. Look for SNS on W5-1 at 9:00 p.m. ET. originally scrambled and that the entirely taxpayer funded service is intended solely for the totally taxpayer paid service personnel in Europe, it is not meant for domestic reception. Are these people answerable to anyone? Watching the VOA Meanwhile, next door on S2-21 dwells the USIA which feeds live its VOA radio broadcasts. Often a camera is set up in the studio and viewers may watch the announcer deliver the news. Ghost of SelectTV In a story which has as many twists as a good mystery novel, reports persist that SelectTV will return to the air. It's a complicated story that's not worth repeating because, as with the much rumored return of the Caribbean Superstation (CSS), I'll believe it when I see it. Another Zoning Law Found Illegal An article in Satellite Business News (June 1989) reports that "Zoning regulations requiring satellite dishes in Nutley, New Jersey, to be installed behind seven - foot -high hedges in backyards have been declared illegal by a state superior court." To my knowledge, municipalities have yet to win a court case at appeal levels or higher involving challenges to local zoning restrictions. The laws, usually written by and for the benefit of local cable monopolies, have proven unable to withstand the scrutiny which comes from impartial legal judgment. September

52 american bandscan Karl Zuk P.O. Box 98 Brasstown, NC If you build it... they will come!" "I like to play a little game with my wife," says Leonard Kahn. "After a long day, she will nod off as we drive home. The car radio will be playing WQXR, a classical station in New York City. They broadcast the same programming on FM and AM in stereo. "I'll switch from AM to FM, and within a minute or two, Ruth will say, 'What's wrong with the radio?' She'll hear the FM multipath and 'picket- fencing' as we move along. That really proves my point. People listen to the radio in their cars, and that's where AM is clearly superior." Synonymous with the term "AM," Kahn is a gentle man. He speaks quietly with authority and experience. He believes in himself and he believes in the future of AM radio. Kahn works endlessly, with his wife, Ruth, and several other people, in a modest office and laboratory in Westbury, Long Island, New York. He loves his work, and the future of AM radio may be in his hands. Kahn designed one of the two surviving systems for transmitting AM stereo. The other system is being promoted by Motorola, the two -way radio giant. Nearly 5,000 AM radio stations operate in the United States alone, and the competition to become the standard AM stereo system has been fierce. Both Magnavox and Harris have conceded defeat so far. The two survivors are now vying for control. Although many broadcasters already consider Motorola the winner, Kahn insists that the race isn't over yet. He contends that the reason the Motorola system is currently dominant is not because of technical excellence. Motorola has strong connections with General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler, and has convinced The Big Three" to manufacture radios that only receive Motorola's stereo and not Kahn's. America's broadcasters want to use an AM stereo system that the public can receive. Quite a few have chosen Motorola stereo for that reason alone. Kahn believes that Motorola has created an unfair marketplace and is currently fighting an anti -trust battle against them in court. Kahn wants the right to compete fairly much more than being awarded damages by a court. "My system is technically correct, and if the marketplace is free, AM will survive. It's better than FM stereo. The competition is not Motorola. Motorola has the receivers and the broadcasters, and their sales have gone flat. Motorola's problem is Motorola's system, not me. AM must compete with FM stereo. AM has to have superior technology to survive." claims Kahn. 50 August 1989 Leonard Kahn with his latest invention, an AM stereo cylinder tuner. "You also have to support clear channels because AM's great advantage is long distance and mobile reception. If you've ever taken a long drive, you know how frustrating it is to constantly change FM frequencies for good reception." The major shortfall of the Motorola system is a problem called "platform motion." When an AM station broadcasts at night, and the slightest signal is received from another distant station, the stereo channels seem to flip -flop from one side to another causing quite a dizzying effect. You no longer listen to a turntable, you feel like you are on one! Kahn's system is immune to this effect, and this problem makes the Motorola system almost useless for distant or mobile use. Leonard Kahn's AM stereo system is only one of many things he has designed to revive the AM band. To pack more modulation into a signal, Kahn designed the "Good 'n' Loud" processor which can add loudness without distortion for greater reception range. His "Flatterer" is an intelligent equalizer that manipulates an AM transmitter and antenna system for higher fidelity. 'The Secret" converts Motorola AM stereo radios to receive Kahn stereo as well. Just being introduced is a small cylinder- shaped tuner that receives one station in flawless stereo. It is designed as a promotion device, or as a radio station monitor. Kahn Communication's most popular product is called "Power- Side." It converts AM transmitters to a half -way compromise between conventional AM and single side - band. By putting most of a station's sound into one sideband, its signal becomes more penetrating. Other stations broadcasting on the same, or nearby, frequencies can be tuned out for better reception. For example, there are stations in New York City and Syracuse, New York, on the same frequency: 570 khz. At night, a great portion of their audience would hear both stations and tune away from the unlistenable sound. Now that these stations have installed "Power- Side," they have increased their coverage greatly. WMCA, in New York City, favors the higher sideband, and WSYR, in Syracuse, New York, favors the lower. It's almost as if they operated on two separate frequencies. Kahn's interests are not limited to AM radio. His firm has also worked on GTE's Airphone system, making phone calls from airplanes a reality. Kahn Communications is also involved in a joint venture with Bonneville Communications of Salt Lake City. Using a phase -shift design, slow -speed data can now be sent along with an AM radio signal. This system has been tested, with great success, at radio station KSL in Salt Lake City. "We have to reach today's youth with our technology to continue AM radio into the future," Kahn claims. "You need good receiver designs. Superior programming won't do it. Young people need to see an obvious difference of high quality sound." To many, AM radio is in the bottom of the ninth, with two men out. To Leonard Kahn, the game has just begun, and he's in his field of dreams. Bits and Pieces Creativity is a very important part in marketing AM radio stations these days. If you don't sell advertising, you'll quickly be out Kahn Communications in Westbury, Long Island -- trying to save an industry.

53 of business. WJJF,1180 AM, in Hope Valley, Rhode Island, is hopeful in its new angle to sell time. They do it with magazine and newspaper ads! They call their campaign "Mail- order, multilevel, impact radio advertising," and they offer time for as little as $3.48 per minute. By filling out a form and mailing it in, you can order advertising, script writing, and production services, and even a toll -free number to receive all those listener inquiries that will come pouring in! Comedy has become a major factor in broadcasting, especially for morning drive - time programs. To help their affiliates gain a leading edge, many radio networks are now providing a daily, closed -circuit service of comedy clips to their stations, as added ammunition against the competition. "ABC Morning Show Prep," "CBS Morning Circus," The Premiere Comedy Network," The Rock Comedy Network," and The Contemporary Comedy Network" are only a sample of the many programs fed by satellite each morning, filled with production aides, jingles, and lots of laughs, to lighten up your listening on the way to work. Although they were near bankruptcy in 1983, National Public Radio is back in a garden of roses. In the past five years, their listenership has doubled, and their income, through charitable contributions, has increased four -fold. NPR now boasts 365 affiliates nationwide. Mailbag Arnold Lawton, of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, sends us news that his local station, WCBG, atop Radio Hill in his hometown, has closed its doors after 33 years on the air. The station had been operating on 1590 khz AM and fell upon hard times. The station's ad sales were only about half of what they were last year, and the owners decided there was no hope for success. The station recently had been changed to an all -talk format, with former WMAR -FM Baltimore's Pete Michaels as morning host. "We tried to make a very professional radio station," said WCBG owner W. Ronald Smith, "but being a stand -alone AM, with no FM companion station, was a marked disadvantage." And if you are blind and living on Cape Cod, there is a station just for you. D. Edis of Dennis Port, Massachusetts, sends us an item about the Talking Information Center. A high school English teacher, Ron Bersani, is also the executive director of the TIC program. Broadcasting one hour a day on a subcarrier of WFAL -FM in Falmouth, the service brings a calendar of events, shopping guides, indepth news concerning the blind, and a spoken -word book reading show. Bersani has funded the project with a grant from the Massachusetts Commission For the Blind. Even though a special radio is needed to receive the service, the listenership continues to grow. Most listeners find the station by word -of- mouth. "I'll be just talking to someone and they'd say `Oh, I know a blind guy,' and before you know it, we have another listener," Bersani says. New Station Grants More stations Be an American BandScan Reporter_ See any stories about radio in the local paper? Send them to Monitoring Times, P.O. Box 98, Brasstown, NC are coming on the air every day, and here are the latest grants for operation by the FCC, as reported by the M Street Journal: Montgomery, Alabama, 96.1; Mariposa, California, 103.9; Aspen, Colorado, 107.1, Fort Walton Beach, Florida, 96.5; Blackfoot, Idaho, 101.5; McCall, Idaho, 101.1; Coushatta, Louisiana, 92.3; Cleveland, Mississippi, 107.7, Saranac Lake, New York, 90.5; Watertown, New York, 91.7; Tioga, Pennsylvania, 93.3; Tunkhannock, Pennsylvania, 107.7, Patillas, Puerto Rico, 610; Killeen, Texas, 92.3; and Bellingham, Washington, For Sale There's an FM in Augusta, Maine, for sale this month. It features an excellent market of over 65,000 people, and an "amazing" signal, with a transmitter location almost 1,000 feet high. The owner is asking $295,000 in cash. Contact D. Tallyn, 300 North Fig Tree Lane, Plantation, Florida If you like skiing, you'll love this one. Only $50,000 to enter a joint venture on a Class A FM in Montana. Write to M. Gottesman, P.O. Box 761, Laramie, Wyoming A construction permit for a full -time AM station is on the block. Authorized for 5 kw directional days and 500 watts directional nights, it's in country that is adjacent to a top 50 market. There's also a possibility of upgrading the station to 50 kw. Write to P.O. Box 40333, Nashville, Tennessee Also in the Volunteer State is an AM station on 1580 khz, with a new office and studio at the transmitter site. A satellite system is included. Asking $200,000 in cash. Write to A. Wilkerson, WLIL, P.O. Box 340, Lenoir City, Tennessee or call International Bandscan Independent stations continue to flourish in Great Britain. Classic Gold is a new AM IF YOU BUY, SELL OR COLLECT OLD RADIOS, YOU NEED... ANTIQUE RADIO CLASSIFIED FREE SAMPLE COPY! Antique Radio's Largest Monthly Magazine Articles - Classifieds - Ads for Parts & Services. Also: Early TV, Ham Equip., Books, Telegraph, Art Deco, 40's & 50's Radios & more_. Free 20 -word ad each month. Don't miss out! 6- Month: $ Year: $20 ($30 by 1st Class) A.R.C., P.O. Box 802 -P5, Carlisle, MA service that will be heard on The Yorkshire Radio Network on 990, 1161, 1278, 1305, 1530, and 1548 khz. In the Southhampton area, Ocean Sound currently operates four services: Power FM on 103.2, Light FM on 96.7, Ocean Sound on 97.5, and the Gold AM on 1170 and 1557 khz AM. And while you're in the area, The Isle of Wight's AM community franchise has been awarded to two Ocean Sound employees, who hope to have it on the air by next month. With a staff of 16, they will broadcast 24 hours a day, probably calling themselves "IW Radio." The Home Office of the DTI (the British version of the FCC) has unveiled a plan to assign newly created community broadcasters with temporary authorizations for 100 watt AM transmitters. This will allow 300 to 500 stations to begin broadcasting to limited local areas in These stations will be transferred to FM in the mid- 1990s. The Australian Broadcasting Commission has announced a new computer bulletin board service called "Matilda." You can waltz up to this service by dialing from the U.S., with baud rates of 300, 1200, or In Costa Rica, Radio Impacto is now broadcasting on 980 khz, and the Voice of America has closed its Ciudad Quesada relay station on 930 khz. Radio Costa Rica will continue on 930 khz, with low power, from its San Jose transmitter site. Century Communications, in Tullamore, Ireland, has been licensed for a 100 kw national commercial station on 891 khz. Deutschlandfunk, in West Berlin, has a new service on 810 khz, now on 24 hours a day. Coming up next month: details about how to start and run your own FM radio station... so stay tuned! Please write me with your comments, questions, news and views! We'd love to hear from you. Write to: American Bandscan, c/o Monitoring Times, P.O. Box 98, Brasstown, NC m Credits: Our thanks to Broadcasting, Radio World, and Company magazines, The M Street Journal, to readers F.W. Cleeson, D. Edis, Malcolm Kaufman, and Arnold Lawton, and to the British DX Club for their contributions. August

54 outer limits Radio Resuscitations Dr. John Santosuosso P.O. Box 1116 Highland City, FL LA VOZ DE ALPHA 66 UPDATE: The details of the FCC's closing of anti -Castro Voice of Alpha 66 can be found in the July issue of MT. Since then, additional matters have come to light. We were first advised that Commandante David's Radio Libertad Cubana had also been raided, but that turned out to be erroneous. A reliable south Florida source claims to have heard both the Commandante and Alpha 66 since the late May shut down took place. However, attempts to monitor Alpha 66 on its past frequency of khz have produced no results here. We cannot confirm that the station has indeed resumed broadcasting, but that possibility should not be ruled out either. A spokesman for Alpha 66 has stated the organization does intend to continue its radio transmissions but will seek a site outside the United States. In the past, Alpha 66 has managed to return within a relatively brief period of time after unpleasant encounters with the FCC. What their success will be this time remains to be seen. We have also been told that the Alpha 66 raid should not be taken as a major departure from past Washington policy in regard to Cuban exile broadcasting. From time to time some steps may be taken to keep the Castro regime from getting too upset. However, the Bush administration does not want to alienate the Cuban -American vote either. It probably would prefer that the exiles take their broadcasts "offshore" in the manner of La Voz del CID. That gets the job done without the embarrassment of having clandestine transmissions from American soil. RADIO CLANDESTINE: A CLARIFICATION: Over the past several months a number of "Outer Limits" readers have reported loggings of this famous old pirate. Recently we were able to make contact with the person who in the past handled all of Radio Clandestine's publicity. He claims that no new Radio Clandestine broadcasts have been made since very early in All current Clandestine transmissions are relays of past broadcasts. Radio Clandestine has no objections to them, and in fact seems to favor them, as it helps to keep the station "alive" until it does return. The spokesman did express the hope that Clandestine will return but he gave no timetable for that. Someone responsible for at least some of 52 September 1989 the Radio Clandestine relays has been giving an address of Pirate Radio Network, P.O. Box 3114, Kingston, NY Ohio's Fraser Bonnett writes to say he has been informed the POB may actually be 3134, although at this point he cannot say which is correct. Radio Clandestine's spokesman said he was not aware of this maildrop and knew nothing about it. All mail used to reach the station through the now -closed Battle Creek, Michigan, maildrop. Meanwhile folks are continuing to hear the Radio Clandestine relays. Fraser came across one on 7415 at Oklahoma's Mike Reynolds found Radio Clandestine on 7418 at 0400 with such zany stuff as ads for Marijuana Helper and Canned Leftovers. Frequent contributor Pat Murphy wrote to tell us the strongest pirate signal he ever heard was from a recent Radio Clandestine relay. RADIO MORANIA: We also were able to reach someone who was once involved with Radio Morania. Again, there have been fairly frequent loggings of this one lately, and the Pirate Radio Network address noted above has been announced during Radio Morania transmissions. All such broadcasts are relays. there were only two original Radio Morania programs ever made. There will be no more, and the folks responsible for these never had any mailing address or verified any reception reports. They do not object to the relays. If these shows continue to be enjoyed, then that is fine with them. AND SPEAKING OF RELAYS: Who is responsible for the antics on 7415? As we have reported in the past, this station has been heard relaying some sort of medical program and also a Portland, Maine medium - wave station. Not long ago Fraser Bonnett and this writer heard what was apparently the same outfit at 0302 relaying a recent tape of licensed Red Rose Radio in Preston, England! Stay tuned to It could be very interesting. THE RETURN OF RADIO DUBLIN: Some pirates refuse to die. Despite raids by the Irish authorities, Radio Dublin lives, and on shortwave! It has been logged here on its old frequency of 6910 at 0312 UTC. However, the signal is weaker than in the past. We understand power may now be limited to as little as 40 watts. This one could, of course, disappear again at any time. Ray Babecki and Pat Murphy are both the proud possessors of a United World Radio QSL. England's's Paul Kay (of pirate Wrekin Radio) and Ary Boender of the Netherlands give us some further details on the Irish situation. Former Dublin pirate Sunshine Radio went to court to try to get a license. Its case is to be appealed to the Irish Supreme Court and the Court of Human Rights in Holland. And, yes, you sharp -eyed readers, that was the Irish Radio Sunshine, rather than the English station with the same name, whose sticker appeared in our special feature on British pirates. In addition to shortwave, Radio Dublin is active on both mediumwave and FM. Other pirates still trying to make a go of it include, for now anyway, Premier 212, Northside Radio, WABC, Riverside Radio, TNR, Cix 96, and Radio Star County. WKLR in Bandon, County Cork, was one of the very few luck pirates. It got a license. Several other licenses have also been granted to private, independent stations. However, it is obvious that most of the former pirates are going to be left out in the cold. The number of licenses available is quite limited, and the pirates also have to compete with new organizations seeking to broadcast in Ireland. FREE RADIO ONE: We are starting to get a good deal of mail in regard to this relatively new pirate. It could turn out to be one of the most controversial since the Voice of Tomorrow came on the scene a few years ago. From Virginia, Silas Cole logged them at 0209 on 7415 khz. Free Radio One was unhappy with the IRS, homosexuals, and the "Godlessness of modern America." He also heard the station address given as 3434 North Pacific Highway, Medford, OR Fraser Bonnett, who is hearing nearly every pirate these days, received a three -page mailing from the station in which it expresses its philosophy and offers various publications for sale. Free Radio One wants 10,000 underground broadcasters, sympathetic to its views, on the air within three years. It endorses the North America One satellite service (see the article by Ken Reitz in the July M7) and Tom

55 Valentine's Radio Free America call -in program. Radio Free One's philosophy could be summed up as politically right wing and religiously fundamentalist. It should attract considerable attention and stir up just as much debate. Again, stay tuned. AND ACROSS THE BANDS: All sorts of stations are being heard! In Massachusetts, Phyllis Werlin came across one she heard mention Radio Animal on 6240 at She heard no address, but the station was urging people to "write to free radio and fight for free radio." It looks as if you found WKND, Phyllis. Steve Rogovich of Virginia has logged that one on several occasions and come across announcers Radio Animal and Big Ed. The address for reports is 3007R 4th Avenue, Beaver Falls, PA Pennsylvania's Barry Rowan checks in with a couple of oddities. At 0500 on 1620 he heard something announcing as WNBC New York and giving a frequency of 660 khz. Whether this was somebody imitating the former NBC mediumwave outlet or a tape is not clear. On 7482 in USB at 2030 he heard a station identifying as Radio NewYork International testing. They also announced the old RNI frequencies of 6240 and According to somebody very close to the RNI organization, this is almost certainly not the original RNI. Fred Kohlbrenner of Pennsylvania has several good logs to report. He found " Wideband, Sideband, T.R.S., the Radio Station" on khz at Ads featured "Cavalier Air Strikes" and "Recently Stolen Transmissions." He also heard WBRI "The Voice of the Antenna of Liberation in the northern hemisphere" on at This one featured country music and reggae, a rather unusual combination. Steve Rogovich is another one of our readers hearing just about everything these days. One of his more unusual logs is WCPR on 7480 at It was rebroadcasting a religious show, "Saturday Night Alive," which was transmitted originally by WAWZ FM 99 in New Jersey. Among Steve's other logs are Radio Clandestine, Free Radio One, and one for the widely -heard WENJ J -Rock on 7421 khz. Ray Babecki writes from New Jersey and Pat Murphy from Virginia to send copies of their QSLs from United World Radio. Nice going, guys, and we are reproducing the UWR QSL with this column. Finally, for you numbers station chasers, West Virginia's Todd McKown reports English numbers in the xxx xx format at 2332 on 5045 khz. This is the "dictionary code format." The key to deciphering these messages is to know what dictionary is being BUGGED??? Find Hidden radio transmitters (bugs) in your home, office or car. The TD-17 is designed to locate the most common type of electronic bug - the miniaturized radio transmitter - which can be planted by anyone, almost anywhere. The TD-17 warns of the presence of nearby RF transmitters, within the frequency range of 1 MHz to 1,000 MHz, when the RF ALERT LED turns on. The flashing RANGE LED and audio tone give an indication of the distance to the bug. The SENSITIVITY control, used in conjunction with the two LEDs helps you quickly zero in on hidden bugs. The hand -held TD -17 weighs less than 7 oz. and is housed in a high -impact plastic case. Furnished complete with battery, antenna, instruction manual and one year Limited Warranty. Save $100 to $200 and order at our factory direct price of only $98 + $2 shipping. Satisfaction guaranteed or your money back. Catalog $1 or FREE with order. CAPRI ELECTRONICS P.O. Box 589M Bayfield, CO (303) WXZR Meontological Research Radio sends along a sample of the QSL used for all correct reception reports. used to refer to particular pages and words. We still have a good deal of excellent European material from Martin Lester and Cathy Turner, but again we will have to hold it until we have a bit more room. A FINAL NOTE FROM MEONTO- LOGICAL RESEARCH RADIO: This station wrote us directly and sent along the copy of their QSL you see reproduced here. They hope "Outer Limits" readers will try to tune them in. Reports can be sent to the Beaver Falls address given above. Klaus Kinski, programming director for WXZR, promises new and interesting music including avant garde, experimental, new wave, and underground. He also promises a mailbag and even a religious show entitled "God Can Say Cog." And on that note, maybe it is time to say goodbye until next month. Happy listening everybody! September

56 below 500 khz The Beacon on Swan Island Joe Woodlock P.O. Box 98 Brasstown, NC A Over the years, much has been written about clandestine radio, pirates, and the numbers stations. These all seem to occur in the higher frequencies. But low frequency can have its mysteries, too. Back in the mid -seventies I DXed beacons along with other utilities such as coastal stations. It became almost traditional for me to report my first logging of the season of SWA on 407 khz. This beacon was located on Swan Island down in the Gulf of Mexico and, for those of us in the northern part of the middle -west, it was the indication that the winter beacon season was underway. There was also a kind of mystique to Swan Island. Here was this little group of tiny islands in the western part of the Gulf of Mexico, not too far from Mexico and Central America. An atlas from 1950 showed Swan Island held jointly by the U.S. and Honduras. This was a U.S. beacon on this dot of land, and it was under the FAA. The first few loggings of Swan Island had been rather exciting. It was a secondary treat to hear the beacon on later dates in the spring or before the fall season actually got underway. But, in general, reception became rather hum -drum, although it did remain a great indicator of winter DX conditions for those of us in the middle of the continent. Then SWA slipped off into oblivion, quietly. The winter beacon season rolled around and there was no solid SWA on the airwaves; no di- di -dit di -da -dah di -dah to tell us another season of great DXing had returned. Brief stories appeared here and there. The beacon had been decommissioned. The island had been ceded to Honduras and that it was no longer known as Swan Island -- instead it had become something called Islas del Cisne. The listing of the Swan Island airport and its facilities no longer appeared in the military flight manual. Swan Island had become a silent ghost of winters past. A new sound appeared on 407 in June of This new sound was LAB and was heard by many DXers in different parts of the continent and even in Hawaii. It didn't appear in any of the traditional sources where new beacons usually take their bow. 54 September 1989 Nor was anyone able to come up with any unusual sources that could identify this new kid on the block. Using directional antennas and the resultant differences in signal strength could provide some guides to location, particularly when done by DXers in various locations around the country. The indication was that the new beacon was to the south and quite possibly in the Gulf of Mexico. This was reinforced by a report from Hawaii that placed the beacon almost directly east of Hawaii. An oil platform was one of the first suspected locations. However, the continuous transmissions of the beacon was not the normal pattern for oil platforms. Platform beacons are often turned on only during the period of helicopter traffic to and from the platform. Next came another break from Hawaii. Long distance reception of low -frequency beacons requires a path of darkness. When either the receiver or transmitter is in daylight, the signal strength begins to diminish. Because the signal was east of Hawaii, reception in Hawaii would fade as daylight reached the transmitter site. The time of the fade in Hawaii corresponded with sunrise in the western part of the Gulf, just about the place where Swan Island was located. (Oops, Islas del Cisne) In January 1987 LAB also appeared as a beacon ID on 319 khz. Some DXers checked 407 just after hearing LAB on 319 and found LAB was on both frequencies. Thus, this was not a move. A DXer, who had two receivers, tuned one to 319 and the other to 407. In this way he determined that the two signals were not synchronous, proof that they were coming from different transmitters. LAB was only heard for a brief period on 319 and has not been reported since that time. It is unknown whether this was a test for a potential frequency move, a temporary second transmitter, or even related to the LAB on 407. Next, LAB on 407 became LAB E. When an E is heard after the ID with a short delay, it usually indicates that a secondary transmitter is being used. Beacon transmitters are often physically at remote locations. The system is automated so that a secondary transmitter is activated if the primary transmitter fails. The trailing E is part of the ID for the secondary transmitter so the operators will know that the primary transmitter is not operating any more. This alerts them to arrange repairs for the primary transmitter. Whether by design or accident, LAB continued to operate with the secondary transmitter and the ID of LAB E. A few months later, the military flight manual restored the listing of the Swan Island airport (as Islas del Cisne). It listed the ID of the beacon on 407 as SWA. It was generally believed that the ID would now be changed back to SWA. But the anticipated switch from LAB to SWA did not occur. One person wrote to the military, pointing out that the manual said the ID was SWA but the actual ID being sent was LAB E. The response was that this was the responsibility of the Honduran government because the island was their possession. The military would pass the information about improper ID to the proper authorities in Honduras. Within a couple of weeks, the ID changed from LAB E to SWA. Now the ID was in agreement with the listing in the flight manual. In another unusual twist, the following issue of the military flight manual dropped the Swan Island listing and it hasn't reappeared since that time. A few months after the change in ID, SWA also began using the trailing E indicating a second transmitter was in use. At last report, the ID has remained SWA E up to the present. Finally, a recent issue of Linn's Stamp News carried a letter from a collector who is trying to get mail from Swan Island, since the islands were given to Honduras and leased by the United States "for use by U.S. personnel involved in the Contra operation." Letters have gone unanswered but haven't been returned. Quoth the raven "Nevermore!"

57 Signal Intelligence: Products for Better Listening The Grove Scanner Beam The best scanner antenna money can buy! db gain over other antennas. Continuous , MHz reception. I Transmit up to 25 watts on 144, 220 and 420 MHz bands. 50/75 ohms nominal impedance. Balun transformer, offset pipe and all mounting hardware included. Order ANT -1 Only $52.95 $3 UPS or $6 U.S_ Parcel Post $9 Canadian Air P.P. Bearcat BC200XLT Bearcat BC800XLT Wide frequency coverage: 29-54, (AM), , , and MHz FM with 40 memory channels. a-.--_, Other Features: 15- channels -per- second scan, 1.5 watt audio amplifier, high sensitivity, sharp selectivity, instant weather reception, brilliant flourescent display, AC /DC operation, direct channel access, individual channel delay, priority channel, keyboard entry. Order SCN -11 Retail $ Finally, a high performance handheld programmable scanner which includes aircraft and all land mobile bands, including 800 MHz! Frequency coverage is 29-54, , , and MHz (less cellular frequencies). 200 memory channels may be stored in 10 banks of 20 channels each or scanned sequentially. This feature -packed handful offers ten priority channels, search, lockout, and delay and comes equipped with detachable Nicad battery pack, AC charger, leather holster, and BNC flex whip. The BC200XLT is the most powerful hand -held scanner ever released to the public and is now available from Grove Enterprises at a super discount price! Extra BP200 battery packs available Order SCN9 Retail sus Grove Discount Price $25900 CALL TOLL -FREE (MC & Visa Only) $5 UPS Shipping $10 U.S. Mail P.P.; 815 Canada Air P.P. óp2oo Si t.4.6 Only $249 $5 UPS or $10 U.S. Parcel Post $15 Canadian Parcel Post FcC T Features may vary slightly from photo Order Today! Grove Enterprises 140 Dog Branch Road BI asstown, NC (:all or for :SIC, Visa and (:O1) orders only:

58 program 11 Sunday September 3, 10, 17, Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. Religious programming explaining the doctrine of Christian Science BBC: Musical Feature. Programming on various musical subjects Radio Australia: Anything Goes. John Anderson with a musical smorgasbord BBC: Play of the Week. Hour -long drama selections Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S Radio Australia: Boomerang. Answers to listener enquiries about Radio Australia Radio Australia: At Your Request. Dick Paterson plays listener requests Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S BBC: British Press Review. Survey of editorial opinion in the British press BBC: Global Concerns. A look at major environmental problems facing the world BBC: The Ken Bruce Show. A mix of popular music and entertainment news Radio Australia: Communicator. Report on developments in the communications world Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S Sarah Johnston, Gatiba Bawa and Peggy -Antre Graham present 'Mailbag Africa," 'Mailbag Asia," and "Mailbag (North America)" on the English Service of Deutsche Welle Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. Selections by Radio Australia announcers BBC: From Our Own Correspondent. Indepth news stories from correspondents worldwide BBC: Just a Minute. A game show in which contestants try to present a minute of pure discourse Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S Radio Australia: Propagation Report. Mike Bird with the shortwave weather report BBC: Stuart Colman's Record Hop. Classic and contemporary rock and roll (except September 17th, 24th: Boys in the Back Room, a look at the people behind the scenes in the theatre) Radio Australia: Arts Roundabout. Arts in Australia, past and present BBC: Personal View. A personal opinion on topical issues in British life Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S BBC: Twenty -Four Hours. Analysis of the main news of the day Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0530 BBC: Financial Review. A look back at the financial week Radio Australia: At Your Request. See S BBC: Words of Faith. People share how their scripture gives meaning to their lives BBC: Letter from America. Alistair Cooke's distinctly British view of America Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S BBC: Jazz for the Asking. A jazz music request show Radio Australia: Conversations. Talks with well -known Australians Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S BBC: Twenty -Four Hours. See S Radio Australia: You Asked for It. Listener questions about Australia BBC: From Our Own Correspondent. See S Radio Australia: Communicator. See S BBC: Book Choice. Short reviews of current or future best -sellers BBC: Waveguide. How to hear the BBC better Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See J MT Program Team Kannon Shanmugam, Program Manager 4412 Turnberry Circle Lawrence, KS Jim Frimmel Willow Park, Texas Dale Vanderpoel Ft. Lauderdale, Florida 1115 BBC: From Our Own Correspondent. See S BBC: Musical Feature. See S Radio Australia: International Top Hits. John Anderson with the week's big sounds BBC: Play of the Week. See S Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S Radio Australia: Propagation Report. See S Radio Australia: Communicator. See S Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S BBC: Twenty -Four Hours. See S Radio Australia: Smith's Weekly. Keith Smith's potpourri of news and views BBC: Sports Roundup. The day's sports news Radio Australia: Sports Results. Reports from Australian and international sporting events BBC: Personal View. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1401 BBC: Feature. Programming on various subjects Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S BBC: Anything Goes. Sounds from the BBC archives as requested by listeners Radio Australia: Innovations. Australian Inventions, innovative practices and processes Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1515 BBC: From the Proms. Highlights from the Promenade classical music concerts (except September 17th, 24th: Concert Halt, a program of classical music from the world's great concert halls) Radio Australia: Matters of Faith. Doctrines and beliefs of the Pacific basin. LEGEND * The first four digits of an entry are the program start time in UTC. * The time is followed by the station name, program name, and a brief summary of the program's content. * Some listings may be followed by "See X 0000." The letter stands for a day of the week: S= Sunday M= Monday T= Tuesday W= Wednesday H= Thursday F= Friday A= Saturday The four digits stand for a time in UTC. Listeners should check back to that date and time to find out more about that particular program. * All broadcasts are listed in chronological order, starting on Sunday at 0000 UTC and ending on Saturday at 2359 UTC. * All days are in UTC. Remember that if you are listening in North American prime time, it is actually the next morning UTC. For example, if you are listening to a program at 8:01 pm [EDT] on your Thursday night, that's equal to 0001 UTC and therefore Friday morning UTC. We suggest that you tune in to a program a few minutes before the schedule start time, as some stations have tentative schedules which may slightly vary. We invite listeners and stations to send program information to the program manager at the address above. 56 September 1989

59 program 1606 Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S BBC: A Year of Dying Dangerously. A look at murder and manslaughter in today's society Radio Australia: Propagation Report. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1645 BBC: Letter from America. See S Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S BBC: Book Choice. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 2315 BBC: Letter from America. See S BBC: Feature. See S Radio Australia: Monitor. News about scientific, medical, and technological developments. Monday September 4, 11, 18, Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S BBC: In Praise of God. A half -hour program of worship Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0101 BBC: Feature. Programming on various subjects Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S Radio Australia: Window on Australia. A look at people and places all over the nation Radio Australia: This Australia. Documentaries about the land "down under" BBC: Learning to Play. George Macpherson finds practical tips for learning to play a musical instrument Christian Science Monitor (Canada /Central America): Herald of Christian Science. See S Christian Science Monitor (East Africa): News Focus. In -depth news analyses focusing on major stories in the news BBC: British Press Review. See S BBC: Andy Kershaw's World of Music. Exotic and Innovative music from the world over BBC: Science In Action. The latest In scientific developments Radio Australia: International Country Music. The latest country chart makers and top albums. NEWS GUIDE This is your guide to news broadcasts on the air. All broadcasts are daily unless otherwise noted by brackets. These brackets enclose day codes denoting days of broadcast. The codes are as follows: S= Sunday M= Monday T= Tuesday W= Wednesday H= Thursday F= Friday A= Saturday We invite listeners and stations to send program information to the program manager Christian Science Monitor (East Africa): Kaleidoscope. News features and special segments on a variety of topics Christian Science Monitor (Canada /Central America): Herald of Christian Science. See S Christian Science Monitor (East Africa): One Norway Street. Current affairs reports from correspondents worldwide Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0315 BBC: Good Books. A recommendation of a book to read BBC: Anything Goes. See S Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Christian Science Monitor (East Africa): Letterbox. Staff members respond to listener letters Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0406 Christian Science Monitor (Canada /Central America): Herald of Christian Science. See S Christian Science Monitor (East Africa): News Focus. See M Radio Australia: Propagation Report. See S BBC: Off the Shelf. A reading selected from the best of world literature Radio Australia: AgriNews. News and information about agricultural and primary Industries Christian Science Monitor (East Africa): Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: Nature Now. Information about flora, fauna, and natural resources Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0506 Christian Science Monitor (Canada /Central America): Herald of Christian Science. See S Christian Science Monitor (East Africa): One Norway Street. See M BBC: Twenty -Four Hours. See S Radio Australia: Pacific Rap. Reports and discussion on regional Issues by correspondents BBC: Wavegulde. See S Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Radio Australia: Window on Australia. See M Christian Science Monitor (East Africa): Letterbox. See M BBC: Words of Faith. See S BBC: Recording of the Week. A personal choice from the latest classical music 0000 BBC: Newsdesk 0000 Christian Science Monitor: News 0000 Kol Israel: News 0000 KVOH: UPI Radio News 0000 Radio Australia: International Report 0000 Radio Beijing: News Radio Canada Intl: News [S -M] Radio Havana Cuba: Intl News [M -A] 0000 Radio Moscow: News 0000 Spanish National Radio: News 0000 Voice of America: News 0010 Radio Beijing: News About China 0030 Christian Science Monitor: News [T -F] 0030 KVOH: UPI Headline News 0030 Radio Havana Cuba: Newsbreak [M -A] 0030 Radio Moscow (World Service): News in Brief 0030 Radio Netherlands: News [T-S] 0030 Voice of America (Americas, East Asia): News (Special English) [T-S] 0030 Voice of America (East Asia): News (Special English) [M] 0051 Spanish National Radio: News Summary [S] releases Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0606 Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: Feature. See S Radio Australia: Australian Country Style. Local country music from Australia. Oteibea Quist- Arrton presents "Network Africa" on the ABC's Africa Service. The program can be heard on weekdays at 0335, 0435, 0635 and 0735 UTC Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M BBC: Twenty -Four Hours. See 'S Radio Australia: Pacific Sunrise. Business and export developments In the Pacific BBC: A Year of Dying Dangerously. See S Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Radio Australia: Pacific Women. Patti Orofino 0100 BBC: News Summary 0100 Belize Radio One: Network News 0100 Christian Science Monitor: News 0100 Deutsche Welle: World News 0100 Kol Israel: News 0100 KVOH: UPI Radio News [T -Al 0100 Radio Australia: World and Australian News 0100 Radio Berlin Intl: News 0100 Radio Canada Intl: News [S -M] 0100 Radio Havana Cuba: Intl News [M -A] 0100 Radio Japan: News [M -A] 0100 Radio Moscow: News 0100 Radio Prague: News 0100 Radiotelevisione Italiana: News 0100 Spanish National Radio: News 0100 Voice of America: News 0100 Voice of Indonesia: News 0115 Radio Havana Cuba: Cuban National News [M -A] 0130 Christian Science Monitor: News [T-F] 0130 KVOH: UPI Headline News [T -A] 0130 Radio Havana Cuba: News [M -A] 0130 RadioMoscow(Wld Serv):News in Brief[S -M] September

60 program examines women's issues Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M Radio Australia: Window on Australia. See M BBC: Health Matters. A look at new developments in the world of fitness and medicine BBC: The Ken Bruce Show. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1134 Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: Quiz. Details unavailable at press time (except September 4th, 11th: Brain of Britain Playoffs, competition to find the best Brain of Britain player of the decade) Radio Australia: Propagation Report. See S Radio Australia: Conversations. See S Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: Sports Roundup. See S Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M BBC: Twenty -Four Hours. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1330 BBC: A Year of Dying Dangerously. See S Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1405 BBC: Outlook. An excellent magazine (i.e., covering everything!) program Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M Radio Australia: Stock Exchange Report. Financial news from the Pacific BBC: Off the Shelf. See M Radio Australia: Window on Australia. See M Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: Global Concerns. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1506 Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M Radio Australia: Pacific Sunrise. See M news guide cont'd from p Radio Berlin Intl: News 0150 HCJB: News [T -A] 0151 Radio Ventas Asia: World News [M -F] 0151 Spanish National Radio: News Summary [S] 0153 Radio Prague: News Wrap -Up 0155 HCJB: News [S] 0155 Radio Varitas Asia: World News [A] 0155 Voice of Indonesia: News in Brief 0200 BBC: World News 0200 Christian Science Monitor: News 0200 Deutsche Welle: World News 0200 HCJB: News [M] 0200 KVOH: UPI Radio News [T-A] 0200 Radio Australia: International Report 0200 Radio Canada Intl: As It Happens [T-A] 0200 Radio Havana Cuba: Intl News [M -A] 0200 Radio Kiev: News 0200 Radio Moscow: News 0200 Radio RSA: News 0200 Swiss Radio Intl: News 1515 BBC: Feature. See M Radio Australia: Monitor. See S Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: Good Books. See M Radio Australia: Stock Exchange Report. See M Radio Australia: Propagation Report. See S BBC: Health Matters. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1634 Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: The World Today. News analysis on a selected location or event in the news Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M BBC: Commentary. Background to the news from a wide range of specialists Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 2315 BBC: Behind the Facade. A personal look at the composer William Walton, as written by his wife BBC: Multitrack 1: Top 20. What's hot on the British pop music charts Radio Australia: Arts Roundabout. See S Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Tuesday September 5, 12, 19, Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: Megamix. A compendium of music, sport, fashion, health, travel, news and views for young people Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0034 Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: Outlook. See M Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M Radio Australia: Window on Australia. See M BBC: Financial News. News of commodity prices and significant moves in currency and stock markets Voice of America: News 0200 Voice of Free China: News and Commentary 0215 Radio Cairo: News 0230 Christian Science Monitor (East Africa): News [M] 0230 Christian Science Monitor: News [T-F] 0230 KVOH: UPI Headline News [T-A] 0230 Radio Berlin Intl News 0230 Radio Finland: Northern Report [T -A] 0230 Radio Havana Cuba: Newsbreak [M-A] 0230 Radio Moscow (World Service): News In Brief [S] 0230 Radio Portugal: News [T-A] 0300 BBC: World News 0300 Belize Radio One: News 0300 Christian Science Monitor: News 0300 Deutsche Welle: World News 0300 HCJB: News [T-A] 0300 KVOH: UPI Radio News [T-A] 0300 Radio Australia: World and Australian News 0300 Radio Beijing: News 0300 Radio Berlin Intl: News Robert Robinson wittily, hosts the excellent BBC quiz show "Brain of Britain," which aim on Mondays at 1215 UTC, repeated on Thursdays at 0330 UTC BBC: Short Story. Brief tales written by BBC listeners Radio Australia: Conversations. See S Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M BBC: Europe's World. A magazine program reflecting life In Europe and Its links with other parts of the world Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: British Press Review. See S BBC: Network UK. A look at the issues and events that affect the lives of people throughout the UK BBC: Sports International. Feature program on a topic or person making sports headlines Radio Australia: Taim Bilong Masta. Australia's Involvement with Papua New Guinea over the last 100 years Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M Radio Canada Intl: News [M-F] 0300 Radio for Peace Intl: News [T,A] 0300 Radio Havana Cuba: Intl News [M-A] 0300 Radio Japan: News [M -A] 0300 Radio Moscow: News 0300 Radio Prague: News 0300 Voice of America: News 0300 Voice of Free China: News and Commentary 0309 BBC: News About Britain 0310 Radio Beijing: News About China 0315 Radio Cairo: News 0315 Radio Havana Cuba: Cuban National News [M -A] 0330 Christian Science Monitor (East Africa): News [M] 0330 Christian Science Monitor: News [T-F] 0330 KVOH: UPI Headline News [T -A] 0330 Radio Havana Cuba: News [M -A] 0330 Radio Moscow (World Service): News In Brief [S -M] 0330 Radio Netherlands: News [T -S] 0345 Radio Berlin Intl: News 58 September 1989

61 BULLETIN BOARD "Brain of Britain" The popular BBC World Service quiz show "Brain of Britain" enters a rare series of playoffs this month. The 1989 series final will be broadcast on August 28th at 1215 UTC, repeated on August 31st at 0330 UTC. The 1989 Brain of Britain will face the champs from 1987 and 1988 in "Brain of Brains," to be heard on September 4th at 1215 UTC and again on September 7th at 0330 UTC. And as if that's not enough, the winner from that broadcast will face the winners of two previous "Brains of Brains" to decide who is the 'Top Brain ". The 'Top Brain" program airs only once every nine years and features the cream of contestants going back as far as 1981! (It would be wise to catch this program as it won't be heard again until September 1998!) "Top Brain" airs on Sept 11th at 1215 UTC and again on Sept 14th at 0330 UTC Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See S BBC: The World Today. See M BBC: John Peel. Tracks from newly released albums and singles from the contemporary music scene Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See S Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M Radio Australia: Propagation Report. See S BBC: Off the Shelf. See M Radio Australia: Business Horizons. Business and trade in Australia and neighboring regions Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: New Ideas. A radio shop window for new products and inventions Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See S BBC: Book Choice. See S Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M BBC: Twenty -Four Hours. See S Radio Australia: Pacific Rap. See M BBC: Financial News. See T Radio Australia: Window on Australia. See M Radiotelevisione Italiana: News 0353 Radio Prague: News Wrap -up 0400 BBC: Newsdesk 0400 Christian Science Monitor: News 0400 Deutsche Welle: World News 0400 HCJB: News [M -A] 0400 Kol Israel: News 0400 Radio Australia: International Report 0400 Radio Beijing: News 0400 Radio Canada Intl: News [M -F] 0400 Radio Havana Cuba: Intl News [M -A] 0400 Radio Moscow: News 0400 Radio RSA: News 0400 Swiss Radio Intl: News 0400 Voice of America: News 0410 Radio Beijing: News About China 0425 Radiotelevisione Italiana: News 0430 Christian Science Monitor (East Africa): News [M] 0430 Christian Science Monitor: News [T -F] 0430 Radio Havana Cuba: Newsbreak [M -A] 0430 Radio Moscow (World Service): News in Brief program 0534 Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M BBC: Words of Faith. See S BBC: The World Today. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See S Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: Counterpoint. The best in blues, jazz, and pop music, and talks with the performers who create it 0630 Radio Australia: Monitor. See S Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M BBC: Twenty -Four Hours. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See S BBC: Europe's World. See T Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Radio Australia: Pacific Requests. Dick Paterson plays listener requests Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M BBC: Network UK. See T Radio Australia: Pacific Voices. A look at opinion in the Pacific region Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M Radio Australia: Window on Australia. See M BBC: Waveguide. See S BBC: Book Choice. See S BBC: Megamix. See T Radio Australia: Soundabout. Contemporary music for young people, with interviews and features Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: Multitrack 1: Top 20. See M Radio Australia: Propagation Report. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See S Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: Sports Roundup. See S Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M BBC: Twenty -Four Hours. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See S BBC: Network UK. See T Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Radio Netherlands: News VA-A] 0500 BBC: World News 0500 Christian Science Monitor: News 0500 Deutsche Welle: World News 0500 HCJB: News [S-M]; Latin American News [T-A] 0500 Radio Australia: World and Australian News Radio Berlin Intl: News Radio Havana Cuba: Intl News IM -A] 0500 Radio Japan: News [S-F] 0500 Radio Moscow: News 0500 Radio New Zealand Intl: News 0500 Spanish National Radio: News 0500 Voice of America: News 0515 Radio Berlin Intl: News 0515 Radio Canada Intl: News [M -F] 0515 Radio Havana Cuba: Cuban National News M-A] Christian Science Monitor (East Africa): News [M] 0530 Christian Science Monitor: News [T -F] 0530 Radio Havana Cuba: News [M -A] 0530 Radio Moscow (World Service): News in 1334 Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M BBC: Stuart Colman's Record Hop (except September 19th, 26th: Boys in the Back Room). See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See S BBC: Outlook. See M Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M Radio Australia: Stock Exchange Report. See M BBC: Off the Shelf. See M Radio Australia: Window on Australia. See M Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: Learning to Play. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See S Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See S BBC: A Jolly Good Show. Dave Lee Travis presents your record requests and dedications in his own unique way, Including the Aibum of the Month Radio Australia: Try to Remember. A musical portrait of the last 50 years Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: Omnibus. A half -hour program on practically any topic Radio Australia: Stock Exchange Report. See M Radio Australia: Propagation Report. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See S Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: The World Today. See M Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M BBC: Commentary. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See S BBC: From the Proms (except September 19th, 26th: Concert Hall). See S Radio Australia: Smith's Weekly. See S Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Brief [S] 0545 Radio Canada Intl: News [M-F] 0550 HCJB: News IT -A] 0551 Spanish National Radio: News Summary [S] 0555 HCJB: News [S] 0600 BBC: Newsdesk 0600 Christian Science Monitor: News 0600 Deutsche Welle: World News 0600 HCJB: News [M] 0600 Radio Australia: International Report 0600 Radio Havana Cuba: Intl News [M -A] 0600 Radio Korea: News 0600 Radio Moscow: News 0600 Voice of America: News 0630 Christian Science Monitor: News [M -F] 0630 Radio Finland: Northern Report IT -A] 0630 Radio Havana Cuba: Newsbreak [M-A] 0630 Radio Moscow (World Service): News in Brief [S -M] 0630 Swiss Radio Intl: News 0655 HCJB: News [M -A] 0700 BBC: World News 0700 BRT, Brussels: News IM-F] September

62 program 2345 Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See Wednesday September 6, 13, 20, Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: Omnibus. See T Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0034 Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: Outlook. See M Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M Radio Australia: Window on Australia. See M BBC: Financial News. See T 0125, 0130 BBC: Dr. Johnson's Poets. A look at some of the world's great poets, as noted by the writer Samuel Johnson Radio Australia: Try to Remember. See T Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M BBC: Country Style. David Allan presents British country music Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: British Press Review. See S BBC: Health Matters. See M BBC: McCartney on McCartney. An audio biography of Paul McCartney, featuring Interviews with the ex- Beatle himself Radio Australia: Anything Goes. See S Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0315 BBC: The World Today. See M BBC: Discovery. An in -depth look at scientific research Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0406 Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M Radio Australia: Propagation Report. See S BBC: Off the Shelf. See M Radio Australia: Smith's Weekly. See S Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: Country Style. See W Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M BBC: Twenty -Four Hours. See S Radio Australia: Pacific Rap. See M BBC: Financial News. See T Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Radio Australia: Window on Australia. See M Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M BBC: Words of Faith. See S BBC: The World Today. See M Radio Australia: Pacific Spotlight. Lifestyles of.. C Anne Lie Nymoen, a reporter for Radio Norway International, tests out her recording equipment. the Pacific region Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: Meridian. The world of the arts, Including music, drama, and books Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0634 Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M BBC: Twenty -Four Hours. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0730 BBC: Development '89. Aid and development Issues Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0734 Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M Radio Australia: Window on Australia. See M BBC: Country Style. See W BBC: Meridian. See W Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1134 Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: In a Nutshell. A look at the Isms' of our time, from humanism to communism BBC: The Farming World. Issues In agriculture Radio Australia: Propagation Report. See S Radio Australia: Interaction. An exploration of the activities and experiences of multicultural Australia Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: Sports Roundup. See S Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M BBC: Twenty -Four Hours. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1330 BBC: Development '89. See W Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1405 BBC: Outlook. See M Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M Radio Australia: Stock Exchange Report. See M BBC: Off the Shelf. See M news guide cont'd from p Christian Science Monitor: News 0700 Radio Australia: World and Australian News 0700 Radio Havana Cuba: Intl News [M-A Radio Japan: News [S -F] 0700 Radio Moscow (World Service): News 0700 Voice of Free China: News and Commentary 0715 Radio Havana Cuba: Cuban National News [M -A] 0730 Christian Science Monitor: News [M -F] 0730 Radio Havana Cuba: News [M -A] 0730 Radio Moscow (World Service): News in Brief 0730 Radio Netherlands: News [M -A] 0745 Radio Berlin Intl: News 0800 BBC: World News 0800 Christian Science Monitor: News 0800 Radio Australia: International Report 0800 Radio Finland: Northern Report [T-S] 0800 Radio Korea: News 0800 Radio Moscow (World Service): News 0800 Voice of Indonesia: News 0830 Christian Science Monitor: News [M -F] 0830 Radio Finland: Northern Report [T -S] 0830 Radio Moscow (World Service): News In Brief [S -M] 0830 Radio Netherlands: News [M-A] 0830 Swiss Radio Intl: News 0855 Voice of Indonesia: News in Brief 0900 BBC: World News 0900 BRT, Brussels: News [M -F] 0900 Christian Science Monitor: News 0900 Deutsche Welle: World News 0900 Radio Australia: World and Australian News 0900 Radio Berlin Intl: News 0900 Radio Japan: News [S -F] 0900 Radio Moscow (World Service): News 0930 Christian Science Monitor: News [M -F] 0930 Radio Canada Intl: News [M -F] 0930 Radio Moscow (World Service): News In Brief [S] 0945 Radio Berlin Intl: News 1000 BBC: News Summary 1000 Christian Science Monitor: News 1000 Kol Israel: News 1000 Radio Australia: International Report 1000 Radio Moscow (World Service): News 1000 Radio New Zealand Intl: News [M -F] 1000 Swiss Radio Intl: News 1000 Voice of America: News 1030 Radio Moscow (World Service): News in Brief [S-M] 1030 Radio Netherlands: News [M-A] 1100 BBC: World News 1100 Christian Science Monitor: News [M -F] 1100 Deutsche Welle: World News 1100 Radio Australia: World and Australian News 1100 Radio Beijing: News 1100 Radio Berlin Intl: News 1100 Radio Finland: Northern Report [T-F) 1100 Radio Japan: News [S-F] 1100 Radio Korea: News 1100 Radio Moscow (World Service): News 1100 Radio New Zealand Intl News 1100 Radio RSA: News 1100 Swiss Radio Intl: News 60 September 1989

63 1430 Radio Australia: Window on Australia. See M Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: Business Matters. See W Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1506 Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1515 BBC: Behind the Facade. See M BBC: Funny That Way. Profiles of great comedians (except September 27th: Two Cheers for September, a satirical look back at the month just past) Radio Australia: Along the Mighty Murray. People, places, and events encountered along Australia's greatest river Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: Counterpoint. See T Radio Australia: Stock Exchange Report. See M Radio Australia: Propagation Report. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1634 Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: The World Today. See M Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M BBC: Commentary. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 2315 BBC: Good Books. See M BBC: Multitrack 2. Mitchell Johnson presents pop music and news Radio Australia: You Asked for It. See S Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See Thursday September 7, 14, 21, Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: Funny That Way (except September 1100 Voice of America: News 1109 BBC: News About Britain 1110 Belize Radio One: News Summary [T-F] 1110 Radio Beijing: News About China 1115 Trans World Radio, Bonaire: News [M -F] Belize Radio One: News Summary [A] Belize Radio One: News Summary [M] 1130 Christian Science Monitor: News 1130 Radio Berlin Intl: News 1130 Radio Moscow (World Service): News in Brief Radio Netherlands: News [M -A] Radio RSA: News In Brief BBC: News Summary [S]; Newsreel [M -A] Christian Science Monitor: News [M -F] Radio Australia: International Report Radio Beijing: News Radio Canada Intl: World Report [M -F] Radio Finland: Northern Report [T -F] Radio Moscow (World Service): News Swiss Radio Int'I: News Voice of America: News Radio Beijing: News About China 28th: Two Cheers for September). See W Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0034 Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: Outlook. See M Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M Radio Australia: Window on Australia. See M BBC: Financial News. See T BBC: Waveguide. See S Radio Australia: Interaction. See W Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M BBC: Book Choice. See S BBC: Society Today. A weekly look at the changes In Britain Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: British Press Review. See S BBC: Network UK. See T BBC: Taking Issue. A four -way discussion program Radio Australia: Word of Mouth. Oral histories of Australians Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0315 BBC: The World Today. See M BBC: Quiz (except September 7th, 14th: Brain of Britain Playoffs). See M Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0406 Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M Radio Australia: Propagation Report. See S BBC: Off the Shelf. See M Radio Australia: Innovations. See S Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: Andy Kershaw's World of Music. See M Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M BBC: Twenty -Four Hours. See S Radio Australia: Pacific Rap. See M BBC: Financial News. See T Radio Berlin Intl: News 1230 BRT, Brussels: News [M -S] 1230 Christian Science Monitor: News 1230 Radio Moscow (World Service): News In Brief [S-M] 1230 Trans World Radio, Bonaire: News [M -A] 1245 Radio Berlin Intl: News 1300 BBC: World News 1300 Belize Radio One: News 1300 Christian Science Monitor: News 1300 Christian Science Monitor: News [M -F] Radio Australia: World and Australian News Radio Berlin Intl: News Radio Canada Int'i(Asia /Pacific):News [S -F] Radio Canada Int'I: News [S] Radio Finland: Northern Report IT-A] Radio Moscow (World Service): News Radio RSA: News Trans World Radio, Bonaire: News [S] Voice of America: News HCJB: News 1M-F] Christian Science Monitor: News [M -F] Radio Moscow (World Service): News in Faros Venter heads Radio RSA amid what the station calls "an increasingly hostile environment'; namely, Weston opposition to the apartheid system Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Radio Australia: Window on Australia. See M Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M BBC: Words of Faith. See S BBC: The World Today. See M Radio Australia: Pacific Women. See M Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: In a Nutshell. See W Radio Australia: interaction. See W Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: The Farming World. See W Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M BBC: Twenty -Four Hours. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0730 BBC: Write On... Paddy Feeny answers listener letters Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Radio Australia: Taim Bilong Masta. See T Brief [S] 1330 Swiss Radio Intl: News 1330 Voice of America: News (Special English) 1345 Radio Berlin Intl: News 1352 Radio RSA: News In Brief 1400 BBC: News Summary [A-S]; Five- Minute News [M -F] 1400 Christian Science Monitor: News 1400 Radio Australia: International Report 1400 Radio Beijing: News 1400 Radio Japan: News [S -F] Radio Korea: News Radio Moscow (World Service): News Radio RSA: News Voice of America: News Radio Finland: Northern Report [T -A] Radio Beijing: News About China HCJB: News [M -F] Christian Science Monitor: News [M -F] Radio Moscow (World Service): News in Brief Radio Netherlands: News [M -A] Radio Berlin Int'I: News September

64 program é 0734 Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M BBC: Network UK. See T Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M Radio Aústralia: Window on Australia. See M BBC: New Ideas. See T BBC: Book Choice. See S BBC: Up the Garden Path. A dramatic serial revolving around Izzy, a vivacious young teacher Radio Australia: Soundabout. See T Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: Multitrack 2. See W Radio Australia: Propagation Report. See S Radio Australia: Business Horizons. See T Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: Sports Roundup. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1306 Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M BBC: Twenty -Four Hours. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1330 BBC: Network UK. See T Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M news guide cont'd from p Radio Canada Int'l : News 1500 BBC: Newsreel 1500 Belize Radio One: News [M -A] 1500 Christian Science Monitor: News 1500 Deutsche Welle. World News 1500 Radio Australia: World and Australian News 1500 Radio Beijing: News 1500 Radio Japan: News [S -F] 1500 Radio Moscow (World Service): News 1500 Radio RSA: News 1500 Voice of America: News 1510 Radio Beijing: News About China 1525 HCJB: News [M -F] 1526 Radio Ventas Asia: World News [M -A] 1530 BRT, Brussels: News [M -S] 1530 Christian Science Monitor: News [M -F] 1530 Deutsche Welle: African News [M -F] 1530 Radio Moscow (World Service): News in Brief [S -M] 1530 Swiss Radio Int'l: News BBC: Jazz Scene UK (September 7th, 21th) or Folk In Britain (September 14th, 28th). A look at Jazz or folk music on the British Isles Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1405 BBC: Outlook. See M Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M Radio Australia: Stock Exchange Report. See M BBC: Off the Shelf. See M Radio Australia: Window on Australia. See M Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: Write On... See H Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1506 Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1515 BBC: The Pleasure's Yours. Gordon Clyde presents classical music requests Radio Australia: Arts Roundabout. See S Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: Taking Issue. See H Radio Australia: Stock Exchange Report. See M Radio Australia: Propagation Report. See S Staff menthe's on Radio Budapest's English Sen'ice: (from left) Edit Nagy, Gyotgyi Jakobi, Ilona Kiss, Charlie Courts, Laszlo Pinter, Agnes Bielik, Veta Sarkany, Eszter Szamado, and Komel Zipemovszky. Radio Berlin Intl: News Radio RSA: News in Brief BBC: World News Christian Science Monitor: News Deutsche Welle: World News Radio Australia: International Report Radio Korea: News Radio Moscow (World Service): News Radio Portugal: News [M -F] Voice of America: News BBC: News About Britain Radio Canada Intl: News HCJB: News [M -F] Christian Science Monitor: News [M -F] Radio Moscow (World Service): News in Brief [S] Radio Netherlands: News [M -A] Voice of America (except Africa): News (Special English) BBC: World News Belize Radio One: News [M -F] Christian Science Monitor: News Kol Israel: News Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1634 Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: The World Today. See M Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M BBC: Commentary. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 2315 BBC: Music Review. Classical music events and developments from around the world Radio Australia: Book Readings. See M Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Radio Australia: Boomerang. See S Friday September 1, 8, 15, 22, Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: Oratorio. A look at the form of musical religious drama (except September 22nd, 29th: Verdi and his World, a look at the great operatic composer) Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0034 Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: Outlook. See M Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M Radio Australia: Window on Australia. See M BBC: Financial News. See T BBC: Jazz Scene UK (September 8th, 22nd) or Folk in Britain (September 1st, 15th, 29th). See H Radio Australia: Monitor. See S Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M BBC: Talking From... Profiles from Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales Christfan Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: British Press Review. See S BBC: Seven Seas. A weekly program about ships and the sea BBC: Up the Garden Path. See H Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See s Radio Australia: World and Australian News Radio Japan: News [S -F] Radio Moscow (World Service): News Voice of America: News Radio Berlin Intl: News BRT, Brussels: News Christian Science Monitor: News [M -F] Radio Berlin Intl: News Radio Moscow (World Service): News in Brief Radio New Zealand Intl: News [S -F] Swiss Radio Int'l: News BBC: Newsdesk Belize Radio One: Headline News [M -A] Christian Science Monitor: News Radio Australia: International Report Radio Canada Intl: News Radio Korea: News Radio Moscow (World Service): News Radio New Zealand Intl: News Radio RSA: News Voice of America: News Radio Jamahiriya, Libya: Headlines 62 September 1989

65 program 0234 Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0315 BBC: The World Today. See M BBC: Focus on Faith. Comment and discussion on the major issues In the worlds of faith Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0406 Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M Radio Australia: Propagation Report. See S BBC: Off the Shelf. See M Radio Australia: Matters of Faith. See S Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: Jazz Scene UK (September 8th, 22nd) or Folk in Britain (September 1st, 15th, 29th). See H Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0506 Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M BBC: Twenty -Four Hours. See S Radio Australia: Pacific Rap. See M BBC: Financial News. See T Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Radio Australia: Window on Australia. See M Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M BBC: Words of Faith. See S BBC: The World Today. See M Radio Australia: Pacific Requests. See T Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: Meridian. See W Radio Australia: Business Horizons. See T Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0706 Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M BBC: Twenty-Four Hours. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0730 BBC: Churchill at War. A look at Churchill's 1830 Belize Radio One: Network News 1830 Christian Science Monitor: News [M-F] 1830 Radio Canada Int'l: News [M-F] 1830 Radio Finland: Northern Report [M-F] 1830 Radio Kuwait: News 1830 Radio Moscow (World Service): News in Brief [A-S] 1830 Radio Netherlands: News [M -A] 1830 Radio New Zealand Int'l: News [M-F] Swiss Radio Intl: News Voice of America: News (Special English) 1847 Radio Jamahiriya, Libya: News 1852 Radio RSA: News in Brief 1900 BBC: News Summary 1900 Christian Science Monitor: News 1900 Deutsche Welle: World News 1900 HCJB: Latin American News [M -F] 1900 Kol Israel: News 1900 Radio Australia: World and Australian News 1900 Radio Canada Intl: News [M -F] 1900 Radio Havana Cuba: Int'l News [M -A] 1900 Radio Japan: News 1900 Radio Moscow (World Service): News actions during the Second World War Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0734 Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Radio Australia: Pacific Spotlight. See W Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M Lana Hale prepairs tapes for her program on Vatican Radio's English Service, 1113 Radio Australia: Window on Australia. See M BBC: Talking From... See F BBC: Meridian. See W Radio Australia: International Top Hits. See S Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: Churchill at War. See F Radio Australia: Propagation Report. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1234 Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: Sports Roundup. See S Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M BBC: Twenty-Four Hours. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1330 BBC: John Peel. See T Radio New Zealand Intl: News 1900 Radio Portugal: News [M -F] 1900 Radio RSA: News 1900 Spanish National Radio: News 1900 Voice of America: News 1915 Radio Berlin Intl: News 1930 Christian Science Monitor: News [M -F] 1930 Radio Havana Cuba: Cuban National News [M-T]; Newsbreak [W-A] 1930 Radio Moscow (World Service): News in Brief [S] 1935 Radiotelevisione Italiana: News 1945 Radio Berlin Intl: News 1950 HCJB: News [M -F] 2000 BBC: World News 2000 Christian Science Monitor: News 2000 Radio Australia: International Report 2000 Radio Havana Cuba: Int'l News [M -A] 2000 Radio Jordan: News 2000 Radio Moscow (World Service): News 2000 Radio New Zealand Intl: News 2000 Radio RSA: News 2000 Voice of America: News 1330 Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1405 BBC: Outlook. See M Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M Radio Australia: Stock Exchange Report. See M BBC: Off the Shelf. See M Radio Australia: Window on Australia. See M Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: Nature Now. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1506 Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1515 BBC: Music Review. See H Radio Australia: Taim Bilong Masta. See T Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Christian Science Monitor: News Focus. See M BBC: Science in Action. See M Radio Australia: Stock Exchange Report. See M Radio Australia: Propagation Report. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1634 Christian Science Monitor: Kaleidoscope. See M BBC: The World Today. See M Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Christian Science Monitor: One Norway Street. See M BBC: Commentary. See M Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia See 2315 BBC: Worldbrief. A roundup of the week's news headlines and human -Interest happenings BBC: Multitrack 3. Sarah Ward presents innovative and alternative rock music Christian Science Monitor: Letterbox. See M Voice of Indonesia: News 2025 Radio Havana Cuba: Cuban National News [M -A] 2025 Radiotelevisione Italiana: News 2030 Christian Science Monitor: News [M-F] 2030 Radio Havana Cuba: News [M-A] 2030 Radio Korea: News 2030 Radio Moscow (World Service): News in Brief 2030 Radio Netherlands: News [M-A] 2052 Radio RSA: News in Brief 2055 Voice of Indonesia: News in Brief 2100 BBC: News Summary 2100 Belize Radio One: News [M-F] 2100 BRT, Brussels: News 2100 Christian Science Monitor: News 2100 Deutsche Welle: World News 2100 KVOH: UPI Radio News 2100 Radio Australia: World and Australian News 2100 Radio Berlin Int'l: News 2100 Radio Canada Intl: News [A -S]: The World at Six IM-F] 2100 Radio Finland: Northern Report [M-F] September

66 program é Saturday September 2, 9, 16, 23, Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S BBC: From the Weeklies. A review of the weekly British press Radio Australia: Just Out. A look at recent Australian music releases BBC: Recording of the Week. See M BBC: Outlook. See M Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0125 BBC: Financial News. See T BBC: Good as New. Julian Potter looks at restoration projects Radio Australia: Australian Country Style. See M BBC: Book Choice. See S BBC: New Ideas. See T Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S BBC: British Press Review. See S BBC: Network UK. See T BBC: People and Politics. Background to the Sara Manobla reviews the Israeli arts scene on "Studio Three." The program ails on Kol Israel's Thursday transmissions. news guide cont'd from p Radio Japan: News 2100 Radio Moscow (World Service): News 2100 Spanish National Radio: News 2100 Swiss Radio Intl: News 2100 Voice of America: News 2130 Christian Science Monitor: News [M -F] 2130 Kot Israel: News 2130 KVOH: UPI Headline News 2130 Radio Canada Intl (Africa): News 2130 Radio Canada Intl: As It Happens [M-F] 2130 Radio Moscow (World Service): News in Brief [A-S] 2130 Swiss Radio Int'l: News 2145 Radio Berlin Intl: News 2200 BBC: Newshour 2200 Christian Science Monitor: News 2200 KVOH: UPI Radio News 2200 Radio Australia: International Report 2200 Radio Canada Intl (Asia/Pacific): News British political scene Radio Australia: Book Readings. Serialized readings from popular books Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S Radio Australia: You Asked for It. See S BBC: The World Today. See M BBC: The Vintage Chart Show. Past top ten hits with Jimmy Savile Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0406 Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S Radio Australia: Propagation Report. See S BBC: Here's Humph! M that jazz with Humphrey Lyttelton Radio Australia: Monitor. See S BBC: Personal View. See A Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S BBC: Twenty -Four Hours. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 0530 BBC: Financial News. See T Radio Australia: Along the Mighty Murray. See W BBC: Words of Faith. See S BBC: The World Today. See M Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S BBC: Meridian. See W Radio Australia: Just Out. See A Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S BBC: Twenty -Four Hours. See S Radio Australia: AgriNews. News and information about agricultural and primary industries BBC: From the Weeklies. See F Radio Australia: Business Horizons. See T BBC: Network UK. See T Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1115 BBC: Good as New. See A BBC: Meridian. See W Radio Australia: Soundabout. See T Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S BBC: Multitrack 3. See F Radio Australia: Propagation Report. See S Radio Canada Int'l: News [A-S]; The World at Six [M-F] 2200 Radio Havana Cuba: Int'l News [M -A] 2200 Radio Moscow: News 2200 Radlotelevisione Italiana: News 2200 Voice of America: News 2200 Voice of Free China: News and Commentary 2230 Christian Science Monitor: News [M -F] 2230 KVOH: UPI Headline News 2230 Radio Havana Cuba: Cuban National News IM-A] 2230 Radio Moscow (World Service): News In Brief [A -S] 2230 Radio Polonia: News 2230 Voice of America: News (Special English) 2300 BBC: World News 2300 Belize Radio One: News [M -F] 2300 Christian Science Monitor: News 2300 Kot Israel: News 2300 KVOH: UPI Radio News 1230 Radio Australia: International Country Music. See M BBC: Sports Roundup. See S Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S BBC: Twenty -Four Hours. See S Radio Australia: You Asked for It. See S BBC: Network UK. See T Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S BBC: Sportsworld. Paddy Feeny presents almost three hours of live sports Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1401 BBC: Sportsworld (continued). See A Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S Radio Australia: Boomerang. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1506 Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S Radio Australia: AgriNews. See A BBC: Sportsworld (continued). See A Radio Australia: This Australia. See M Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S BBC: Sportsworld (continued). See A Radio Australia: Propagation Report. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 1645 Radio Australia: Sports Results. See S Christian Science Monitor: Herald of Christian Science. See S BBC: Book Choice. See S Radio Australia: Music of Radio Australia. See 2315 BBC: A Jolly Good Show. See T Radio Australia: Innovations. See S Suggestions? Something missing? Let us know your corrections, suggestions and additions by sending them to Program Manager Kannon Shanmugan at 4412 Turn - berry Circle, Lawrence, Kansas Radio Australia: World and Australian News 2300 Radio Canada Intl: News 2300 Radio for Peace Intl: News [F] 2300 Radio Japan: News [S -F] 2300 Radio Moscow: News 2300 Radio New Zealand Intl: News 2300 Voice of America: News 2300 Voice of Turkey: News 2330 BRT, Brussels: News 2330 Christian Science Monitor: News [M -F] 2330 KVOH: UPI Headline News 2330 Radio Canada Intl: As It Happens [M -F]; News [A] 2330 Radio for Peace Intl: News [M] 2330 Radio Kiev: News 2330 Radio Korea: News 2330 Radio Moscow (World Service): News in Brief [M] 2330 Radio New Zealand Intl: News [S -H] 2335 Voice of Greece: News [S] 2345 Radio Berlin Intl: News 64 September 1989

67 MT Monitoring Team Greg Jordan, Frequency Manager Franciscan Terrace Winston- Salem, NC Joe Hanlon Philadelphia, PA Richard A. Keen Golden, Colorado 0000 UTC [8:00 PM EDT /5:00 PM PDT] BBC, London, England Kol Israel, Jerusalem Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany Radio Korea (South), Seoul M Radio Norway, Oslo Radio Yugoslavia, Belgrade WINB, Red Lion, Pennsylvania Radio Pyongyang, North Korea Radio Beijing, PR China All India Radio, New Deihl Adventist World Radio, Costa Rica CBC Northern Quebec Service CBN, St. John's, Newfoundland CBU, Vancouver, British Colombia CFCF, Montreal, Quebec CFCN, Calgary, Alberta CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia Christian Science World Service CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia CFRB, Toronto, Ontario FEBC, Manila, Philippines KSDA, Guam T-A KVOH, Rancho Simi, California Radio Australia, Melbourne Radio Canada Intl, Montreal Radio Havana Cuba frequency á T-S Radio Luxembourg Radio Moscow Radio Moscow N. America Service Radio New Zealand, Wellington Radio for Peace, Costa Rica Radio Thailand, Bangkok Radio Tonga, Tonga SBC Radio One, Singapore Spanish Foreign Radio, Madrid Superpower KUSW, Utah Voice of America, Washington WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana WRNO, New Orleans, Louisiana WYFR, Oakland, California BBC, London, England* BBC, London, England HCJB, Quito, Ecuador Radio Budapest, Hungary Radio Netherlands, Hilversum SLBC, Colombo, Sn Lanka All India Radio, New Delhi Radio Korea (South), Seoul Radio New Zealand, Wellington WING, Red Lion, Pennsylvania Vatican Radio, Vatican City UTC [9:00 PM EDT /6:00 PM PDT] Vatican Radio, Vatican City All India Radio, New Delhi RAI, Rome, Italy Radio Netherlands, Hilversum Kol Israel, Jerusalem Radio Canada Intl, Montreal LEGEND The first four digits of an entry are the broadcast start time In UTC. The second four digits represent the end time. In the space between the end time and the station name is the broadcast schedule. S = Sunday M- Monday T= Tuesday W= Wednesday H= Thursday F =Friday A. Saturday If there Is no entry, the broadcasts are heard daily. 1f, for example, there is an entry of "M," the broadcast would be heard only on Mondays. An entry of "M,W,F" would mean Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays only. 'M -F" would mean Mondays through Fridays. "TEN" indicates a tentative schedule and "TES" a test transmission. * [ML] after a frequency indicates a multi -lingual transmission containing English- language programs. The last entry on a line Is the frequency. Codes here Include "SSB" which indicates a Single Sideband transmission, and 'V" for a frequency that varies. [ML] after a frequency indicates a multi- lingual transmission containing English -language programs. v after a frequency Indicates that it varies Notations of USB and LSB (upper and lower sideband transmissions) usually refer only to the individual frequency after which they appear. * Listings followed by an asterisk () are for English lessons and do not contain regularly scheduled programming. We suggest that you begin with the lower frequencies that a station is broadcasting on and work your way up the dial. Remember that there is no guarantee that a station will be audible on any given day. Reception conditions can change rapidly, though, and if It Is not audible one night, It may well be on another. HOW TO USE THE PROPAGATION CHARTS Propagation charts can be an invaluable aid to the DXer in determining which frequencies are likely to be open at a given time. To use the propagation charts, choose those for your location (the are divided into east coast, midwest and west coast of North America). Then look for the one most closely describing the geographic location of the station you want to hear. Once you've located the correct charts, look along the horizontal axis of the graph for the time that you are listening. The top line of the graph shows the Maximum Useable Frequency [MUF] and the lower line the Lowest Useable Frequency [LUF] as indicated on the vertical axis of the graph. While there are exceptions to every rule (especially those regarding shortwave listening), you should find the charts helpful in determining the best times to listen for particular regions of the world. Good luck! September

68 frequency; Radio Japan, Tokyo Voice of America, Washington Radio Sweden, Stockholm Laotian National Radio 7113v S,M WINB, Red Lion, Pennsylvania USB Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany Voice of Indonesia, Jakarta Deutsche Welle, West Germany WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana WRNO New Orleans, Louisiana BBC, London, England IRR WWCR, Nashville, Tennessee WYFR, Oakland, California T -S Voice of Greece, Athens CBC Northern Quebec Service WHFARadio Budapest, Hungary CBN, St. John's, Newfoundland 6160 M CBU, Vancouver, British Colombia Radio Austria Intl, Vienna CFCF, Montreal, Quebec Radio Baghdad, Iraq CFCN, Calgary, Alberta S,M Radio Canada Intl, Montreal CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia Radio Veritas Asla, Philippines Christian Science World Service WINB, Red Lion, Pennsylvania CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia Radio Berlin Int'l, East Germany CFRB, Toronto, Ontario FEBC, Manila, Philippines HCJB, Quito, Ecuador UTC [10:00 PM EDT /7:00 PM PDT] T-A KVOH, Rancho Simi, California Radio Australia, Melbourne T-A KVOH, Rancho Simi, California Vatican Radio, Vatican City Radio Havana Cuba Burma Bcasting Service, Rangoon Radio Japan, Tokyo Radio Berlin Int'l, East Germany Radio Luxembourg Radio Kiev, Ukrainian SSR Radio Moscow Swiss Radio Intl, Berne Radio Moscow, N. American Service Deutsche Welle, West Germany Radio Bras, Brasilia, Brazil 11745v Radio New Zealand, Wellington Radio Bucharest, Romania T -A Radio for Peace, Costa Rica (A) Radio Prague, Czechoslovakia BBC, London, England Radio Thailand, Bangkok Radio Tonga, Tonga CBC Northern Quebec Service RAE, Buenos Aires, Argentina CBN, St. John's, Newfoundland SBC Radio One, Singapore CBU, Vancouver, British Colombia SLBC, Colombo, Sri Lanka CFCF, Montreal, Quebec Spanish Foreign Radio, Madrid CFCN, Calgary, Alberta T -S Superpower KUSW, Utah CFRB, Toronto, Ontario 6070 MHz East Coast To Western Europe MHz East Coast To Eastern Europe MHz East Coast To Artic Europe ;-: MUF òc ÚC i I.-'-1 t _ September 1989

69 CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia Christian Science World Service CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia HCJB, Quito, Ecuador A,S KSDA, Guam Radio Australia, Melbourne Radio Baghdad, Iraq Radio Cairo, Egypt T-A Radio Canada Intl, Montreal Radio Havana Cuba Radio Luxembourg Radio Moscow, USSR Radio Moscow N. America Service Radio Orion, South Africa T-A Radio for Peace, Costa Rica (A) A Radio New Zealand, Wellington Radio RSA South Africa Radio Thailand, Bangkok Radio Tonga, Tonga SBC Radio One, Singapore SLBC, Colombo, Sri Lanka T-S Superpower KUSW, Utah Voice of America, Washington USB Voice of Asia, Taiwan Voice of Free China, Taiwan Voice of Kenya, Nairobi WINB, Red Lion, Pennsylvania WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana WRNO, New Orleans, Louisiana IRR WWCR, Nashville, Tennessee WYFR, California Radio Nepal, Kathmandu Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea M Subscribe to America's fastest growing monitoring hobby magazine! Just fill out the information below and send with your payment to Monitoring Times, P.O. Box 98, Brasstown, NC U.S. (mailed second class*): 1 Year for $18 2 Years for $34 3 Years for $50 (12 issues) (24 issues) (36 issues) If you prefer first class mail in an envelope, add $20.00 per year (i.e., one year = $38) Payment received by the 10th of the month will receive next month's issue. Current or back issues, when available, can be purchased for $4.00 each (includes 1st class mailing in U.S.) Canada, Mexico and Overseas: (mailed in an envelope second class*) E 1 Year $26.00 E NAME 2 Years $ Years $72.00 If you prefer air mail, please write for rates. ADDRESS CITY STATE ZIP Mastercard and Visa accepted =UM MASTER CARD MJnIA Ill D VISA Year -IMO All foreign subscriptions must be paid by Visa, Mastercard, International Bank or Postal Money Order in U.S. funds T -A Radio Pakistan, Islamabad Radio Berlin Intl, E. Germany Radio Finland, Helsinki Radio Portugal, Lisbon MHz East Coast To West Africa East Coast To Central Africa MHz East Coast To East Africa ôc Òfc òc September

70 frequencyâ All India Radio, New Delhi Radio Moscow, USSR Radio Korea, Seoul, South Korea T -A Radio for Peace, Costa Rica 13660v v Radio Yerevan, Armenian SSR Radio Prague, Czechoslovakia UTC [11:00 PM EDT /8:00 PM PDT] Radio Sofia, Bulgaria Radio Thailand, Bangkok SBC Radio One, Singapore SLBC, Colombo, Sri Lanka Radio Berlin Intl, E. Germany T -S Superpower KUSW, Utah WINB, Red Lion, Pennsylvania Trans World Radio, Bonaire Radio Pakistan, Islamabad Voice of America, Washington BBC, London, England Voice of Free China, Taiwan Radio Cairo, Egypt Voice of Kenya, Nairobi Radio Japan, Tokyo Voice of Turkey, Ankara WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana Radio Sweden Intl, Stockholm WMLK, Bethel, Pennsylvania Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany WRNO, New Orleans, Louisiana A Radio New Zealand, Wellington IRR WWCR, Nashville, Tennessee Deutsche Welle, West Germany WYFR Satellite Net, California Vatican Radio, Vatican City Radio Baghdad, Iraq Radio France Intl, Paris Radio Bening, China CBC Northern Quebec Service CBN, St. John's, Newfoundland BBC, London, England CBU, Vancouver, British Colombia CFCF, Montreal, Quebec CFCN, Calgary, Alberta Radio Netherland, Hilversum CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia S,M WINB, Red Lion, Pennsylvania Christian Science World Service Radio New Zealand, Wellington CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia Radio Tanzania, Dar es Salaam CFRB, Toronto, Ontario Radio Tirana, Albania HCJB, Quito, Ecuador United Arab Emirates Radio La Voz Evangelica, Honduras All India Radio, New Delhi Radio Australia, Melbourne M -A Voice of Greece, Athens Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany Radio Havana Cuba RAI, Rome, Italy Radio Japan, Tokyo East Coast To East Coast To East Coast To South Africa Middle East Central Asia MHz MHz MHz o V W C o 4 8 ÚÌC C September 1989

71 1 1 1 frequency UTC [12:00 AM EDT /9:00 PM PDT] Radio Moscow North America Svc Radio Uganda, Kampala Radio New Zealand, Wellington Radio Thailand, Bangkok Radio for Peace, Costa Rica v RAI, Rome, Italy Radio Tonga, Tonga Kol Israel, Jerusalem Radio 5, South Africa SBC Radio One, Singapore Radio Botswana, Gabarone T -S Superpower KUSW, Utah T -S Radio Zambia, Lusaka Voice of America, Washington Radio Bucharest, Romania Radio Netherland, Hilversum BBC, London, England Voice of Kenya, Nairobi V Voice of Nicaragua, Managua WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana WMLK, Bethel, Pennsylvania La Voz Evangelica, Honduras WRNO, New Orleans, Louisiana Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany WYFR Satellite Net, California SLBC, Colombo, Sri Lanka RAI, Rome, Italy Radio Tanzania, Dar es Salaam Radio Netherlands, Hillversum Swiss Radio Intl, Berne BBC, London, England Trans World Radio, Bonaire S, M WING, Red Llon, Pennsylvania Deutsche Welle, West Germany BBC, London, England` Radio Pyongyang, North Korea Radio Tirana, Albania Radio Beijing, China S, M Trans World Radio, Bonaire CBC Northern Quebec Service Trans World Radio, Swaziland CBN, St. John's, Newfoundland A,M FEBA, Seychelles (Irr) CBU, Vancouver, British Colombia CFCF, Montreal, Quebec CFCN, Calgary, Alberta UTC [1:00 AM EDT/10:00 PM PDT] CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia Christian Science World Service CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia Radio Lesotho, Maseru CFRB, Toronto, Ontario M -A Radio Zambia, Lusaka FEBC, Manila, Philippines GBC, Accra, Ghana HCJB, Quito, Ecuador Vatican Radio, Vatican City Radio Australia, Melbourne S,M Trans World Radio, Bonaire Trans World Radio, Swaziland Radio Havana Cuba Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany Radio Moscow, USSR Deutsche Welle, West Germany MHz East Coast To South East Asia MHz East Coast To Indian Ocean MHz UFT East Coast To Indonesia _-L_...Ii.I.J... V í U12TC UIC September

72 re ue ne it J BBC, London, England Radio Berlin Int'l, East Germany F FEBA, Seychelles BBC, London, England* CBC Northern Quebec Service Radio Austria Intl, Vienna CBU, Vancouver, British Colombia Radio Bucharest, Romania CFCF, Montreal, Quebec CFCN, Calgary, Alberta Radio Tirana, Albania CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia Trans World Radio, Swaziland Christian Science World Service UAE Radio, United Arab Emirates CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany CFRB, Toronto, Ontario M -F Radio Canada Int'l, Montreal FEBC, Manila, Philippines HCJB, Quito, Ecuador Ghana Broadcasting Corp., Accra Radio 5, South Africa Voice of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur Radio Australia, Melbourne Radio Havana Cuba UTC [2:00 AM EDT /11:00 PM PDT] Radio Japan, Tokyo Radio Ghana, Accra Radio Kuwait M -A Radio Zambia, Lusaka Radio Moscow, USSR Vatican Radio, Vatican City F FERA, Mahe, Seychelles Laotian National Radio Radio Australia, Melbourne Radio New Zealand, Wellington Radio for Peace, Costa Rica Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany Radio Thailand, Bangkok Trans World Radio, Swaziland Radio Tonga, Tonga Voice of Kenya, Nairobi S, M Radio Zambia, Lusaka Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany SBC Radio One, Singapore S Radio Cameroon, Yaounde Spanish National Radio, Madrid Deutsche Welle, West Germany as Superpower KUSW, Utah Radio Pyongyang, North Korea S Swaziland Commercial Radio BBC, London, England Voice of America, Washington Voice of Kenya, Nairobi n IRR Voice of Nicaragua, Managua WINB, Red Lion, Pennsylvania CBC Northern Quebec Service WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana CBU, Vancouver, British Colombia M-A WMLK, Bethel, Pennsylvania CFCF, Montreal, Quebec WYFR Satellite Net, California CFCN, Calgary, Alberta Radio Botswana, Gaborone CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia M-F Radio Canada Intl, Montreal Christian Science World Service CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia 6080 MHz Eoct Coact To Far East MHz East Cooct To Pacific East Coast To Australia wiuf LUF \ UC o 4 8 Ufc àc September 1989

73 frequency CFRB, Toronto, Ontario Radio Bucharest, Romania HCJB, Quito, Ecuador King of Hope, South Lebanon UTC [3:00 AM EDT /12:00 PM PDT] Radio Havana Cuba Radio Jordan, Amman Radio Korea, Seoul, South Korea Radio Bucharest, Romania Radio Kuwait Radio Moscow, USSR Radio Sierra Leone, Freetown Radio Ghana (HS), Accra Radio New Zealand, Wellington BBC, London, England AS Radio Thailand, Bangkok Radio Tonga, Tonga IRR Radio Zambia, Lusaka Radio 5, South Africa Burma Bcasting Service, Rangoon SBC Radio One, Singapore Radio Australia, Melbourne S Superpower KUSW, Utah Voice of America, Washington Radio Bucharest, Romania Radio New Zealand, Wellington Voice of Asia, Taiwan S Radio Zambia, Lusaka Voice of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur Radio Pyongyang, North Korea Voice of Nicaragua. Managua ABC, Perth, Australia Voice of the Mediterranean CBU, Vancouver, British Colombia WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana CFCF, Montreal, Quebec M-A WMLK, Bethel, Pennsylvania CFCN, Calgary, Alberta WYFR, Oakland, California CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia WYFR Satellite Net, California Christian Science World Service CKWX, Vancouver, British Columbia M-A Vatican Radio, Vatican City CFRB, Toronto, Ontario Trans World Radio Monte Carlo ELWA, Monrovia, Liberia M-F RTVC, Brazzaville, Congo irr HCJB, Quito, Ecuador AWR, Forti, Italy Radio Australia, Melbourne King of Hope, South Lebanon Radio Ghana, Accra Radio Bucharest, Romania Radio Havana Cuba Radio Finland, Helsinki Radio Japan, Tokyo Radio Polonia, Warsaw, Poland Swiss Radio Intl, Berne Radio Jordan, Amman Radio Korea, Seoul, South Korea Trans World Radio, Swaziland Radio Kuwait AS Voice of Kenya, Nairobi Radio Moscow, USSR BBC, London, England* Radio Ghana, Accra AS Radio Thailand, Bangkok Radio Tonga, Tonga 5050 East Coast To Central America /Caribbean MHz. MHz East Coast To Alaska East Coast To West Coast òc' òc C September

74 frequency Radio 5, South Africa SBC -1, Singapore Soloman Islands Broadcasting Corp S Superpower KUSW, Utah Trans World Radio, Monte Carlo Trans World Radio, Swaziland Voice of America, Washington Voice of Free China, Taiwan AS Voice of Kenya, Nairobi Voice of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana M-A WMLK, Bethel, Pennsyvlania WYFR, Oakland, California WYFR Satellite Network Radio Korea, Seoul, South Korea M-A Vatican Radio, Vatican City S FEBA Mahe, Seychelles Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany M -A Vatican Radio, Vatican City All India Radio, New Delhi ABC, Alice Springs, Australia ABC, Katherine, Australia ABC, Tennant Creek, Australia Radio Australia, Melbourne BBC, London, England* Radio Austria Intl, Vienna Radio Finland, Helsinki AWR, ForlI, Italy BBC, London, England Radio Netherland, Hilversum Radio Prague, Czechoslovakia Swiss Radio Intl, Berne W Radio Free Europe, Munich* Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany Radio Pacific Okean, USSR [ML] [ML] UTC [4:00 AM EDT /1:00 AM PDT] M -F Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea Soloman Islands Broadcasting Corp M-A Radio Zambia, Lusaka M-A Radio Finland, Helsinki Radio Netherland, Hilversum Voice of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur HCJB, Quito, Ecuador S Radio Austria Intl, Vienna Radio Bangladesh, Dhaka Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany S Radio Norway, Oslo Radio Tirana, Albania Voice of Islam, Pakistan S FEBA Mahe, Seychelles Trans World Radio, Swaziland Trans World Radio, Monte Carlo Deutsche Welle, West Germany Radio Pyongyang, North Korea ABC, Alice Springs, Australia ABC, Katherine, Australia ABC, Perth, Australia ABC, Tennant Creek, Australia AFÁN, Antarctica BBC, London, England CBN, St. John's, Newfoundland CBU, Vancouver, British Colombia CFCF, Montreal, Quebec CFCN, Calgary, Alberta CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia Christian Science World Service CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia CFRB, Toronto, Ontario King of Hope, South Lebanon KNLS, Anchor Point, Alaska , [ML] [ML] MHz East Coast To South America MHz Midwest To Western Europe MHz Midwest To Eastern Europe UiC tjic óc' September 1989

75 frequency ei Radio Australia, Melbourne UTC [5:00 AM EDT /2:00 AM PDT] Radio Jordan, Amman All India Radio, New Delhi Radio Moscow, USSR Radio for Peace, Costa Rica Radio Tongo, Tongo SBC Radio One, Singapore S Trans World Radio, Monte Carlo S Superpower KUSW, Utah Voice of Lebanon, Beirut Voice of Indonesia, Jakarta ABC, Perth, Australia AS Voice of Kenya, Nairobi KTWR, Agana, Guam WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana BRT, Brussels, Belgium KTWR, Guam Radio Netherlands, Hilversum M-F Voice of America, Washington DC FEBC, Manila, Philippines Nippon Broadcasting Corp [ML] Radio Beijing, China All India Radio, New Delhi Radio Norway, Oslo AS Radio Prague, Czechoslovakia Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany Deutsche Welle, West Germany S Bhutan Bcasting Service, Thimpu ABC, Alice Springs, Australia 2310 [ML] FEBC, Manila, Philippines ABC, Katherine, Australia HCJB, Quito, Ecuador ABC, Tennant Creek, Australia 2325 [ML] Radio Beijing, China S Adventist World Radio, Portugal Radio Finland, Helsinki BBC, London, England Radio Netherlands, Hilversum Radio Prague, Czechoslovakia Swiss Radio Intl, Berne M-A Voice of Greece, Athens CFCF, Montreal, Quebec S-F Trans World Radio, Monte Carlo CFCN, Calgary, Alberta Radio Prague, Czechoslovakia CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia All India Radio, New Delhi Christian Science World Service CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia CFRB, Toronto, Ontario HCJB, Quito, Ecuador King of Hope, South Lebanon Radio Korea, Seoul KNLS, Anchor Point, Alaska Radio Afghanistan, Kabul Radio Australia, Melbourne Radio Japan, Tokyo MHz Midwest To Artic Europe MHz Midwest To Middle East MHz Midwest To Western Africa ôc t,c ôc September

76 frequency0 w J Radio Japan, Tokyo Radio Korea, Seoul, South Korea Radio Moscow, USSR A Voice of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa Voice of Vietnam, Hanoi Trans World Radio, Monte Carlo ABC, Alice Springs, Australia [ML] ABC, Katherine, Australia Radio New Zealand, Wellington ABC, Perth, Australia Radio for Peace, Costa Rica ABC, Tennant Creek, Australia 2325 [ML] S Radio Prague, Czechoslovakia [ML] All India Radio, New Delhi Radio RSA South Africa Radio Tanzania, Dar es Salaam BBC, London, England Radio Tonga, Tonga SBC Radio One, Singapore S Superpower KUSW, Utah Voice of America, Washington CBN, St. John's, Newfoundland CFCF, Montreal, Quebec Voice of Kenya, Nairobi CFCN, Calgary, Alberta WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia WYFR, Oakland, California Christian Science World Service Radio Korea, Seoul, South Korea CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia M -A Radio Ulan Bator, Mongolia CFRB, Toronto, Ontario ABC, Perth, Australia FEBC, Manila, Philippines KTWR, Guam KSDA Guam All India Radio, New Delhi KTWR, Agana, Guam Radio Afghanistan, Kabul Radio Australia, Melbourne BBC, London, England* Radio Moscow, USSR CBN, St. John's, Newfoundland Radio Beijing, China Radio Sweden Int'l, Stockholm BBC, London, England* Radio New Zealand, Wellington Radio Berlin Int'l, East Germany S Radio Prague, Czechoslovakia [ML] M -A Radio Prague, Czechoslovakia Radio RSA, South Africa SBC Radio One, Singapore UTC [6:00 AM EDT /3:00 AM PDT] S Superpower KUSW, Utah Voice of America, Washington HCJB, Quito, Ecuador Voice of Kenya, Nairobi Kol Israel, Jerusalem WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana Radio Afghanistan, Kabul WYFR, Oakland, California Radio Beijing, China Radio Pakistan, Islamabad Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany Voice of Asia, Taiwan Radio Tanzania, Dar es Salaam A Radio Budapest, Hungary Swiss Radio Intl, Berne MHz Midwest To Central Africa MHz Midwest To East Africa I! MUF...I:UF..... MHz Midwest To South Africa i,fc ôc o 4 8 Oc' September

77 frequency $ J Radio Austria Intl, Vienna CBC Northern Quebec Service BBC, London, England* CBN, St. John's, Newfoundland HCJB, Quito, Ecuador CFCF, Montreal, Quebec Radio Netherlands, Hilversum CFCN, Calgary, Alberta A,S Radio Tanzania, Dar es Salaam CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia SLBC, Colombo, Sri Lanka (ML] Christian Science World Service UAE Radio, United Arab Emirates CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia Voice of America, Washington* CFRB, Toronto, Ontario H Radio Free Europe, Munich* KYOI, Saipan Radio Australia, Meiboume M -A Voice of Greece, Athens S Radio Budapest, Hungary Radio Japan, Tokyo M-A Radio Prague, Czechoslovakia Radio Moscow, USSR Trans World Radio, Bonaire S Trans World Radio, Monte Cario Radio RSA, South Africa UTC [7:00 AM EDT /4:00 AM PDT] A,S Radio Tanzania, Dar es Salaam S Radio Zambia, Lusaka [IRR] SBC -1, Singapore Radio Pakistan, Islamabad S Superpower KUSW, Utah Radio New Zealand, Wellington Trans World Radio, Bonaire Radio Pakistan, Islamabad Voice of America, Washington Radio Netherland, Hilversum BBC, London, England* HCJB, Quito, Ecuador Voice of Asia, Taiwan KTWR, Guam* Voice of Kenya, Nairobi Radio Finland, Helsinki WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana Radio Mozambique, Maputo WRNO, New Orleans, Louisiana SLBC, Colombo, Sri Lanka [ML] WYFR, Oakland, California Swiss Radio Int'l, Berne M -F Radio Botswana, Gaborone Voice of Vietnam, Hanoi Radio Korea, Seoul, South Korea Radio Berlin Int'l, East Germany Vatican Radio, Vatican City Deutsche Welle, West Germany Radio Nepal, Kathmandu Radio Pyongyang, North Korea A Radio Budapest, Hungary Radio Beijing, China ABC, Alice Springs, Australia 2310 [ML] Radio Austria Intl, Vienna ABC, Katherine, Australia HCJB, Quito, Ecuador ABC, Perth, Australia Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany ABC, Tennant Creek, Australia 2325 [ML] Radio Netherland, Hilversum BBC, London, England Radio Thailand, Bangkok Radio Tirana, Albania Voice of Islamic Republic Iran Midwest To Midwest To Midwest To MHz Central Asia MHz South East Asia MHz Indonesia MUF LUF UiC UfC OiC September

78 frequency, All India Radio, New Delhi M -A Vatican Radio, Vatican City BBC, London, England* Radio Bangladesh, Dakha Radio Prague, Czechoslovakia 1200 UTC [8:00 AM EDT /5:00 AM PDT] M-F BBC, London, England* Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany Vatican Radio, Vatican City Voice of Kampuchea, Phnom -Penh Radio Bucharest, Romania Radio Finland, Helsinki Radio Polonia, Warsaw, Poland Radio Netherland, Hilversum S Radio Norway, Oslo Radio Somalia, Mogadishu Radio Tashkent, Uzbek, USSR Radio Thailand, Bangkok Radio Yugoslavia, Belgrade S Radio Zambia, Lusaka Swiss Radio Iny'i, Berne M -A Radio Ulan Bator, Mongolia Radio Belling, China S ABC, Alice Springs, Australia ABC, Katherine, Australia ABC, Perth, Australia ABC, Tennant Creek, Australia Adventist World Radio, Africa AFAN, Antarctica BBC, London, England CBC Northern Quebec Service CBN, St. John's, Newfoundland CFCF, Montreal, Quebec CFCN, Calgary, Alberta CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia Christian Science World Service [IRA] [MLI [ML) CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia CFRB, Toronto, Ontario HCJB, Quito, Ecuador Radio Australia, Melbourne Radio Canada Intl, Montreal Radio Moscow, USSR Radio RSA South Africa AS Radio Tanzania, Dar es Salaam SBC Radio One, Singapore AS Superpower KUSW, Utah Trans World Radio, Bonaire Trans World Radio, Sri Lanka Voice of America, Washington Voice of Kenya, Nairobi WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana WYFR, Oakland, California Radio Korea, Seoul, South Korea Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany Radio Cairo, Egypt All India Radio, New Delhi M -A BRT, Brussels, Belgium Voice of Turkey, Ankara BBC, London, England* Radio Bangladesh, Dhaka Radio Sweden, Stockholm M Radio Free Europe, Munich* Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany Radio France Intl, Paris Voice of Greece, Athens MHz Midwest To Indian Ocean Midwest To Far East MHz Midwest To Pacific CI óc' )c oc' September 1989

79 frequency \ ' 1300 UTC [9:00 AM EDT/6:00 AM pm Radio Moscow, USSR Radio France Intl, Paris Radio Bucharest, Romania BBC, London, England Radio Peace and Progress, USSR Radio RSA South Africa AS Radio Tanzania, Dar es Salaam Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany SBC Radio One, Singapore Radio Cairo, Egypt AS Superpower KUSW, Utah Radio Finland, Helsinki Voice of America, Washington Radio Ghana, Accra S Radio Norway Intl, Oslo Voice of Malaysia Trans World Radio, Sri Lanka WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana Voice of Kenya, Nairobi IRR WWCR, Nashville, Tennessee AS Trans World Radio, Bonaire WYFR, Oakland, California Radio Pyongyang, North Korea Radio Beijing, China Radio Korea, Seoul, South Korea BBC, London, England ABC, Alice Springs, Australia 2310 [ML] ABC, Katherine, Australia ABC, Perth, Australia ABC, Tennant Creek, Australia 2325 [ML] All India Radio, New Delhi CBC Northern Quebec Service Laotian National Radio CBN, St. John's, Newfoundland S Radio Finland, Helsinki CBU, Vancouver, British Colombia Radio Tashkent, Uzbek, USSR CFCF, Montreal, Quebec CFCN, Calgary, Alberta Swiss Radio Intl, Berne CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia Christian Science World Service UAE Radio, United Arab Emirates CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia Voice of Islamic Republic Iran CFRB, Toronto, Ontario Voice of Kenya, Nairobi S ELWA, Monrovia, Liberia Voice of Vietnam, Hanoi FEBC, Manila, Philippines A Trans World Radio, Bonaire HCJB, Quito, Ecuador Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany KNLS, Anchor Point, Alaska Radio Australia, Melbourne UTC [10:00 AM EDT /7:00 AM PDT] S Radio Canada Intl, Montreal Radio Jordan, Amman Voice of Nigeria, Lagos Radio Korea (South), Seoul ABC, Alice Springs, Australia 2310 [ML) ABC, Tennant Creek, Australia 2325 [ML] MHz Midwest To Australia Midwest To Central America /Caribbean MHz. MHz waviest [o Alaska ôc Òic ,_; ÚfC September

80 frequency $ l S T M -A S S Radio Finland, Helsinki Radio France Intl, Paris Radio Norway Intl, Oslo Radio Polonia, Warsaw, Poland R.Station Peace & Progress USSR Radio Sweden Intl, Stockholm Radio Tirana, Albania Voice of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa Radio Free Europe, Munich* Radio Pyongyang, North Korea Radio Beijing, China ABC, Katherine, Australia ABC, Perth, Australia Adventist World Radio, Italy All India Radio, New Deihl BBC, London, England CBN, St. John's, Newfoundland CBC Northern Quebec Service CBU, Vancouver, British Colombia CFCF, Montreal, Quebec CFCN, Calgary, Alberta CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia Christian Science World Service CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia CFRB, Toronto, Ontario ELWA, Monrovia, Liberia FEBC, Manila, Philippines HCJB, Quito, Ecuador Radio Australia, Melbourne Radio Canada Intl, Montreal Radio Japan, Tokyo Radio Korea, Seoul Radio Moscow, USSR Radio RSA, South Africa A,S Radio Tanzania, Dar es Salaam SBC Radio One, Singapore A,S Superpower KUSW, Utah Voice of America, Washington Voice of Kenya, Nairobi Voice of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur Voice of Mediterranean, Malta WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana WYFR, Oakland, California WYFR Satellite Net, California Radio Nepal, Kathmandu F ABC, Alice Springs, Australia F ABC, Tennant Creek, Australia Burma Broadcasting Service King of Hope, Southern Lebanon KTWR, Agana, Guam Radio Austria Intl, Vienna Radio Netherland, Hilversum Radio Prague, Czechoslovakia Radio Sofia, Bulgaria Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany Radio Canada Intl, Montreal M -A Radio Ulan Bator, Mongolia 1500 UTC [11:00 AM EDT /8:00 AM PDT] Africa No. 1, Gabon Vatican Radio, Vatican City BBC, London, England FEBA, Mahe, Seychelles Radio Ulan Bator, Mongolia Radio Bucharest, Romania [ML] 2325 [ML] MHz Midwest To South America MHz West Coast To Western Europe MHz West Coast To Eastern Eu rope ÚfC ÚiC ò:cl September 1989

81 frequency 0 A _ Radio Netherland, Hilversum Voice of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany Voice of Indonesia, Jakarta Radio Sofia, Bulgaria Voice of Kenya, Nairobi AS Radio Tanzania, Dar es Salaam Voice of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur Radio Ventas Asia, Philippines Voice of Mediterranean, Malta Deutsche Welle, West Germany WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana Radio Pyongyang, North Korea WRNO, New Orleans, Louisiana IRR WWCR, Nashville, Tennessee Radio Belling, China WYFR, Oakland, California F ABC, Alice Springs, Australia 2310 [ML] WYFR Satellite Net ABC, Perth, Australia M -H Radio Budapest, Hungary F ABC, Tennant Creek, Australia 2325 [ML] AWR, Ala[uela, Costa Rica FERA Mahe, Seychelles Burma Broadcasting Service Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany CBC Northern Quebec Service All India Radio, New Delhi CBN, St. John's, Newfoundland CBU, Vancouver, British Colombia BRT, Brussels, Belgium CFCF, Montreal, Quebec Radio Prague, Czechoslovakia CFCN, Calgary, Alberta CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia Christian Science World Service Radio Sweden, Stockholm CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia Radio Tanzania, Dar es Salaam CFRB, Toronto, Ontario Radio Tirana, Albania S ELWA Monrovia, Liberia Radio -Television Morocco, Rabat FEBC, Manila, Philippines Swiss Radio Intl, Berne HCJB, Quito, Ecuador Voice of Asia, Taiwan King of Hope, Southern Lebanon Voice of Nigeria, Lagos KNLS, Anchor Point, Alaska M -A Voice of Greece, Athens KTWR, Agana, Guam Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany Radio Australia, Melbourne Vatican Radio, Vatican City Voice of Vietnam, Hanoi S Intl, Montreal Radio Canada H -S KTWR, Agana, Guam Radio Japan, Tokyo Radio Jordan, Amman Radio Korea (South), Seoul UTC [12:00 PM EDT /9:00 AM PDT] Radio Moscow, USSR SBC Radio One, Singapore FEBA, Mahe, Seychelles Radio Lesotho, Maseru Radio RSA South Africa Radio Budapest, Hungary SBC Radio One, Singapore SLBC, Sri Lanka Radio Prague, Czechoslovakia Superpower KUSW, Utah Voice of America, Washington ELWA, Monrovia, Liberia MHz West Coast To Middle East MHz West Coast To Artic Europe MHz West Coast To West Africa o 4 8 óc' UiC o ic September

82 i frequency HCJB, Quito, Ecuador Radio Moscow, USSR Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany S Radio Norway Intl, Oslo Radio Pakistan, Islamabad Radio for Peace, Costa Rica Radio Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Radio Polonia, Warsaw, Poland Radio Tanzania, Dar es Salaam M -F Radio Portugal, Lisbon Superpower KUSW, Utah SLBC, Colombo, Sri Lanka Voice of America, Washington, DC Trans World Radio, Swaziland Voice of Asia, Taiwan Voice of Vietnam, Hanoi WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana Radio Nacional Angola, Luanda WINB, Red Lion, Pennsylvania UAE Radio, United Arab Emirates WRNO, New Orleans, Louisiana Deutche Welle, West Germany IRR WWCR, Nashville, Tennessee WYFR, Oakland, California Radio Beijing, China F ABC, Alice Springs, Australia 2310 [ML] WYFR Satellite Network ABC, Perth, Australia Radio Zambia, Lusaka F ABC, Tennant Creek, Australia 2325 [ML] F,A SBC Radio One, Singapore AWR, Alajuela, Costa Rica Radio Canada Intl, Montreal BBC, London, England Voice of Vietnam, Hanoi A Radio Austria Intl, Vienna Radio Netherlands, Hilversum Radio Peace & Progress, USSR CBC Northern Quebec Service CBN, St. John's, Newfoundland CBU, Vancouver, British Colombia RTM Morocco CFCF, Montreal, Quebec Radio Canada Intl, Montreal CFCN, Calgary, Alberta Radio Korea (South), Seoul CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia Christian Science World Service CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia UTC [1:00 1'M EDT /10:00 AM PDT] CFRB, Toronto, Ontario KNLS, Anchor Point, Alaska Radio Uganda, Kampala KSDA, Guam Kol Israel, Jerusalem KTWR, Guam M -A Voice of Namibia (Angola) Radio Australia, Melbourne Radio Netherland, Hilversum Radio Australia, Melbourne Radio Beijing, China Radio France Intl, Paris Radio Japan, Tokyo S Radio Norway Intl, Oslo Radio Jordan, Amman Radio Sweden Intl, Stockholm Radio Korea, Seoul, South Korea SLBC, Colombo, Sri Lanka Radio Malawi, Blantyre MHz West Coast To Central Africa MHz West Coast To East Africa MHz West Coast To South Africa 414 ett a UC ôc UfC September 1989

83 frequency BBC, London, England Radio Pyongyang, North Korea Radio Belling, China F ABC, Alice Springs, Australia 2310 [ML] ABC, Tennant Creek, Australia 2325 [ML] AWR Africa, Gabon C8C Northern Quebec Service CBN, St. John's, Newfoundland CBU, Vancouver, British Colombia CFCF, Montreal, Quebec CFCN, Calgary, Alberta CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia Christian Science World Service CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia CFRB, Toronto, Ontario Radio Havana Cuba Radio Jordan, Amman Radio Korea, Seoul, South Korea M -F Radio Malabo, Equatorial Guinea 9553 [ML] Radio Moscow, USSR Radio for Peace, Costa Rica Radio Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Radio Tanzania, Dar es Salaam Radio Zambia, Lusaka RTM Morocco SBC Radio One, Singapore Superpower KUSW, Utah A,S Swaziland Commercial Radio Voice of Africa, Egypt Voice of America, Washington Voice of Kenya, Nairobi WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana WING, Red Lion, Pennsylvania S -F WMLK, Bethel, Pennsylvania IRR M -F WRNO, Louisiana WWCR, Nashville, Tennessee WYFR Satellite Net WYFR, Okeechobee, Florida Radio Canada Intl, Montreal BBC, London, England* Radio Pakistan, Islamabad Radio Suriname Intl, Paramibo Radio New Zealand, Wellington All India Radio, New Delhi BRT, Brussels, Belgium Radio Austria Intl, Vienna Radio Bucharest, Romania Radio Australia, Melbourne Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany Radio Polonia, Warsaw, Poland Radio Prague, Czechoslovakia RAE, Buenos Mes, Argentina Swiss Radio Intl, Berne FERA Mahe, Seychelles BBC, London, England 1800 UTC [2:00 PM EDT /11:00 AM PDTJ A SBC Radio One, Singapore Radio Cameroon, Yaounde SLBC, Colombo, Sri Lanka AS FEBA Mahe, Seychelles Radio Prague, Czechoslovakia RAE, Buenos Aires, Argentina BBC, London, England S Radio Bamako, Mali v MHz West Coast To Far East MHz West Coast To Indonesia West Coast To Indian Ocean Ôc ôc Ôfc' September

84 frequency ë M -F Radio Canada Intl, Montreal Radio Mozambique, Maputo S Radio Norway, Oslo Voice of Africa, Egypt Voice of Vietnam, Hanoi Radio Abidjan, Ivory Coast Trans World Radio, Swaziland Radio Bras, Brasilia, Brazil Radio RSA, South Africa F ABC, Alice Springs, Australia 2310 [ML] F ABC, Tennant Creek, Australia 2325 [ML] All India Radio, New Delhi CBC Northern Quebec Service CBN, St. John's, Newfoundland CBU, Vancouver, British Colombia CFCF, Montreal, Quebec CFCN, Calgary, Alberta CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia Christian Science World Service CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia CFRB, Toronto, Ontario KNLS, Anchor Point, Alaska Radio Australia, Melbourne A,S A,S Radio Canada Intl. Montreal Radio Jamahiriya, Libya Radio Jordan, Amman Radio Kuwait, Kuwait Radio Malabo, Equatorial Guinea Radio Moscow, USSR Radio New Zealand, Wellington Radio for Peace, Costa Rica Radio Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Radio Tanzania, Dar es Salaam Radio Zambia, Lusaka Superpower KUSW, Utah Swaziland Commercial Radio v [ML] Voice of America, Washington Voice of Ethiopia Voice of Kenya, Nairobi WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana WINB, Red Lion, Pennsylvania S-F WMLK, Bethel, Pennsylvania WRNO, New Orleans, Louisiana IRR WWCR, Nashville, Tennessee WYFR, Oakland, California WYFR Satellite Net, California Radio Bangladesh, Dhaka Radio Polonia, Warsaw, Poland BRT Brussels, Belgium BBC, London, England Radio Berlin Int'l, E. Germany M -F Radio Canada Int'l, Montreal Radio Korea, Seoul, South Korea MWFRadio Mozambique, Maputo Radio Netherland, Hilversum Radio Sofia, Bulgaria Swiss Radio International, Berne M -A Voice of Greece, Athens Radio Senegal, Dakar Radio Nacional, Conaky, Guinea M India Radio, New Delhi UTC [3:00 PM EDT /12:00 PM PDT] Africa No. 1, Gabon M-A Vatican Radio, Vatican City Radio Bangladesh, Dhaka Radio Tanzania, Dar es Salaam Radio Netherland, Hilversum Voice of Islamic Republic Iran F ABC, Alice Springs, Australia 2310 [ML] F ABC, Tennant Creek, Australia 2325 [ML] West Coast To Central Asia MHz West Coast To South East Asia MHz West Coast To Pacific C o 4 8 òc' o 4 8 Ô:cl September 1989

85 frequency; M-F S M-F Kol Israel, Jerusalem Radio Afghanistan, Kabul Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany Radio Canada Intl, Montreal Radio Japan, Tokyo Radio Norway Intl, Oslo Radio Portugal, Lisbon Radio Sofia, Bulgaria Voice of Vietnam, Hanoi Deutsche Welle, Koln, W. Germany Radio Beijing, China All India Radio, New Delhi BBC, London, England CBC Northern Quebec Service CBN, St. John's, Newfoundland CBU, Vancouver, British Colombia CFCF, Montreal, Quebec CFCN, Calgary, Alberta CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia Christian Science World Service CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia CFRB, Toronto, Ontario HCJB, Quito, Ecuador Radio Algiers, Algeria Radio Australia, Melbourne Radio Ghana, Accra Radio Havana Cuba Radio Jordan, Amman Radio Kuwait, Kuwait M -A Radio Malabo, Equatorial Guinea Radio Moscow, USSR Radio Moscow British Service Radio New Zealand, Wellington Radio Prague, Czechoslovakia Radio Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Radio RSA, South Africa Radio Zambia, Lusaka Spanish Foreign Radio, Madrid Superpower KUSW, Utah A, S Swaziland Commercial Radio Trans World Radio Swaziland Voice of America, Washington Voice of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa Voice of Kenya, Nairobi Voice of Nigeria, Lagos WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana WINB, Red Lion, Pennsylvania S -F WMLK, Bethel, Pennsylvania WRNO, New Orleans, Louisiana IRR WWCR, Nashville, Tennessee WYFR, Oakland, California WYFR Satellite Net, California Radio Botswana, Gaborone Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany M -A Voice of Greece, Athens Radio Togo, Lome ABC, Katherine, Australia Radio Beijing, China Radio Austria Intl, Vienna Radio Bucharest, Romania Radio Korea, Seoul, South Korea Voice of Republic of Iran WINB, Red Lion, Pennsylvania RAI, Rome, Italy M -A Radio Ulan Bator, Mongolia All India Radio, New Delhi [ML] Vatican Radio, Vatican City UTC [4:00 PM EDT /1:00 PM PDT] Radio Zambia, Lusaka A Radio Zambia, Lusaka Voice of Kenya, Nairobi Radio Togo, Lome MHz West Coast To Australia West Coast To Central America /Caribbean MHz. MHz West Coast To South America IpIUF,...111F..ó uc ii úk September

86 frequency â M-A Radio Ulan Bator, Mongolia Trans World Radio, Swaziland Radio Beijing, China Radio Bucharest, Romania Radio Australia, Melbourne Radio Berlin Int'l, East Germany Radio Budapest, Hungary M-A M-A Radio Ghana, Nairobi Radio Polonia, Warsaw, Poland Swaziland Commercial Radio Voice of Nigeria, Lagos Voice of Republic of Iran All India Radio, New Delhi Radio Pyongyang, North Korea Voice of Turkey, Ankara ABC, Alice Springs, Australia ABC, Katherine, Australia ABC, Tennant Creek, Australia BBC, London, England Radio Beijing, China [ML] [ML] CBC Northern Quebec Service CON, St. John's, Newfoundland CBU, Vancouver, British Colombia CFCF, Montreal, Quebec CFCN, Calgary, Alberta CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia Christian Science World Service CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia CFRB, Toronto, Ontario King of Hope, Southern Lebanon KVOH, Rancho Simi, California Radio Baghdad, Iraq Radio Havana Cuba Radio Jordan, Amman Radio Kuwait, Kuwait Radio Malabo, Equatorial Guinea Radio Moscow, USSR AS S -F IRR M-A AS M Radio New Zealand, Wellington Radio for Peace, Costa Rica Radio Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Radio Tonga, Tonga Radio Zambia, Lusaka Superpower KUSW, Utah Voice of America, Washington Voice of Nigeria, Lagos WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana WINB, Red Lion, Pennsylvania WMLK, Bethel, Pennsylvania WRNO, New Orleans, Louisiana WWCR, Nashville, Tennesee WYFR, Oakland, California WYFR Satellite Net, California Radio Damascus, Syria Voice of Kenya, Nairobi ELWA Monrovia, Liberia RAI, Rome, Italy Radio Polonia, Warsaw, Poland BBC, London, England Radio Australia, Melbourne Radio Korea, Seoul, South Korea Radio Netherland, Hilversum Radio Sofia, Bulgaria Radio Tallin, Estonian SSR Radio Tirana, Albania Voice of Africa, Cairo, Egypt Voice of Vietnam, Hanoi v M India Radio, New Delhi IBRA Radio, Malta Vatican Radio, Vatican City UTC [5:00 PM EDT /2:00 PM PDT] Radio Damascus, Syria Radio Zambia, Lusaka Vatican Radio, Vatican City AS Voice of Kenya, Nairobi IBRA Radio, Malta BRT, Brussels, Belgium Radio Beijing, China Radio Bucharest, Romania Radio Finland, Helsinki Radio Netherland, Hilversum Radio Japan, Tokyo Radio Korea, Seoul, South Korea Radio Peace & Progress, USSR Radio Sweden, Stockholm Swiss Radio Intl, Berne ELWA, Monrovia, Liberia Radio Berlin Int'l, East Germany Radio Yugoslavia, Belgrade Radio Baghdad, Iraq IRR WWCR, Nashville, Tennesee WYFR, Oakland, California Deutsche Welle, West Germany Radio Beijing, China M -A ABC, Alice Springs, Australia 2310 [ML] ABC, Katherine, Australia M -A ABC, Tennant Creek, Australia 2325 [ML] All India Radio, New Delhi BBC, London, England M -F CBC Northern Quebec Service CBN, St. John's, Newfoundland CBU, Vancouver, British Colombia CFCF, Montreal, Quebec CFCN, Calgary, Alberta CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia Christian Science World Service CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia CFRB, Toronto, Ontario King of Hope, Southern Lebanon KSDA, Agat, Guam KVOH, Rancho Simi, California Radio Australia, Melborurne AS Radio Canada Intl, Montreal Radio Jordan, Amman Radio Moscow, USSR AS Radio Malabo, Equatorial Guinea Radio Tonga, Tonga Radio for Peace, Costa Rica AS Radio Zambia, Lusaka Spanish Foreign Radio, Madrid M-A Superpower KUSW, Utah Voice of Africa, Cairo, Egypt Voice of America, Washington WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana WRNO, New Orleans, Louisiana WWCR, Nashville, Tennessee WINB, Red Lion, Pennsylvania Radio Damascus, Syria VOA Pacific Service Radio Cairo, Egypt S Radio Austria Intl, Vienna BBC, London, England* September 1989

87 frequency BBC, London, England* HCJB, Quito, Ecuador Kol Israel, Jerusalem A,S Radio Canada Intl, Montreal M-F Radio Canada Int'l, Montreal Radio Sofia, Bulgaria Radio Vilnius, Lithuanian SSR Swiss Radio Int'l, Berne S-F ELWA, Monrovia, Liberia Radio Berlin Int'l, East Germany M-F ELWA, Monrovia, Liberia UTC [6:00 PM EDT /3:00 PM PDT] M-F ELWA, Monrovia, Liberia Radio Damascus, Syria Radio Sierra Leone, Freetown M-A ABC, Alice Springs, Australia 2310 [ML] M-A ABC, Tennant Creek, Australia 2325 [ML] BBC, London, England* M-F Voice of America, Washington RAI, Rome, Italy Vatican Radio, Vatican City ABC, Katherine, Australia All India Radio, New Delhi CBC Northern Quebec Service S KGEI, San Francisco, California Radio Beijing, China Radio Berlin Intl, East Germany Radio Canada Int'l, Montreal Radio Jordan, Amman S Radio Norway Intl, Oslo Radio Prague, Czechoslovakia Radio Sofia, Bulgaria Radio Vilnius, Lithuanian SSR BBC, London, England Radio Cairo, Egypt Voice of Turkey, Ankara RAE, Buenos Aires, Argnetina CBN, St. John's, Newfoundland CBU, Vancouver, British Colombia CFCF, Montreal, Quebec CFCN, Calgary, Alberta CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia Christian Science World Service CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia CFRB, Toronto, Ontario King of Hope, Southern Lebanon KVOH, Rancho Simi, California Radio Australia, Melbourne Radio for Peace, Costa Rica Radio Havana Cuba Radio Moscow, USSR Radio Moscow North American Svc Radio Tonga, Tonga SBC Radio One, Singapore M -A Superpower KUSW, Utah Voice of America, Washington USB Voice of Free China, Taiwan Voice of the UAE, Abu Dhabi WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana WINB, Red Lion, Pennsylvania WRNO, New Orleans, Louisiana WWCR, Nashville, Tennessee WYFR, Oakland, California BBC, London, England* A,S CDC Northern Quebec Service Radio Mediterran, Malta Radio Polonia, Warsaw, Poland Radio Tirana, Albania All India Radio, New Delhi BBC, London, England UTC [7:00 PM EDT /4:00 PM PDT] Kol Israel, Jerusalem Radio Canada Intl, Montreal Radio Mediterran, Malta Radio Norway, Oslo Radio Prague, Czechoslovakia WINB, Red Lion, Pennsylvania WYFR, Oakland, California Radio Pyongyang, North Korea All India Radio, New Delhi BBC, London, England M -F CBC Northern Quebec Service CBN, St. John's, Newfoundland CBU, Vancouver, British Colombia CFCF, Montreal, Quebec CFCN, Calgary, Alberta CHNS, Halifax, Nova Scotia Christian Science World Service CKWX, Vancouver, British Colombia CFRB, Toronto, Ontario KVOH, Rancho Simi, California Radio Australia, Melbourne Radio for Peace, Costa Rica Radio Japan, Tokyo Radio Luxembourg Radio Moscow Radio Moscow, (N. American Srvc) Radio Polonia, Warsaw Radio Sofia, Bulgaria Radio Thailand, Bangkok Radio Tonga, Tonga SBC Radio One, Singapore Superpower KUSW, Utah Voice of America, Washington, DC USB Voice of the UAE WHRI, Noblesville, Indiana WRNO, New Orleans, Louisiana BBC, London, England* M -A Radio Budapest, Hungary Radio Canada Int'l, Montreal Radio Kiev, Ukrainian SSR Radio Korea, Seoul, South Korea Radio Tirana, Albania 9760v Voice of Vietnam, Hanoi M-A BRT, Brussels, Belgium M-A Voice of Greece, Athens BBC, London, England* Radio Berlin Intl, Eaast Germany WINB, Red Lion, Pennsylvania Send us your special QSLs and we'll copy and return them promptly, to be used as space permits (QSL editor, PO Box 98, Brasstown, NC 28902). September

88 magne tests... Lawrence Magne Editor -in -Chief Passport to World Band Radio Sony's CRF -V21 Shortwave /Satellite Portable At last! After some two years of peek and sneak previews, Sony has finally unveiled its long- awaited CRF -V21 portable. $10, Antennas Included This new model is even pricier than the ICOM IC -R9000 we reported on in last month's edition of Monitoring Tines -- $6,500 in the United States, and even more in Europe. That includes a modular amplified antenna for everything but two of the four satellite channels, but it doesn't include the antenna necessary for reception of the remaining satellite channels. That antenna lists for $3,500. This is the sort of expenditure that might give even Donald Trump second thoughts. Of course, for this kind of money you expect something special -- like the front half of a Mercedes, or Liberace's candelabra. With the 'V21 what you get, instead, are shortwave and satellite reception, facsimile and RTTY capability, and enough high - tech features to warm the heart of Ziggy Stardust. Facsimile Hints at World Band Video Take that facsimile capability. First off, this isn't a telefax machine like you find in offices. Rather, it's a radiofax device that reproduces pictures, maps, charts and the like from off the airwaves. Here's how it works. You tune in a fax signal on shortwave, or from satellite fax channels the 'V21 receives. You get the picture to come in properly by lining up the little vertical bars that appear on the face of a video display that c' mes built into the set. Once this is done, the fax picture materializes on the screen. This takes time, and is not unlike a movie in which you watch a werewolf materialize from the crouched blob of a man. Once the completed fax picture has emerged, you can activate the print screen function, and voila! The image is transferred from video display onto a piece of paper. the How's that? Paper? Yes, paper. This one -of-a-kind radio has its own built - in thermal mini -printer. It produces toilet -paper-sized hard copy having incredible resolution -- nearly three times finer than that of a Hewlett- Packard Laserjet II computer printer. Even the fax paper is a class act -- a good step up from what's used on your everyday office fax machine. This isn't really world band video -- pictures to go with, say, the BBC news. For now, you only can see specialized photos, weather charts and such. But it's obvious that world band video is now technically feasible. Its implementation may still be waiting in the wings, but the 'V21 at least gives you a peek under its kimono. Unusual Features Include Spectrum Display Aside from the fax, the 'V21's other high card is features -- from 350 channel memories that display station name to a World Time clock that displays seconds numerically. Like the ICOM IC- R9000, the 'V21's video display shows you station activity within given "slices" of the radio spectrum. With the ICOM, you can choose 50, 100 or 200 khz widths. With the 'V21, the narrowest is 200 khz. This is a problem. 200 khz is almost too wide for use within the shortwave spectrum -- the various signals are jammed so close together on the screen that they tend to blur together into an indistinguishable heap. At least with the ICOM you can go to 100 or even 50 khz "slices," which are small enough for your eye to separate one signal from another. Another thing is that the spectrum display is not so much like a moving picture as it is a series of snapshots of the spectrum. It's almost real time, but not quite. Same Synchronous Detection as on ICF The 'V21 has a wealth of other features, but from the viewpoint of shortwave listening performance the most important is synchronous detection with selectable sideband. The same chip that's used on the Sony ICF portable is used in the 'V21, with -- no surprise here -- the same results. Of course, this high -tech chip is a real plus. After all, it helps reduce adjacent - channel interference and fading distortion, and in so doing makes listening to world 86 September 1989

89 band programs all that much more pleasurable. But you can say the same thing about the '2010, which is much cheaper. After all, you can get over a dozen '2010's for the price of one 'V21. Performance Not Equal to Price Class And this is the problem with the 'V21, feature -laden and sexy though it is. In nearly every respect, it performs only a bit better than the popular '2010. But the 'V21 doesn't even equal the shortwave performance of such tabletop models as the Japan Radio NRD -525 or Kenwood R- 5000, which sell for around $1,000. For example, if you're into ham or utility listening, the 'V21 is disappointing; its single automatic gain control decay rate is much too fast to "smooth out the bumps" in the single -sideband or CW modes. As for listening to world band broadcasts, the wider bandwidth -- there are only two for shortwave listening -- is, at 7.3 khz, somewhat wide. Too, its shape factor of 1:2.5 is pretty good, but it's below par for anything that lays claim to being a serious communications receiver. Ergonomics and Software Not User Friendly There are other problems with this set, too. The video display has poor contrast, which makes it hard to see. There is a swing -over light on top the set to help with this, but if you place it where it does any good, it blocks your view of the display. That light also looks like a handle. If you reach down and grab it to lift the set, the light is almost certain to break off. Too, the software is not particularly user -friendly, and the ergonomics are generally mediocre. One exception is the 'V21's large rubber tuning knob -- this is, after all, the most -often-used control on a radio -- which is the best we've ever laid our hands on. Another is the keypad, which from both hardware and software perspectives is a pleasure to use. The Bottom Line: Better Alternatives Available What it comes down to is that the 'V21 is an awful lot of money for an upgraded '2010 with a fax machine and spectrum display. If you want a spectrum display, the 'R9000's works much better. If you want radiofax, others sell add -on fax devices for under $1,500. You can hear Larry Magne's equipment reviews the first Saturday of each month, plus Passport editors Don Jensen and Tony Jones the third Saturday, over Radio Canada's'SWL Digest.' For North America, "SWL Digest" Is heard at 8:10 PM ET on 5960 and khz, with a repeat Tuesday at 8:30 AM ET on 9635, and khz. Passport's 'RDI White Paper" equipment reports contain everything found during Its exhaustive tests of communications receivers and advanced portables. These reports are now available in the US from Universal Shortwave and EEB; in Canada from PIF, C.P. 232,L.d.R., Laval PQ H7N 4Z9; and in Europe from Interbooks, 8 Abbot Street, Perth PH2 OEB, Scotland. A catalog of these reports may be obtained by sending a self- addressed stamped envelope to International Broadcasting Services, Ltd., Box 300M, Penn's Park PA USA. "Now Available!" The First Annual knarsurp Equipment Buyers Guide The Active Ham's Complete Annuli! Reference Master This valuable new master directory and buyer's guide will serve antennas to transceivers to making your first packet contact... you day in and day out in searching out new gear, comparing new and lots more. models, locating dealers near you and mail -order retailers around ORDER YOUR BUYER'S GUIDE TODAY! the country. It'll help you buy more wisely with its multi- reference Don't miss the single most valuable buying guide in the Amateur concept to help you wend your way through the buying maze. Radio field. Send only $3.95 today. COMPLETE PRODUCT INFORMATION It's a single -volume source book of the latest Amateur Radio gear I YES, please send my copy of AMATEUR RADIO BUYER'S all sectionalized by equipment type for easy reference by the GUIDE 1989 for only postage paid. seasoned editorial staff of CQ: Complete product descriptions. Date Number of Copies Technical specifications. Retail prices. Name Call Equipment photographs. Address WHO'S WHO IN THE AMATEUR RADIO BUSINESS It's a Buyer's Guide filled with the kind of support information City State Zip you've always needed, but couldn't easily get: Dealer listings Check MasterCard VISA state -by -state (including branches), names and calls for key per- Card No. Expires sonnel, top lines carried, whether or not trade -ins are accepted or on -site repairs are made... and so on. Signature BUYING TIPS FROM THE EXPERTS (Signature required on all charge orders) Great articles on the in's and out's of purchasing Amateur equip- Mail to: CO Communications, Inc. ment. The experts give you the inside scoop on everything from 76 North Broadway, Hicksville, NY MT 87

90 scanner equipment Black Jaguar 200 While published sensitivity specifications are comparable with domestic scanners ( microvolts FM, microvolts AM), reception on our test unit was variable. Although high band signals (150 Mhz band) and military UHF (255.4 Mhz) were loud and clear, UHF base stations (450 MHz band) easily heard on a Bearcat 200XLT were virtually undetectable on the Jaguar. Search step ranges are well chosen: 5 khz up to 200 MHz and 10 or 12.5 khz above. Unfortunately, there is no provision for search hold once a signal appears; delay can be used to hold the channel briefly after the transmission ceases, or the squelch can be adjusted to hear background noise during periods of inactivity until the signal reappears. The search function is volatile -if the user switches briefly to another function, the search limits are erased and must totally reprogrammed to search again. Quite a Bob Grove, WA4PYQ P.O. Box 98 Brasstown, NC number of internally -generated "birdies" were uncovered during the search routine. A pushbutton tone control allows treble to be cut. We found that the unit is a bit bassy anyway, so it is unlikely that the tone control will be used. Audio from the 250 milliwatt amplifier is sufficiently loud but somewhat distorted, making listening a little fatiguing. The whip antenna attaches to the radio by a TNC connector; a TNC /BNC adaptor is included for attachment to an external antenna. Functions include individual channel lockout and three-second delay, and 10- channel- per -second scan /search speed, 16 memory channels and channel 1 priority. The manual is well organized and easy to follow. Since the Black Jaguar is not FCC certified in the United States, it is difficult to find dealers. Nonetheless, one MT advertiser, Electronic Equipment Bank, sells it for $ plus shipping. Occasionally an unusual radio surfaces on the market; the Black Jaguar model 200, manufactured in Tokyo by Palcom, is one of these. Designed for the foreign market, the Jaguar comes with an unusable European AC wall charger /adaptor, but does include internal nicad batteries, a soft carrying pouch with belt loop and earphone. The frequency range is quite unconventional by American standards, but covers most of the UHF military aircraft band. A handheld unit the size of a Bearcat 200XLT, the Black Jaguar is advertised to cover , 60-88, , and MHz. We were able to program , , , , and MHz with signals receivable over most of those ranges. Since the user can choose AM or FM mode on any frequency, the radio can be used on AM for shortwave, CB, and civilian and military aircraft. Narrowband FM is used on the remainder of the VHF /UHF bands. Since the Jaguar has no wideband FM, it cannot receive FM broadcasters or TV sound channels intelligibly. 88 September 1989 Scanners on the Near Horizon Quite unexpectedly, AOR has announced the imminent arrival of their ÁR950 scanner, a compact mobile unit with excellent frequency coverage and 100 channels of memory. Bob Grove reviews this new release next month. Also coming up for MT review are several new scanner models from Uniden who has repackaged the Regency Turboscan and Informant series, cancelled last year after Uniden purchased Regency. The Turboscan has now supercharged its scan rate: channels per second! The Informant series is factory preprogrammed to include public safety and other popular listening targets across the country; all the listener needs to do is turn it on. The INF10 offers state -by -state scanning of police and weather channels; unwanted channels may be deleted to avoid annoying delays during the scan sequence. The IFN7 and INF 50 add other services as well. All four of these little Uniden scanners are in the $200 range, making them preeminently affordable for the Christmas season! As always, MT will be the first to provide you with in -depth reviews of these and other products as soon as they become available.

91 BOB HANSON MAY WELL HAVE HAD 200,000 FRIENDS. NOW HE NEEDS THEM ALL... The world of communications has lost a great friend and devoted public servant. On Wednesday, May 8, 1989 Bob Hanson, W9AIF, passed away on the operating table during a delicate and enormously costly liver transplant operation. Bob will be mourned by literally hundreds of thousands of individuals whose lives he touched throughout the world as a noted columnist... public service association executive (SCAN, REACT, Community Watch)... communications industry advertising and marketing manager... and active radio amateur. But mourning alone cannot pay adequate tribute to Bob's total dedication to serving others -including his wife of 23 years, Marilyn, and two teenage sons, Peter and Andrew. Since liver transplants are regarded by some as "experimental surgery," not one dime of the expense- estimated in excess of $200,000 -was covered by insurance. We simply cannot allow Bob's wonderful family to live with that impossible burden. Your help is desperately needed. Immediately. Please, please send your contribution today. Make checks payable to: Organ Transplant Fund Inc. /Robert Hanson a legally constituted non -profit organization. Any funds collected in excess of those required to pay actual medical expenses will be used to relieve similar transplant victims. The Robert Hanson Fund. A Living Memorial. Organ Transplant Fund Inc. /Robert Hanson P.O. Box 766 Morris, IL

92 Batteries: Radio Shack's Got Em f you need a battery, Radio Shack will have it. That's what Tandy Corporation is now saying about their new program to offer consumers "hard -to- find" batteries for a wide array of electronics products through Radio Shack's Consumer Mail Center. Radio Shack already stocks 97 battery types, one of the largest selections in the industry. According to Bob Miller, vice president of Radio Shack Consumer Merchandising, "This expanded program will let us supply almost any battery made." A complete catalogue, available at participating stores, lists consumer batteries, batteries used by police and fire fighters, pagers, amateur radio operators, telephone battery packs used in cordless phones, and camcorder battery packs. Radio Shack currently sells over 100 million batteries annually. Tiny Tuner Iis a radio. It's advertising. It's Target tuning's new palm -sized radio -- that receives only one station. The market for Target Tuning's receivers is radio stations and radio station advertisers. Each side of the unit features a display area for the station's call letters or the advertiser's corporate logo. According to Tina Jacobs, executive vice president of the Moonachie, New Jersey, firm, stations like the little radios "because it boosts the number of listeners, while advertisers like it because it locks consumers into the station airing their commercials." In two years, sponsors ranging from McDonald's to Miller beer and 150 FM stations have given away some 350,000 of the radios. Sales have been so successful, in fact, that according to the company, plans are under way for one -station mono and stereo AM, narrow -band FM and TV audio models as well. Don't Sleep and Drive You're driving along in the car, trying to squeeze the 1,500 mile trek from Philadelphia to Orlando into one sitting. As you hit Daytona Beach and your 18th hour, your eyes begin to sag. Suddenly, you're awakened by the sound of screeching steel. You've fallen asleep at the wheel and the only thing that's between you and death is the guardrail scraping your passenger's side door at 65 miles an hour. Such a scene would be all but impossible had you been using "Drive Alert." Fitting behind the ear, much like a hearing aid, Drive Alert emits a 2 khz, 86 db warning tone if the driver nods his head past a certain angle. That angle is selectable from among 18 positions. Drive Alert is available from Softrade, a Claremont, California, firm and is just $ The Silencer Now that you're awake, SY S NORTH CHICAGO THE SILENCER" MODEL 2020 Ql1EST you'd better answer your car phone. It's ringing. What? You can't hear it because the stereo's on too loud? Then, along with your "Drive Alert," be sure to get "The Silencer." The Silencer automatically shuts off your stereo when your cellular mobile telephone begins to ring. Besides letting you know when the darned phone is going off, it'll also keep your friends and clients from learning about your bad taste in music. "The Silencer" is sold by Soundquest in North Chicago, Illinois for $ Free Tool Catalogue Y ou can get a copy of Jensen Tools' new catalogue simply by mentioning Monitoring Times. The 160 page catalogue features a wide variety of tool kits ranging from everyday to the esoteric, including hand and power tools in English and metric sizes, test equipment, soldering /desoldering stations, static control and much more. For your free copy write 7815 S. 46th Street, Phoenix, Arizona Be sure to mention Monitoring Times. WENT PENDING 040E IN USA Thanks to Terry Calvet', Phoenixville, Pennsylvania; Jeffrey Logan of Washington, DC; Michael Scott Miller Tennesen, California. To have your new product or book considetrd for trview in Monitoring Times, send it to Editor; 140 Dog Branch Road, Brnsstown, NC September 1989

93 Fisher 1280X "Aquanaut" Metal /Treasure Detector Not surprising, one name still seems to dominate the marketplace: Fisher. After all, it was Dr. Gerhard Fisher who invented and patented the first metal detector over half a century ago, giving rise to the famous SCR625 mine detector which saved so many foot soldiers during World War II. Dr. Fisher passed away last year, but the company he founded is going strong. There are three fundamental types of metal detecting circuits: beat frequency oscillator (BF0), transmitter -receiver (TR or balanced inductance) and pulse induction. The BFO units, operating typically at near 500 khz, are the least expensive and great for casual coin shooting in a public park, but they are considered quite primitive among advanced hobbyists. Pulse induction instruments rapidly switch their transmitters on and off, listening for residual signals from temporarily excited ( "charged ") metallic objects, especially iron. For serious applications, especially near salt water or deeper in the ground, nothing beats a good, low frequency, inductive balance machine and, judging from the literature, the Fisher 1280X, which operates at 2.4 khz (voice frequency -- "VF "), looked like a good one. Let's Try It Out The 1280X Aquanaut comes in a custom molded carrying case and includes headphones, batteries and a five -year warranty! The accompanying owner's manual is easy to read, well illustrated and loaded with operational hints for the newcomer. The entire unit, headphones and all, is saltwater- resistant and submersible to 250 feet. A high -intensity LED indicator lamp flashes brilliantly in the presence of metal, particularly useful at murky depths, but visible in sunlight as well. Removing the instrument from its cozy cabinet, I attached the search head, gripped the handle, rested my forearm in the padded cradle and prepared for action. For even lighter, anti -fatigue operation, the control box conveniently dismounts and may be worn on a belt clip (provided). Although a set of eight inexpensive AA batteries will operate the instrument for about 40 hours, I would recommend premium alkaline cells -- why risk early battery exhaustion when untold wealth awaits discovery beneath your feet? Switching the instrument on, I was pleased to see that there were no critical adjustments to be made, just simple controls for volume, sensitivity and discrimination. The discriminator control is especially useful for rejecting unwanted signals from trash, making searching for valuables even easier and more productive. With headphones clamped to my ears (they can also be left loosely dangling around the neck) I began the classical sweeping motion over the ground. Almost immediately the headphones beeped, alerting me to metal at my feet. Desoto's buried treasure? Civil War artifacts? Abandoned coin cache? Lost jewelry? r.ì,ß Nope. A nail. But it was a start! Next, I threw a penny down into the grass (pretending not to notice where it landed) and swept once more. "Beep" -- I scored again. My finger ring was also decidedly pinpointed by the unerring instrument. Switching on the discriminator circuitry, I swept the coil low and evenly across the ground. While sensitivity was still excellent for the penny and gold ring, there was no sign of the STOCKS OPTIONS FUTURES Turn Your PC Into A MARKET QUOTATION MONITOR New book covers complete information on financial news and market quotes for your PC. Topics include: - Data Encryption - - Password Methods Receiver Unit Design Covers quotation processing and data broadcasting from the trading floor to the desktop, $19 plus $2 S /li (includes demo diskette). nail! That is the beauty of a fine instrument like the Fisher 1280X -- the ability to discriminate between trash and treasure. Send for I Nl:li catalog of Further tests showed that the settings did not - DATA - QUOTE RECEIVER DISPLAY KITS SOFTWARE drift; they remained rock - - DESCRAMBLING UTILITIES stable due to the quartz (anytime) reference oscillator and sturdy construction of the DATArx search coil. Just as 111 E. Drake Rd, Suite 7041 important, no false indications were heard when Fort Collins, CO dragging the search head through wet grass or close to moist soil. Small metallic targets l'ke the ring and coins were detectable to several inches, while large masses sounded the alarm at several feet. As the discriminator knob is advanced higher and higher, more and more trash is rejected including nails and pull tabs from beverage cans, traditional sources of endless irritation among beachcombers and artifact collectors. Being a motion detector, the signal stops if the search head is not moving, but only a tiny movement is necessary to register a target. This is no disadvantage as the operator will be moving the search head back and forth anyway as he zeroes in on his target. It was time for a field test. I decided to start with a school playground. As I swept the 1280's search head across the soil at the bottom of the slide, the tone registered loud and clear. A pull tab from a beverage can! -- time to use the discriminator mode. No more pull tabs were going to foil thi instrument! Another sweep and a clear registration from the detector sounded. Using a digging tool made from a large screwdriver, anxiously scraped away an inch or so of soil. A dime! Now reassured and with adrenalin pumping, under the high school bleachers and out to the beach I went. More loose change popped out of the ground as I swept and dug. Even some costume jewelry. At at a local flea market I chanced to start a casual conversation with a Cherokee Indian. "If you ever get hold of a good metal detector" he confided, "I'll take you to a good spot." What's there?" I asked. "Rebel stuff," he whispered. I don't know what the rest of Brasstown will be doing this weekend, but I know where I will be, and what I'll be taking with me! (1280X Aquanaut, $ plus shipping from Fisher Research Laboratory, Dept. MT, 1005 I St., Los Banos, CA 93635) Bob Grove, WA4PYQ September

94 demaw's workbench Choosing the Right Capacitor Doug DeMaw P.O. Box 98 Brasstown, NC Have you been confused about selecting the correct capacitor for a particular application? If so, you aren't alone in your moments of indecision! As the state of the art advances, we find new types of capacitors listed in our catalogs each year. Gone are the days when the tubular paper capacitor, large mica capacitors, and electrolytic capacitors were all that we had to work with. Things aren't quite so simple for a nontechnical person these days! Let's examine some of the more common capacitors we must work with. Disc Ceramics It isn't necessary to use special capacitors in most audio circuits, but when we deal with RF (radio frequency) circuits, the matter becomes one of concern, respective to using effective capacitors. The disc ceramic unit is generally the best choice for bypassing and coupling circuits at RF. Why is the disc ceramic so good? It is because it has minimum unwanted inductance along with the desired capacitance. Unwanted inductance (XL, or inductive reactance) is caused by the pigtail leads on the capacitor. There can also be some internal XL, depending upon how the component is made. If we were to shortcircuit the capacitor leads we would find that the leads and the capacitor formed a tuned circuit at some frequency. This can be checked with a dip oscillator. A x CAPACITANCE (XC) LEAD INDUCTANCE x L fyyyl LEADS SHORTED Figure 1 -- Illustration A shows the effects of unwanted lead and internal inductance in a capacitor. In effect, we have a capacitor in series with two coils. The PC -board elements or other wiring associated with the installed capacitor add to the unwanted inductance (XL). Example B shows that if the capacitor leads are shorted together, we have a tuned circuit formed by the capacitor and the stray inductance (see text). But, disc ceramics have the least unwanted or parasitic inductance of the many types available. The notable exception is the monolithic chip capacitor. It has no leads. It is soldered directly to the PCboard pads by means of metalized end strips on the capacitor body. Chip capacitors are used mainly at VHF and UHF, where stray inductance can't be tolerated. The common disc ceramic is suitable for use from DC into the lower VHF spectrum. The important consideration is to keep the leads as short as practicable when you solder them into your circuit. The unwanted XL tends to negate the effectiveness of the capacitor, especially as the operating frequency is increased. The stray inductance is in series with the capacitance (see Figure 1) and this ruins the function of the capacitor. In a severe case it is as though the capacitor was not there at all, especially in a bypass application. Ineffective bypassing can cause a circuit to self -oscillate and become unstable. If the emitter of a bipolar transistor or the source of a FET amplifier is poorly bypassed (owing to excessive XL), the stage will have low gain. This is caused by what is known as degenerative feedback. Therefore, it is wise to keep the capacitor leads as short as you can make them. A similar event occurs when there is excessive stray inductance in a coupling circuit between amplifier stages (blocking capacitor). If the XL is too great, it will be difficult for the RF signal to pass through the capacitor from one amplifier stage to the next. Again, keep those leads short. Large mylar and polyester capacitors are not suitable in RF circuits. They have considerable internal inductance along with that caused by the pigtails. They are fine for audio and DC circuits where stray inductance is too minimal to worry about. Silver -Mica Capacitors There are two kinds of silver -mica capacitor. One is the older style that has a square or rectangular molded -plastic case. The case has a red color. The units that have brown cases are not silver -mica. They are also mica capacitors, but aren't as temperature -stable as the silver - mica ones. Modern silver -micas are called "dipped" silver -micas. The outer insulation is brown in color and they are much smaller than the older units. The capacitance value is printed on the case, whereas the old silver -micas used a color code of dots to signify the value. Most silver -mica capacitors perform well into the lower VHF region if the leads are kept short. They are slightly more inductive than are disc ceramics, but they may be used for coupling and bypassing. The internal capacitor plates are coated with silver in order to improve the conductivity of the plates. This helps them to work more effectively at the higher frequencies. The silver increases the capacitor Q (quality factor), and this is important if a tuned circuit requires high Q. An example of this principle is when we use a high -Q slug -tuned coil with a fixed -value capacitor in parallel or in series with the coil. A capacitor with low Q can negate the high Q of the coil. This results in a broadly resonant tuned circuit, whereas we may require a narrow response in order to reject RF energy from frequencies above and below the desired frequency. 92 September 1989

95 INT. Stable Capacitors The ability of a capacitor to maintain its manufactured value in an environment of changing temperature is vital in oscillator circuits. Capacitance changes cause frequency drift. This is especially annoying in a receiver or transmitter tuned oscillator. Perhaps the best capacitor you can use in an oscillator or tuned filter is the NPO (last digit is a zero) disc ceramic. These capacitors cost slightly more than conventional disc ceramics, but they stay put very nicely as the ambient temperature around them, plus any internal heating caused by RF current, varies. I use them in all of my VFO (variable frequency oscillator) circuits. I use them also in high -order crystal overtone oscillators, where frequency drift can, and does, occur. Your second option is to use polystyrene capacitors if you can't locate any NPO capacitors. The polystyrene capacitor is entirely acceptable up to approximately 30 MHz in an oscillator circuit. They are nearly as temperature -stable as NPO ceramics. They are, however, somewhat more inductive (XL again!), so it's important to keep those capacitor pigtails as short as you can. My experience has proven that they are less prone to capacitance change than are disc ceramics, respective to internal heating from RF currents. This is because they have greater capacitor -plate area within them. Silver -micas may also be used in oscillators, but they are rather unpredicable in terms of stability. Some will exhibit positive drift (increased capacitance) while others from the same manufacturer's batch will show negative drift (decreased capacitance). If you have several silver -micas of the desired value, keep substituting them in your circuit until you find a group of capacitors that provide stable oscillator operation. This cut- and -try method is tedious, but it pays off. Stable, high -Q capacitors are needed also in audio filters. Polystyrene is an excellent choice in this application, but mylar capacitors are acceptable also. Silver -micas could be used in audio filters, but they do not generally have high enough capacitance values for audio work. Capacitor Voltage Ratings Be cautious when ordering your capacitors. The voltage rating is important if the capacitor is to survive in your project. The miniature 50- or 100 -volt DC capacitors are fine for circuits that operate from 12 or 24 volts DC. They occupy far less room on a PC board than do the larger 600 -volt types. Always allow a safety margin of twice the circuit operating voltage when dealing with DC. For AC applications, such as the bypassing of the 120 -volt AC line, you must take into account the peak -to-peak AC voltage. In other words, 120 volts RMS (root mean square) is what you take from the wall outlet. The peak -to-peak value of this voltage is times the RMS value. Hence, the capacitor you use across the AC line must be able to accommodate volts in order to not be damaged. A capacitor with a 600 -volt rating may last indefinitely in this application, but it is marginal at best. Play it safe by installing a capacitor with a volt or greater rating. Electrolytic and Tantalum Capacitors There are many kinds of high -capacitance units to choose from. All of them are fine for use in power -supply filters and in decoupling circuits that require a low impedance voltage -supply line. However, in those applications where minimum XL is necessary, you will be wise to install tantalum capacitors. They are compact devices that have minimal internal inductance. In fact, they work COMPUTERIZE YOUR SHACK Control up to eight digital radios simultaneously from your MS -DOS microcomputer! We offer a series of software /hardware packages that interface with most current synthesized rigs. ICOM: IC -781, 765, 761, 751A, 735, 725, R71A, R7000, 271, 371, 471, 1271, 275, 375, 475, 575, CI -V KENWOOD: TS940, 440, 140, R5000, 680, 711, 811 YAESU: FT767, 757 GXII, 757 GX, 747, 9600, 736 JRC: NRD 525 COLLINS: 651 S1 Datacom couldn't be simpler. Knowledge of MS -DOS is not necessary -the installation program does it all! Datacom allows complete control of your rig from the keyboard. A few of Its many features: Adds scan function to radios that don't allow this from front panel. Adds frequency and associated Info memory limited only by disk storage. Tabular screen display of all the channels stored In memory, along with a full description of each including: mode (LSB, USB, FM, etc.), eight character alphanumeric description, signal bandwidth. Full featured logging utility. Able to automatically log hits while sweeping. Color coded program for ease of use (will run on a monochrome system). Menus for amateur, AM -FM broadcast, television broadcast, SIW, aviation, marine, with most popular frequencies stored. Call or Write today for more information AVAILABLE FOR IBM PC, XT, AT, K RAM 1 SERIAL PORT AND 1 FLOPPY MINIMUM PROGRAM WITH INITIAL LIBRARIES RS -232 TO TTL INTERFACE ONLY (NEEDED IF DON'T HAVE MANUFACTURERS INTERFACE) EXTERNAL INTERFACE ALLOWS 4 RADIOS (NOW WITH SQUELCH DETECT CIRCUITRY) INTERNAL PC INTERFACE W11 SERIAL & 1 RADIO PORT SPECTRUM ANALYZER MODULE (CALL FOR PRICE) COMPLETE SYSTEMS INCL. RADIO, INTERFACE, COMPUTER, AVAILABLE (CALL FOR PRICE) DATACOM, 8081W L33016 AREA CODE (305)822A 028 well as coupling and bypass capacitors in RF circuits up to approximately 10 MHz or so. The small size of tantalum capacitors makes them ideal for use in compact PC -board modules. The only limitation I can think of is their relatively low voltage rating. They are intended primarily for circuits that have an operating voltage of 28 or less, DC. Most suppliers do not list tantalums that have maximum surge -voltage ratings in excess of 35. Some Final Thoughts Try in all instances to avoid unwanted XL. At the higher frequencies it is not uncommon for, say, a 100 -pf disc capacitor to exhibit a capacitance of 30 or 40 pf. This is because the XL that is present cancels part of the effective capacitance of the component. The longer the capacitor leads, the worse the situation. Always be mindful of the voltage rating of the capacitor you use. Allow plenty of leeway in the rating in order to prevent damage to the capacitor. Don't rely on the marked value of your capacitors if they are to be used in critical circuits. Check them with a calibrated digital capacitance meter. I have found many disc ceramics that were not close to having the marked value. For example, a batch of uf capacitors I recently bought showed capacitances between 680 and 830 pf. In other situations, I have bought capacitors that had values well above the marked amount (0.02 uf units that ranged from 0.28 to 0.31 uf!). I have observed, however, that most silver -mica and polystyrene capacitors are very close in value to that which is marked on them. Likewise for NPO disc ceramics. September

96 experimenter's workshop Converting a Heath Transceiver Rich Arland, K7YHA 25 Amherst Wilkes- Barre, PA This month's column centers around the conversion of one of Heath's most popular HF transceivers, the HW -8, to work on 160, 30, 17, & 12 meters. This tiny QRP (low power) transceiver has been one of the most highly successful radios that ever came out of Benton Harbor and more modifications have been done to this rig than any other radio produced by Heath. As originally designed, the HW -8 covers the 80/40/20/15 meter ham bands. It features a direct conversion (DC) receiver (the RF signal is converted directly to audio in the first mixer stage), about 2 watts output on the bands and semi -break -in CW keying. This is a CW -only transceiver and can be picked up at ham fests for between 50 and 85 dollars depending upon condition and modifications. The conversions described here originally came from the G -QRP Club's quarterly magazine, SPRAT. Bob Fowler, G3IQF was the author of these mods and has done a fine job of documenting the conversions. These conversions can be done one band at a time or all at once. 160 meters will replace the 80 meter band, 30 meters will replace the 40 meter band, 17 meters will replace the 20 meter band, and finally 12 meters will replace the 15 meter band. All four of the HFO crystals (Y1-4) will have to be replaced to move the frequencies of operation to the desired bands. When ordering new crystals, specify 30pf load capacitance and an HC6 -U holder. You will need the Heath assembly manual for these mods. Replacement capacitors can be polystyrene or silver mica. In addition, the QRP ARCI offers a book titled The Hot Water Handbook by Mike Bryce /WB8VGE (225 Mayflower N.W., Massillion, OH 44646) which will be indispensable. It will be best to completely disassemble the rig down to the bare circuit board so access to the toroidial inductors and other parts can be realized. If you are inexperienced at performing equipment modifications, PLEASE contact your local amateur radio club and find someone who will assist you. Take your time and work slowly. Solder carefully, and enjoy the trip! Why spring the extra bucks to assemble an HW -9 with the band expansion when you can expand the HW -8 you already own?! 160 Meters One of my favorite bands always has been 160 meters. It is a very good QRP band when the static and noise are at a minimum during the winter months. So, let's start with the 160 meter mods. 1. Replace Yl ( MHz) with a crystal cut for MHz (this puts the band edge at "10" on the tuning dial. 2. Replace C116 with a 150pf cap. 3. C64: add a 400pf in parallel on foil side of PCB. 4. Replace Cl with a 560pf cap. 5. Replace C15 with a 330pf cap. 6. C78: add a 330pf in parallel on foil side of PCB. 7. L22: remove all turns on the toroid and rewind with 34 turns of #32 gauge wire and add a 230pf capacitor in parallel with L22 on the foil side of the PCB. 8. Replace C94 with a 470pf cap. 9. C96: add 470pf in parallel on foil side of PCB. 10. C97: add 680pf in parallel on foil side of PCB. 11. C303: add 220pf in parallel which is switched in when 160 meter band - switch position is depressed (a. connect one end of the 220pf cap to C303/R304 junction. b. Connect the other end to pin 14 of the bandswitch. c. Jumper a short lead between pins 11 & 15 of the bandswitch. 12. For maximum performance in the CW segment of the band, set the tuning dial to 40 (1.840MHz) and allow the set to warm up for 30 minutes. Realign the 160 meter circuits following the 3.5 MHz instructions in the Heath manual. Transmitter output power is about 2 watts. 30 Meters 30 meters is a great QRP band. Propagation is much like 40 meters and this band will be "open" round the clock. 1. Replace Y2 ( MHz) with a new crystal cut for MHz (this puts the band edge at the "100" mark on the tuning dial). 2. Replace C118 with a 100pf cap. 3. Replace C66 with a 68pf cap. 4. Replace C4 with a 27pf cap. 5. Remove C Replace C81 with a 150pf cap. 7. Replace C82 with a 150pf cap. 8. L23: remove two turns (one from each end of the toroidal inductor. 9. Remove C Replace C101 with a 80pf cap. 11. Replace C102 with a 270pf cap. 12. L28 & L29: remove 8 turns from both inductors (4 turns from each end and respace remaining turns evenly around the toroidal form). 13. Set main tuning dial to "125" ( MHz) and allow the HW -8 to warm up for 30 minutes. Realign the 30 meter circuits (except VFO) following the 7MHz instructions in the Heath manual. Transmitter output is about 2.2 watts. 17 Meters The newest and extremely interesting 17 meter band provides excellent QRP DX throughout the hours of daylight and well 94 September 1989

97 Monitoring Times invites you to submit your favorite projects for publication. For more information, contact Rich Arland, 25 Amherst, Wilkes- Barre, PA MODEL #2200 PRICE $21.95 Plug -in Voltage Monitor Simple and accurate line voltage meter plugs directly into any 115 volt AC outlet for continuous voltage readings. LINE VOLTAGE MONITOR Color coded dial is accurate to plus or minus 2% and is built into a sturdy plastic case. Records full range from line voltage. 90 day limited warranty. Leave permanently plugged in for constant reading of line voltage into dark most days. 1. Replace Y3 ( MHz) with a crystal cut for MHz (this puts the band edge at "68" on the dial. 2. Replace C121 with a 33pf cap. 3. Replace C68 with a 68pf cap. 4. C7: add a 22pf cap across foil side of the PCB. 5. Replace C84 with a 68pf cap. 6. Replace C85 with a 68pf cap. 7. L24: remove 2 turns (one from each end of the toroidal coil). 8. Replace C105 with a 180pf cap. 9. L31 &: L32: remove 8 turns each inductor (4 turns from each end, respace the turns evenly around each toroidal coil form). 10. For maximum performance in the CW segment of the band, set the main tuning dial to "100" ( MHz) and allow the rig to warm up for about 30 minutes. Realign all 17 meter circuits using the 14 MHz instructions in the Heath manual. Transmitter power output is about 1.3 watts. 12 Meters Finally we'll convert 15 meters to 12 meters. 12 meters is similar im many respects to 10 meters and during this period of high sunspot activity will provide the QRPer with lots of fun working stations all over the earth. 1. Replace Y4 ( MHz) with a crystal cut for MHz. This puts the band edge at "90" on the tuning dial. 2. Replace C123 with a 15pf cap. 3. Replace C71 with a 33pf cap. 4. Replace C87 with a 33pf cap. 5. Replace C88 with a 33pf cap. 6. L25: remove 3 turns (1 from one end and two from the other end of the toroidal inductor and respace turns evenly around the form). 7. Replace C107 with a 75pf cap. 8. Replace C108 with a 100pf cap. 9. L33 & L34: as L25 above. 10. Postage Pre -Paid Send Ch or Money Order to: TEP, INC. P.O. Box #104 WINONA, OHIO Credit Card Orders In Ohio Outside Ohio Ohio Residents add 5% Sales Tax For maximum performance in the CW segment of the band, set the main tuning dial to "110" MHz) and allow the set to warm up for about 30 minutes. Realign the 12 meter circuits following the 21 MHz instructions in the Heath manual. Transmitter power output is about 700mw. Additional modifications that will prove useful and enhance performance are: replacement of Q1 (MPF 105) with a dual gate MoSFET (40673 or 3N211). This will really make the receiver section perk up. Addition of an S -meter (Hot Water Handbook available through WB8VGE) will give you the feel of a "big" rig. Several AF filter mods are also presented in the Hot Water Handbook, which will definitely improve the receiver's audio section. I would like to express my appreciation to the Rev. George Dobbs, G3RJV of the G -QRP Club who has graciously given his permission to reprint these modifications, and to Bob Fowler, G3IQF, for doing the pioneering effort on the mods. Till next month 73 Rich, K7YHA tm If you do not already possess the HW-8 assembly manual, it is available front Heath Company, P.O. Box 8589, Benton Harber, MI ( ). Or we will send you the pertinent schematic if you will send your request to P.O. Box 98, Brasstown, NC and enclose an SASE. MODEL #2250 PRICE $24.95 Table Top Line Voltage Monitor With 6 Foot Cord. AC line voltage meter plugs into any standard outlet. Comes with 6 foot cord and swivel table top stand. Meter VISA can be adapted to mount under table or on wall CHANCE OF A LIFETIME! N.E. LITSCHE P.O. Box 191 Canandaigua, NY WANT TO SWAP UP? List your used receiver in the MT Stock Exchange - it works! September

98 . antenna topics W. Clem Small, KR6A, CET Rt. 1 Box 64A Weybridge, VT The Short-Wire Antenna: or How to Listen to the World with an Ice Pick! I remember that, when I was a kid, I saw an intriguing ad for a McMurdo Silver shortwave receiver. Although you don't hear anything about them these days, McMurdo Silver receivers had a reputation for quality performance. The ad which I saw had a picture of the receiver with an ice pick attached to the antenna terminal and a caption which read something to the effect that, "This receiver can receive signals from halfway around the world using only an ice pick for an antenna!" I was impressed. Of course, we know that an ice pick is not much of a shortwave antenna, and certainly not one to be recommended for any serious radio work! But the point to be made here is that it is possible to use a very short antenna on the shortwave bands and still get reception of some kind on the stronger signals. And, if you make the ice pick longer, say 5, 10, or 20 or more feet long, then the number of signals which you can receive becomes much larger. Of course, we don't have 20 foot, or even five foot long ice picks, so we usually use wires for such antennas. And it is remarkable what we can do with these short-wires at times. Everything has its place But don't think for a moment that shortwires are a preferred type of antenna for the shortwave bands. At VHF and higher frequencies, such short lengths of wire can be used to make excellent antennas with good amounts of gain. But on the HF (shortwave) bands these lengths are not considered desirable for most communications work. about 15 feet long on the ceiling of my room (that's just under the floor of the house) and was able to get in on all the local 80 -meter rag -chewing using a little rig of only about 15 watts input. Yep, that means that I used the short-wire for transmitting as well as for receiving. Short-wire antennas can be useful in receiving situations where the level of the signals you want to receive is fairly strong. Why put up a larger antenna if you don't need it? They are also useful in receiving situations where you don't have the space or the resources to put up a long -wire antenna. You will not be able to receive the less- strong signals that you might get with a longer wire, but still there are usually a number of interesting signals to be heard with a short-wire. Of course, hams want to be able to transmit as well as receive, and the same general comments apply to their situation: the number of stations they can hear and work is going to be less with a short-wire antenna than with longer wires, but a lot of amateur radio enjoyment has been had over the years with short -wire antennas. A word on antenna tuners If you use a short -wire antenna only for receiving, you do not have to use an antenna SHORT WIRE A tuner. Connecting the antenna wire directly to the antenna terminal of your receiver is fine in most instances. Much of the time a tuner is not really helpful in receiving anyhow, although a tuner will "peak" the signals, and make them sound louder. You can usually get the same effect by turning up your volume control. But on really weak signals you can occasionally help things a bit with a tuner, and a good portion of the signals on a short -wire antenna are weak. Also, tuners do give a bit of selectivity which can help fight intermodulation distortion if you have a problem with that. So, if you have an antenna tuner, try it with your short-wire, and see if it helps your receiving situation. B On the other hand, if you are also going to transmit with the short -wire, you must use an antenna tuner or matching system of some kind; otherwise you are not likely to radiate much of the RF your transmitter generates. If your transmitter has a built -in antenna matching system, that may be enough. Otherwise, use an antenna tuner. Let's make an antenna! The short -wire antenna is one of the SHORT WIRE (,--- SMOKE i,,,,:, CONE l `kt\ On the other hand, short -wires do have their place in the world of antennas, and sometimes fill a need quite adequately. Ask any old- timer, and you'll likely find that they have experienced a number of occasions where a short-wire antenna came in handy. As just one example, when I was in college, I lived in a rented basement room with no privileges of putting up an outside antenna. I put up a short -wire antenna 96 September 1989 ANTENNA TUNER IN TRANSCEIVER OUT 1 ANT. TERMINAL COAX LINE RECOVER. ANT TERMINAL FIG I. SHORT WIRE ANTENNA WITH ANTENNA -TUNER (A), AND WITHOUT TUNER (B). INSET SHOWS VOLCANO SMOKE ANTENNA.

99 r easier antennas to build. First decide what space you have available which is appropriate for mounting an antenna. Along the wall, on the ceiling, in the attic, and under the rug are places that have worked for many people. Mount it as high as is practical or desirable. Make sure that the antenna is not touching any metal objects. You may use any size wire that is convenient, insulated or uninsulated. Just lay, tape, tack, tie, or otherwise put the antenna in place, and hook it up as shown in Figure 1. Be sure to make the antenna as long as possible in the space you have available. If you find that your antenna will not work mounted indoors, you may have too much metal in the construction of the building where you operate your rig. In such cases, a metal flag pole mounted out on a window sill or a wire dropped out a window may work okay. antennae "The Magazine for Antennas" Want the best signal for SWL or scanning? Looking for an easy to build broadband antenna? Like to have an automatic scanning antenna system that can scan all compass points and stop properly oriented on a signal? Need a disguised or hidden antenna for your home? Want to improve your antenna and ground system? Want to know how to modify a high -gain wide band TV antenna for scanner use? How about a disguised mobile antenna for scanning? Does propagation in the 2-30 MHz range baffle you? Interested in Radio Astronomy? Just want to learn more about antennas? -4 If you use the antenna for transmitting, you should probably use end insulators and keep the wire clear of its surroundings. Also, remember that transmitter RF can "bite," so don't leave the antenna where it can be touched by unsuspecting children or adults. Of course, you should use only low -power transmitting levels on indoor antennas. The corona discharge often found with higher powers could put sparks where you don't want them. With indoor antennas, you and your family are going to be close to the radiating antenna. Since we don't yet know just what long -term health effects accrue from living in an RF field, this is another reason to use only low power with indoor antennas. AND SO: If you have a situation where a longer antenna is not possible, or not necessary, you may find that a short -wire antenna is just what you need. And, although chances are that you will not "work the world with an ice pick," a lot of good communications have been had with short -wires in the past. Why not give one a try? RADIO RIDDLES Last Month: I asked, "What is a `volcano smoke' antenna, and how does an antenna get such a name?" Picture the quarterwave groundplane antenna with its vertical element shaped like a balloon, and its groundplane shaped like an upside -down cone or volcano peak, as shown in the inset in Figure 1B. Electrically this antenna is similar to the groundplane antenna, although its "fatter" dimensions give it a greater bandwidth. Its name, obviously, springs from its physical resemblance to a volcano spouting smoke. This month: The design of the volcano smoke antenna is sometimes seen as derivable from the quarterwave groundplane antenna. The same can be said of the discone antenna, covered in last month's column. Where did we get such a useful design as the groundplane antenna, anyhow? Find the answer to this month's riddle, and much more, next month in your copy of Monitoring Times. Til then, Peace, DX, and 73. If you answered yes to any or all of these questions, then you must subscribe to antennex! With readers around the globe, antennex is the magazine for anyone with an antenna whether listening or transmitting. 12 MONTHLY ISSUES is only $11.97 for USA and possessions. Foreign is $17.00 in USA funds. Send Check or Money Order to: antennex P.O. Box 8995 Dept. 19 Corpus Christi, TX 'Probe $ Wort ilarcl!starnerantenna +S3 P'Br.FJ Cuts Noise Improves Reception Indoors or Out Works with all World Band Portables and Scanners Sleek Eft Probe with Integral 25-1t Low-Loss Shielded Feedline Fully Insulated and Weather Sealed Decorator White Design AntennasWest Box M 'FREEstoragePouch\ Prao, UT &Universal Connector Ki, PRESERVATION PLAN ON IT Planning on restoring a house, saving a landmark, reviving your neighborhood? Gain a wealth of experience and help preserve our historic and architectural heritage. Join the National Trust for Historic Preservation. Make preservation a blueprint for the future. Write: National Trust for Historic Preservation Department PA 1785 Massachusetts Ave., N.W. Washington, D.C r- September

100 . ask bob ;r.: fl$v8`;: Seen: advbrtise3ir?ent5 : 1Ci17' far}; n X912 lvlhz cc?nvarfer whrh oannectsrto any ;:scanner with 41 p b 1 MHz : CA>rerage HOw w,ll cfoes,thrs >; woric and what wtll i;hear?! A A converter has circuitry just like the "head end" of a receiver; it picks up a signal, amplifies it and mixes it with an oscillator frequency to shift the frequency lower where it is easier to process. A well- designed converter works quite satisfactorily to extend the frequency range of any receiver. The frequency block MHz is similar in allocation to VHF high band ( MHz) and UHF land mobile ( MHz). The same services - public safety, government, amateur, mobile phone, paging, business and industrial -- are found in both, although there are some differences in technologies. For example, trunking and cellular communications are only found in the 800 MHz band which is used in metropolitan areas where conventional VHF and UHF channels are already saturated. Q How can! eliminate. vghost. ing"! on my T1! ;picture? (Re. Silvonen, <Raum á, Finlani A TV ghosting may be produced in any of three ways: multiple reflections from nearby obstacles (buildings, mountains, metal siding or ducting); direct pickup of the signal by unshielded downlead (like 300 ohm twinlead); or poor installation (loosely attached crimp rings on F connectors, unterminated outputs on splitters). To minimize reflections, use high gain directional antennas with excellent front -toback ratio, and mount them as far as possible from large metallic surfaces. The antenna should be rotated, observing the picture for minimum ghosting. To avoid pickup by the downlead, use well -shielded coaxial cable, matched with balun transformers at the antenna (and at the TV set if an F connector is not provided). Q Chicago school; securely pet`sonne!? (Thgmas Sullivan, Chicago, < L) Nhat frequerlgÿ i$ used by A The Chicago Board of Education is 98 September 1989 ; licensed on many frequencies including , (GMRS), , , and MHz. Do the security guards wear shoulder patches or other uniform labels identifying a commercial security company ( "rent-a- cop ")? If so, their frequencies can be most anywhere in the business bands, VHF or UHF. To learn their operating frequencies, simply look up their company name in your local FCC office. They have visiting hours for such private file searches on their microfiche. Some resourceful scanner enthusiasts invent clever ploys like carrying a hand -held frequency counter up to a handie- talkiebearing individual and asking, "Do you know how this works? Push your mike button and I'll show you "! or:- {see a Switch marked "AVC and 'WMVÇ" What do :::these `mean? (Kevin Neal, Fllppin, ar) A They mean "automatic volume control" and "manual volume control," respectively. AVC automatically compensates for wide differences in received signal strengths to accommodate the weakest signals, yet prevent the receiver from overloading or "blasting" on strong signals. MVC requires the operator to adjust the sensitivity (or RF gain) control to compensate for the differences. Strictly speaking, this level-compensating g circuitry doesn't really adjust the volume (audio); it varies the gain (sensitivity) of the signal amplification stages. For this reason, manufacturers prefer to call AVC "AGC." Q ::;Where: can t find! a type 3HÁ5 tube for my 7V tuner? (Gary Hlçkersoo, Ft Smith,; AR) A There are many specialists who sell old vacuum tubes. The largest is Richardson Electronics, 3030 North River Rd., Franklin Park, IL Dozens of smaller collectors list their services in the Antique Radio Classified; send $2 for a sample to John V. Terrey, PO Box 2, Carlisle, PA Some others include Don Diers ($1 catalog; AB1, N. 50th SWt., Milwaukee, WI ); Richard Dreher ($1 for list; PO Box , Tulsa, OK 74169); Steinmetz Electronics (SASE for list; 7519 Maplewood Ave., Hammond, IN 46324); Old Tyme Radio (2445 Lyttonsville Rd., Silver Spring, MD 20910); and Unity Electronics (Elizabeth Industrial Park, 107 Trumbull St., Elizabeth, NJ 07206). Bob Grove, WA4PYQ P.O. Box 98 Brasstown, NC ,......_ Why ii0 broad oast $tations insist on using the; term "meter band" when they arrnounco their frequsncies1 1S ;: N it important for< ma to know1-..(helen Wilkerson re0nvil!@f :< A Absolutely not. Early radios did not have accurate tuning, so approximate wavelength references were close enough. This habit persists among the world broadcasters, and many radios used in third -world countries still have the meter -band legends on their dials. Many major broadcasters (Radio Moscow, BBC, etc.) have so many transmitters operating simultaneously, even in the same band of frequencies, that a reference of which band they may be found in is usually enough information for listeners to snag at least one clear frequency.? l have no trouble under standing ' ms on my scanner, buti on. sortwave hha near 7. end 11 MHz they sound all `garb /ec Do I need a better ;antenannnah? a (Joseph Johnsen, ;sav, GAJ A Sounds more like you need a better receiver. On your scanner, no tuning is required; on shortwave, where hams use single sideband, fine tuning is required and a good BFO or product detector is mandatory. Q. MyUnidenMadisoneBnoi glues me audio feedback when l piess the transmit :button; on my newly wired "Echo Master Plusft power mike. Any sugges' dons? (Gene Capenegro, Bradley ßeaoh' Nj) A Sounds as though either the speaker is not being switched out by the contacts on the mike when you press the key or, if it derives "echo" feedback from the speaker circuit, it might have too much feedback. Try disconnecting one speaker wire as an experiment when you make a transmission; do you have good modulation? If so, then the mike wiring is at fault. There is another possibility if you are using an illegal linear amplifier. RF feedback from standing waves will manifest itself in the manner which you describe.

101 It DATAMETRICS COMMUNICATIONS MANAGER Provides IBM compatible computer control over the ICOM R7000 le Q. Why Is that! when t listen to 'the BBC on 9590 khz, the switch to 9915 khz, there is a n 2 3 second delay in the program material? (V onrel Lupsa, Seattle,. WA) A While different signal paths, and even satellite relays, can provide some delay, they are fractional seconds, not several seconds, in duration. Most likely, the taped program simply started 2.3 seconds later at one transmitter site. an I órder. a foreign verslón of ';a Bearcat scanner to Cpver fhb 6Q88 ; MHz range as used' in urope?; A Not from Uniden America since such scanners are not FCC certified for domestic sales. For additional information you may wish to contact Uniden Europe SA Brussels, Leuvensesteenweg 321, 1940 Sint -Stevens Wolvivel -Zauentem, Belgium. Q- I bought a scanner that offered MHz AM coverage to hear military aircraft, but can't seem to find any. ' fre q uencies. Any suggectivestions? (Joseph 'Short, Cantby. OR) A There is nowhere in the country that doesn't have some receivable activity at some time during the day or night in the MHz military aircraft band. Since these are training missions, activity will vary with command scheduling. Try loading the following frequencies into memory and use an antenna which is designed for reception in that range. Many multiband scanner antennas are virtually worthless on those frequencies USAF control towers; National Guard; distress /calling; flight service /weather; aircraft to FAA towers; flight service /weather; SAC refueling; SAC refueling; US Coast Guard; USAF dispatch. There are many more in use nationwide, but this should give you a start. -- Perimeters Longest duration Minimum duration Daley Autolog (O,S,D) Bounceback Air rescue commend charms/ e e0o.0300 eoo e / SCAN MEMORY FILL Filename : MOMITOR.FRp 0 2 o o / statue Indicators Frequency o Time Monitor time Scan rote eoo.3eoo OFF 06:42: , / , P1-Ba1p F2-codas F3-Param 64-Loakout 75-Peut. F6-Aauume 7-Hata ICOM R71 Version Available Now Special Introductory Pricing Hardware, Software and Manual : $299 Mail Orders To: Datametrics 2575 S Bayshore Drive, #8A Coconut Grove, Fl Q. Where can I get a custom leather case made for my Sony ICF2003 portable receiver? Felipe Rogas, Norcross, GA) A To our knowledge, no one is specializing in custom leather cases on single orders. You should contact a local leather craftsman. For stock leather cases for hand -held radios, contact Leathersmith Products, Rt. 2, Box 2271, Bethel PA (phone ); or Bee Electronics, 2655 Gardner Rd., Broadview, IL (phone ). Q. As a newcomer to shortwave listening, I am puzzled as to why so many stations are bunched on top of one another at one place on the dial when there are so many vacant spaces above and below? (Helen Wilkerson, Greenville, SC) A This is an excellent question. By international agreement, various users (broadcasters, hams, aircraft, ships, etc.) are allocated specific swaths (bands) of frequencies in the radio spectrum. As technologies change, so does relative occupancy of the spectrum. When the allocations were first made decades ago, transmitters were not spectrum - efficient. Now single -sideband voice and radioteletype have narrowed the amount of spectrum necessary to conduct communications; many users have gone to satellites, spectrum Free Powerful menu driven software includes full monitoring display and system editor Innovative hardware interface with signal detector requires no internal connections Comprehensive manual includes step by step instructions and screen displays Extends ICOM capabilities including autolog recording facilities, 1000 channel capacity per file, and much more Overcomes ICOM limitations such as ineffective scan delay Utilizes Datametrics FRQ format for scanning Requires ICOM R7000 and IBM PC with 512K RAM and serial port Manual available for system evaluation at 515 freeing up even more spectrum. The broadcasters remain as the only wide- bandwidth users of the shortwave spectrum and thus are closely packed. Even they are finally due to switch to single sideband, essentially reducing their bandwidths by two - thirds, in the early 1990s. With so many non- volatile ROM chips available, ' why do manufacturers of expensive receivers still use volatile memory chips which require battery replacement which can lose programming? (Jeff Hooper, Blairsville, GA) A. Money talks. Engineers first specify their requirements, then assess the marketplace for procurement. If a vendor says he has a chip that will do the job and it's non -volatile, great; if a cheaper volatile chip is available, you and I buy batteries! Questions or suggestions sent to Bob Grove are printed in this column as space permits. If you prefer a reply by return mail, you must include a self - addressed, stamped envelope. September

102 LETTERS continued from page 3 Husted was offended by reader Luther Crumbaugh's comments on Glenn Hauser's sometimes "antagonistic" comments about Christian broadcasters, "HCJB and KGEI in particular." Says Husted, "There is room in the pages of Monitoring Times for a variety of viewpoints, freely expressed. You must not allow this sort of complaint to intimidate you into muzzling Mr. Hauser." New reader Bradley Beacham of Salt Lake City, Utah, agrees saying that although "I can't comment on Mr. Hauser's past record, I wouldn't mind reading his opinions (antagonistic or otherwise). They are only opinions, after all. "Personally," Bradley continues, "I enjoy christian (sic) broadcasting primarily for their humor value. Family Radio's `Unshackled' program, with its soap- operastyle testimonials (complete with melodramatic organ fills), is lots of fun. And the weirder, more cultish programs can be fascinating too. Creepy, but fascinating. "If Mr Hauser directs me to the best and worst of these broadcasts, I'll be grateful to him. I'll be reading his column more closely in the future." In a recent issue of Insight magazine following the appearance of an article on shortwave radio, Francis Barrett wrote that during World War II, Vatican Radio was considered even more reliable than the BBC...because the Vatican had reason to be the most neutral." This, says reader Bill Kiley, sparked off a debate. Rose Weber of Philadelphia then wrote to ask, "Is Mr. Barrett proud of the Vatican's neutrality? Does he admire the pope's failure to publicly condemn the Nazi murders? Neutrality in the face of the greatest evil ever to appear on this planet is not commendable. "Mr. Barrett is also mistaken as to the fact of the neutrality. Perhaps he is also unaware that in August 1941, Archbishop Constantini invoked the blessing of God on the Italian and German soldiers. He must also be unaware that Vatican Radio under Pius XII routinely sought Third Reich approval (via Baron von Weizsaecker) of its broadcasts." "I have been a subscriber to Monitoring Times for just a few short months," says Rev. William Peake of Buffalo Center, Iowa, "and I enjoy the publication immensely. Even though I am a shortwave listener, I even liked the recent article on 20 Ways to Increase Your Scanner Enjoyment. "I have taken special note of the Below 500 khz column recently because the Air Force has been holding informational meetings regarding a GWEN [Ground Wave Emergency Network] tower to be built about ten miles from here. The local newspaper nicknamed it the `doomsday tower.' "My question is, will I be able to make heads or tails out of the GWEN transmissions?" The answer is, probably not. From what we understand, most will be data bursts that, as Joe Woodlock stated, will probably sound like "heavy breathing or coughs." The system is still in development, so anything is possible. Keep listening between 150 and 175 khz. Jeff Burdette of Greenville, South Carolina, commends Monitoring Times for promoting a professional attitude among scanner listeners. "The advice you give your readers is good. And I appreciate the fact that you advise listeners to enjoy their monitoring of police, fire and EMS traffic in their homes and not go `chasing' calls." Jeff should know. He's a former police officer. Jeff also monitors the military aero band. "Aircraft work out of military operating areas or MOAs. They all have names and the one located here in the Waynesville /Sylva area is called 'Snowbird.' I have heard some excellent 'dogfights' here on 239.9, 269.5, 298.7, and 264.2," "I am really happy with the information, both technical and the fantastic frequency section in each issue of Monitoring Times," says Norma J. McGlaun of Columbus, Georgia. "I would like, however, to make a suggestion although I am not sure how difficult it might be to execute. "My husband is totally blind and is a radio buff from 'way back. He enjoys your magazine, too, as I have read him several of your articles. "What he would enjoy, and I'm sure other visually handicapped radio enthusiasts would love is their own issue of Monitoring Times in braille each month. I don't mind reading to my husband but he is very independent and enjoys doing things on his own." That's an interesting idea. We'll look into it and let you know what we find out. In the meantime, can we get some feedback from other visually impaired subscribers? "Here's my "highest compliment," says Robert A. "Rick" Barrow of Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, who extends his subscription for three years. "I look forward to receiving Monitoring Times more than my ham magazines. I actually save MT. I don't even save Playboy! Keep up the good work. "I started shortwave listening in 1972 at the age of 10," says Kevin Corey of Henrietta, New York. Eventually I earned my ham ticket. I now enjoy both hobbies immensely. Thanks for your no- nonsense, gutsy publication! Monitoring Times has sparked new interest for me in shortwave listening." WARNING The recent passage of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 makes it ILLEGAL to intercept CELLULAR TELEPHONE conversations. Therefore do not program your BC 800XLT with frequencies between 824 and 849 MHz and 869 and 894 MHz. Finally, we close on a frightening note. Buy a Bearcat 800XLT scanner and you'll find one of these legal -looking warnings inside warning you that it's against the law to "intercept" cellular telephone conversations. The real thing is 8-1/2 by 5-1/4 inches and done in the same bright red that is used on signs warning of impending electrocution or that you're trespassing on secret US military bases. Two things pop to mind. Isn't this kind of crazy to be included with a scanner whose name -- Bearcat 800XLT -- was designed to indicate that it could receive 800 megahertz frequencies? And secondly, would you be frightened away from tuning in cellular car phones by this warning or would it have the opposite effect, tempting you to "see what this was all about "? Perhaps someone wrote it with that in mind. After all, it even provides you with the exact frequencies not to program into the scanner. It's a crazy world. Letters should be addressed to Letters to the Editor, Monitoring Times, P.O. Box 98, Brasstown, NC and should include the sender's address and telephone number. Not all letters can be used. Those that are will often be edited and excerpted. Because of the volume of mail received, personal replies are not always possible. 100 September 1989

103 41, Monitoring Post Pin -ups Since we seem to be featuring the ham bands this month, how about this station! KA1OXQ, Ken Nelson of Oakham, Massachusetts, calls it the biggest lightning rod in town connected to a bunch of spaghetti in the basement. His main tower is 110 feet tall and the shack is loaded with goodies. Ken works all bands, most modes, but code and AM operation are his favorites. Somewhere in there are also two scanners and four SW radios. Let's hear it for RADIO FREE OAKHAM! CONVENTION CALENDAR Date Location Sep 2-3 Shelby, NC Sep 9 Windsor, ME Sep 10 Harrisburg, IL Sep 10 Butler, PA Sep 10 Findlay, OH Sep 10 Monett, MO Sep 16 Wichita, TX Sep Peoria, IL Sep Va Bch, VA Sep 17 Sep 17 Mt Clemens, MI Canfield, OH Sep Cincinnati, OH Sep Grayslake, IL Sep Milton - Freewater, OR Sep 24 Gainesville,GA Sep 24 Willimatic, CT Sep 24 Berea, OH Sep3O.Oct1 Louisville,KY Sep3O-Octl Wichita, KS Oct 1 Benson, NC Club /Contact Person Shelby ARC/ Dale Mauney WA4BBN 1158 E. Marion St, Shelby, NC Talk -in /88 Augusta ARA/ Joseph Kozak WA2CJO 17 Carlisle Ave, Augusta, ME Shawnee ARC/ Mike Hoshiko W9CJW 707 S James, Carbondale, IL Butler Co. ARA/ John Varijen K3HJH 174 Oak Hills Heights, Buller, PA Findlay ARC/ Pat Tendam KB8CXC 2534 Greenacre Dr, Findlay, OH Ozarks ARS/ Charles M. Young WBOYIU Route 1 Box 29D, Republic, MO Wichita ARC/ Edward Fernandez WB5ONB 2415 Elmwood Cr. N, Wichita Falls, TX Peoria Area ARC/ John Coker P.O. Box 3461, Peoria, IL Talk -in ; Gordon West guest speaker VA State Conv / Art Thiemens AA4AT 2836 Greenwood Rd., Chesapeake, VA L'Anse Creuse ARC/ Ralph Wilcox KA8YOJ Chart, Mt Clemens, MI Talk -in ( +) and /9 ARC/ Don Carlson NBGJZ 7448 Glenwood Ave, Boardman, OH Gtr Cincinnati ARA/ John Haungs WABSTX Thornview Dr, Cincinnati, OH Chicago FM Club/ Richard Hersh K9FFY 6614 N Francisco Ave, Chicago, IL Walla Walla Valley ARC/ Jack Babbitt WA5ZAY 1401 Pleasant, Walla Walla, WA Lanierland ARC/ Eddie Keith KK4IG 3137 Lake Ranch Cir, Gainesville, GA Natchaug ARA/ Ken Carvell KC1EW P.O. Box 19, Coventry, CT Cleveland ARA/ Glenn Williams AF8C 513 Kenilworth Rd, Bay Village, OH KY Section Conv/ Mike Doerhoefer WB4AJZ P.O. Box 34232, Louisville, KY Kansas State Conv/ Gary Vreeland NDOT 1920 S. Santa Fe, Wichita, KS Johnston Co ARS/ David Belcher 1205 Crescent, Smithfield, NC Oct 1 Oct 1 Oct 1 Oct 6-8 Oct. 7 Oct 7 Oct 7-8 Oct 8 Oct 8 Oct 8 Oct 14 Oct Oct Oct 15 Oct 15 Oct 15 Oct 21 Oct Oct 22 Oct 28 Oct O'Fallen, MO W.Liberty, IA Yonkers, NY San Jose, CA CO Springs, CO Huntington, WV Biloxi, MS Maysville, NC Lima, OH Huntington, IN Syracuse, NY Memphis, TN W Palm Bch, FL Queens, NY W Friendshp,MD Wall Twp., NJ Smithfield, NC WarnerRobins,GA Bensalem, PA Brooklyn Pk,MN Chattanooga,TN St. Peters ARC/ Walt Franzer KBOBCH 4 Eagle View Cl, St. Peters, MO Muscatine -IA City ARC/ Thomas Kramer KEOY 905 Leroy St, Muscatine, IA Yonkers ARC/ John Costa WB2AUL 195 Woodlands Ave, Yonkers, NY Pacific Div Conv/ Emmett Frettas, AE6Z 481 Fenley Ave, San Jose, CA Tucson Amateur Packet Radio Assoc 8th ARRL Computer Net Conf, CO Springs, CO Tri State ARA/ Charlie Callicoat KB8CJB P.O. Box 4120, Huntington, WV Miss State Conv/ Ed Byrd KA5VFU Landen Rd, Gulfport, MS Maysville, ARC/ Jo Ann Taylor WD4JUR 220 Anita Fort Dr, Swansboro, NC NW Ohio ARC/ Jo-an Yoakam WB8VCO Rt 4, 5206 Norfolk St, Lima, Ohio Huntington Co ARS/ Mike Brooker WD9JFC 3341E - 722N, Huntington, IN FIA of Gtr Syracuse/ Vivian Douglas WA2PUU 213 Monticello Dr, S Syracuse, NY Talk -in & 147,30 MHz Mid -South ARA/ Wayne Gregory KB4GFK 3243 Tena Ruth Cove, Memphis, TN Palm Beach RA/ Jame Schoech WD4LHF 129 Dayton Rd, Lake Worth, FL Hall of Science ARC/ Stephen Greenbaum P.O. Box 131, Jamaica, NY Talk -in /223.6 & rptr Columbia ARA/ Art Goldman WA3CVG 5071 Beatrice Way, Columbia, MD Jersey Shore ARC / Paul Danielczyk N2HYG 579 Dutchess Ct, Toms River, NJ Triangle East ARA / Andrew Singer WK2F 10 Berkshire Place, Smithfield, NC Central GA ARC/ Jese Kirkham WB4KQA 110 Brown Dr, Warner Robins, GA Penn Wireless Assoc/ Howard Rubin N3FEZ 5890 Hudson Rd, Bensalem, PA Twin City FM Club/ Mike Segelman KOBUD 35 Kentuck Ave So, Golden Valley, MN Chattanooga ARC/ Violet Cook N4EYJ P.O. Box 12, Wildwood, GA September

104 STOCK EXCHANGE Ads for Stock Exchange must be received 45 days prior to the publication date. NON- COMMERCIAL SUBSCRIBER RATES: $.25 per word Subscribers only All ads must be paid in advance to Monitoring Times. All merchandise must be personal and radio-related. COMMERCIAL RATES: $1.00 per word payable with ad 1-3/4" SQUARE DISPLAY AD: $35 per issue, payable in advance. Monitoring Times assumes no responsibility for misrepresented merchandise. New Technology /Products Reduce Utility Bills! Home Energy Improvements KENWOOD R2-1 Scanner Receiver. Mint condition. Never mounted mobile. $350. Bill [205] Approximately 30 issues each (1986 -present) of and POPULAR COMMUNICATIONS. $20 + UPS. Bill Frantz, 412 Briarwood Dr, Thomasville, GA [912] For Sale: Ham Radio, TEMPO 2020, Excellent condition, has il meters and new D104 microphone - $400 plus shipping. Also brand new COBRA 2000 completely modified with roger beep - $425 plus shipping. Gary [207] REGENCY HX Portable Scanner: box, manual, recharger, reg. case & Regency heavy duty case, 30 chan - $140. [212] :30 p.m. EST. C. Wolgel, 201 East 86th St, New York, NY ICOM R -71A brand new in box, manual - $615. PANASONIC RF B600 Shortwave, new - $399. NIPPON FS1196 PLL Shortwave - $59. CITIZEN World Time in GMT & local - $15. Call [612] For Sale: All in PINK condition. JRC -525 plus speaker - $850. ICOM R71A plus RC- 11 Remote - $700. SONY AIR -8 - $170. Prices plus UPS. Jose Fernandez, Box 3047, Bayamon, P.R INDEX OF ADVERTISERS ACE Communications 19 Advanced Electronic Technologies 41 Antennas West 25,46,97. AntenneX 97 Antique Radio 51 Bob's Publications 49 Capri Electronics 53 Communications Electronics 9 CQ Communications 87 Datacom 93 Datametrics 99 Data RX 91 DX Radio Supply 15 Electronic Equipment Bank 23,35 Galaxy Electronics 43 GRE America 19 Grove Enterprises 55 Ham Radio magazine 45 ICOM America Cover IV Kenwood Cover' III Leitsche Engineering 95 MilSpec Communications 45 Monitoring Times 67 or 103 Naval Electronics 39 Northern Door Comm 19 OPTOelectronics Cover 1I,35 Palomar Engineering 13 Spec -Corn Journal 19 Systems and Software 43 TEP 95 Universal SW Radio 37 When readers are in the market, they look here to find your ad... Will it be here? 102 September 1989 For Sale: KENWOOD R5000 receiver 2 years old, mint condition with optional 6, 1.8 khz filters and VHF converter. Original packing and manuals. $565 PPD. David S. Kendall N9HYQ, 1610 Fruit St., Huntington, IN [219] after 6 EST. JAPAN RADIO NRD -525, like new - $950. New remote control for ICOM R $50. J. Ward, 3900 McCain Pk. Dr., B8, Apt 149, N. Little Rock, AR Phone [501] SANGEAN ATS 803, one year old, excellent condition - $105. Bob Berg, 3539 Warring - ham, Waterford, Michigan [313] For Sale: PRO 2004 with cellular mod, like new, in box with instructions - $300. Bob, P.O. Box 1181, Bellmore, NY [516] THOMPSON 4120 color monitor w /IBM CGA color card, excellent condition - $200. HX1200, like new - $130. Both w /accessories, boxes. Christner, 306 Woodview, Cortland, Ohio For Sale: SONY ICF 2010, seldom used - $275. Harald Herp, 6615 Michele Ct, Huntington, MD [301] ESTATE SALE: UNIDEN BC- 760XLT 100 channel w /800 MHz, mint - $189. REGENCY INF -2 Turbo Scan, new - $89. RADIO SHACK 4 Channel hand -held - $415. AOR AR scanner, mint - first $295. All Accessories. Keith [407] ICOM R -71A (PBT) - $715. ICOM R $865. ICOM AT band Auto ant tuner - $250. ALINCO ALX -2T 2MTR HT with accessories - $200. PANASONIC RF -B60 SW receiver - $200. Jerry [513] WANTED: PRO 2004 scanners in good condition or REGENCY MX 7000's. Interested in contacting fire departments in California, Nevada, and Arizona as well as forestry listeners. Please contact Robb at [800] INFOTECH M -600 Multi -Mode Code receiver CW /RTTY/TOR /ASCII with ZENITH Monitor Screen, like new - $300. REGENCY Digital Scan 16 Ch. Aircraft Only Scanner - $50. [718] Deluxe ITT eight- station office TELE- PHONE /INTERCOM system, up to 6 incoming lines, late model, excellent condition. Cost $3000, sell only $950 including complete manual. PORTABLE TV, 4-1/2" monochrome CRT, excellent; works off AC, 12 VDC mobile (cigarette lighter adapter included), batteries (battery compartment included). $39 includes shipping. BLACK JAGUAR BJ200 Mark III hand -held scanner, covers military UHF aero band. New with all accessories. $250 includes shipping. Grove Enterprises, P.O. Box 98, Brasstown, NC [704] No credit card charges on these items.

105 . ty -. a; you frcn enjoying Sid.ütg? Go solar with a 12 or 21+VCC system, or aanvert it to tl ail pc7flr your 1.bole harle. $5.0o brings 62 pg oblor catalog of solar ergy systems and prccirts Solar FÙtuaes PO &ac 328 Placerville, CA Spy Numbers? Covert Radio? Harry Helms reveals over 400 active frequencies plus details on their purposes and locations in The Unsie[ ground Frequency Guide $ $1.00 shipping from SWL DX Press Camino Ruiz #174MT San Diego, CA Computer Floppy Disks 3.5' 1.44 MB high quality disks 10 for $15 - Free shipping Call for special Glovers Rt. 1 Box 162B Towanda, KS twenty - five cents Would you pay twenty -five cents if it would help you hear more stations? One quarter (cash only) Is all it takes to get one of the most comprehensive book catalogues In the radio business. DX Radio Supply, P.O. Box 360, Wagontown, PA We're books. Only books. And we do it better. HANDHELD SCANNER HEADQUARTERS For CASES and ANTENNAS. WAI cony ANTENNAS for M SCANNERS and can match M CONNECTORS 24 R1011R SHIPPING N FREOS C stock THIS MONTHS SPECIALS: ORIGINAL EQUIPMENT REPLACEMENT ALL RAND ANTENNA 17.75/ HIGH EFFICIENCY GAIN ANTENNA We also male ANTENNAS for your most used frequency. shod a long $9.95. We can mete any tend ANTENNA /LO/UHF/ This months SPECIAL ESCORNG WHIP Mm SPRING $10.50 Wm«xTT SPRING $8.00. SPECIAL SPECIAL SPECIAL GAIN TELESCOPING WHIP 155 MHZ $ CASE SPECIAL THIS MONTH RADIO SMACK SCANNER CASE MODEL PRO 30,31,32 LEATHER CASE $37.50, REGENCY MOOEL Hx-1000,HX- 1200,Hx $ SA$ mans a ellebe. We Mao sea amen for commercial end hen hew! held& CALL OR WRITE TO ORDER ADD $1.00 FOR SHIPPING ON ALL CASES AND ANT. SPECIFY FRED AND CONNECTOR ON ALL ANT. SEND FOR CATALOG REDEEMED WITH ORDER TO KOLIER COMMUNICATIONS, P.O.Box 5343Mr, ROCKY PT, NY OR CALL TO 8 EST MON -SAT. HUGE SHORTWAVE >Shortwave Receivers >Antennas & Headphones >Tuners, Preamps, Filters >RTTY & FAX Equipment >Books & Accessories Send $1 to Universal Radio 1280 Aida Drive Reynoldsburg, OH Cr AMIGA - COMMODORE Chips...Parts...Upgrades Cr 6526 $ (DENISE) (F.Á NUS) 838e(G9R0/5719) PtA (825100) 1295 A501 MM nnay ROMS ptwiet ROM e4(PAULA Mary Mess ir Cock JUST RELEASED - AMIGA UPGRADE - New 1 Megabyte Tatter' Agnus chip (8372) allows users more 'chip' memory to use in graphics, music and video. This upgrade is an absolute must for present Amiga owners. Price is $ with instructions. COMMODORE DIAGNOSTICIAN II JUST OUT - A newly revised or updated version of the Commodore Diagnostician which sold over 10,000 copies worldwide. The Commodore Diagnostician II locates faulty chipe on all Commodore Computers /1541 drives. The Diagnostician II has different sections for 'cross referencing' chips along with other suggestions for repairing a broken unit. The Commodore Diagnostician received a fantastic review in March '88 of the Computer Shopper Magazine. Price is $6.95 postpaid to North America. We also sell RAM /SIMMS Tester and Evaluators, RAMS, SIMMS Modules, high quality cables and hard -to- find /unusual parts for both Commodore and IBM. Replacement heavy duty power supply for C-84 - $ Send for catalog of exclusive products. Prices subject to change. The Grapevine Group, Inc. 35 Charlotte Drive, Wesley Hills, NY FAX 914J Tune in the Pirates! 1989 PIRATE RADIO DIRECTORY by George Zeller Frequencies, formats, OSL data, special articles, illustrations $7 from TIARE PUBLICATIONS P.O. Box 493 -G Lake Geneva, WI RADIO ASTRONOMY THE RADIO OBSERVER, a monthly 24 -page "how- to -do-it" amateur radio astronomy magazine. Annual subscription $24 We are also suppliers of technical books, components and modules for the radio astronomy discipline. For a sample magazine and a current brochure send $2 to: BOWS ELECTRONIC SERVICE 7605 DELAND AVE. FT. PIERCE, FL Phony. (407) PC SOFTWARE by W2XQ English Language SWBC Schedules* Utility DXer's Logbook Receiver Control Programs (JRC, Kenwood) Download into from Pinelands RBBS (609) N1 or send SASE for catalog TRS Consultants PO Box 2275 Vincentown, NJ ' (609) Winner of a Industry Award from the worm!who TV Handbook Dealers Wanted Police Call Frequency Books Cover all states except AK and HI WORLD'S BEST SELLING SCANNER DIRECTORY Suggested retail $ Ten piece minimum dealer order RKL -M P.O. Box 3735 Anaheim, CA HEAR ALL THERE IS TO HEAR WHERE YOU LIVE 25 MHz MHz Frequency search service Send SASE to: HEALD 6886 Jefferson St. North Branch, MI Also: Pocket Guide to Railroad Radio Frequencies - $9.95 INDOOR ANTENNA FOR SHORTWAVE RECEIVERS FAT MONOPOLE HF BROADBAND ANTENNA OFFERS HIGHER AVG SIGNAL LEVELS (2 -l0 db) ACROSS HF BAND (3-30 Mhz) THAN EQUIV. VERTICAL WHIP IN. HT, 2 IN. DIA., COLOR: WHITE PLUS S/H CHILTON PACIFIC LTD VAN NUYS BLVD., 4222 VAN NUYS, CA BE A HAM RADIO OPERATOR Q &A Manual contains all 1,932 questions, multiple choices and answers used in all FCC Amateur Radio licenses, Novice -Extra Class. $9.95 postpaid. Money -back guarantee. VISA /MC orders accepted 10:00 a.m.- 2:OOp.m. (817) or send check to: W5YI P.O. Box Dallas, TX Hurry! Get in the WORLDWIDE CB DIRECTORY Correspond with CB'ers all over the world. For Free Into rush a ( #10) S.A.S. E. to: WORLDWIDE CB DIRECTORY P.O. Box Dept. A New Orleans, LA Utility Station Addresses 1000's of them in the UTILITY QSL ADDRESS GUIDES Vol 1- Americas Vol 2- Rest of the world $12.95 each plus $1.25 ea. from TIARE PUBLICATIONS P.O. Box G Lake Geneva, WI TABLE TOP ACTIVE ANTENNA IMPROVE YOUR RECEPTION, BOOST SIGNAL STRENGTH. CPI- 101 offers coverage from 2 to 30 MHz. with 10 to 15 db Galin. 23 -high. Complete with adapter cables Simple, compact, end efficient.. $28.95 PLUS $3.00 Shipping G Handling CHILTON PACIFIC LTD Von Nuys Blvd.,.222 Ven Nuys, CA D..1m equirin n"i.d Ir AIN'T HEARD IIICAHII11.3ETI Largest selection of scanner frequency guides (federal, military, police, Gera, etc.); AM /FM /TV broadcast directories; HF "ute" directories; Books on espionage, covert ops., bugging, wiretapping, surveillance, clandestine radio, d more! BIG FREE CATALOG! CRB RESEARCH P.O. Box 5/,-MT Commack NY 11725

106 Closing Comments Florida's "Scanner Ban" -- Much Ado About Nothing? "What do you think about Florida's new scanner law?" the caller asked. "What new scanner law?" I replied. The caller went on to explain that Attorney General Bob Butterworth had just issued an opinion that allowed radio and TV stations to monitor police calls, but not newspapers or the general public. I was incredulous. "Could you FAX me a copy?" I asked. Minutes later, the office FAX machine buzzed with the newswire copy in question. "Florida's attorney general says it's OK for radio and television stations to have police scanners -- but it's not OK for newspapers," the copy said. "Butterworth says the prohibition extends almost across the board to include hobbyists -- motorists and even newspapers," it continued. I was stunned. MT was going to have a look at this situation! A few phone calls brought a copy of the original seven -page opinion from the attorney general's office, the original question which prompted it and, most important of all, a considered interpretation of the entire matter by MT reader and lawyer Frank Terranella. Apparently, the debacle started when Peter A. Petracco, chief of the Boca Raton Police Department, asked Attorney General Butterworth, "Does the installation and operation of police band radio monitors by persons other than radio or television stations violate the provisions of s , F.S. (Florida's scanner statute) "? Terranella, an activist for recreational monitors' rights, feels that, in spite of the news report, Butterworth was simply trying to make "the best of a bad law." In spite of the newswire's claims, neither present Florida statute nor the attorney general's statement prohibits scanning at home. Prohibitions are against scanners beings installed in motor vehicles, business establish- ments and newspaper offices. Exempted are licensed hams, radio and TV stations, and emergency personnel. A battery- powered (hand-held) scanner is apparently not prohibited in any case! Of the 50 United States, 35 have no listening restrictions whatsoever and of the remaining 15, only Kentucky and New Jersey prohibit all private citizens, including hams, from monitoring police calls from their cars. No states prohibit monitoring at home. Restrictive monitoring laws have been around since the 1930's; they have been challenged repeatedly by court cases and upheld consistently. The Supreme Court, however, has never been called on to make a decision at the federal level. Terranella cites a number of cases where the courts uphold the right to listen as one aspect of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution which guarantees the right to receive information and ideas. The Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA) of 1986 defines those communications which may be monitored, and these include unscrambled police transmissions. When the self- serving interests of the Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association (CTIA) contrived the ECPA in an effort to legitimize the fallacious claim that cellular telephones were private, they may have inadvertently done the radio hobby a favor. When the Act is finally challenged in court, wide- sweeping clarifications should remove the stigma of hobby monitoring once and for all. Monitoring Times is grateful to Terranella for his vigilance, thoroughness and dedication to the cause of recreational monitoring. -- Bob Grove, WA4PYQ Publisher 104 September 1989

107 .. KENWOOD...pacesetter in Amateur Radio VOICE TIMER ON DIM KENVCOD G CLOCKI OFF CLOCK2 ON F TIME TAE TIME SET - r s A VIO J_.,.BUSY M.SC R ANT._ ANf2. \('.p. il " 1 J 1. r J Il 1 l r 11,l Il I., i., NOfC11 FIOf.K MODE /KEY rresetr MINUTE LSB USO CW AM FM A/B F LOCK ANTI ANT2 FSK STEP A..B -- -HF/VHF VID 1MHz I16, uruon_ %:!a/a,0 r ly.o, r,,^^kk.bai $ 5 perfor ianc e receivers. Scan the entire frequency range from 100 khz to 905 MHz with Kenwood's R -5000, R and RZ -1. Listen in on foreign music, news, and commentary. Monitor local police, fire, and other public safety services, as well as the Marine channels, and the many other services 50 MHz and above. [The VHF converter options must be used m the R and R t R The R is a high performance, top - of- the -line receiver, with 100 memory channels, and direct keyboard or main dial tuning -makes station selection RZ -1 Wide -band scanning receiver The RZ -1 wide -band, scanning receiver covers 500 khz -905 MHz, in AM, and narrow or wideband FM. The automatic mode selection function makes listening super easy! Other useful features include programmable scanning, large, built -in speaker, 110 volt AC or 12 volt DC operation (with optional DCK -2 cable), VHF capability ( MHz) with the VC -20 option, dual 24 -hour clocks with timer, and even voice frequency readout with the VS -1 option. easier. One hundred memory channels with message and band marker, direct keyboard orvfo frequency entry, and versatile scanning functions, such as memory channel and band scan, with four types of scan stop. The RZ -1 is a 12 volt DC operated, compact unit, with built -in speaker, front -mounted phones jack, switchable AGC, squelch for narrow FM, illuminated keys, and a "beeper" to confirm keyboard operation. Optional Accessory PG -2N Extra DC cable The R- 200d`is an all band, all mode receiver with 10 memory ch cninnetnd many deluxe features such -as.rlrogrammable scanning, dual 24 -hour clocks with timer, all -mode squelch and noise blankers, a large, front - mounted speaker, 110 volt AC or 12 volt DC operation (with the DCK -1 cable kit), and MHz VHF capability with VC -10 option. Optional Accessories R -2000: VC -10 VHF converter DCK -1 DC cable kit for 12 volt DC use. R -5000: VC -20 VHF converter VS -1 Voice module DCK -2 for 12 volt DC operation YK -88A -1 AM filter YK -88SN SSB filter YK -88C CW filter MB -430 Mounting bracket. Other Accessories: SP -430 External speaker SP -41 Compact mobile speaker SP -50B Mobile speaker HS -5 Deluxe headphones HS -6 Lightweight headphones HS -7 Mini -headphones. KENWOOD KENWOOD U.S.A. CORPORATION 2201 E. Dominguez St., Long Beach, CA PO. Box 22745, Long Beach, CA Specdlcaeons, features, and peces are subject to change without notice orobllgatloe

108 ...i.41111, , ar.c. UNMANS r._. ;!' `1:.,. j t MIDDLE NARROW NOTCH, 110:1 T E IF SHIFT - t- RtTERwI TR :. NOTCH 11 2rT SLOW --F/71-1 NODE THE BEST OF BOTH WORLDS. The pacesetting IC -R9000 truly reflects ICOM's long -term commitment to excellence. This single- cabinet receiver covers both local area VHF/UHF and worldwide MF/HF bands. It's a natural first choice for elaborate communications centers, professional service facilities and serious home setups alike. Test - tune ICOM's IC -R9000 and experience a totally new dimension in top -of- the -line receiver performance! Complete Communications Receiver. Covers 100KHz to MHz, all modes, all frequencies! The general coverage IC -R9000 receiver uses 11 separate bandpass filters in the 100KHz to 30MHz range and precise - tuned bandpass filters with low noise GaAsFETs in VHF and upper frequency bands. Exceptionally high sensitivity, intermod immunity and frequency stability in all ranges. Multi- Function Five Inch CRT. Displays frequencies, modes, memory contents, operator-entered notes and function menus. Features a subdispplay area for printed modes, such as RTTY, Si I OR and PACKET (external T.U. required). Spectrum Scope. Indicates all signal activities within a +/ -25, 50 or 100KHz range of your tuned frequency. It's ideal for spotting random signals that pass unnoticed with ordinary monitoring receivers Multi- Function Memories. Store frequencies, modes, and tuning steps. Includes an editor for moving contents between memories, plus an on- screen notepad for all memory locations. Eight Scanning Modes. Includes programmable limits, automatic frequency and time -mark storage of scanned signals, full, restricted,or mode -selected memory scanning, priority channel watch, voice -sense scanning and scanning a selectable width around your tuned frequency. Absolutely the last word in full spectrum monitoring. Professional Clarity Throughout. The revolutionary :C -R9000 features IF Shift, IF Notch, a fully adjustable noise blanker, and more. The Direct Digital Synthesizer assures the widest dynamic range, lowest noise and rapid scanning. Designed for dependable long -term performance. Backed by a full one -year warranty at any one of ICOM's four North American Service Centers! 0 ICOM First in Communications ICOM America, Inc., th Ave. N.E., Bellevue, WA Customer Service Hotline (206) Premier Drive, Suite 126, Irving, TX Phoenix Parkway, Suite 201, Atlanta, GA CCM CANADA, A Division of ICOM America, Inc., t5 Road, Unit 9, Richmond, B.C. V6X 214 Canada P II stated specifications are subject to change without notice or obligation All ICOM radios significantly exceed FCC regulations limiting spurious emissions

View more


Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Margart Wisoky

Last Updated: 09/09/2023

Views: 5821

Rating: 4.8 / 5 (58 voted)

Reviews: 89% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Margart Wisoky

Birthday: 1993-05-13

Address: 2113 Abernathy Knoll, New Tamerafurt, CT 66893-2169

Phone: +25815234346805

Job: Central Developer

Hobby: Machining, Pottery, Rafting, Cosplaying, Jogging, Taekwondo, Scouting

Introduction: My name is Margart Wisoky, I am a gorgeous, shiny, successful, beautiful, adventurous, excited, pleasant person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.